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XIÀs¯dnbpao `oIc {]XnaIÄ

Britishmalayali
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{Xn]pcbnð ZimÐ§Ä \oïp \nó I½yqWnÌv `cWw Ahkm\n¨t¸mÄ P\w e\nsâ  {]XnaIÄ XIÀs¯dnªp. kJm¡fpsS sIm«c§Ä¡v t\sc B{IaWw Dïmbn. AXp _nsP]n¡mcmsWómWv Btcm]Ww. Iyq_³ GIm[n]Xn Bbncpó ^nUð Imkv--t{Sm acn¨t¸mÄ Atacn¡¡mÀ B\µ \r¯w \S¯n Fópw Btcm]Wapïmbnb Fómð ^nUð Imkv--t{SmbpsS GIm[n]Xy `cW¯nð \nópw sImSnb aÀ±\§fnð \nópw Poh³ ]Wbw h¨v Atacn¡bnte¡v c£s¸« Iyq_¡mcmWv AhnsS B\µ\r¯w Nhn«nbXv FópÅXmbncpóp kXyw. AXpt]mse ZimÐn§Ä \oïp I½yqWnÌv ]mÀ«nbpsS IncmX `cW¯nð \nópw tamN\w t\Snb {Xn]pc¡mcmWv e\nsâ {]Xna XIÀ¯Xv. AXnð _nsP]n¡mcpw Isï¯nbncn¡pw A{Xam{Xw.


{Iqcòmcmb GIm[n]XnIfpsS {]XnaIsfñmw P\w XIÀs¯dnbpó ImgvN temIw IïXmWv.

1991 Unkw_À 25mw XobXn tkmhnbäv--bqWnb\nse {Iwen³ tIm«bnð \nóv sNs¦mSn Xmgvóp. ]Icw ]pXnb djybpsS shÅ, \ne, Npae hÀ®t§mSp IqSnb ]XmI Hcp ]pXpbpK¯nsâ Bcw`w Ipdn¨v sImïv hm\nte¡pbÀóp.

DS³ Xsó P\w BÀ¯«lkn¨p sImïv e\nsâ `oamImcamb {]Xna XIÀ¯v Xcn¸Wam¡n. AXp \nóncpó Øe¯nsâ ASn¯d hscam´n. Ìmensâ Npaó amÀ_nfnepÅ {]Xna P§Ä ASnapSn ASn¨p XÀ¡pIbpw hr² kv{XoIÄ AXn³tað Ibdn ]ckyambn aq{Xw Hgn¡pIbpw sNbvXp. CXp djybpsS \m\m `mK§fnepw BhÀ¯n¡s¸«p. Bbnc¡W¡n\mb Ìmen³, e\nð {]XnaIÄ P\w hÀ²nX tcm£t¯msS XIÀs¯dnªp. AXp XsóbmWv {Xn]pcbnepw kw`hn¨Xv. P\§fpsS càw Duän¡pSn¨v sImgp¯p XSn¨ ]mÀ«n t\Xm¡òmcpsS `mh\§fpw Ahkcw Ip«nbt¸mÄ P\w XIÀ¯v AXn\v _nsP]n¡msc Ipäw ]dªn«p Imcyanñ.

Bcmbncp-óp se\n\pw Ìmen\pw
temI¯nse Gähpw `oIc\mb GIm[n]Xnbmbn Adnbs¸SpóXv lnäv--esdbmWv. Fómð lnäv--edpsS {IqcX Ìmensâ {IqcXbpsS ap¼nð Hópañ. I½yqWnÌv Øm]n¡phm³ thïn apóptImSn cjym¡mscbmWv Ìmen\pw e\n\pw sImsóSp¡nbsXóv sKmÀ_tNmhnsâ 's]cnkv--t{Smbn¡m' shfns¸Sp¯póp.

djybnð cïp ISp¯ £ma§fpïmbn. CXp cïpw Ìmen³ Ir{Xnaambn krãn¨Xmbncpóp. BZys¯ £ma¯nð 50 e£w t]À hnióp acn¨p 1921 þ 22 hsc Bbncpóp AXv.

1932 þ 33 hsc Ipem¡pIsf (Hcp IÀjI hn`mKw) hwihntOZw sN¿phm\pÅ Ir{Xna £maw. AXnð 22 e£w t]À ]«nWnInSóp acn¨p. Fñm Znhkhpw Bbnc§fpsS Iq«s¡meIfnð e\n\pw Ìmen\pw H¸p h¨ncpóp. IrXya £maw `oIc aÀ±\§Ä, Iq«s¡meIÄ XpS§nbpÅ in£mcoXnIÄ sImïv IÀjI hÀ¤s¯ HómsX Ìmen\pw e\n\pw sImsómSp¡n. `mcysb `À¯mhnsâ ap¼nen«pw ]p{Xnamsc ]nXmhnsâ ap¼nen«pw _emÕwKw sNbvXp. FXnÀ¡póhcpsS \mhS¡n. I½yqWnÌv kn²m´s¯tbm ]mÀ«n t\Xm¡òmsctbm AhcpsS sNbvXnIÄs¡Xncmtbm Bsc¦nepw Hc£cw DcnbmSnbmð AhÀ te_À Iym¼pIfntet¡m ssk_ocnbmbnse sImSpw XWp¸ntet¡m XÅs¸Spw AXsñ¦nð sskt¡m {]nkWnð ASbv¡s¸Spw. am{Xañ AhcpsS ]p{Xnamscbpw ktlmZco ktlmZcòmsctbm {Iqcambn _emÕwKw sN¿pIbpw sN¿pw.

e\n³ {KmUnse Hcp Pbnenð \nó càw HmSnIfneqsS HgpIn t\hm\Zbnð ]Xn¨Xmbn Ncn{Xw tcJs¸Sp¯póp.

AdÌv sN¿s¸Spó kv{XoIsf sImSnb _emðkwK¯n\v Ccbm¡n. kJm¡Ä Ahsc `oIcambn NqjWw sNbvXp.

sXmgnemfnIfpS t]cp ]dªv A[nImc¯nse¯nb ChÀ hÀ¤ t_m[anñm¯ sXmgnemfnIsf¯só sImsóSp¯p. djybnð \nóv ]«nIfpw ]q¨Ifpw a®ncIÄ, NnXepIÄ XpS§nbhsbñmw A{]Xy£ambn. ImcWw hni¸paqew P\§Ä Chsb `£n¨p. hnióp  hm]nfcpó Ip«nsI sImó tijw A½amÀ BßlXy sNbvXp. Fómð kmÀ N{IhÀ¯namcpsS sIm«mc§Ä t]mepw tImSn¡W¡n\p dq_nÄ Nnehm¡n tamSn ]nSn¸n¨v ]mÀ«n t\Xm¡òmÀ kpJambn Pohn¨p.

1991 ð djybnð I½yqWnkw Ahkm\n¨t¸mÄ djybnet§mfant§mfw Cu `oIcòmcpsS {]XnaIÄ XIÀ¡s¸«p. AXphsc ASn¨aÀ¯s¸« P\§fpS hnImc {]IS\ambncpóp AXv. AXp XsóbmWv {Xn]pcbnð kw`hn¨Xv. ]mÀ«n t\Xm¡òmcpsS cayl½y§Ä P\w B{Ian¨p.

tIcf¯nð \Iv--kð_mcnIÄ 'apXemfn' amcpsS Xesh«n Hcp Imeapïmbncpóp. AXnepw `oIcamb kw`h§fmWv `cW¯nsâ XWenð kn]nFw `oIcòmÀ \S¸m¡póXv. a\pjysâ ssIbpw Imepw sh«n Zqtcbv¡p hens¨dnbnIbpw {]mW thZ\bmð ]nSbpó B icocs¯ t\m¡n C¦pem_v hnfn¡pbpw sNbvX I½yqWnÌv cm£kòmÀ a\pjy³sI DZcw hmfpsImïp ]nfÀó tijw AXnte¡v a®p hmcnbnSpó ]mÀ«n `oIcX. CXns\Xnsc {]XnIcn¡mt\m, `cWw In«pt¼mÄ B \cm[aòmscbpw KqtVmtemN\¡mscbpw Agn¡pÅnem¡mt\m XtâSanñm¯ tIm¬{KÊv t\Xm¡òmÀ. \nbaw \nba¯nsâ hgn¡p t]mIs« Fóp ]dªv \nÊwKat\m`mht¯msSbncn¡pó IÅ ]pWymfòmÀ. CsXñmambn«pw Cu \cm[aòmsc thm«p sNbvXp hnPbn¸n¡pó tIcf P\X. ]s£ P\§sf Ipäw ]dªn«n Imcyanñ. `cWw In«n¡gnbt¼mÄ AgnaXnbpsS Bg¡b¯nð ap§n¯mgpó, kcnXbpsS kmcn¯p¼nð Xp§n¡nS¡pó bnUnF^v t\Xm¡òmÀ _nsP]n ChnsS `cn¡Wsaóv P\w Nn´n¨p XpS§nbncn¡póp. 92% {InkvXym\nIÄ Pohn¡pó kwØm\§fnð t]mepw _nsP]n sImSn]mdn¨p. _nUsP]n A[nImc¯nse¯nbmð \yq\]£§sf sImWsóSp¡psaóv {]Ncn¸n¨hÀ ImWs« \yq\]£§Ä BcpsS IqsSsbóv.

C\nbnt¸mÄ FsI BâWnsbt¸msebpw D½³ Nmïnsbt¸msebpw DÅ t\Xm¡òmÀ hñ `à kwLS\IfpSbpw t\XrXzw GsäSp¡s«. \]pwkI§fmb t\Xm¡òmsc Xqs¯dnªn«p kp[mIcs\t¸msebpw _ðdmans\t¸msebpapÅ XtâmSpÅ t\Xm¡Ä A[nImcw GsäSp¡s«. AXsñ¦nð ChnsSbpw tIm¬{KÊv h« ]mPyamIpw. kn]nFw `cWw XpSÀóp sImïp t]mIpw. _wKmfnð kn]nFw `cWw Ahkm\ns¨¦nð AhcpsS aaXm _m\ÀPnsbt¸msebpÅ Icp¯pä {]Xn]£ t\Xm¡Ä Dïmbncpóp. ChnsSbXnñ FóXmWv Gähpw henb {]iv--\w. AXsñ¦nð sh«nsbSp¯ 21 incÊpIfpambn Hómw `cW hmÀjnIw BtLmjn¡pó Cu `oIc ]mÀ«n¡v P\w Fsóópw Io sP hnfnt¡ïn hcpw.

_nsP]n¡mÀ AhcpsS ]mÀ«n¡mcpsS am{Xw Imcyw t\m¡msX Fñm hn`mKw P\§Ä¡p thïnbpw AhcpsS {]iv--\ ]cnlmc¯n\p thïnbpw \nesImÅpó Hcp {]Xn]£ambn hÀ²n¨ð kao] `mhnbnð tIcfhpw AhÀ `cn¡pw FóXnð kwibanñ. ImcWw Cu t]m¡p t]mssbð tIm¬{KÊv ChnsS h«]qPyamIpw. 

Readers Comments

ChnsS sImSp¡pó A`n{]mb§Ä {_n«ojv aebmfnbptSXñ. tkmjyð s\ähÀ¡v hgn NÀ¨bnð ]s¦Sp¡póhÀ AÇoetam aX \nµtbm A]IoÀ¯nIctam \nbahncp²tam Bb A`n{]mb§Ä t]mÌv sN¿póXv ssk_À \nba{]Imcw in£mÀlamWv- þ FUnäÀ

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