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Imð-¸-´p-I-fn-bp-sS B-th-iw t]-dp-ó a-e-¸pd-s¯ P-\-kw-Jy 50 e£w; tem-I-I-¸n-sâ ss^-\-en-se¯n-b s{Im-tb-jy-bn-ep-Å-Xv 42 e-£w t]-cpw; Cw-¥-ïn-s\ ap-¡n ss^-\-en-se-¯n-b-tXm-sS G-ähpw Xn-c-bp-óXv s{Imtbjysbó cmPys¯ Ipdn¨v; djybnð hn¹hw cNn¨Xv bptKmÉmhybnð\nópw ASÀóv amdnb Ipª³ cmPyw; 50 e£w P\§Ä Cñm¯ cmPyw F§s\ temII¸v ss^\ense¯n?

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tamkv--tIm: ae¸pds¯ ^pSv--t_mÄ {`m´v temI {]ikvXamWv. saknbpw sdmWmÄtUmbpw s\bvadpamWv ae¸pds¯ {][m\ NÀ¨mhnjbw. Imð¸´v IfnbpsS Bthi¯nð XnanÀ¯mSpó ae¸pd¯v Imt\jpamcn IW¡v A\pkcn¨pÅXv 41 e£w t]cmWv. CXpw hÀj§Ä¡v ap¼pÅ IW¡v. Ct¸mgnXv 50 e£w Ihnªp ImWpw. Cu ^pSv--t_mÄ {`m´v Im«pó tIcf¯nse Pnñbmb ae¸pdt¯Xn\v kam\amWv t{Imtbjybnse P\kJybpw. AhnsSbpÅXv ae¸pdt¯¡mÄ Ipdhv BfpIfpw. 42 e£w P\kwJybpÅ s{Imtbjybnte¡mWv Cóv ^pSv--t_mÄ Bcm[IcpsS I®v. temII¸v AhÀ DbÀ¯ptam FóXmWv Ct¸mgs¯ kPoh NÀ¨m hnjbw.

Ignª GXm\pw aWn¡qdmbn CâÀs\änð BfpIÄ ]cXns¡mïncn¡pó t]cmWv s{Imtbjy. 1998þse temII¸nð skan ss^\enð ISósXmgn¨mð s{Imtbjy temI¯v asämcp Xc¯nepw NÀ¨mhnjbambn amdnbn«pïmbncpónñ. Fómð, djybnð \S¡pó temII¸nð ss^\enð ISótXmsS FñmhÀ¡pw vAdntbïXv HcpImcyw am{Xw. GXmWv Cu cmPyw? FhnsSbmWXv? F§s\bmWv Cu Ipª³ cmPyw temII¸nsâ ss^\ense¯nbXv.

sX¡pIng¡³ bqtdm¸nepÅ sNdnb cmPy§fnsemómWv s{Imtbjy. shdpw 42 e£w am{Xw P\kwJybpÅ s{Imtbjy bptKmÉmhybpsS Iognembncpóp 1991 hsc. t_mkv--\nb slÀktKmhn\bpw amkntUmWnbbpw tÉmth\nbbpw skÀ_nbbpw tamsïs\t{Kmbpw s{Imtbjybpw DÄs¸«Xmbncpóp bptKmÉmhy. tkmhnbäv bqWnb³ Ignªmð Gähpw henb Iq«mbva. 1918þð bptKmÉmhybnð AwKamb s{Imtbjy hoïpw kzmX{´y¯n\mbn cwK¯phcpóXv bptKmÉmhy³ {]knUâmb tPmkn]v t{_mkv Sntäm 1980þð acn¡pótXmsSbmWv.

1991 Pq¬ 25þ\v s{Imtbjy bptKmÉmhybnð\nóv kzmX{´yw {]Jym]n¨p. bptKmkzmhv ]o¸nÄkv BÀanbpw skÀ_pIfpw s{Imtbjysb B{Ian¡pIbpw taJebnð kwLÀjw s]m«n¸pds¸SpIbpw sNbvXp. t]mcm«§fpsS \mfpIÄs¡mSphnð 1995 HmKkv--tämsS bp²w Ahkm\n¨p. s{Imtbjy hnPbw Iïp. 1994þemWv ^n^ s{Imtbjysb AwKoIcn¡póXv. 1994þð temI dm¦n§nð 125þmmw Øm\¯mbncpóp s{Imtbjy. 1999þð AhÀ aqómw Øm\t¯¡pbÀóp.

^pSv--t_mÄ s{Imtbjy³ P\XbpsS cà¯nð AenªXmWv. hnJymXam bptKmÉmhy³ ]mc¼cy¯nsâ bYmÀY AhIminIÄ s{ImtbjybmWv. skÀ_nb¡mWv ^n^ B ]Zhn \ðInbncn¡pósX¦nepw AXv bYmÀY¯nð AÀln¨Xv s{Imtbjy¡mWv. 125þð\nóv aqóntes¡¯nb s{ImtbjybpsS IpXn¸n\v ^n^ {]tXyI AwKoImcw \ðInbncpóp. 1998 temII¸nð s{Imtbjy Act§dnbXpXsó temIs¯ hnkvabn¸n¨psImïmWv.

skanbnte¡v IpXn¨ s{Imtbjy, AhnsS {^m³kns\Xntc eosUSp¯tijamWv tXmðhn hg§nbXv. enenb³ Xpdmw t\Snb Cc«tKmfpIÄ {^m³kn\v 2þ1 hnPbw t\Sns¡mSp¯p. aqómw Øm\¡mÀ¡mbpÅ aÕc¯nð 2þ1\v tlmfïns\ tXmð]n¨v s{Imtbjy AÛpXw BhÀ¯n¨p. AXn\ptijw Imcyamb t\«w temI^pSv--t_mfnð Dïm¡m³ AhÀ¡v Ignªncpónñ. 2002þepw 2006þepw {]mYanI duïnð¯só ]pd¯mbn. 2010þð tbmKyX t\SnbXpanñ.
Ignª temII¸nepw {Kq¸v L«¯nð ]pd¯mb s{Imtbjy, 20 hÀj¯n\ptijw hoïpw AÛpXw BhÀ¯n¨p. Cw¥ïns\ 2þ1 tXmð]n¨ AhÀ ss^\ente¡v aptódnbncn¡póp. Hcp aÕcwIqSn Pbn¨mð IncoSw s{ImtbjybpsS ssIbnencn¡pw. Cu Soan\v AXn\mhpsaó Dd¨ a\tkmsSbmWv Bcm[IÀ RmbdmgvNbv¡mbn Im¯ncn¡póXv.

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ChnsS sImSp¡pó A`n{]mb§Ä {_n«ojv aebmfnbptSXñ. tkmjyð s\ähÀ¡v hgn NÀ¨bnð ]s¦Sp¡póhÀ AÇoetam aX \nµtbm A]IoÀ¯nIctam \nbahncp²tam Bb A`n{]mb§Ä t]mÌv sN¿póXv ssk_À \nba{]Imcw in£mÀlamWv- þ FUnäÀ

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