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hnShm§nbXv C´y³ kzmX{´y Ncn{X¯nse hn¹h \\mbnI; Iym]vS³ e£van skKmfn\\v BZcmÚenIÄ AÀ¸n¡mw

Britishmalayali
kz´wteJI³

Im¬]qÀ: sFF³F, dmWn e£van sdPnsaâv# FónhbneqsS kzmX{´yt]mcmfnIfpsS [oc\\mbnIbmbn amdnb Iym]vä³ e£van skKmÄ A´cn¨p. 97 hbÊmbncpóp. Im¬]qcnse hkXnbnð h¨pïmb lrZbmLmXs¯ XpSÀóv Bip]{Xnbnð AXoh KpcpXcmhØbnð NnInÕbnð IgnbpIbmbncpóp Iym]vS³ e£vanbpsS hntbmKw Cóv ]Ið ]Xn



 s\\móctbmsSbmbncpóp.



lrZbmLmXms¯XpSÀ\\\\v Bip]Xcnbnse¯n¨ AhÀ¡p akvXnjvI BLmXw kw`hn¨XmWp ØnXn hjfm¡nbXv. At_m[mhØbnemb Ahsc IgnªZnhkamWv shânteädnte¡p amänbXv. acW kabw a¡fpw sIm¨pa¡fpw H¸apïmbncpóp. Ipd¨pImeambn hmÀ²IyIme AkpJ§Ä sImïv hebpIbmbncpóp Iym]vS³ e£van. ]me¡mSv Pnñbnse B\\¡cbnse hnJymZamb hS¡¯p ho«nse AwKamWv. {]ikvX A`n`mjI³ tUmIvSÀ kzman \\mY³, s]mXp{]hÀ¯I F hn A½p¡p«n FónhcpsS aIfmbn 1914 HIvtSm_À 24\\v ]gb a{Zmknð Bbncpóp e£vanbpsS P\\\\w.



kzmX{´kactk\\m\\nIfpff IpSpw_¯nð \\nópw hóXpsImïpXsó sNdp¸Imew apXte e£van kzmX{´yt]mcm«§fnð BIrjvSbmb e£van ]nóoSv CXnð kPohamIpIbmbncpóp. hntZihkv{X§fpsS _lnjvIcWw, aZyhym]mctI{µ§fpsS D]tcm[w XpS§n H«\\h[n {]hÀ¯\\§fnð e£van ]s¦Sp¯p. 1938ð a{Zmkv saUn¡ðtImtfPnð \\nóv Fw_n_nFkv IcØam¡n. ]nóoSv ssK\\t¡mfPnbnepw {]khNnInÕbnepw Unt¹mat\\Snb e£van bmZrOnIambmWv knwK¸pcnse¯nbXv.



1943ð kp_mjvN{µt_mkv knwK¸qÀ kµÀin¡pótXmsSbmWv sFF³Fbpambn ASp¡póXv. knwK¸qcnð C´y³ kzmX{´ kac¯n\\mbn {]hÀ¯n¡pó h\\nXm ssk\\nI kwLw cq]oIcn¡m³ kp_mjv N{µt_mkv Xocpam\\n¨Xns\\ XpSÀómbncpóp e£van Iym]vä³ e£vanbmbn amdpóXv. sF.F³.FbpsS h\\nXm hn`mKamb Qm³kn dmWn dPnsaânsâ Iym]vä\\mbncpóp e£vaosklvKmÄ. 1944 amÀ¨v 14\\v {_n«ojv ssk\\yw ]nSnIqSnb Chsc C´ybnte¡v sImïphóp. tZiob t\\Xm¡fpsS k½ÀZs¯ XpSÀóv 1946ð Pbnð tamNnXbmbn.



kzmX{´ym\\´cw tIm¬{Kknð \\nóIóv Im¬]pcnð ¢n\\n¡pw s]mXp{]hÀ¯\\hpambn Ignbpt¼mgmWv kn]nFw A\\p`mhnbmIpóXv. BZcmÚenIÄ Ignª 65 hÀjambn Im¬]pcnse ]mhs¸«hcpsS A`btI{µamb kz´w ¢n\\n¡nð _p[\\mgvNhscbpw tUm. e£vao sklvKmÄ t]mbncpóp. {]apJ kn]nFw t\\Xmhmbncpó _n Sn cWZnshbpambn ]cnNbs¸«Xv amÀIvknk¯nepÅ hnizmkw Du«nbpd¸n¨p. kn]nF½nsâ {]hÀ¯\\§fnð kPohambn XpS§nb e£van 70ð ]mÀSn AwKambn. ]nóoSv bp]n kwØm\\ I½nän AwKambn. AJnte´ym P\\m[n]Xy alnfm Atkmkntbjsâ sshkv {]knUâmbn ZoÀLImew {]hÀ¯n¨ Iym]vä³ e£van {]mbm[nIyw hIhbv¡msX ASp¯Imew hsc {]t£m`kac§fpsS ap³]´nbnepïmbncpóp. kp_mjv N{µt_mknsâ BkmZv lnµn kÀ¡mcnð kmaqlyt£aa{´nbmbn {]hÀ¯n¨n«pïv.



1946ð sFF³Fbnð kl{]hÀ¯I\\mbncpó t{]wIpamÀ sskKmfns\\ hnhmlw sNbvXp. hnJymX \\À¯In arWmfn\\n kmcm`mbnbmWv Iym]vä³ e£v#anbpsS ktlmZcn. kzmX{´ym\\´cw IayqWnÌv t\\Xmhmbn DbÀó Iym]vä³ e£vansb 1998ð cmjv{Sw ]ßhn`qj³ \\ðIn BZcn¨p. 2002 {]knUâv sXcsªSp¸nð CSXp]£¯nsâ Øm\\mÀYnbmbn tUm. F]nsP A_vZpÄ Iemans\\Xnsc aÕcn¨ncpóp.



AJnte´ym P\\m[n]Xy alnfm Atkmkntbjsâ {]knUâmbncpó kp`mjnWn Aenbpw Znñnbnð NmÀt«Uv A¡uïâmb A\\okbpamWv a¡Ä.

Readers Comments

ChnsS sImSp¡pó A`n{]mb§Ä {_n«ojv aebmfnbptSXñ. tkmjyð s\ähÀ¡v hgn NÀ¨bnð ]s¦Sp¡póhÀ AÇoetam aX \nµtbm A]IoÀ¯nIctam \nbahncp²tam Bb A`n{]mb§Ä t]mÌv sN¿póXv ssk_À \nba{]Imcw in£mÀlamWv- þ FUnäÀ

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