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hnñywk¬ Fó Indp¡³ enhÀ]qfnse a\\pjykvt\\ln

Britishmalayali
tSmw tPmkv XSnbw¼mSv

a\\pjykvt\\l¯n\\v ]pXnb am\\§Ä Isï¯nb Ht«sd alZv hyànIsf Xncnªp t\\m¡nbmð Ncn{X¯nð \\ap¡v ImWm³ Ignbpw. NneÀ X§fpsS a\\pjykvt\\lw {]ISn¸n¡póXn\\v thïn cmjv{Sobw AhcpsS hgn Bbn Isï¯pw, aäp NneÀ Bßob PohnXhpw, BXpctkh\\hpw a\\pjy tkh\\¯nsâ hgn¯mcbnð PohnX {hXambn kzoIcn¡póp. Fómð CXnð \\nópw hfsc hyXykvXamb Hcp a\\pjy tkh\\¯nsâ IYbmWv tPmk^v hnñywk¬ Fó enhÀ]qÄ _nÊn\\kpImc\\v ]dbm\\pÅXv.


1769ð Cw¥ïnse tbmÀ¡v sjbdnð P\\n¨ hnñywksâ IpSpw_w ]nóoSv enhÀ]qÄ ASp¯v hmdnwKvSWnð IpSntbdn Xmakam¡n AhnsS \\nópw Xsâ ]Xns\\mómas¯ hbÊnð sXmgnð At\\zjn¨p enhÀ]qfnð F¯nb hnñywk¬ dn¨mÀUv sdbv\\äv \\S¯nbncpó ]pIbne ^mIvSdnbnð Hcp km[mcW sXmgnemfnbmbn«mWv Xsâ PohnXw Bcw`n¨Xv AhnsS\\nópw enhÀ]qfnsâ Ncn{X¯nð Gähpw henb a\\pjykvt\\l¯nsâ Bg¡Sembn hnñnwk¬ amdpIbmbncpóp.

I¼\\nbnse tPmenbnð {]tamj\\pIÄ t\\Sn Dbc¯nð F¯nbncpót¸mÄ Xsó kz´w Bbn _nÊns\\ÊpIfpw At±lw XpS§nbncpóp. ]nóoSv dn¨mÀUv ssdäv acn¡pIbpw At±l¯nsâ aIÄ Fenk_¯ns\\ 1802 ð hnñnwk¬ hnhmlw Ign¡pIbpw sNbvXtXmsS enhÀ]qfnse apgph³ ]pIbne I¨hShpw hnñnwkWnsâ I¿nð F¯n. A¡me¯p enhÀ]qfnse k¼ócpsS CSbnð {]apJØm\\w Bbncpóp At±l¯n\\v DïmbncpóXv. asämcp kðt]cp IqSn At±l¯n\\p Dïmbncpóp {`m´\\mb a\\pjy³ Fómbncpóp AXv.
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{^m³knse t\\t¸mfnb\\pw Bbn Cw¥ïv \\S¯nb \\oï bp²¯n\\ptijw Xncn¨p hó ]«mf¡mÀ¡v tPmenbnñmsX hebpó AhØbnð AhÀ¡v tPmen \\ðIpóXn\\p thïn hnñnwk¬ Fó {`m´³ a\\pjykvt\\ln Isï¯nb Hcp hgnbmbncpóp SWð Ipgn¡pI FópÅXv. enhÀ]qÄ SuWnð kvanXvUu¬ tdmUnt\\mSv tNÀóv InS¡pó Xcniv `qanbnð 1816 ð SWð Ipgn¡ð Bcw`n¨p. 1840 ð At±lw acn¡póXv hsc SWð \\nÀ½mWw XpSÀópsImïncpóp. Ipsd ssaepIÄ SWð Ipgn¨p FómWv kÀthbnð Isï¯nbncn¡póXv.

Xsâ ssIbnepÅ ]Ww shdpsX sImSp¡msX ]WnsbSp¸n¨p \\ðIpt¼mÄ AXv e`n¡póh\\v hnebpïmIpóp AsXmsSm¸w AXp Nnehgn¡póXv D¯chmZn¯tXmsS BIpIbpw sN¿pw. AXpam{Xañ CXnð \\nóv DïmIpó aäp sXmgnð Ahkc§Ä km¼¯nI taJesb IqSpXð iàam¡pIbpw sN¿pw Fó Imgv¨]mSmbncpópw hnñnwkWv DïmbncpóXv. F´msW¦nepw At±l¯nsâ Cu {]hÀ¯\\w enhÀ]qfnsâ km¼¯nI taJebnð ImXemb amäw hcp¯n FómWv Ncn{XImc³amÀ ]dbpóXv.

hnñnwk¬ F´n\\mWv Cu SWð Ipgn¨Xv FópÅXn\\v hyàamb Hcp ImcWhpw CXphsc Ncn{XImc³amÀ Isï¯nbn«nñ. At±l¯nsâ a\\pjykvt\\lhpw kmaqlnI {]Xn_ÔXbpw am{XamWv CXnsâ ]pdInð At±ls¯ \\bn¨ tNtXmhnImcw Fóv thWw A\\pam\\n¡m³.

hnñnwk¬ At±l¯nsâ kplr¯p¡sf Isï¯nbncpóXv Hcp {]tXyI coXnbnð Bbncpóp. At±lw kwLSn¸n¡pó ]mÀ«nbnte¡v [mcmfw kplr¯p¡Ä¡v £Ww \\ðIpw Fón«v Hcp apdnbnð hfsc Xmgvó `£W§Ä Bb Iªnbpw {_Upw ]bdpw Hcp¡n hbv¡pw. AXnYnIÄ B `£Ww ImWpt¼mÄ CXnepw \\ñ `£Ww R§fpsS ho«nð Dïv Fóp ]dªpsImïv ]mÀ«nbnð \\nópw Cd§n t]mIpw Fómð AhnsSbncpóp kvt\\l]qÀÆw `£Ww Ign¡póhsc hnñywk¬ ASp¯ apdnbnð Hcp¡nbncn¡pó hn`h kar²amb UnóÀ Ign¡póXn\\pthïn Iq«ns¡mïpt]mIpw AhcmWv At±l¯nsâ Gähpw \\ñ Iq«pImÀ FómWv At±lw ]dbpóXv. CsXñmw At±l¯nsâ Indp¡³ {]hÀ¯\\§Ä FómWv \\m«pImÀ ]dªncpóXv.
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Hcn¡ð Fsâ Abð]¡¯v Xmakn¡pó ImXdn³ Fsâ ho«nð hó¸w hnñywk¬ SWensâ Ncn{Xw hniZoIcn¨t¸mÄ apXð SWð ImWm\\pÅ B{Klw F\\n¡pïmbncpóp. A§s\\ Rm\\pw Fsâ kplr¯v km_p ^nen¸pw IqSnbmWv SWð ImWm\\mbn t]mbXv AhnsS sNóv \\mec ]uïnsâ Sn¡äv FSp¯v R§Ä Imâo\\nð shbväv sNbvXp. AhnsS\\nóv ssKUv F½ R§sf SWensâ Dffnte¡v Iq«nsImïpt]mbn \\mð]¯ôp an\\näp t\\cs¯ bm{Xbnð AhÀ SWens\\ ]änbpw hnñywkWns\\bpw ]änbpw hniZoIcn¨pXóp. SWð Iïnd§nbt¸mÄ 1840 ð A´cn¨ enhÀ]qfnse skbnâv tXmakv ]Ånbnð A´yhn{iaw sImÅpó B a\\pjykvt\\lnbpsS Iñdbnð Ipd¨p ]pjv]§Ä AÀ¸n¡phm³ DÅ B{Klw Bbncpóp a\\Ênð Ahtijn¨Xv.

"hnthIn Bb a\\pjy³ Cu temIt¯mSv tNÀóv t]mIpw. Fómð Nne AhnthInIÄ BIs« temIs¯ AhtcmSptNÀ¡m³ Bbncn¡pw {ian¡pI. \\m«p\\S¸n\\p tNcm¯ hkv{Xm`cWhpw Nn´Ifpw Bbn \\S¡pó C¯cw a\\pjycneqsSbmWv temI¯nsâ kIe amä§fpw \\S¡póXv.\' (F.]n.sP. A_vZpÄ Iemansâ AánNndIpIÄ Fó ]pkvXI¯nð \\nóv.)

Readers Comments

ChnsS sImSp¡pó A`n{]mb§Ä {_n«ojv aebmfnbptSXñ. tkmjyð s\ähÀ¡v hgn NÀ¨bnð ]s¦Sp¡póhÀ AÇoetam aX \nµtbm A]IoÀ¯nIctam \nbahncp²tam Bb A`n{]mb§Ä t]mÌv sN¿póXv ssk_À \nba{]Imcw in£mÀlamWv- þ FUnäÀ

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