1 GBP = 85.00 INR                       

BREAKING NEWS

[oc tZ-im-`n-am\\n DZw knwKv

Britishmalayali
tSmw tPmkv XSnbw¼mSv, enhÀ-¸qÄ

C´y³ kzmX{´y kac Ncn{X¯nð PohnX XymKw sNbvX Ht«sd [oc³amsc \\ap¡v IHcp kzmX{´ kac tk\\m\\n Bbncpóp kn¡pImc\\mb DZwknwKv Fó jmlnZv DZwknwKv Imt_mPv At±ls¯ {_n«ojpImÀ Cw¥ïnse s]â¬hnñ Pbnenð Igpac¯nð Ibän sImón«v Cu amkw 31 mw XobXn 72 hÀjw Ignbpóp. 1940 Pqsse 31 \\mWv al¯mb C´y Fó cmjv{S¯n\\v thïn cà km£nXzw hln¡m³ B [oc tZim`nam\\nbv¡v IgnªXv.


1919 G{]nð 13mw XobXn temIs¯ Xsó \\Sp¡nb ]ôm_nse Pmenb³hme _mKnð \\Só Iq«s¡mesb¸än Adnbm¯hÀ Bcpw Xsó DïmIpw Fóp tXmópónñ. a\\pjy a\\km£nsb achn¸n¨ Cu Acpw sIme]mXIs¯ A]e]n¨hcnð Cw¥ojv cmjv{Sob¡mcpw DÄs¸Spóp, C´y³ kzmX{´ykacs¯bpw almßmKmÔnsbbpw hfsc ]pÑt¯msS Iïncpó Cw¥ojv bYmØnI t\\Xmhmb hnð̬ NÀ¨nð t]mepw Cu {Iqcamb {]hÀ¯nsb cm£kobamb {]hÀ¯n FómWv hntijn¸n¨Xv. C´y³ kzmX{´y kac tk\\m\\nIÄ HóS¦w Cu {IqcXsb A]e]n¨p. Ncn{XImc³amÀ ]dbpóXv Pmenb³hme _mKnð \\Só Cu Iq«s¡mebmWv {_n«³ Fó cmPys¯ C´ybnð \\nópw sI«p sI«n¡m³ XpS¡w Ipdn¨Xv FómWv.

1919 FópÅXnsâ {]tXyIX Hómw temIalmbp²w Ahkm\\n¨n«v Hcp hÀjw. Cu bp²¯nð C´y³ ]«mfs¯ {_n«ojpImÀ a²y]qÀÆ tZi¯pw, bqtdm¸nepw, B{^n¡bnepw bp²¯nsâ ap³\\ncbnð hn\\ykn¨ncpóp. ImemhØbpw `mjbpw hianñmbncpó C´y³ ]«mf¯n\\v henb BÄ\\miw kw`hn¨p. 43000 C´y³ ]«mf¡mcmWv Hómw temI bp²¯nð acn¨Xv. CXv C´y³ ]«mf¯nð hfsc AkwXr]vXn hfcm³ ImcWambn AXp am{Xañ bp²¯n\\v thïn hn`h tiJcWw \\S¯nbncpóXv ]ôm_nð \\nópw _wKmfnð \\nópw Bbncpóp. CXnð {]Xntj[n¨v Ht«sd hn¹h {]Øm\\§Ä ]ôm_nð DZbw sImïncpóp AXnð Hónð AwKw Bbncpóp DZwknwKv.
 
 

\"\"
 
{_n«ojv `cWt¯mSv hÀ²n¨phcpó {]Xntj[w ASn¨aÀ¯póXn\\p thïn GXp C´y³ ]ucs\\bpw AdÌv sNbvXv hnNmcW IqSmsX cïp hÀjw IÌUnbnð kq£n¡m³ Kh¬saân\\v A[nImcw \\ðIpó tdmseIvSv BIväv \\S¸nem¡m³ {_n«ojpImÀ Xocpam\\n¨p. AXnð {]Xnt£[n¡m³ C´ybnð lÀ¯mð \\S¯m³ KmÔn C´ybnse P\\§tfmSv Bhiys¸«p. AX\\pkcn¨v C´ybnet§mfw Ct§mfw iàamb lÀ¯mepIfpw {]Xntj[§fpw DSseSp¯p. CXn\\v ap¼p Xsó ]ôm_nse kzmX{´y kac tk\\m\\nIsf AdÌp sNbvXXns\\Xnsc hn¹hImcnIÄ ]«mf sN¡v t]mÌpIÄ B{Ian¨ncpóp AXns\\Xnsc ]«mfw \\ndsbmgn¨p Ht«sd BfpIÄ acn¨p. AXnð {]Xntj[n¨v hn¹hImcnIÄ Aôp shÅ¡msc sImóp AXns\\ XpSÀóv ]ôm_v kÀ¡mÀ \\ntcm[\\mÚ ]pds¸Sphn¨p.

Cu \\ntcm[\\mÚ hIhbv¡msX ]ôm_nse Fñm aXhn`mK§fpsSbpw BtLmjamb sshimJn BtLmjn¡póXn\\p thïn 1919 G{]nð 13 XobXn Pmenb³hme _mKnð 15000 \\pw Ccp]Xn\\mbnc¯n\\pw CSbnð BfpIÄ XSn¨p IqSn CXv tdmseIvSv BIvSns\\XnscbpÅ {]Xntj[w IqSn Bbncpóp. kt½f\\w \\Só Øet¯bv¡v 90 KqÀJ ]«mf¡msc \\bn¨v F¯nb {_ntKUnbÀ P\\dð, sdPn\\mÄUv,FtUzÀUv, lmcn, UbÀ, P\\§Ä¡v ]ncnªp t]mIm³ Hcp Ahkcw t]mepw \\ðImsX bmsXmcp {]tIm]\\hpw CñmsX P\\¡q«¯n\\p t\\sc shSn hbv¡m³ D¯chn«p. ]«mf¯nsâ shSnbpïIÄ XocpóXphsc shSn hbv¸v XpSÀóp.

Hcp hmXnð am{Xw Dïmbncpó ssaXm\\¯nsâ CS\\mgnIÄ t»m¡v sNbvXv ]«mfw \\nóncpóXpsImïv BfpIÄ¡v c£s¸Sm³ Hcp hgnbpw Cñmbncpóp. c£s¸Sm³ thïn ]c¡w ]mª P\\¡q«w ASp¯pÅ InWänð NmSnbpw Nhn«v Gäpw shSn sImïpw acn¨p hoWp. shSn h¨Xn\\v tijw ]cn¡p]änbhsc Bip]{Xnbnð F¯n¡m³ saUn¡ð kuIcy§Ä \\ðIm³ t]mepw P\\dð UbÀ X¿mdm-bnñ.{_n«ojv Kh¬saânsâ HutZymKnI IW¡v A\\pkcn¨mWv 379 BfpIÄ Cu \\c\\mbm«nð acn¨Xv, Fómð C´y³ \\mjWð tIm¬{Kkv \\S¯nb At\\zjW¯nð Ip«nIfpw kv{XoIfpw AS¡w 1500 t]À acn¨p FómWv Isï¯nbXv. Cu {Iqcamb sIme]mXIw ¹m³ sNbvXXv Aós¯ ]ôm_v KhÀWÀ Bbncpó ssa¡nÄ H. UbÀ Bbncpóp Fóv ]cs¡ Bt£]w Dïmbncpóp. AXpam{Xañ {_ntKUnbÀ P\\dð sdPn\\mÄUv Ubdnsâ {]hÀ¯nsb A±lw ]ckyambn \\ymboIcn¡pIbpw ]n³XpWbv¡pIbpw sNbvXncpóp.

 

\"\"
 
Cu \\c\\mbn«ns\\¸än At\\zjn¡m³ {_n«ojv Kh¬saâv temUv hnñyw lïdpsS t\\XrXz¯nð C´y³ {]Xn\\n[nIÄ DÄs¸sS Hcp I½änsb \\nban¨p. lïÀ I½än FómWv Cu I½än Adnbs¸«Xv Cu I½änbpsS ap³]nð {_ntKUnbÀ sdPn\\mÄUv Ubsd hnfn¨p hcp¯n tNmZyw sNbvXt¸mÄ sNbvX {IqcXIsf \\ymboIcn¡m³ am{XamWv {_ntKUnbÀ UbÀ {ian¨Xv Rm³ ]pds¸Spt¼mÄ Xsó AarXkdnð P\\¡q«s¯ Iïmð shSn hbv¡pw Fóp Xocpam\\n¨ncpóp Fóv At±lw lïÀ I½änbpsS ap³]msI samgn \\ðIn. {_ntKUnbÀ UbdpsS {]hÀ¯nbnð Hcp \\ymbhpw Isï¯m¯ I½än At±ls¯ ]«mf¯nð \\nópw ]ncn¨p hnSphm³ ip]mÀi sN¿pIbmWv sNbvXXv. AXnsâ ASnØm\\¯nð ]«mf¯nð \\nópw ]ncn¨p hn« {_ntKUnbÀ Ubdn\\v Xsâ \\m«pImcmb C´ybnse {_n«ojpImÀ C´ybnse Fñm ¢_pIfnð \\nópw ]ncn¨v 26000 ]h³ \\ðInbmWv {_n«\\ntebv¡v ]dªp hn«Xv.
 
Imew P\\dð Ubdns\\ IqSpXð \\mÄ Pohn¡m³ A\\phZn¨nñ 1927 ð At±lw lrZb kw_Ôamb AkpJs¯ XpSÀóp acn¨p.

1940 Bbt¸mtgbv¡pw Pmenb³hme _mKv Iq«s¡me ¹m³ sNbvX ]ôm_v KhÀWÀ Bbncpó ssa¡nÄ H. UbÀ tPmenbnð \\nópw hncan¨v eï\\nð Xmakam¡nbncpóp.

Pmenb³hme _mKv Iq«s¡mebv¡v tijw Dïmb {]t£m`§sf ASn¨aÀ¯m³ h³ t_mw_pIfpw, ]oc¦nIfpw Hs¡ D]tbmKn¨v ]«mfw AXn{Iqcambn«mWv P\\§sf t\\cn«Xv.

Pmenb³hme _mKv Iq«s¡me \\S¡pó kab¯v DZwknwKv Xsâ A\\mYimebnse Ip«nIÄ¡v `£Ww hnf¼n sImSp¯v sImïncn¡pIbmbncpóp. sNdp¸¯nð AÑ\\pw A½bpw acn¨p t]mbXv sImïv DZwknwKpw At±l¯nsâ tPyjvT\\pw AarXkdnse Hcp A\\mYimebnð BWv hfÀóncpóXv.

{_n«ojpImÀ ]ôm_nð \\S¯nb {IqcXIÄ At±l¯nsâ a\\Êns\\ hfsc thZ\\n¸n¨ncpóp. {_n«ojv `cW¯n\\v Iognð ]«nWn A\\p`hn¡pó Xsâ P\\§fpsS thZ\\ knwKn\\v Xm§m\\mhpóXn\\pw A¸pdw Bbncpóp. At±lw kphÀ® t£{X¯nð F¯n Hcp {]XnÚ FSp¯p AXv Pmenb³hme _mKv Iq«s¡mebpsS bYmÀ° D¯chmZnbmbncpó ssa¡ð H. Ubdns\\ hIhcp¯pw Fómbncpóp.

AarXkdnse hn¹h {]Øm\\¯nð {]hÀ¯n¨Xnsâ t]cnepw Hcp tXm¡v ssIhiw h¨Xn\\pw DZwknwKv Pbnð in£ A\\p`hn¨n«pïv AXpsImïv Xsó At±lw t]meoknsâ t\\m«¸pÅn Bbncpóp. Xsâ {]XnÚ \\S¸nem¡póXnsâ BZy XpS¡w Fó \\nebnð At±lw t]cp amdn C´ybnse aqóp {][m\\ aX§sfbpw ka\\zbn¸n¡pó cmw, apl½Zv, knwKv, BkZv Fómbn DZwknwKnsâ t]À. AXn\\v tijw Imjvaocntebv¡v c£s¸«p AhnsS \\nópw PÀ½\\n, Cäen, {^m³kv, kznävkÀemâv, Hmkv{Snb Fóo cm{S§fneqsS Id§n 1934 ð Cw¥ïnð F¯n Cw¥ïnse Xsâ bm{Xbv¡mbn Hcp Imdpw dnthmÄhdpw kwLSn¸n¨p. ssa¡nÄ H. Ubdns\\ ]n´pSÀó knwKn\\v At±ls¯ hIhcp¯m³ H¯ncn Ahkcw Dïmbn«pw Cu sIme]mXIw A´mcmjv{S Xe¯nð {i²bnSpóXn\\v thïnbpÅ Hcp kab¯n\\v thïn knwKv Im¯ncpóp.
\"\"
 
1940 amÀ¨v 13 \\v eï\\nse 10 IymIv̬ lmfnð tdmbð skmsskän Hm^v Gjy³ At^gvkv kwLSn¸n¨ncn¡pó aoänwKnð ssa¡nÄ H. UbÀ Bbncpóp {][m\\ {]`mjI³. DZwknwKv hfsc t\\cs¯ Xsó lmfnð Xsâ ZuXyw \\S¸nem¡m³ ]änb Øew Isï¯n \\ne Dd¸n¨ncpóp Xsâ dnthmÄhÀ {]tXyIw X¿mdm¡nb Hcp _p¡nemWv Hfn¸n¨p h¨cnóXv. aoänwKv Ahkm\\n¸n¨v Npäpw IqSn \\nóhcpsS CSbnð \\nópw ssa¡nÄ UbÀ ap³]m«v \\Sóv Aós¯ sk{I«dn Hm^v tÌäv Hm^v C´y skävemânt\\mSv kwkmcn¡m³ {ian¡póXn\\nSbnð DZwknwKv Xsâ dnthmÄhÀ ]pds¯Sp¯v Ubdn\\p t\\sc cïp XhW Imôn hen¨p. 76 hbÊpImc\\mb UbÀ AhnsS hoWv acn¨p. ]nóoSv skâv emân\\v t\\sc cïv XhW shSnh¨p eqbnkv Um\\n, temUv eanw§vS¬ FónhÀ¡pIqSn shSntbsä¦nepw AhÀ Bcpw acn¨nñ.
 
kw`h Øe¯p \\nópw c£s]Sm³ {ian¡mXncpó DZwknwKns\\ t]meokv At¸mÄ Xsó IÌUnbnð FSp¯p. t]meokpImtcmSv skâv emâv acn¨nsñ cïp shSn IrXyambn Rm³ Ah\\p t\\sc h¨ncpóXmWtñm Fóp DZwknwKv ]dªp. AXp am{Xañ Xm³ sNbvX IrXy¯nð bmsXmcp Ipät_m[hpw knwKv {]ISn¸n¨nñ. 1940 G{]nð 1 \\v DZwknwKn\\v FXnsc Ubdns\\ sImó Ipäw Npa¯n {_nIv̬ Pbnenð AS¨p. knwKv AhnsS \\ncmlmc kacw \\S¯n 42 Znhkw Ignªt¸mÄ \\nÀ_Ôambn `£Ww \\ðIn. 1940 Pq¬ 4 \\v HmÄUv s_bnen skâÀ {Inan\\ð tImSXnbnð knwKns\\ lmPcm¡n tImSXn ap³]msI knwKv C§s\\ ]dªp.
\"\"
 
"Rm³ AXp sNbvXp F\\n¡Xv Aht\\mSv {]XnImcw sN¿Wambncpóp. UbÀ bYmÀ° IpähmfnbmWv. Ah³ Fsâ P\\Xsb XIÀ¡m³ {ian¨p. AXpsImïv Rm³ Ahs\\ XIÀ¯p. Ignª 21 hÀjambn Rm³ sImïp \\Só Fsâ {]XnImcw Rm³ XoÀ¯p. Ct¸mÄ Rm³ kt´mjhm\\mWv Rm³ Fsâ tPmen sNbvXp FóXnð AXoh k´pjvS\\mWv. Rm³ acWs¯ `b¡pónñ Rm³ acn¡póXv Fsâ cmPy¯n\\v thïnbmWv.

{_n«ojv `cW¯nð Fsâ P\\§Ä hnióp acn¡póXv Rm³ Iïp Rm³ AXns\\Xnsc {]Xntj[n¨p. Rm³ sNbvXXv Fsâ IÀ¯hyw BWv Fóp Rm³ hnizkn¡póp.

Fsâ {]nbs¸« cmPy¯n\\v thïn Fsâ Poh³ \\ðIm³ IgnbpóXnepw henb F´p _lpaXnbmWv \\n§Ä¡v F\\nbv¡p Xcm³ IgnbpóXv."

tImSXn knwKns\\ acW in£bv¡v hn[n¨p 1940 Pqsse 31 \\v Cw¥ïnse s]⬠hnñ Pbnenð At±ls¯ Xq¡nteän Pbnensâ ssaXm\\¯v Xsó ih kwkvImchpw \\S¯n.

C´y³ bphXzt¯mSpÅ shñp hnfnbmWv knwKnsâ sIme]mX¯neqsS {_n«ojpImÀ \\S¯nbncn¡póXv Fóv almßKmÔn ]dªp. t_m[w Cñm¯ {]hÀ¯n Fóv PhlÀemð s\\lvdp {]XnIcn¨p Fñm C´y³ t\\Xm¡³amcpw Cu sIme]mXIs¯ A]e]n¨p.

1974 Pqsse DZwknwKnsâ `uXnI AhinjvSw Ipgns¨Sp¯v C´y Kh¬saân\\v \\ðIn knwKnsâ \\mSmb ]ôm_nse FwFðF km[pknwKv . DZwknwKnsâ `uXnI AhinjvSw hm§n C´ybnð sImïp hóv ihkwkvImcw \\S¯m³ thï \\S]Sn kzoIcn¡Wsaó At]£ Aós¯ C´y³ {][m\\ a{´n CÔncmKmÔnbv¡v \\ðInbXnsâ ASnØm\\¯nð {_n«ojv Kh¬saâpambn _Ôs¸«mWv `uXnI icocw C´ybnð sImïphóXv. C´ym Kh¬saânsâ {]tXyI {]Xn\\n[nsb Ab¨v C´ybnð sImïphó knwKnsâ `uXnI AhinjvS¯nð C´y³ \\mjWð tIm¬{Kknsâ Aós¯ {]knUâv i¦À Zbmð iÀ½bpw, ]ôm_v apJy a{´n skbnðknwKpw tNÀóv hnam\\¯mhf¯nð kzoIcn¨p. CµncmKmÔn do¯v kaÀ¸n¡pIbpw sNbvXp. (]nóoSv i¦À Zbmð iÀ½bpw skbnðknwKpw C´ybpsS {]knUâpamcmbn.)

`uXnImhinjvSw knwKnsâ Pò\\mSmb ]ôm_nse k¬¯nð Zln¸n¨v kp¯n \\Znbnð \\naÚ\\w sNbvXp.

Readers Comments

ChnsS sImSp¡pó A`n{]mb§Ä {_n«ojv aebmfnbptSXñ. tkmjyð s\ähÀ¡v hgn NÀ¨bnð ]s¦Sp¡póhÀ AÇoetam aX \nµtbm A]IoÀ¯nIctam \nbahncp²tam Bb A`n{]mb§Ä t]mÌv sN¿póXv ssk_À \nba{]Imcw in£mÀlamWv- þ FUnäÀ

Click here to type in malayalam