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GsI tKm]me³ ASn¨aÀ¯s¸«hsâ At¸mkvXe³

Britishmalayali
t\\m_nÄ sXs¡apdn

bpsIbnse {]apJ kmwkv¡mcnI {]Øm\\amb tNX\\ bpsIbpsS ]ndhn apXð kPohamb {]hÀ¯\\w. sNdp¸w apXð CSXp]£ kmwkv¡mcnI cwK¯v {]hÀ¯n¨n«pÅ t\\m_nÄ B\\pImenI§fnepw aäpw teJ\\w FgpXnbpw {it²b\\mWv

ae_mdnsâ N{Ihmf§fnset§m sNa¸nsâ cmin Iodn¯pS§nbt¸mÄ P\\w AXv A{X Ku\\n¨nñ. s]s«óv AXv tNmc¨ph¸mbn IStemfw hfÀóp. FómWv kw`hn¡pósXódnbmsX Hóp ]I¨p. Ing¡nsâ AcptWmZb¯nð a®nð sNômb¯nsâ \\ngem«w Aca\\Ifnepw A´ ]pc§fnepw aªbpsS tNeIð apIfnð \\nópw Xmsg hsc s\\SpsI cïmbn Iodn apdn¨p.

PbnedIfpsS \\mev NphcpIÄ¡pÅnð hn¹h¯nsâ amtamZok shÅw incÊnð ]Xn¨ Hcp km[mcW kzmX{´y kac t]mcmfnbpsS lrZb càw hoWXmWv CXns\\ms¡w ImcW§fmbn `hn¨sXóv P\\w izmkaS¡n Xncn¨dnªp. hn¹h¯nsâ Aánsb s\\ônð \\nd¨ Cu Aam\\pjnI {]Xn`mkw asämcpañ. Hcp km[mcW tIm¬{KkpImc\\mbn s]mXp {]hÀ¯\\amcw`n¨v `mcX¯nsâ Gähpw henb hn¹h{]Øm\\¯nsâ At]mkvXe\\mbn amdnb km£mð kJmhv FsI tKm]me³.

1904ð I®qÀ Pnñbnse s]cftÈcn Fó sIm¨p{Kma¯nð kJmhv Hcp ssIIpªmbn ]ndóphoWt¸mÄ, Cu Ipªv A[ØnXcpw A´ÀapJcpamb Hcp henb P\\XbpsS DbÀ¨¡pw hfÀ¨¡pw ImcWambn `hn¡psaó bmYmÀYyw Imew IcpXnh¨ Hcp \\ntbmKambncpóp. sshssZinI iànIfpsS taðtImbvas¡Xnsc almßPn Blzm\\w sNbvX \' Jnem^¯v {]Øm\\w\' bphmhmbncpó FsIPnbnð henb am\\km´c¯n\\v hgnsbmcp¡n. A§s\\ \' C´y³ \\mjWð tIm¬{Kkns\\m¸apÅ s]mXp{]hÀ¯\\¯nsâ ssZhhnfnbpsS A`ntjImán PzmeIfmbn lrZb¯nð Bgvónd§n. ]nóoSt§m«v ap¸XpIfnð almßPnbpsS Blzm\\{]Imcw JmZn{]Øm\\¯nsâbpw, lcnP\\ \\thm²mcW¯nsâbpw D¸pkXym{Kl¯nsâbpw t]cnð Pbnð hmk¯nsâ \\mfpIfmbncpóp. ]oU\\m\\p`h§fpsS Cu ImeL«w I½yqWnks¯¡pdn¨v Nn´n¡póXn\\pw "tIm¬{KÊv tkmjyenÌv\' ]mÀ«nbneqsS `mcX¯nse Gähpw henb hn¹h {]Øm\\amb C´y³ I½yqWnÌv ]mÀ«nbpsS cq]oIcW¯n\\pw \\nan¯ambn. 1937þð {Smh³Iqdnð P\\Iob ASn¯dbpÅ kzX{´amb Kh¬saâv cq]oIcn¡Wsaó Bhiyw Dóbn¨psImïv FsIPnbpsS t\\XrXz¯nð ae_mÀ apXð a{Zmkv hsc \\S¯nb \\ncmlmc ]Zbm{X tIcf¯nsâ kmaqlnI Ncn{X \\nLïphnse \\nWaWnª A²ymb§fnð HómWv. Aóp apXð Cóp hscbpÅ kw`h _lpeamb C´y³ IayqWnÌv {]Øm\\¯nsâ XpS¡¡mc\\pw Aac¡mc\\pw aämcpambncpónñ kJmhv FsIPn Xsó.
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I½yqWnÌv {]Øm\\¯nsâ Gähpw iàamb P\\IobSn¯dbpÅ t\\XmhmbncpótXmsSm¸w kJmhv FsIPn {_n«ojv cmPns\\Xnsc ]Ss]mcpXnb kzbw kaÀ¸n¡s¸« Hcp [oc tZim`nam\\nIqSn Bbncpóp. Hcp kXym{Klnbnð \\nópw hn¹hImcnbntebv¡pÅ NphSpamäw Hcp A]kÀ¸IYt]mse DtZzK P\\Ihpw C´y³ \\mjWð tIm¬{Kknsâ alXzhpw ho¡hpw shfns¸Sp¯póhbmWv.

_lp`qcn]£w hcpó A²zm\\ hÀ¤þNqjnX hn`mK§fpsS \\ymbamb Bhiy§Ä¡p ap¼nð C´y³ \\mjWð tIm¬{KÊnsâ Ic§Ä iq\\yamsWóv Iï thfbnemWv tNmcbpw \\ocpapÅ bphm¡Ä kJmhnsâ t\\XrXz¯nð "dheyqjWdn amÀIvknks¯ ]pWÀóXv. Hmtcm `mcXob³s#bpw kmaqlnI ]ptcmKXnbv¡v thïn ASÀ¡f¯nð t]mcmSnb Cu [octbm²mhv kzmX{´¯nsâ s]m³]pecn Iï HmKÌvþ15 1947 epw XShdbpsS AgnIÄ¡pÅnð BbncpópshóXpw Hcp hntcm[m`mkw.

hS¡³ ae_mdnse kmam\\yw km¼¯nI `{ZXbpÅ \\mbÀ IpSpw_¯nse AwKambncpó kJmhv {]mYanI hnZym`ymkw ]qÀ¯nbm¡nbncpónsñ¦nepw At±l¯n\\v Cw¥ojv `mjbnepw aäv s]mXp hnjb§fnepapÅ {]mhoWhpw Adnhpw Bscbpw hnkvabn¸n¡póhbmbncpóp. Hcp ss{]adn kvIqÄ A²ym]I\\mbn HutZymKnI PohnXw Bcw`n¨ kJmhnsâ DÄ hnfnIÄ Ft¸mgpw kmam\\y P\\¯nsâ {]mYanI {]iv\\§fnte¡mbncpóp. kmaqly {]Xn_²Xbpw ANôeamb a\\Êvss[cyhpw, DðLSamb IÀ½ tijnbpw Akmam\\yamb kwLS\\m ssh`hhpw At±l¯nsâ hnhn[ Xe§fnepÅ hyànXz¯nsâ {]Xn^e\\§fmbncpóp.

kzmX{´¯n\\v thïnbpÅ Aán DÅnð sISmsX kq£n¡póXn\\pw AXnsâ ktµiw FñmbnS¯pw F¯n¡póXn\\pw thïn `£Whpw shÅhpw CñmsX Znhk§tfmfw ssaepIÄ Htc hkv{Xw am{Xw [cn¨v \\mSnsâ ap¡pw aqebpw Ibdn Cd§nbn«pïv. lcnPt\\m²mcW¯nsâ `mKambn Hcn¡ð ]¿óqcnð lcnP\\§sf DÄs¸Sp¯ns¡mïv At±lw \\S¯nb ]Zbm{Xbnð A¼ehmknIfptSbpw t£{X {]amWnamcptSbpw AXn {Iqcamb aÀ±\\ apdIÄ¡v kJmhv hnt[b\\mbn«pïv. t£{X{]thi\\¯n\\v thïnbpÅ kac¯nsâ t]cnepw sXm«pIqSmbvabv¡pw Xoïen\\psaXnsc t]mcmSnbXnsâ t]cnepw Fñm {]iv\\§fptSbpw ImcW¡mc³ Fó Btcm]Ww Npa¯nbpw tIm¬{KÊpImtcmsSm¸w I®qcpw KqUñqcpw amk§tfmfw kJmhn\\v Pbnð hmkw A\\p`hnt¡ïn hón«pïv.
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KmÔnb³ kXym{Klhpw AlnwkmhmZhpw bYmÀ° kzmX{´y¯ntebv¡pÅ ^e{]Z§fmb hmXmb\\§fsñóv a\\knem¡nb kJmhv hgnamdn Nn´n¨v XpS§n; AXnsâ ^eambn Dcp¯ncnª BibamWv "tkmjyenÌv tIm¬{KÊv\' ]mÀ«nbpsS cq]oIcW¯nð Iemin¨Xv

FsIPnbpsS t\\XrXXz¯nepÅ tkmjyenÌv tIm¬{KÊv ]mÀ«n IpSnbm³ apXemfn _Ô¯nð henb De¨nð hcp¯n. sXmgnenSw sXmgnð sN¿póhsâsXó Bibs¯ apdp¡n ]nSn¨v Fñm taJeIfnepw A[ØnXÀ¡v thïn NqjW¯n\\v hnt[bam¡s¸«hÀ¡v thïn henb {]t£m`w Agn¨ hn«p. AXv Iiphïn taJeIfnse sXmgnemfnIÄ¡pw Ip«nIÄ¡pw henb Bizmkhpw Bthihpambncpóp.

]nóoSv tkmjyenÌv tIm¬{KÊv ]mÀ«nbnð A`n{]mb Ass\\Iyhpw A´On{Zhpw DSseSp¯ns\\ XpSÀóv kJmhv t_mws_bnepÅ I½yqWnÌv ]mÀ«nbnð BIrjvS\\mbn. XpSÀóv kJmhnsâ t\\XrXz¯nð tkmjyenÌv tIm¬{KÊv ]mÀ«nbnse Ipsd AwK§Ä ae_mdnsebpw HdoÊbnsebpw Xangv \\m«nsebpw Ipsd P\\§sf GtIm]n¸n¨v I½yqWnÌv ]mÀ«nbpsS Hcp bqWnän\\v cq]w \\ðIn {]hÀ¯\\w Bcw`n¨p.

]mÀ«nbpsS hfÀ¨bpsS BZy L«¯nð kJmhnsâ {]hÀ¯\\ taJebpsS Bcw`w Xangv \\m«nembncpóp. AhnsS ]mÀ«nbpsS clky Iym¼pIfpw ¢mÊpIfpw \\S¯n C¼ocnbenk¯n\\v FXnsc ]S s]mcpXn. CXnt\\mSIambn ]e XhW ]nSn¡s¸SpIbpw XShv NmSpIbpw sNbvXp. kzmX{´ym\\´cw BZyambn \\S¯s¸« s]mXp sXcsªSp¸nð kJmhv temI k`bnð F¯pIbpw sNbvXp. kzX{´ `mcX¯nð kJmhv \\nch[n P\\Iob {]t£m`§Ä¡v t\\XrXzw \\ðIn. AXnð ]pó{] hbemÀ kacw C´y³ I½yqWnÌv kac ]c¼cbnse \\mgnI IñmWv.

1947 HmKÌv 15 C´y kzmX{´y¯nsâ ]p¯³ ]pecnsb BtLmjn¡pt¼mÄ kJmhv I®qÀ Pbnensâ \\mev NphcpIÄ¡pÅnð I¿nð tZiob ]XmIbpw hln¨v kl XShpImtcmSv bYmÀ° kzmX{´y¯n\\v AÀ°w ]IÀóv sImSp¡pIbmbncpóp.

Aôv XhW temI k`bnte¡v sXcsªSp¡s¸SpIbpw {]Xn]£ Øm\\w hln¡pIbpw sNbvXp FóXpw tIcf cmjv{Sob Ncn{X¯nsâ `mKamWv. bmX\\IfpsSbpw thZ\\IfpsSbpw Iq¼mc¯n\\v apIfnð ]Sp¯pbÀ¯nb C´y³ I½yqWnÌv {]Øm\\w 1964 ð cïmbn ]nfÀót¸mÄ Hcp P\\XbpsS apgph³ lrZb¯pSn¸pIfmWv ]¦v hbv¡s¸«Xv. 1964 ð kJmhnsâ t\\XrXz¯nepÅ 32 AwK§Ä kn]nsF \\mjWð Iu¬knð _lnjvIcn¨v ]pd¯v hóp. kn]nsFF½n\\v cq]w sImSp¯p. C´y³ tIm^n luknsâbpw aäv klIcW {]Øm\\§fpsSbpw cq]oIcW¯n\\pw hfÀ¨bv¡pw ImcWambn XoÀóXv kJmhnsâ bpànbpw Nn´bpambncpóp. AhKW\\bpsSbpw Ahtlf\\¯nsâbpw ssI¸v \\ocv cpNn¨ A[ØnXtcmSpw ASn¨aÀ¯s¸«hscmSpw kJmhv ImWn¨ klm\\pI¼bpw [otcmZm¯hpamWv ]mÀesaân\\v AI¯pw ]pd¯pw P\\ lrZb§fnð {IptkUÀ Hm^v Uu¬ s{SmU¬ Fó JymXn t\\Sn sImSp¯Xv.

\\mev ap{Zm hmIyw IqSpXð hnfn¨Xnsâ t]cnð A[nImc¯nsâ A¸ I£W¯n\\mbn sX¡v hS¡v s\\t«m«tamSpó Cós¯ cmjv{Sob t{ZmWmNmcy³amÀ¡v kJmhv FsIPnbpsS PohnXw Hcp Xpdó ]pkvXIamWv. AhnsS ZÀin¡póXv Poh\\pÅ a\\pjysâ ]¨bmb I®ocpw IZ\\hpamWv. 1977 ð kJmhv `uXnI hmkw shSnbpt¼mÄ At±lw \\«p hfÀ¯n ]pjv]ns¨Sp¯ C´y³ I½yqWnÌv {]Øm\\w Hcp alm ]pWy Fó \\Zn t]mse Nnet¸mÄ XfnÀ¯pw hfÀópw [mcmfw ssI hgnIfpambn CcpIcIsfbpw ]pjvTn¸Sp¯n alm kmKcw e£yam¡n \\nÀ¤fw Kan¡pIbmbncpóp.

a¬adªv B alm Xm]Ê\\v Hcmbncw A`nhmµy§Ä kmZcw AÀ¸n¡póp.

Readers Comments

ChnsS sImSp¡pó A`n{]mb§Ä {_n«ojv aebmfnbptSXñ. tkmjyð s\ähÀ¡v hgn NÀ¨bnð ]s¦Sp¡póhÀ AÇoetam aX \nµtbm A]IoÀ¯nIctam \nbahncp²tam Bb A`n{]mb§Ä t]mÌv sN¿póXv ssk_À \nba{]Imcw in£mÀlamWv- þ FUnäÀ

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