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cmlpð KmÔn F´v sImïv a{´nk`bnð F¯nbnñ?

Britishmalayali
sI BÀ ssjPptam³

F´v sImïv cmlpð KmÔn C¯hWbpw a{´nk`bnð F¯nbnñ? ]pXnb a{´namcpsS enÌv Iï km[mcW P\\w tNmZnt¨¡mhpó Imcyw tXSn AebpIbmWv C´y³ cmjv{Sobw. Fómð Xsâ a\\kv Xpd¡m³ C\\nbpw cmlpð X¿mdmIpónñ.

Ignª BgvN HSphnð cmlpð a{´n k`bntes¡óp am[ya temIw apgps¡ ]dªn«pw At±lw a{´n k`bnse¡ñ ]mÀ«nbnse¡mWv t]mIpósXóv hyàam¡m³ BÀ¡pw Ignªnñ FóXmWv Gsd {it²bw. Fómð cmlpð a{´n k`bnð F¯mXncn¡m³ \\nch[n ImcW§Ä DsïómWv C´y³ cmjv{Sob¯nð Gsd¡psd hyàhpw kq£vahpw Bb \\nco£W§Ä \\S¯pó F³UnSnhn FIvknIyp«nhv tIm sNbÀt]gvk³ {]Wbvtdmbpw Zn k¬tU KmÀUnb³ FUnäÀ C³ No^pw Bb FwsP AIv_dpw ]dbpóXv. ChÀ ]dbpó Imcy¯nð Ig¼ptïm Fóv cmlpð KmÔn a\\kv Xpd¡pw hsc P\\¯n\\v [mcW Dïm¡m\\pw Ignbnñ. am[ya§tfmSv Imcyamb aaX CñmsX Häbm³ Bbn \\o§pó cmlpð Xsâ DÅnencn¸v ASp¯ tImÀ Soant\\mSv am{XamWv ]¦p shbv¡póXv. C¡mcWw sImïv IqSnbmWv cmlpensâ a{´n k` {]thi\\w C¡pdn Csñóp Dd¸n¨p ]dbm³ Hcp am[ya¯n\\pw IgnbmsX t]mbXv. Uðln tI{µoIcn¨ Nne ]{X§Ä cmlpð ]mÀ«nbnð ta[mhnXzw Dd¸n¡m\\mWv {ian¡pósXóv kqN\\IfneqsS ]dbm³ {ian¨ncpóp. 

F¡mehpw s\\lvdp KmÔn IpSpw_¯nepÅhÀ ]mÀ«nbnð Bbmepw kÀ¡mcnð Bbmepw Hómw \\¼À am{Xw CjvSs¸«ncpóhÀ BsWóv Ncn{Xw hyàam¡póp. kzmX{´y¯n\\pw aptó s\\lvdp XpS¡an« Cu ]Xnhv sXänbXv Hcn¡ð am{Xw. emð _lmZqÀ imkv{Xn a{´n k`bnð Cµnc hmÀ¯ hn\\nab a{´n Bb kw`hw Hgn¨mð C§s\\ Hóv BhÀ¯n¨n«nñ. Aópw Xsâ {]amWn¯w IpdbpóXv hfsc s]s«óv t_m[yamb Cµnc a{´n k`bnð \\nóp kzbw ]pd¯p IS¡m\\pÅ hgnbmWv IqSpXepw XncªXv. bp]nF kÀ¡mcnsâ BZy tSanð tkmWnb {][m\\a{´n Bbnsñ¦nepw cïmw Øm\\w Bcpw tNmZyw sN¿s¸Sm¯ Hómbncpóp. tkmWnbbpsS Iognð cïma\\mIm³ t]mepw a³taml³ X¿mdmbncpóp FóXmWv kXyw. Fómð Cu cïmw Øm\\w kzoIcn¡póXv KmÔn IpSpw_¯n\\v ""t{]mt«mtImÄ\'\' AS¡apÅ Imcy§fnð Xocm XethZ\\ BWv. AXnepw t`Zw kÀ¡mcns\\ \\nb{´n¡póp Fó `mh¯nð ]Zhn CñmsX \\nð¡póXmWv \\ñsXó D]tZiamWv tkmWnb Aóv kzoIcn¨Xv. Ct¸mÄ cmlpð ]n´pScpóXpw Cu \\bw Xsó.
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am{Xañ, C´y³ `cW¯nð s\\lvdp KmÔn IpSpw_¯nð HcmÄ Bbncn¡pw Ft¸mgpw iàn tI{µw Bbn \\ne \\nð¡pI Fó Iogv hg¡hpw cmlpð sXän¡m³ CjvSs¸«nñ. Xe apXnÀó AwK¯nsâ acW tijamWp Hmtcm XhWbpw A[nImcw ssIamäw sN¿s¸«n«pÅXv. Cµncbpw cmPohpw tkmWnbbpw Fñmw CXn\\p DZmlcWamIpóp. s\\lvdp Pohn¨ncn¡pt¼mÄ Xsó Cµnc ]mÀ«n {]knUâv ]Zw GsäSps¯¦nepw ]qÀW A[nImcw {]tbmKn¨ncpóp FóXpw {it²bamWv. tIcf¯nse BZy CSXp kÀ¡mcns\\ ]ncn¨p hnSpóXnepw 1962 se tXmðhn Gäp hm§nb ssN\\ bp²¯nepw CµncbpsS Xocpam\\w Xsó Bbncpóp apón«p \\nóncpóXv. F¦nepw s\\{lphnsâ Iognð a{´n Øm\\w GsäSp¡m³ AhÀ X¿mdmbncpónñ. CXv Xsó cmPohnsâ Imcy¯nepw kw`hn¨p. A½sb klmbn¡pI Fó a«nð cmPohnsâ tN«³ kRvPohv `cW tI{µhpambn ASp¯v CS]gInbncpóp. F¦nepw `cW¯nð HutZymKnIambn CSs]«ncpónñ.

cmlpð a{´n¡tkcbnð Ccn¡msX ASp¯ h«w XncsªSp¸ns\\ t\\cn«p {]Xn]£ t\\XmhmIm³ BWv CjvSs¸SpósXóv {]Wbvtdmbv F³UnSn hnbnð \\S¯nb \\nco£Ww bYmÀYyt¯mSv Gsd tNÀóv \\nð¡póXmWv. C§s\\ P\\§fnð \\nóp klXm]w BÀÖn¨p Cu ZiI¯nsâ HSp¡¯nð {][m\\a{´n ]Zw GdpIbmWv At±l¯nsâ ¹m³ Fóv {]Wbvtdmbv hnebncp¯póp. CXnt\\mSv kam\\amb Nn´ Xsó BWv FwsP AIv_dpw ]¦p shbv¡póXv. tIm¬{KÊnsâ Ncn{Xw NnIªmWv AIv_mÀ cmlpensâ a\\kv hmbn¡m³ {ian¡póXv. a³taml³ knwKnsâ Iognð Hcp shdpw a{´n Bbncpóp s\\lvdp KmÔn ]mc¼cyw Ifbm³ cmlpð B{Kln¡pónñ FómWv AIv_À \\S¯pó \\nco£Ww. CXnð Ig¼pïv Xm\\pw. Ncn{Xw NnIªp t]mIpóhÀ¡v Cu hmZ¯n\\p iàamb ASn¯d Isï¯m\\pw Ignbpw. 

cïma³ Fó tNmZyw t]mepw s\\lvdp KmÔn IpSpw_s¯ kw_Ôn¨nSt¯mfw A{]kàamWv. 1977 ð dmbv _Àfnbnð Cµnc tXmänñmbncpóp F¦nð, Hcp kwibhpw thï AhÀ Xsó temIvk`bnð {]Xn]£ t\\Xmhv Bbn XncsªSp¡s¸Spambncpóp. ]nóoSv D]XncsªSp¸nð NnIvaw¥qcnð hnPbnsN¯nb Cµncsb k` ImWn¡mXncn¡m³ P\\X ]mÀ«n \\S¯nb Xd theIfpw Ct¸mÄ Ncn{X¯nsâ `mKamWv. `cWw \\jvSamb 1989þ 91 Ime¯v cmPohpw {]Xn]£ t\\Xmhv Fó Øm\\w Xsó BWv GsäSp¯Xv. C¡me¯v P\\§fpsS kvt\\lw Xncn¨p ]nSn¡m³ cmPnhn\\p Ignªncpóp Fó ]mTw a\\Ênð HmÀ¯mIpw Ct¸mÄ cmlpð \\o§póXv. AXmbXp 2014 \\S¡pó XncsªSp¸nð {]Xn]£ t\\Xmhv Bbn Ccn¡m³ At±lw am\\knIambn X¿msdSp¡póp Fóv XsóbmWv Ct¸mÄ \\S¯pó \\o¡§Ä ASnhc CSpóXv.
 
AXn\\nsS Hcp a{´n ]Zw GsäSp¯p ASp¯ h«w XncsªSp¸ns\\ t\\cnSpt¼mÄ kÀ¡mcnsâ ]cmPb¯n\\p D¯cw tXSn {]Xn]£w F¯pt¼mÄ kaÀ°amb ]cnN cmlpen\\mbn XoÀ¡m\\pw Ct¸mÄ \\Só a{´n ]Z XymKw D]Icn¡pw Fóv IW¡m¡póp. a{´n k`bnð AwKw Añm¯ HcmÄ B a{´n k`bpsS ]cmPbw [mÀ½nIambn GsäSpt¡ï Imcyw Csñóp tIm¬{KÊn\\p Aóv hmZn¡mw. CtXmsSm¸w ASp¯ XhW hoïpw Xq¡p Ijn kÀ¡mÀ Dïmbmð cmjv{Sob X{´Ú³ Bb {]W_v apJÀPnbpsS klmbhpw cmlpen\\v Xsó Bbncn¡pw. At±lw IqSn DÄs¸«mWv Ct¸mÄ cmlpen\\v amdn \\nð¡mw Fó D]tZiw e`n¨ncn¡pósXóv \\ymbambpw kwibn¡mw. ZmZ Fóv tIm¬{KkpImÀ hnfn¡pó {]W_v GXp Xcw \\o¡§Ä cmlpen\\v thïn \\S¯pw Fóv BÀ¡pw {]hNn¡m³ Ignbnñ. cmlpen\\v tIm¬{KÊnð Gsd Xmð¸cyw DÅ t\\Xm¡fnð HcmÄ IqSnbmWv {]W_v. At±lw cmjv{S]Xn Itkcbnð F¯nbXnð cmlpensâ Xmð¸cyhpw {][m\\ambncpóp. 
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am{Xañ cmlpð a{´n k`bnð tNÀóð Xsó At±l¯n\\mbn \\evIm³ Hcp hIp¸v Isï¯m\\pw tIm¬{KÊv hnjan¨ncpóp FómWp Ct¸mÄ shfnbnð hcpó hÀ¯am\\w. a{´nk`bnð cïma³ Bbn hcpó cmlpens\\ {][m\\ hIp¸pIÄ Bb B`y´cw, {][ntcm[w, [\\Imcyw, hntZiImcyw Fónhbnð GsX¦nepw Hóv Isït¯ïn hcpambncpóp. CXnð hntZiImcyw HgnsI DÅh Xev¡mew asämcmsf Gð¸n¡pI FóXpw Zpjv¡camWv. ]pd¯p ]dªnsñ¦nepw C¯cw Hcp amäw ]Se]nW¡¯n\\p hgn ht¨¡pw Fó apdpapdp]v DbÀóXv tIm¬{Kkns\\ hnja hr¯Xnem¡n. {]W_v apJÀPn cmjv{S]Xn Bb tijw \\Só BZy Im_n\\änð a³taml³ knwKnsâ ASp¯v F sI BâWn CcpóXn\\p sIdphn¨ icZv ]hmdns\\ t]mepÅhsc F§s\\ ssIImcyw sN¿pw FópÅXpw cmlpensâ hchnð XSÊamb ]e ImcW§fnð HómWv. cmlpens\\  DÄs¡mÅn¡mhpó hntZiImcyw hIp¸nð Atacn¡³ {]knUâv XncsªSp¸v apXð Ht«sd A´mcmjv{S kw`h§Ä ssIImcyw sNt¿ïn hcpw FóXn\\mð At±l¯nsâ apgph³ kab {i²bpw hIp¸v sImïv t]mIpw FóXv  amän Nn´n¸n¡m³ ImcWambn. 

bYmÀ°¯nð ]mÀ«nsb ASp¯ s]mXp XncsªSp¸v t\\cnSm³ F¦nepw {]m]vXam¡pI FóXmWv cmlpensâ e£yw Fóv hyàamWv. AXn\\mð tIm¬{KÊn\\p Fs´¦nepw {]Xo£¡p hIbpÅ kwØm\\¯n\\v a{´n ]ZhnIÄ hmcnt¡mcn \\ðIm\\pw At±lw {i²n¨p. Bcpw ]dbmsX Xsó tIcf¯nð \\nóp iin XcqÀ a{´n BbXp CXmWv sXfnbn¡póXv. tIcf¯n\\v F«v a{´namsc e`n¨t¸mÄ kwØm\\s¯ tIm¬{KÊv t\\Xm¡Ä t]mepw sR«n FóXmWv hmkvXhw. {]IS\\¯nð ]nghv hcp¯nb hbemÀ chnsb a{´n Øm\\¯v \\nóp Xmsg Cd¡mXncn¡m\\pw ASp¯ XncsªSp¸nð tIcfw \\ðIpó Fw]namcpsS F®¯nð cmlpen\\pÅ hnizmkhpw {][m\\ LSIambn. ]{´ïp ]pXp apJ a{´namcnð Gsdbpw  cmlpensâ enÌnð \\nómWv CSw ]nSn¨Xv. Bscms¡ a{´n BIpw FóXnð a³taml³ kn§n\\p t]mepw \\niNbw Dïmbncpónñt{X. AXn\\memWv a{´namcpsS enÌv {][m\\ a{´nbpsS Hm^nknð \\nóp tNmcmXncn¡m\\pw ImcWw. CsXms¡ apónð h¨mWv ]pXnb Sow kÀ¡mcnsâ apónð DÅ shñphnfnIÄ ]cnlcn¡m³ {]m]vXcmsWóp Xm³ IcpXpóXmbn a³taml³ {]kvXmh\\ \\S¯m³ ImcWambXpw. 

tIm¬{Kkns\\ ASp¯ aqtóm \\mtem ZiIt¯¡v C´y³ cmjv{Sob¯nð \\nÀWmbI iàn Bbn \\ne\\nÀ¯m\\pÅ ]²Xn BWv cmlpð a\\Ênð kq£n¡póXv Fóv Nne kq¨\\ItfmsS At±l¯nsâ tImÀ Soanð s]« tPym-Xn-cm-ZnXy knµy Cóse hyàam¡nbncpóp. tIm¬KÊv XIÀóSnª {][m\\ kwØm\\§fnð bq¯v tIm¬{KÊns\\ tIUÀ kz`mht¯msS DbnÀs¯gpsóð¸n¡pI Fó ZuXyw BWv cmlpepw kwLhpw GsäSp¡póXv. C\\n Hcp Hä Ijn `cWw C´ybnð {]Xo£n¡m³ Ignbnsñóv Xncn¨dnª cmlpð iàn DÅ Øe§fnð ]camh[n t\\«w FSp¯p LSI IjnIfpambn \\b]camb kulrZw ]¦nSm\\pÅ {iaw BWv \\S¯póXv. Fómð Cu \\o¡§Ä¡v Bhiy¯ne[nIw DuÀPhpw kabhpw thWsaóv hyàambXn\\mð a{´n ]Zhn Dt]£n¡pI Bbncn¡pw `mhn¡p thïn sN¿m³ Ignbpó Gähpw \\ñ Xocpam\\w Fóv cmlpð Dd¸n¡pIbmbncpópshóp At±l¯nsâ \\o¡§Ä Xsó sXfnbn¡póp. \\nehnð tIm¬{KÊv t\\cnSpó {]XnkÔn tkmWnbsb¡mÄ \\ómbn cmlpð a\\knem¡póp FóXpw At±l¯nsâ Xocpam\\¯nð Hfnªncn¸pïv. 

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ChnsS sImSp¡pó A`n{]mb§Ä {_n«ojv aebmfnbptSXñ. tkmjyð s\ähÀ¡v hgn NÀ¨bnð ]s¦Sp¡póhÀ AÇoetam aX \nµtbm A]IoÀ¯nIctam \nbahncp²tam Bb A`n{]mb§Ä t]mÌv sN¿póXv ssk_À \nba{]Imcw in£mÀlamWv- þ FUnäÀ

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