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Nmb tZio-b ]m\\o-b _-lp-a-Xn-bn-te¡v

Britishmalayali
sI apcfn

a\\pjy\\p ssZ\\wZn\\ PohnX¯nð Hgnhm¡phm³ Ignbm¯ ]m\\obamWv Nmb. IpSnshffw Ignªmð, temI¯v a\\pjyÀ Fähpw A[nIw D]tbmKn¡pó ]m\\obamWv Nmb. ]mÝmXy cmPy§fnð 4500 hÀj§Ä¡p ap³]v Xsó Nmb ]m\\obambn D]tbmKn¨ncpóp. tXbne sNSnbpsS CeIÄ shffap]sbmKn¨v Xnf¸n¨mWv Nmb X¿mdm¡póXv. ssN-\\bnemWv Nmb Hcp ]m\\obambn D]sbmKn¡mw Fóp Iïp]nSn¡s¸«Xv. _n.kn 2737ð ssN\\ `cn¨ncpó sj³ s\\m§v Fó N{IhÀ¯n XnI¨pw bmZrÝnIambmWv Cu ]m\\obw Isï¯nbsXóv Ncn{Xw ]dbpóp. Ct±lw \\m«p sshZy¯nð ]mÞnXyapÅ hyànbmbncpóp.IpSn¡pó shffw Xnf¸n¨män am{Xsa D]tbmKn¡mhp Fóv AtZl¯n\\v hfsc \\nÀ_Ôambncpóp.

Hcp ZoÀLbm{Xbv¡nsS At±lhpw ]cnNmcI³amcpw Hcp]mSp sNSnIfpw XWð ac§fpapff Hcp Øe¯v hn{ian¡pIbmbncpóp. B kabw ]cnNmcI³amtcmSv IpSn¡phm\\pff shffw NqSm¡phm³ AtZlw Bhiys¸«p. shffw Xnf¨p sImïncpót¸mÄ, ASp¯pïmbncpóp sNSnbnð \\nópw CeIÄ Imänð ]dóp hóv shff¯nð hoWp. shůnsâ \\ndw amdpóXp Iïv ]cn{`m´cmb ]cnNmcIÀ DS³ Xsó N{IhÀ¯nsb Imcyw [cn¸n¨p. shffw cpNn¨p t\\m¡nb AtZlw AXnsâ Huj[ KpW§sf Ipdn¨v a\\Ênem¡n. B ]m\\nbw IpSn¨mð D³tajw e`n¡psaóv AtZlw Isï¯n.

ssN\\oÊpImÀ Cu ]m\\obs¯ "Inbm FómWv hnfn¨ncpóXv. Ime{ItaW Nm Fópw Nmbsbópw Cu ]m\\obw Adnbs¸«p XpS§n. Cópw ]e cmPy§fnepw Nmbv FómWv Cu ]m\\obw Adnbs¸SpóXv (DÑmcW ssienbnð hyXymk§Ä Itï¡mw). ]Snªmd³ \\mSpIfnse¯nbt¸mÄ Cu ]m\\ob¯n\\v "äo Fóv t]cv e`n¨p. {_n«njvImÀ ]Snªmd³ \\mSpIfnð tImf\\nIÄ Øm]n¨tXmsS "äo Fó hm¡n\\v temI hym]Iamb {]Nmcw e`n¨p.
 
1600IfnemWv Nmb bqtdm]y³ \\mSpIfnð D]tbmKn¡m³ XpS§nbXv. t]mÀ¨pKokpImcpw U¨pImcpamWv ChnsS¡v Cu ]m\\obsa¯n¨Xv. 1669ð Nmb Cw¥ïnepsa¯n. B Ime¯v k¼ócpsS ]m\\obambmWv CXv D]tbmKn¨ncpóXv. NmbbpsS KpWw Xncn¨dnª Cw¥ïpImÀ ssN\\bnð \\nópw tXbne Cd¡paXn sNbvXp XpS§n. kpKaamb Cd¡paXn Dd¸p hcp¯m\\mbn `mcXapĸsS ]e cmPy§fpw {_n«njv sImf\\nIfm¡s¸«p. Ime{ItaW Nmb km[mcWImcsâbpw Cjv« ]m\\obambn amdn. Cóv 1500e[nIw hyXykvX cpNnIfnepff Nmb temI¯nsâ ]e `mK§fnð e`yamWv. 125ð A[nIw cmPy§Ä tXbne Dð]mZn¸n¡pópsï¦nepw ssN\\ XsóbmWv tXbne Dð]mZ\\¯nð temI¯v Hómw Øm\\¯v \\nð¡póXv. Nmb ssN\\bpsS tZiob ]m\\obamWv.

tXbne `mc-X¯nð

AXn ]pcmX\\ Imew apXð¡v Xsó tXbne `mcX¯nð D]tbmKn¨ncpóXmbn ]ucmWnI, Ncn{X tcJIÄ kqNn¸n¡póp. Huj[ kw_Ôamb Bhiy§Ä¡mWv tXbne Fähpw A[nIw D]tbmKn¨ncpóXv. lnµp ]pcmW CXnlmkamb cmambW¯nð ]cmaÀin¨n«pff arXkRvPoh\\nbnse kRvPoh\\n Ce tXbnebmWv Fóv hnizkn¡s¸Spóp. Fóncpómepw `mcX¯nð Nmb Hcp ]m\\obambn D]tbmKn¡m³ XpS§nbXp {_n«ojpImcpsS hcthmsSbmWv. Cóv tXbne Dð]mZ\\¯nð temI cmPy§fnð `mcX¯n\\v apJy Øm\\apïv. Dð]mZn¸n¡póXnð 83 iXam\\t¯mfw B`y´c hn]Wnbnð Xsó hnägn¡ps¸Spóp. `mcX¯nse tXbne Dð]mZ\\w, IbäpaXn Fónh taðt\\m«w hln¡póXv "äo t_mÀUv Hm^v C´y Fó kÀ¡mÀ Øm]\\amWv.

hS¡³ _À½bnepw AcpWmNð {]tZinepw ImWs¸Spó tKm{X hÀ¤§Ä¡nSbnð ]{´ïmw \\qämïnð Xsó Nmb Hcp ]m\\obambn D]sbmKn¨ncpóXmbn KthjW ^e§Ä kqNn¸n¡póp. 1820ð {_n«ojv CuÌv C´y I¼\\n Bkm½nð `mcX¯nð h³ tXmXnð tXbne Dð]mZ\\w Bcw`n¨p. 1837ð Bkm½nð Cw¥ojv äo KmÀU³ Bcw`n¨p. Cóv tXbne hyhkmbw `mcX¯nse cïmas¯ Gähpa[nIw sXmgnehkcw \\ðIpó taJebmWv. kv{XoIfmWv Cu taJebnð Gähpa[nIw tPmen sN¿póXv FóXv {it²bamb hnjbamWv. temI¯v Gähpa[nIw Nmb IpSn¡pó BfpIfpffXv `mcX¯nemWv. temI¯pff ]e {]apJ tXbne I¼\\nIsfbpw `mcX¯nse tXbne I¼\\nIÄ GsäSp¯n«pïv. {_n«njv I¼\\nIfmb sSävse , Sn^q Fónh CXnð NneXp am{XamWv.

2013 G{]nð ]Xnt\\gmw XnbXn Nmb `mcX¯nsâ tZiob ]m\\obambn {]Jym]n¡m³ tZiob Bkq{XW I½nj³ Xocpam\\n¨ncn¡pIbmWv. cmPyw Bkmanse BZyIme tXbne hyhkmbnbpw kzmX{´y kac tk\\m\\nbpamb aWndmw sZhmsâ 212þ#maXv PòZn\\w BtLmjn¡pó thfbnemWnXv. Fómð ]mens\\ `mcX¯nsâ tZiob ]m\\obambn {]Jym¸n¡Wsaó Bhiyhpambn cmPy¯nse ap³\\nc £otcmð]mZIcmb Aapð cwKs¯¯nbn«pïv. Imcysa´p Xsó Bbmepw Htcm `mcXob\\pw Hgn¨pIqSm\\mhm¯ ]m\\obw XsóbmWv Nmb.

Readers Comments

ChnsS sImSp¡pó A`n{]mb§Ä {_n«ojv aebmfnbptSXñ. tkmjyð s\ähÀ¡v hgn NÀ¨bnð ]s¦Sp¡póhÀ AÇoetam aX \nµtbm A]IoÀ¯nIctam \nbahncp²tam Bb A`n{]mb§Ä t]mÌv sN¿póXv ssk_À \nba{]Imcw in£mÀlamWv- þ FUnäÀ

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