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kwKoX¯nsâ cmP inð¸n: cho{µ³ hnS hm§nbn«pw B kwKoXw \\½sf tamln¸n¨v sImïncn¡póp

Britishmalayali
Pn³k³ tPmÀPv

kwKoX¯nsâ hyhØm]nX `mh§sf s]mfns¨gpXn aebmf kwKoX¯n\\v ]pXnb BImiw krjvSn¨ alm {]Xn`bmbncpóp cho{µ³. At±l¯nsâ Hmtcm kwKoXhpw Hmtcm D]mk\\bmbncpóp. B kwKoXw aebmfnIfpsS Bßmhns\\ sXm«pWÀ¯n kwKoX alm kmKc¯nð {`an¸n¨p. AXv sImïmWv Imean{X Ignªn«pw ]pXp kwKoX¯nsâ Ips¯mgp¡pïmbn«pw cho{µ kwKoXw C§s\\ AP¿ambn \\nð¡póXv.

1941 \\hw_À 9 \\v sImñ¯n\\v ASp¯pÅ sImf¯pcnembncpóp cho{µsâ P\\\\w. a\\Ênð kwKoXhpambn \\Só _mey¯nð Fópw Iq«mbn DïmbncpóXv Zmcn{Zyambncpóp. kwKoXt¯mSpÅ AÀ¸W t_m[amWv ]nóoSv kwKoX¯nsâ Dbc§Ä IogS¡m³ At±ls¯ klmbn¨Xv. kvIqÄ hnZym`ymk¯n\\v tijw Xncph\\´]pcw kzmXn Xncp\\mÄ kwKoX tImtfPnð tNÀóXv At±l¯nsâ PohnX¯nse hgn¯ncphmbncpóp. AhnsS h¨mWv aebmf¯nsâ Km\\ KÔÀƳ tbipZmkv At±l¯nsâ kl ]mTnbmbXv. kwKoX tImtfPnð h¨v tbipZmkns\\ kwKoX aÕc¯nð tXmð¸n¡m³ IgnªXnsâ Bß hnizmk¯nð a\\Ênð kn\\na tamlhpambn aZncminbnte¡v hïn Ibdnb cho{µ\\v ]nóoSpÅ \\mfpIÄ A{X ip`Icambncpónñ. KmbI\\mIm\\pÅ tamlhpambn aZncminbneqsS Aeª cho{µs\\ kn\\na Xmcw kXy\\mWv _m_p cmPn\\v ]cnNbs¸Sp¯n sImSp¯Xv. _m_p cmPv A§s\\ BZyambn "shÅnbmgvN\' Fó Xsâ Nn{X¯nð ]mSm³ cho{µ\\v Ahkcw sImSp¯p. AXn\\v tijw ap¸tXmfw ]m«pIÄ At±lw ]mSnsb¦nepw AXnsemópw tim`n¡m³ IgnbmsX ]nóoSv At±lw ssIh¨ taJe Uºn§v Bbncpóp. \\nch[n ]gb Nn{X§Ä¡v i_vZw \\ðInb cho{µ³ ]gb \\mbI³ chn Ipamdnsâ Øncw i_vZambncpóp. ]m«pw Uºn§psams¡ A¡me¯v cho{µsâ \\nXy hr¯nbpsS `mKw am{Xambncpóp. cho{µ\\nse bYmÀ° {]Xn`sb IsïSp¡m³ Ahkm\\w Xsâ ]gb kl]mTn tbipZmkv Xsósb¯n. cho{µ³ Xsó Nn«s¸Sp¯nb At±l¯nsâ kzImcy kwKoX tiJcw Hcn¡ð ImWm³ CSbmb tbipZmkv B {]Xn`bpsS Bgw Xncn¨dnªv At±ls¯ ssI ]nSn¨pbÀ¯n.

kwKoX kwhn[m\\ cwKt¯¡v 1979 ð "Nqf\' Fó Nn{X¯neqsSbmbncpóp XpS¡w. B Nn{X¯nse Km\\§Ä A¡me¯v henb lnäpIfmbncpóp. ]nóoSv At§m«pÅ cïc ]Xnämïv cho{µ kwKoX¯nsâ {]fbambncpóp AXv aebmfnbpsS kwKoX t_m[s¯ ]p\\ krjvSn¨v t{]£I a\\ÊpIfnð A`nhmPyamb A\\p`qXnbpïm¡n. imkv{Xob kwKoX¯nsâ ]cp¡³ `mh§sf kwKoX Pe {]hml¯nð ebn¸n¨v kwKoX¯nsâ BÀ{ZX \\s½ t_m[ys¸Sp¯n NneXv BÀ{Zamb Hcp anÌnIv A\\p`qXnbpïm¡n \\½sf AXnte¡v ebn¸n¨p. IÀ®m«nIv kwKoX¯nsâ kuµcys¯ Hcð¸wt]mepw tNmÀóv t]mImsX C{X at\\mlcambn AhXcn¸n¨ asämcp kwKoX kwhn[mbI\\pïmhnñ. lnµpØm\\n kwKoXhpw X\\n¡v at\\mlcambn AhXcn¸n¡m³ Ignbpsaóv taml³emensâ lnkv ssl\\kv A_vZpÅ Fó Nn{X¯neqsS cho{µ³ \\½sf Im«n Xóp.

cho{µsâ an¡ ]m«Ifpw At±l¯n\\v am{Xw sN¿m³ ]äpóhbmbncpóp. `cXhpw, IaeZfhpw, cmPinð¸nbpw, lnkv ssl\\kv A_vZpÅbpw, Bdmw X¼pcm\\pw ]nsó "Nncntbm Nncnbnse\'"Btcm ]mSpw... "Fóv XpS§pó Km\\§fpw cho{µ\\ñmsX aämÀ¡mWv sN¿m³ IgnbpI? taml³emepambn Bß _Ôw ]peÀ¯nbncpó cho{µ\\mbncpóp taml³emensâ Nn{X§fnse {]ikvX ]e ]m«pIfpw Hcp¡nbncpóXv. Hcn¡ð cho{µ³ Xsó ]dbpIbpïmbn Xsâ ]m«pIÄ¡v taml³emð Npï\\¡pt¼mÄ ImgvN¡mÀ ]mSpóXv tbipZmkmsWóv adóv taml³emenð ebn¨v tNcpsaóv. cho{µ³ CuWw \\ðInb ]m«nIÄ tIÄ¡pt¼mÄ tbipZmkn\\v am{Xw ]mSm³ IgnbpóhbmsWóv tXmónt¸mIpw. Hcn¡ð cho{µ³ Xsó C§s\\ ]dªn«pïv Xm³ tbipZmkns\\ ]mSn tXmð¸n¡m³ aZncminbnte¡v hïn Ibdn AXv \\S¸sñóv Iïv ISp¸apÅ CuW§Ä sImïv tbipZmkns\\ ]mSn _p²nap«n¡m³ {ian¨p. ]s£ AhnsSbpw B a\\pjy³ Xsó A¼c¸n¨p Ifsªóv.

kn\\na kwKoX¯n\\v ]pdsa efnX kwKoX¯nepw cho{µ³ Xsâ Ignhv sXfnbn¨ncpóp. XcwKnWn HmÀ¡kv{S Cd¡nb "amam¦w ]eIpdnsImïmSn\' Fóv XpS§pó Km\\w kn\\na Km\\w AñmXncpón«v IqSn aebmfnIÄ Hcp Ime¯v Fópw ]mSn \\Só Hcp Km\\ambncpóp.

Hcp Imcyw kXyw cho{µ kwKoXs¯ adóv aebmf kwKoX¯nsâ Ncn{XsagpXnI Akm[yw. aebmf¯nepw Xangnepw sXep¦nepambn 450 Hmfw Nn{X§fnembn 1500 ð A[nIw ]m«pIÄ¡v CuWw \\ðInb cho{µsâ hntbmKw A{]Xo£nXambncpóp. kwKoX¯nsâ Dbc§fnð Pzen¨v \\nð¡pt¼mgmbncpóp B ]n³ hm§ð. Ahkm\\ Ime¯v sNbvX \\µ\\¯nsebpw hS¡pw \\mY\\nsebpw Km\\§Ä aebmf¯nse Xsó F¡mes¯bpw anI¨ Km\\§fmWv. Ahkm\\ Nn{Xamb "hS¡pw \\mY³\' ]qÀ¯nbm¡n B Nn{X¯nse Km\\§Ä Xotbädnð P\\§Ä Gäv hm§póXv ImWm³ Im¯v \\nð¡msX 2005 amÀ¨v aqón\\v cho{µ³ \\s½ hn«v ]ncnªp.

Readers Comments

ChnsS sImSp¡pó A`n{]mb§Ä {_n«ojv aebmfnbptSXñ. tkmjyð s\ähÀ¡v hgn NÀ¨bnð ]s¦Sp¡póhÀ AÇoetam aX \nµtbm A]IoÀ¯nIctam \nbahncp²tam Bb A`n{]mb§Ä t]mÌv sN¿póXv ssk_À \nba{]Imcw in£mÀlamWv- þ FUnäÀ

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