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lnµp cmPmhv {inwtKcn sImÅbSn¨t¸mÄ 400 kzÀ®\mWb§Ä \ðIn km´z\n¸n¨Xv Sn¸p kpð-¯m³; Sn¸p kpð¯m\pw ]nXmhv sslZcenbpw {inwtKcn imcZm aT¯nsâ `àscóv tcJIÄ; ssakqÀ kpð¯mòmÀ t£{X§Ä sImÅbSn¨pshóXpw lnµp hntcm[nIsfóXpw sI«pIYtbm?

Britishmalayali
cRvPnXv _m_p

{inwtKcn : Sn¸p kpð¯m³ Pb´n BtLmjw \S¯póXv IÀ®mSI¯nse§pw hnhmZ§Ä Xe s]m¡pt¼mÄ {inwtKcn imcZm aT¯nð \nópw CXm thdns«mcp IY. Nn¡v amwKfqÀ Pnñbnse {inwtKcn aTw Z£nW `mcX¯nse sslµhcpsS XeØm\amWv.

BZn i¦c³ Øm]n¨Xpw 12 hÀj¡mew ChnsS Xmakn¡pIbpw sNbvXXpsImïp Xsó Cu aTw i¦cmNmcyÀ Øm]n¨ \mev aT§fnepw HuóXz¯nð \nð¡póp. {_Ò hnZybpsS A[ntZhXbmb imcZm tZhnsbbmWv ChnsS {]XnjvTn¨n«pÅXv. am{Xañ Hcp {io N{Iw kzbw hc¨v Øm]n¡pIbpw sNbvXn«pïv. Xsâ \mev {][m\ \mev injyòmcnsemcmfmb kptcizcmNmcysc ]n³Kmanbmb Cu ]oT¯nð \ntbmKn¡pIbpw sNbvXp. A¡mew sXm«p Xsó {inwtKcn aTw Z£ntW´ybnse {][m\ Bßob tI{µ§fmbn Adnbs¸«p.

sslµh cmPm¡òmsc t]mse Xsó {inwtKcn aTt¯mSpw aTm[n]XntbmSpw ssakqÀ kpð¯mòmcmb sslZcmenbpw, Sn¸p kpð¯m\pw BZchv {]ISn¸n¨ncpóp. A`n\h k¨nXm\µ `mcXn BNmcyÀ hmgpó 1741, 1767 Ime¯v BNmcycpsS ]q\m kµÀi\ thfbnð At±l¯nsâ bm{X¡mbn B\, Aôv IpXncIÄ, Hcp ¹¡v, Aôv H«I§Ä, ]«v hkv{X§Ä, I¼nfnIÄ Fónhbpw bm{Xm sNehn\mbn 10,500 cp]bpw sslZcmen Ab¨p sImSp¯Xmbn {inwtKcnbnse tcJIfnð ]dbpóp. sslZcmen FgpXnb I¯nð C§ns\ ]dbpóp. ' Xm¦Ä henb alm\mWv. Xm¦sf \akv--¡cn¨v A\p{Klw hm§m³ Fñmhcpw C¨n¡póXmbpw I¯nð tcJs¸Sp¯nbn«pïv. am{Xañ BNmcycpsS bm{X¡v 10,500 cq]bpw \ðInbXmbn ]dbpóp. '

1777 ð ss\kmansâ A{Iaw ImcWw Aós¯ BNmcycmb Bdmw \rknwl `mcXn \mkn¡nð Ign¨p Iq«pIbmbncpóp. A¡em¯v {inwtKcn aT¯nsâ kwc£Ww sslZcmen GsäSp¡pIbmbncpóp. 1750 ð sslZcmen Ab¨ kÀ¡mÀ D¯chnð Xsâ DtZymKØÀ {inwtKcn aT¯nte¡v thïpó klmb§Ä sN¿Wsaópw \nÀt±in¡póp. sslZcmensb XpSÀóv aI³ Sn¸p kpð¯m\pw {inwtKcn aTt¯mSv `b`àn _lpam\t¯msSbmWv s]cpamdnbXv. sslµh cmPmhmb ]cipcmw `mhbpsS tk\m\mbI\mb ]SzÀ²sâ t\XrXz¯nepÅ ssk\yw {inwtKcn sImÅbSn¡pIbpw 60 e£w cq] hnebpÅ hkvXp¡Ä IhÀ¨ sN¿pIbpw sNbvXp. CXdnª Sn¸p kpð¯m³ Aós¯ BNmcysc km´z\s¸Sp¯n Is¯gpXn.

\in¸n¡s¸« t£{X¯nsâ ]p\cp²mcW¯n\v 400 kzÀ®\mWb§Ä Sn¸p kpð¯m³ Ab¨p sImSp¡pIbpw sNbvXp. Sn¸p kpð¯m³ k¨nXm\µ `mcXn kzmanIÄs¡gpXnb I¯nð ' ]pWyØe§sf \in¸n¡pó ZpãòmÀ XoÀ¨bmbpw AXnsâ ^e§Ä A\p`hn¡pw. Nncn¨p sImïv ]m]w sN¿póhÀ Xo{h ZpxJ:¯n\v ]m{XamhmXncn¡nñ. Kpcphnt\mSv sN¿pó A]cm[w IpSpw_ \mihpw [\\mihpw kIe \mi§fpw hnX¡psaópw FgpXnbn«pïv.'

am{Xañ BNmcyÀ¡v Hcp ]ñ¡pw B\bpw hkv{X§fpw ImWn¡bmbn \ðIpIbpw sNbvXp. 1791 \pw 1798 \pw CSbv¡v Sn¸p kpð¯m³ BNmcyÀ¡v 29 I¯pIÄ FgpXnbXmbpw tcJs¸Sp¯nbn«pïv. Hcp I¯nð At±lw C§ns\ FgpXn. ' Rm³ aqóv iànIsf hnizkn¡póp. Hóv Cuizc Ir], cïv BNmcycpsS A\p{Klw, aqóv Fsâ `pP_ew.' am{Xañ {inwtKcn BNmcytcmSv Hcp iXNÞob bRvPw \S¯nXcphm³ At]£n¡pópapïv. AXn\mbn Hcp {]Xn\n[nsb \ntbmKn¨Xmbpw ]dbpóp.

\KÀ \m«nse {Xbw_I dmhphpw sIm¸mbnse Aao³Zmdpw {inwtKcnbnð Xmakn¨v BhiyapÅ ]m{X§Ä , hkv{X§Ä aäv km[\ kma{KnIÄ, Fónh GÀ¸mSv sNbvXp Xcpw. FtómSv Zb tXmón tað¸dª bRvP§sfñmw bYmhn[n \nÀÆln¨p XcWta Fóv A§sb Xe Ip\n¨v {]mÀ°n¡póp. {_mÒWÀ¡v kµÀ¸Ww sN¿Ww. Fópw Sn¸p kpð¯m³ FgpXnbn«pïv. bRvP IÀ½§Ä¡v tijw Sn¸p kpð¯m³ FgpXnb I¯nð bRvP§Ä ImcWw X\n¡v hnPb§Ä ssIhóXmbpw Xsâ \m«nð [mcmfw ag s]bvXXmbpw [mcmfw hnfhv hÀ²n¨Xmbpw tcJs¸Sp¯nbn«pïv.

asämcp I¯nð BNmcysct¸mse almßm¡fpÅ Øe¯v Ft¸mgpw kp`n£Xbmbncn¡psaóv Sn¸p kpð¯m³ A`n{]mbs¸«n«pïv. BNmcyÀ A\y Zn¡nte¡v t]mIpt¼mÄ {inwtKcnbnse `cW \nÀÆlW¯n\v Xsâ DtZymKØòmÀ taðt\m«w hln¡Wsaóv Ið¸n¨ncpóp. Sn¸phnsâ Fñm I¯pIfnepw {inwtKcn aTt¯mSv BNmcyòmtcmSpapÅ ANôeamb `àn hnizmkw tcJs¸Sp¯nbncpóp.

Readers Comments

ChnsS sImSp¡pó A`n{]mb§Ä {_n«ojv aebmfnbptSXñ. tkmjyð s\ähÀ¡v hgn NÀ¨bnð ]s¦Sp¡póhÀ AÇoetam aX \nµtbm A]IoÀ¯nIctam \nbahncp²tam Bb A`n{]mb§Ä t]mÌv sN¿póXv ssk_À \nba{]Imcw in£mÀlamWv- þ FUnäÀ

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