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1 GBP=99.20 INR

kvtIm-«n-jv kzm-X{´y kz-]v\w Fsótó¡pambn s]menªp; t\m ]dªXv 55 iXam\w; sbkv ]dbm³ 45 iXam\w am{Xw; 28 Iu¬knepIÄ t\m ]dªt¸mÄ sbkv ]dªXv \mse-®w am{Xw

kqcy³ AkvXan¡m¯ km{amPy¯nsâ {]uUn¡v tIm«w X«ptam Fó `bw AØm\¯mbn. temIw Hcpan¨v ]n´pWbv¡pt¼mÄ kvtIm«njv tZiob hmZnIfpsS kzmX{´y tamlw s]menªp. Aev¸ kabw ap¼v ]pd¯v hó ^e{]Jym]\w ]qÀ¯nbmbt¸mÄ 55 iXam\w t]À t\m thm«pw 45 iXam\w t]cv sbkv thm«pamWv sNbvXXv. CtXmsS {_n«¬ hn`Pn¡s¸Spsaó Bi¦ CñmXm¡n. AsIbpÅ 32 Iu¬knepIfnð ^ew ]pd¯v hó 28 CS§f§fnepw t\m thm«n\v hnPbw. CXphsc kzmX{´yhmZnIÄ¡v e`n¨Xv shdpw \mev Iu¬knepIÄ am{XamWv. 307 hÀjw XpSÀó bqWnb³ XpScm³ Xsó kvtIm«njv P\X Xocpam\n¨t¸mÄ Gähpw A[nIw Bthiw sImÅpóXv {_n«ojv {][m\a{´n tUhnUv Imatdm¬ XsóbmIpw. A]ISkm[yX Xncn¨dnbmsX Aew`mhw ImWn¨t¸mÄ kzX{´yhmZnIÄ Icp¯v {]m]n¡pIbpw Hcp L«¯nð kzmX{´yw Xsó t\Spsaó tXmóð DïmhpIbpw sNbvX kmlNcy¯nð \nópw {_n«s\ IcIbänbXv cmjv{Sobw adóv tSmdn t\Xmhv IqSnbmb ImatdmWpw te_À ]mÀ«nbpsS kvtIm«eânð \nópÅ t\Xmhpw ap³ {][m\a{´nbpamb t^mÀUm³ {_uWpw tNÀómWv. hnLS\¯ns\Xnsc Dd¨ tZiobXtbmsS bpsIbnse kÀÆ am²ya§fpw Hcpan¨v \nð¡pI IqSn sNbvXtXmsS kzmX´y tamlw ]cmPbs¸SpIbmbncpóp. {_n«¬ hn`Pn¡s¸«mð DïmIpó ZpcnX§fpw kvtIm«vemânsâ XIÀ¨bpw am²ya§fnð {][m\ hmÀ¯ BIpIbpw H«pan¡ _nkn\kv Øm]\§fpw \mfpIÄ¡Iw kvtIm«vemâv hnSpsaópw `ojWns¸Sp¯pIbpw sNbvXtXmsSbmWv kzmX{´yw AkvXan¨Xv. kzmX{´y hmZnIfpsS t\Xmhmb AeIvkv kmetamïnsâ aÞeamb A_ÀUo\nð t]mepw t\m Ims¼bn³ Pbn¨tXmsS hnPbmËmZ¯n\v Im¯v \nóv kvtIm«njv \mjvWenkäv ]mÀ«n {]hÀ¯IÀ DÄhenªp Ignªp. BtLmjn¡m\mbn Im¯ncpó kmðtam¬ ^ew ]pd¯v hó DS³ kzImcy hnam\¯nð Ibdn \mSv hn«XmbmWv {_n«ojv ]{X§Ä ]dbpóXv. kvtIm«eânse Gähpw henb \Kcamb ¥mkvtKmbnð t\cnb `ocn]£w e`n¨p FóXv am{XamWv kzX{´y hmZnIÄ¡v BthiamIpóXv. _m¡n Fñm \Kc§fpw Xsó t\m thm«n\v ap³Xq¡w t\Sn. AXncmhnse ¢mÀ¡vam³ sjbdnse dnkð«v ]pd¯v hótXmsS Xsó kzmX{´y hmZw ]cmPbs¸Spsaóv Dd¸mbncpóp. Dd¸mbpw e`n¡psaóv IcpXnbncpó Iu¬knepIfmbncpóp CXv. ChnsS 54 iXam\w t]À t\m ]dªtXmsS kvtIm«njv tZiobhmZIÄ ]¯nhSÀ¯nbncpóp. ]nsó XpSÀ¨bmbn ]cmPb hmÀ¯ am{XamWv ChÀ tI«Xv. HmÀ¡ms\bpw sj«vemâv Cbmeâpw Bbncpóp ]nóoSv t\m ]dªXv. FkvF³Un]nbpsS iàntI{µ§fmb A_ÀUo\nepw CuÌv epZnbm\bnepw ]cmPbs¸«tXmsS ]cmPbw kln¡msX NneÀ sXcphnð Cd§n Iem]¯n\v {ian¨ncpóp. Fómð dntbm«v s]meokv \nanj t\cw sImïv Chsc hnc«n HmSn¨p. AXn\nSbnð kmðtamïv \mSv hn«p Fó hmÀ¯ IqSn shfnbnð hótXmsS \qämïpIÄ \oï kzmX{´ytaml¯nð \nópw kvtIm«njv P\X ]òmdpIbmbncpóp.  thms«Sp¸n\v sXm«pap¼mbn Ahkm\L«¯nð ]pd¯phó Aôv A`n{]mbkÀthIfnepw kzmX{´yhmZs¯ FXnÀ¡póhÀ¡mbncpóp t\cnb ap³Xq¡w In«nbXv. thms«Sp¸n\v sXm«p ap¼v hsc anïmXncpó {_n«ojv CXnlmk sSónkv Xmcw kzmXnsb A\pIqen¨Xv Ct¸mÄ Bân atdbv¡v ]mcbmbncn¡pIbmWv. kvtIm«veâp Imc\mb Bân {_n«ojpImcpsS A`nam\ {]XoIambncpóp. {_n«sâ `mKamb kvtImSve³Uv thdn«p kzX{´cmPyamItWm Fóp Xocpam\n¡pó lnX]cntim[\bnð kvtImSve³Unse 43 e£w thm«Àamcnð 97 iXam\hpw thm«p tcJs¸Sp¯m³ cPnÌÀ sNbvXncpóp. 5000 t]mfnMv tÌj\pIfnð \Só thms«Sp¸v C´y³ kabw ]peÀs¨ cïphsc \oïp. kvtImSve³Uv kzX{´cmjv{SamItWm Fó tNmZy¯n\p thWw Ftóm thï Ftóm tcJs¸Sp¯m\mWv P\§tfmSv Bhiys¸«Xv. kvtIm«ve³Uv kzX{´ cmPyambn¯ocm³ Xocpam\n¨mð AXp X§fpsS \mSpIfnepw hnLS\hmZs¯ t{]mÕmln¸nt¨¡psaóv `bs¸«ncpó C´y AS¡apÅ At\Iw cmPy§Ä¡mWv d^dïw ^ew Bthiambncn¡pIbmWv. ]ckyamb A`n{]mb{]IS\¯n\p apXnÀón«nsñ¦nepw kvs]bn³, s_ðPnbw, Cäen, ssN\, djy, C´y XpS§nb cmPy§sfms¡ thms«Sp¸p^ew kzmX{´y¯n\v A\pIqeamIcpsXómWv B{Kln¨ncpóXv. kvIzm«njv kzmX{´yw C\n Hcp kz]v\wam{Xw BbtXmsS Chscms¡ {_n«s\ A`n\µ\w Adnbn¨v Ignªp. C´ysb kw_Ôn¨nSt¯mfw kvtImSve\vUnsâ thdn«pt]mIð kw`hn¨mð AXp IivaoÀ {]iv\s¯ Bfn¡¯nt¨¡pw Fó `bw Dïmbncpóp. Cu amkw F«n\p hmÀ¯mkt½f\¯nð CXp kw_Ôn¨ tNmZyt¯mSp {]XnIcn¨ C´y³ hntZiImcya{´n kpja kzcmPvkvtImSveâv thdn«pt]mIm³ Xocpam\n¡pIbnsñóp {]Xo£ {]ISn¸n¨p. "F´v! bpsI hnLSn¡pItbm? ssZhw AX\phZn¡mXncn¡s« Fómbncpóp kpja BZyw {]XnIcn¨Xv. kpjabv¡v Cu hmÀ¯ F´mbmepw kt´mjw ]Icpsaóv XoÀ¨. Cw¥ïv, kvtIm«veâv, shbnðkv, t\mÀt¯¬ AbÀeâv Fóo \mev {]hiyIÄ AS§nbXmWv {_n«³ Fópw bpssWäUv InMvUw Fópw Adnbs¸Spó bpssWäUv InMvUw. shbnðkv GXmïv Cw¥ïnsâ `mKambn XsóbmWv {]hÀ¯n¡póXv. Fómð kvtIm«veân\pw t\mÀt¯¬ AbÀeân\pw IqSpXð kzbw `cWm[nImcw Dïv. cïnS¯pw {]tXyI ]mÀesaâp hsc {]hÀ¯n¡póp. Fómð ]qÀ®m[nImcapÅ Hcp kzX{´ cmPyambn amdm³ Bbncpóp ChÀ B{Kln¨Xv. B B{Klw AhnSps¯ P\§Ä XsóbmWv Xñns¡Sp¯nbXv. 1707ð kvtImSveâpw Cw¥ïpw X½nev ebn¨p t{Käv {_n«\mbn cq]w ]m]n¡pIbmbncpóp. cïphÀjw ap³]s¯ eï³ Hfnw]nIvkn\p tijw CXp kw_Ôn¨pÅ BZys¯ A`n{]mbthms«Sp¸p \Sót¸mÄ kzmX{´ym\pIqenIfpsS F®w shdpw 25 iXam\ambncpóp. Fómð C¡gnª Znhk§fnð AhcpsS F®w ASn¡Sn hÀ[n¨v FXncv¡póhcpsS GItZiw H¸w Xsósb¯nsbóXmWp ]etcbpw DXvIWvTm Ipecm¡nbncpóXv. B DXvIWvTbmWv Ct¸mÄ amdnbncn¡póXv.

tamÀ^v sNbvX hoUntbm Im«n ho«½sb `ojWns¸Sp¯n; enhÀ]qfnð cïv aebmfnIÄ t]meokv ]nSnbnð

enhÀ]qÄ: ssewKnI kw]vXr]vXn¡v thïn ho«½bpsS Nn{Xw Zpcp]tbmKw sNbvXp »m¡v sabnð sN¿m³ {ian¨ cïv aebmfnIsf enhÀ]qÄ tagvknsskUv t]meokv AdÌv sNbvXp. bp sI aebmfnIÄ¡nSbnð `qI¼w Bbn amdmhpó Cu kw`hw

t\m hnPbn¨t¸mÄ ]uïv hne DbÀóp; kzmX{´yw e`n¨nsñ ¦nepw kvtIm«vemân\v IqSpXð A[nImcw \ðtIïn hcpw

kvtIm«vemânsâ ]cmPbs¸« kzmX{´y tamlw {_n«\v Gsd kt´mjw ]Icpónñ. cmPys¯ hn`Pn¨ `cWm[nImcn Fó t]cptZmjw Hgnhmsb¦nepw GXmïv cïv cmPy§Ä t]mse Xsó Bbncn¡pw XpS&A