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s\lv-dp-hn-sâ cm-{ão-b¡-f-cn-bnð Np-h-Spd-¨v C-µn-c-bp-sS hn-iz-kv-X-\m-bn h-fÀ-¨; sI. I-cp-WmI-c-s\m¸w sF {Kq-¸n-sâ ssI-]n-Sn¨p; tIm¬-{K-knð {Kq-¸p-IÄ ]mÀ-«n-¡v F-Xn-c-sñ-óv Dd-¨p hn-iz-kn¨p; kz-bw ]p-I-gv¯msX FñmbnS¯pw ImcWhsc t]mse kv--t\lw sNmcnªp; ]membnð amWntbmSv cïph«w aðkcn¨v A[nImcanñmsX ioen¡póXns\ HmÀan¸n¨p; Fw.Fw.tP¡_v hnShm§pt¼mÄ HmÀabnse¯póXv tIcfcm{ãob¯nsâ hensbmcpNcn{Xw

Britishmalayali
kz´wteJI³

Xncph\´]pcw: hyXykvX A`n{]mb§Ä Hcp ]mÀ«nbnð DïmIpóXv B ]mÀ«nbpsS hfÀ¨bv¡v KpWIcamsWó A`n{]mb¡mc\mbncpóp Fw.Fw.tP¡_v. Fómð, B hyXykvX A`n{]mb§Ä ]mÀ«n t\XrXzw F§s\ DÄs¡mÅpshóXns\ B{ibn¨ncn¡pw B ]mÀ«nbpsS tim`\amb `mhn. AXpsImïv Xsó tIm¬v{Kknse {Kq¸pIÄ ]mÀ«n¡v FXncsñó A`n{]mb¡mc\mbncpóp At±lw.hn Fw.kp[oc³ sI]nknkn {]knUâmbncns¡ tP¡_v C¡mcyw Xpdóp]dªn«pïv.


hyXykvX A`n{]mb§Ä Dïmbmte ]mÀ«n kPohamIq. AXn\mð {Kq¸v tbmK§Ä tNcpóXnð sXänñ. {Kq¸v tbmK§Ä tIm¬{Kkv ]mÀ«nbpsS {]hÀ¯\ssienbpsS `mKamsWópw Fw.Fw. tP¡_v ]dªncpóp.kzbw ]pIgv--¯mXncpó At±lw kz´w A`n{]mb§Ä ]dbpóXnð Bscbpw `bs¸«ncpónñ. 1970se \nbak`m XncsªSp¸nð ]membnð sI.Fw.amWn tP¡_ns\Xnsc Pbn¨Xv shdpw 374 thm«pIfpsS `qcn]£¯nemWv. XncsªSp¸nð {Iat¡SpIÄ Btcm]n¨v tIkp sImSps¯¦nepw ]nóoSv ]n³hen¨p. Fóncpómepw amWnbpsS \bkao]\§sf At±lw iàambn hnaÀin¨ncpóp.

2016 ð tIm¬{Kkpambn CSªv \nbak`bnð {]tXyI t»m¡mbn Ccn¡m³ tIcf tIm¬{Kkv Xocpam\n¨t¸mÄ, Fw.Fw.tP¡_nsâ {]XnIcWw {it²bambncpóp. \nbak`bnð {]tXyI t»m¡mIm\mWv Xocpam\sa¦nð tIcf tIm¬{Kkv Fw FwF-ðFamÀ cmPnsh¡Wsaóv At±lw Bhiys¸«p. apóWn hnSpsaó amWnbpsS `ojWn cm{ãob kZmNmc¯n\v \nc¡m¯XmWv. ]membnð amWnbpsS `qcn]£w Ipdªn«psï¦nð AXv kzbw IrXmÀYamsWópw At±lw ]dªp. FñmhcpsSbpw thm«v t\Sn Pbn¨n«v tIm¬{Kkns\ hnizkn¡m³ sImÅnsñóv amWn ]dbpóXv cm{ãob kZmNmcasñópw FwFw tP¡_v XpdóSn¨p.A[nImcanñmXncpóv amWn ioen¨n«nñ. Ct¸mÄ amWn ]dbpó ImcW§Ä hyàn]cw am{XamWv. AXn\v cm{ãobam\w sImSpt¡ï. _mÀ tImgt¡knð amWnsb IpSp¡m³ tIm¬{Kknemcpw {ian¨n«nñ. tIknð \nóv c£s¸Sm\pÅ AShmWv amWnbpsSsXóv ]dªmð sXäñ.

Ft¸mgpw amWnsb kwc£n¨ncpó D½³ Nmïn amWnbpambn NÀ¨ \S¯s«. ]membnð Xmt\m aäp tIm¬{KkpImtcm amWnsb tXmð]n¡m³ {ian¨n«nsñópw At±lw ]dªp. ']n.Sn Nmt¡mbpsS Ncn{Xw ]dªv tIm¬{Kkns\Xnsc Xncntbï Nmt¡m tIm¬{KkpImc\mbncpóp. ]pXnb ]mÀ«nbpïm¡nbn«nsñópw tP¡_v ]dªp. ]nóoSmWv Ncð¡póv Iym¼nð h¨v tIcf tIm¬{Kkv bpUnF^v hnSm³ Xocpam\n¨Xv. Fómð, tP¡_nsâ tZlhntbmK¯n\v ap¼v Xsó amWn bpUnF^nð Xncns¨¯pIbpw sNbvXp. s\lvdphns\m¸w cm{ãob{]hÀ¯\w XpS§nb tP¡_v CµncmKmÔnbpsSbpw hnizkvX\mbncpóp. 1978 ð tIm¬{Kkv ]nfÀót¸mÄ Cµncs¡m¸w ASnbpd¨p \nó tP¡_v sI IcpWmIcs\m¸w tIcf¯nð sF {Kq¸nsâ {][m\ t\Xm¡fnsemcmfmbncpóp.

PohnX hgn
cma]pcw apïbv¡ð Delóm³ amXyp þ tdmk½ Z¼XnIfpsS aqómas¯ aI\mbn 1928 HmKÌv 9\mW apïbv¡ð amXyp tP¡_v Fó Fw.Fw tP¡_nsâ P\\w. aômSnaäw ss{]adn kv--IqÄ, cma]pcw skâv AKÌn³kv FónhnS§fnð {]mYanI hnZym`ymkw ]qÀ¯nbm¡n. Xncph\´]pcw bqWnthgv--knän tImtfPv, tXhc tk{IUv lmÀ«v tImtfPv, a{Zmkv etbmf tImtfPv, eJv--\u kÀhIemime FónhnS§fnð \nóv hnZym`ymkw ]qÀ¯nbm¡n. \nba_ncpZhpw s]mfnän¡ð kb³knð amtÌgv--kpapïv. Atacn¡bnse jn¡mtKm kÀIemimebnð \nóv s]mXptkh\¯nð Unt¹mabpw t\Snbn«pïv.

'aômSnaäw, cma]pcw skâv AKÌn³kv FónhnS§fnembncpóp kv--IqÄ hnZym`ymkw. aômSnaä¯v ]Tn¨psImïncnt¡, kv--Iqfnð {]kwKn¡m³ Ahkcw In«n. ImWmsX ]Tn¨mWv {]kwKn¡m³ IbdnbXv. ]t£, ]Tn¨Xv adópt]mbn.' A§s\ kZkns\ A`napJoIcn¡m\mhmsX Icªpt]mb tP¡_v ]nóoSv F{Xtbm thZnIÄ IogS¡n.

cm{ãob¡mc³ am{Xañ Fw.Fw.tP¡_v
cmPyk`m D]m²y£\mb BZy aebmfn IqSnbmb Fw.Fw.tP¡_v aqóv XhW tI{µ kla{´nbmbn. 1995 apXð 2007 hsc taLmeb KhÀWÀ Bbncpóp. 1982epw 1988epw cmPyk`mwKambn. 1986emWv cmPyk`m D]m²y£\mbXv.1986ð cmPyk`m D]m[y£\mbn. tIm¬{KÊnsâ Øm\mÀ°n Fw.Fw.tP¡_v BsWóv t\cs¯ Adnªncpsó¦nð X§Ä Øm\mÀ°nsb \nÀ¯nbnñmbncpsóóv Aós¯ {]Xn]£t\Xmhv Fð.sI.AZzm\n ]dªXv AwKoImcañmsX asä´mWv? s\lvdphns\m¸w cm{ãob {]hÀ¯\w XpS§nb tP¡_v CµncmKmÔnbpsSbpw hnizkvX\mbncpóp. 1978 ð tIm¬{Kkv ]nfÀót¸mÄ Cµncs¡m¸w ASnbpd¨p \nó tP¡_v sI IcpWmIcs\m¸w tIcf¯nð sF {Kq¸nsâ {][m\ t\Xm¡fnsemcmfmbncpóp.
1952ð tIcf sslt¡mSXnbnð A`n`mjI\mbn HutZymKnI PohnX¯nte¡v {]thin¨p. A¡me¯mWv cm{ãob¯nð BIrã\mIpóXv. hnt\m_ `msh `qZm\{]Øm\w XpS§nbt¸mÄ tP¡_v AXnð tNÀóp. 1954ð `mcXv tkhIv kamPnð tNÀóp. AgnaXns¡Xncmbn {]hÀ¯n¡pó kZmNmÀ kanXnbpsS I¬ho\dmbpw {]hÀ¯n¨n«pïv. 1975 apXð 1981 hsc tIcf tÌäv tIm Hm¸tdäohv dºÀ amÀ¡änMv s^Utdj³ {]knUâmbncpóp. tIm«bw Pnñm klIcW _m¦nsâ UbdÎÀ, ]mem dºÀ amÀ¡änMv tImHm¸tdäohv skmsskän UbdÎÀ, Nn{XteJ ^nenw tImHm¸tdäohv skmsskän UbdÎÀ, sNbÀam³ Fóo Øm\§fpw hln¨p. 1974 apXð 78 hsc ¹mtâj³ tImÀ¸tdj³ sNbÀam\mbncpóp.Hmbnð ]mw C´y enanäUnsâ BZy sNbÀam\pw tP¡_mbncpóp. 1975 apXð 78 hsc lnµpØm³ emsäIv--knsâ KthWnMv t_mÀU AwKambncpóp. 1977 apXð 82 hsc C´y³ HmhÀkokv _m¦nsâ UbdÎdmbncpóp. 1991 apXð 94 hsc ^coZm_mZnse ssh.Fw.kn.; C³Ìnäyq«v H^v Fôn\nbdnwKnð t_mUv H^v amt\Pv--saâv sNbÀam\mbpw tkh\a\pjvTn¨p.

sI]nknkn P\dð sk{I«dn, {SjdÀ Fóo \neIfnepw {]hÀ¯n¨p. 1952ð cma]pc¯v tIm¬{Kkv aÞew sk{I«dnbmbncpóp. 1974epw 1980epw ]membnð, sI.Fw.amWns¡Xnsc aÕcns¨¦nepw ]cmPbs¸«p. cmPyk`bnð No^v hn¸mbn {]hÀ¯n¨p. cmPohv KmÔn a{´nk`bnð ]mÀesaâdn kla{´n, Pehn`h¯nsâ kzX{´NpaXe, \cknwldmhp a{´nk`bnð B`y´c kla{´n Fóo \neIfnepw {]hÀ¯n¨p. 1985epw 1993epw sFIcycmj{S k`bnð C´ysb {]Xn\n[oIcn¨p. 1993ð bqtdm]y³ ]mÀesaânse a\pjymhImi tIm¬^d³knepw tP¡_v ]s¦Sp¯p.

A\pkvacW§Ä
ctaiv sN-ón¯e
kzmX{´ kac¯nð ]s¦Sp¯v hnZym`ymkw apS§nb BfmWv tIm¬{Kknse Fw Fw tP¡_v. 1952 Ime¯v cma]pc¯v tIm¬{Kkv aÞew sk{I«dn Bbncpó tP¡_v kmdns\ tXSn ]ZhnIÄ Hmtcmómbn F¯pIbmbncpóp. cmPyk`m D]m[y£\mIpó BZy aebmfn, ]eh«w tI{µa{´n, taLmeb KhÀWÀ Fóo ]ZhnIfnð F¯nbt¸mgpw emfnXyhpw \ndª kv--t\lhpw At±l¯nsâ apJap{Zbmbncpóp. `qZm\{]Øm\¯neqsS s]mXp{]hÀ¯\¯nte¡v ISóp hó tP¡_v kÀ Fópw kmaqly\òsb apdpsI]nSn¨p. At±l¯nsâ hntbmKhmÀ¯ Gsd hnjan¸n¡póp. BZcmRvPenIÄ..
apXnÀó tIm¬{Kkv t\Xmhv Fw.Fw. tP¡_nsâ thÀ]mSnð \nch[n {]apJÀ A\ptimNn¨p. tZiob Xe¯nð a{´nbmbpw ]nsó KhÀWdmbpw AXnt\msSm¸w hmÜnbmbpw Fgp¯pImc\mbpw XesbSpt¸msS\nó aebmfnbmbncpóp At±lsaóv sI.Fkv. i_co\mY³ FwFðF s^kv_p¡nð Ipdn¨p. 'Gähpw hmðkeyt¯msSbmWv At±lw Fsóbpw IpSpw_s¯bpw Iïn«pÅXv. AkpJhpw hmÀ²Iyhpw Ae«pó kab¯pw Fsâ hnhml¯n\p thïn Xncph\´]pc¯p hóXpw ho«nse Imcy§Ä Hcp ImcWhsc t]mse kv--t\lt¯msS Ft¸mgpw tNmZn¡póXpw ad¡m³ Ignbnñ. kmdn\v Fsâbpw IpSpw_¯nsâbpw _mjv]mRvPenIÄ.' i_co\mY³ Ipdn¨p.

anI¨ `cWm[nImcnbpw ]mÀesatâdnb\pw {]hÀ¯n¨ taJeIfnseñmw {]mKð`yw sXfnbn¡pIbpw sNbvX alm\mb t\Xmhmbncpóp Fw.Fw. tP¡s_óv CSp¡n FwFðF tdmjn AKÌn³ A\ptimN\ ktµi¯nð ]dªp.

Readers Comments

ChnsS sImSp¡pó A`n{]mb§Ä {_n«ojv aebmfnbptSXñ. tkmjyð s\ähÀ¡v hgn NÀ¨bnð ]s¦Sp¡póhÀ AÇoetam aX \nµtbm A]IoÀ¯nIctam \nbahncp²tam Bb A`n{]mb§Ä t]mÌv sN¿póXv ssk_À \nba{]Imcw in£mÀlamWv- þ FUnäÀ

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