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CFwFkv kam\\XIfnñm¯ t\\Xmhv

Britishmalayali
Pn³k³ tPmÀPv

temI Ncn{X¯nð Fópw cïv hn`mK§Ä Dïmbn«pïv. Hóv Ncn{Xw krjvSn¡póhcpw atäXv Ncn{XamIpóhcpw. C. Fw. Fkv. Ncn{Xw krjvSn¨bmfmWv. Ccp]Xmw \\qämïnð tIcfw temI¯n\\v \\ðInb Gähpw henb Nn´I\\pw ZÀi\\nI\\pw AXnep]cn Hcp P\\XbpsS lrZbanSn¸v sXm«dnªv FópahÀ¡v thïn Xsâ Nn´Isf IqÀ¸n¨v \\mhns\\ ]Shmfm¡n AhÀ¡v thïn s]mcpXnb `cWm[nImcn.
C. Fw. Fknsâ P\\\\w 1909 Pq¬ 13 \\v s]cn´ða®bv¡Sp¯v GewIpf¯v a\\bnembncpóp. PmXnIfpw, D]PmXnIfpw Xo{hamb AÔ hnizmk§fpw \\ndªmSnb Hcp ImeL«ambncpóp AXv. Aós¯ kaql¯nð taemf\\pw Iogmf\\pw Fóo cïv hn`mK§sf DïmbncpópÅq. taemfÀ kpJtemep]Xcmbn A´]pc§fnð Ignbm³ hn[n¡s¸«hcpw IogmfÀ taemfcpsS B«pw Xp¸pw tI«v a®nð ASnasbt¸mse ]WnsbSp¡m³ hn[n¡s¸«hcpw. C. Fw. Fkv. P\\n¨Xv Hcp k¼ó taemf \\¼qXncn Cñm¯nembncpóp. Xsâ PmXnbnð s]«hÀ ImWn¡pó a\\pjy {IqcXIÄ Iïv hfÀó \\¼qXncn¸mSv ]nóoSv kam\\ a\\kvIcmb aäv \\¼qXncnamtcmsSm¸w tNÀóv Cu ISp¯ a\\pjy \\ntj[§sf XÅn ]dªv sImïmbncpóp XpS¡w. ]nóoSv hnZymÀ°n ImeL«¯nð tZiob kzmX{´y kac¯nð BIrjvS\\mbn C´y³ \\mjWð tIm¬{KÊnð tNÀóp.

C´y³ \\mjWð tIm¬{KÊnsâ kPoh {]hÀ¯I\\mb C. Fw. Fkv. ]nóoSv 1934 ð tIm¬{KÊn\\pÅnð Xsó cq]s¸« tIm¬{KÊv tkmjyenÌv {Kq¸nð BIrjvS\\mbn. djy³ hn¹h¯n\\v tijw temI¯mIam\\w ]SÀóv Ibdnb tkmjyenÌv Nn´IfpsS ImeL«ambncpó AXv. C´ybnð KmÔnb³ Bib§Ä \\ndªv \\nón«v IqSn tIm¬{KÊnse bph cà§fmb kp`mjv N{µt_mkpw s\\lvdphpw tkmjyenÌv Bib§Ä aptóm«v h¨ ImeL«ambncpóp AXv.
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tIm¬{KÊv tkmjyenÌv ]mÀ«n t\\Xmhmbncpó C. Fw. Fkn\\v ]nóoSv I½yqWnÌv ]mÀ«nbnte¡v A[nI Zqcapïmbncpónñ. 1937 Pqsse 1 \\v C. Fw. Fknsâbpw ]n. IrjvW ]nÅbpsSbpw F³. kn. tiJdnsâbpw t\\XrXz¯nð A§s\\ tIcf¯nð BZyambn tIm¬{KÊv tkmjyenÌv ]mÀ«nbpsS Iognð I½yqWnÌv ]mÀ«nbpsS bqWnäv cq]oIcn¨p. ]nóoSv 1939 ð \\Só a{Zmkv \\nba k` sXcsªSp¸nð C. Fw. Fkv. h³ `qcn]£¯nð hnPbn¡pIbpïmbn. A[nIw sshIXmsX tIm¬{KÊv tkmjyenÌv ]mÀ«nbnð arKob `qcn]£amb I½yqWnÌpImÀ C. Fw. Fknsâbpw, ]n. IrjvW ]nÅbpsSbpw t\\XrXz¯nð HutZymKnIambn I½yqWnÌv ]mÀ«n cq]nIcn¨p. ]nóoSpÅ \\mfpIÄ CFwFkn\\v shñphnfnbptSXmbncpóp. t]meokpw `cW IqShpw C. Fw. Fkns\\bpw, ]n. IrjvW ]nÅsbbpw t]mepÅ I½yqWnÌv t\\Xm¡sf th«bmSn. C. Fkv. Fkn\\v ZoÀL \\mÄ Hfnhnð Igntbïn hóp.

tIcfw cq]s¸«Xn\\v tijw 1956 ð \\Só BZy sXcªSp¸nð C´ybnemZyambn tIm¬{KknXc Kh¬saâv A[nImc¯nð hóXn\\v ]nónð C. Fw. Fkv. Fó P\\ t\\Xmhnsâbpw C. Fw. Fkv. Fó XXznImNmcysâbpw hnPbamWv. ASnØm\\ hnZym`ymkw t]mepanñm¯ km[mcW¡mc\\v amÀknÌv, se\\nÌv Nn´Isf¡pdn¨v henb {KmlyapÅXv sImïñ AhÀ I½yqWnÌv ]mÀ«ntbmsSm¸w tNÀóXv. adn¨v ASnØm\\ hÀ¤¯nsâ {]iv\\§Ä¡v AdpXn hcp¯m³ Hcp NqjW hncp² A²ym\\ hÀ¤ ]mÀ«nt¡ Ignbq Fó hnizkambncpóp. C. Fw. Fknsâbpw, F. sI. Pn. bpsSbpw t\\XrXz¯nð tIcf¯nð At§mfant§mfw \\Só PmXn hncp² kac§sf sXmgnemfn kaql¯nð ]mÀ«n¡v henb thcpïm¡n.

Iem kmlnXy cq]§sf F§s\\ P\\ {]tbmP\\Icam¡msaóv C. Fw. Fkn\\v \\ñ [mcWbpïmbncpóp. C. Fw. FkmWv BZyambn tIcf¯nð Ie Iebv¡v thïntbm AtXm Ie PohnXw Xsótbm Fó NÀ¨ aptóm«v sImïv hóXv. AXv kmlnXy kmwkvImcnI {]hÀ¯IÀ¡nSbnð henb kwhmZapïm¡n. B NÀ¨Ifpw kwhmZ§fpw hgn h¨Xv B[p\\nI aebmf `mjbpsSbpw kmlnXy¯nsâbpw ]ndhn¡mWv.
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1956 se C. Fw. Fknsâ t\\XrXz¯nepÅ Kh¬saâv \\S¸nem¡nb `q]cnjvIcW \\nbahpw hnZym`ymk _nñpw A¡me¯v C´ybnse Hcp Kh¬saâpw sN¿m³ ss[cyw ImWn¡msX hn¹hIcamb \\nba§fmbncpóp. `q]cnjvIcW \\nbaw IpSnsbmgn¸n¡ð \\nÀ¯em¡n ]WnsbSp¡pó ]mhs¸« IÀjI sXmgnemfnIsf a®nsâ DSaIfm¡n. hnZym`ymk _nñv amt\\PvsaâpIfpsS ASnaXz¯nð \\nóv A²ym]Isc tamNn¸n¨v AhÀ¡v kÀ¡mÀ i¼fw GÀs¸Sp¯n.

]s£ Cu cïv _nñpIfpw \\S¸nem¡m³ Hcp§nbtXmsS tIcf¯nse Øm]nX Xmð¸cy¡mcpw kapZmbnI hÀ¤ob hmZnIfpw Hómbn "hntamN\\ kacw\' Fó t]cnð tIcf¯nð At§mfant§mfw iàamb kac§fmWv km£yw hln¨Xv. B kac§Ä¡v Ahkm\\w sXcsªSp¡s¸« Kh¬saâns\\ Øm]nX Xmð¸cy¡mcpsS CwKnX¯n\\v hg§n s\\lvdp `cWLS\\bpsS 356 þ hIp¸v D]tbmKn¨v ]ncn¨v hn«p.

1954 ð I½yqWnÌv ]mÀ«nbnð cq]s¸« heXv ]£ CSXv ]£ Nn´IÄ Ahkm\\w C. Fw. Fknsâbpw, F. sI. Pn. bpsSbpw, tPymXn _kphnsâbpw t\\XrXz¯nð kn]nsF ]nfÀ¯n kn]nFw cq]s¸SpóXnð F¯n tNÀóp. ]nfÀ¸n\\v tijw \\Só \\nba k` sXcsªSp¸nð hoïpw apÉow eoKnsâ ]n´pWtbmsS C. Fw. Fkv a{´n k` A[nImc¯nð hóp. B a{´n k`bv¡pw cïc hÀj¯nð IqSpXð BbpÊpïmbncpónñ.
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cïv {]mhiyw {]Xn]£ t\\Xmhmbncpó C. Fw. Fkv. \\oï Ime kn]nF½nsâ P\\dð sk{I«dnbmbn tZiob Xe¯nð kn]nF½n\\v ]pXnb Znim t_m[w sImSp¯p. C. Fw. Fkv. Fópw kam\\XIfnñm¯ hyànXzambncpóp. Ncn{XI³, {KÙI³, ]{Xm[n]³, `cWm[nImcn, Nn´I³ Fóo hntijW§Ä¡¸pdw At±lw Hcp henb a\\pjy kvt\\lnbmbncpóp. cmjv{Sob {]hÀ¯\\w [\\ k¼mZ\\¯n\\pÅ amÀ¤ambn ImWpó Cós¯ Nne cmjv{Sob¡mÀ¡v C. Fw. Fkv. Fópsamcp sshcp²yamWv. PohnX¯nð hyàn]cambn Hópw k¼mZn¨n«nñm¯ C. Fw. Fkv. Xsâ k¼mZyamb `qkz¯v apgph³ ]mÀ«n¡v `mKambn FgpXn sImSp¯v shdpw km[mcW¡mcs\\t¸mse Pohn¨ t\\Xmhmbncpóp. 1999 amÀ¨v 19 \\mWv Nn´IfpsS henb shfn¨w _m¡nbm¡n C. Fw. Fkv. \\s½ hn«v ]ncnªXv.

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ChnsS sImSp¡pó A`n{]mb§Ä {_n«ojv aebmfnbptSXñ. tkmjyð s\ähÀ¡v hgn NÀ¨bnð ]s¦Sp¡póhÀ AÇoetam aX \nµtbm A]IoÀ¯nIctam \nbahncp²tam Bb A`n{]mb§Ä t]mÌv sN¿póXv ssk_À \nba{]Imcw in£mÀlamWv- þ FUnäÀ

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