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\"Rm³ cmjv{Sob¡mc³ Añ, sXäv ]änbmð Xncp¯póXv CSXp]£ cmjv{Sobw, Bdòpfbnð sXäv ]än\": _nt\\mbv hnizw {_n«ojv aebmfntbmSv a\\Êv Xpd¡póp

Britishmalayali
sI BÀ ssjPptam³

_nt\\mbv hnizw. tIcf cmjv{Sob¯nse emfnXy¯nsâ BÄ cq]w, hn\\b¯nsâbpw. hn¹h¯nsâ a®mb ssh¡¯v \\nópw, {Kma¯nsâ hnip²n s\\ônteän tIcfob P\\ a\\Ênte¡v \\Sóp Ibdnb P\\Iob t\\Xmhv. ]mÀ«n XmXv]cy§Ä¡p]cn Bbn P\\§fpambn _Ôw Im¯p kq£n¡pó A]qÀÆw t\\Xm¡fnð HcmÄ. kn ]n sF bpsS kwØm\\ sk{I«dntbäv AwKw Bb _nt\\mbv¡v kwØm\\ t\\Xmhnsâ ]cnthjs¯¡mÄ IqSpXð CW§pó ]cnØnXn {]hÀ¯I³, ]{X {]hÀ¯I³, Fgp¯pImc³, hmÜn, ]cn`mjI³ XpS§nb hntijW§fmWv. Hmtcm bm{XIfpw ]T\\ amÀKambn ImWpó _nt\\mbv Ct¸mÄ 76 tesd cmPy§Ä kµÀin¨p Ignªp. Ignª ]¯p Znhkt¯mfambn bp sI kµÀi\\w \\S¯pó P\\bpKw ]{Xm[n]À IqSnbmb _nt\\mbv hnizw t^m_va k¹nsaâdn kvIqÄ DZvLmS\\w AS¡w \\nch[n thZnIfnð aebmfnIfpambn kñ]n¨ tijamWv Cóv tIcf¯nte¡v aS§póXv. \\m«nte¡p aS§póXn\\p sXm«p ap³t] _nt\\mbv hniz¯nsâ Nn´IfneqsS {_n«ojv aebmfn dknUâv FUnäÀ sI BÀ ssjPptam³ \\S¯pó bm{X ChnsS XpS§póp. 

cmjv{Sob¡mc³ Añm¯ _nt\\mbv hnizs¯ ]cnNbs¸«mð?

Rm³ cmjv{Sob¡mc³ Fó hntijWw Xsó shdp¡póp. Rm³ cmjv{Sob¡mc³ Añ. cmjv{Sob {]hÀ¯I³ Fó hntijWw tIÄ¡phm³ BWv Rm³ CjvSs¸SpóXv. CXv cïpw X½nð henb A´capïv. Øm\\am\\¯n\\pw ]Zhn¡pw thïn Aebpóh\\mWv cmjv{Sob¡mc³. F´v {]Nmc theIfpw C¡q«À \\S¯pw. AgnaXnbpw cmjv{Sob hr¯ntISpIfpw Hs¡ ChcpsS kw`mh\\bmWv. Chsc P\\w shdp¡póp. kz´w {]Øm\\¯nsâ Bibw {]¨cn¸n¡póhcmWv cmjv{Sob {]hÀ¯IÀ. ]Wk¼mZ\\w cmjv{Sob {]hÀ¯\\¯nð DÄs¸Spónñ. Bibw hnäv Ioi hoÀ¸n¡m³ cmjv{Sob {]hÀ¯IÀ¡v Ignbnñ. kz´w PohnXw t]mepw Bib {]NmcW¯n\\v thïn amän hbv¡póhcmWv cmjv{Sob {]hÀ¯IÀ.
 
F´psImïv C¡q«cpsS (cmjv{Sob {]hÀ¯IcpsS) F®w IpdhmIpóp? 

apXemfn¯¯nsâ \\ocmfn ]nSp¯w kÀÆ taJeIfnepw F¯nbXv cmjv{Sob¯nepw kw`hn¡póp. AXns\\Xnsc DÅ sNdp¯v \\nð¸v cmjv{Sob {]hÀ¯Icnð DïmIWw. CXv CSXp]£ {]hÀ¯IÀ IqSpXð a\\Ênemt¡ï ImeL«w BWv Ct¸mÄ.
 
cmjv{Sob¯nð Fópw kn ]n sF ¡v thdn« Hcp apJw Dïv. Bw BZvanbpsS {]im´v `qj³ t]mepw kn ]n sF sb {]iwkn¨tñm, kn ]n Fw s\\ AgnaXn ]mÀ«n Fóv ]dbpIbpw sNbvXp? 

{]im´v `qjsâ A`n{]mbt¯mSv _lpam\\w Dïv. kn ]n sF Fópw kz´w hyànXzw ]peÀ¯pó {]Øm\\w BWv. Fóph¨v kzbw {]iwkbnð apgpIn NXn¡pgn ImWmXncn¡cpXv. P\\§fpsS {]Xo£ bYmÀ°yam¡m³ DÅ shñphnfn BWv kn ]n sF GsäSp¡póXv. \\nXm´ Pm{KXtbmsS {]hÀ¯n¨mte Ct¸mÄ e£y¯nte¡v F¯m³ Ignbq. AXn\\p IrXyamb ]cn]mSnIfpw thWw. Cu Pm{KXbnð sNdnsbmcp ssI¸nghv hómepw henb sXäpIÄ kw`hn¡pw.
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C¿nsSbmbn tIcf¯nð CSXp {]hÀ¯\\w hñmsX hnaÀin¡s¸SpIbmWtñm. kac§tfmSv P\\w hntbmPn¸nemtWm? 

kacw kmaqlnI hnIk\\¯nð amän \\nÀ¯m³ Ignbpó Hóñ. kachpw kaql¯nsâ `mKamWv. Fómð ssienbnð amäw DïmIWw. kn ]n sF F¡mehpw CXv ]dbpópïv. tIcf¯nð {]tXyIn¨pw thdn« ssienbneqsStb kacw hnPbn¸n¡m\\mIq. P\\ PohnXhpw Bbn s]mcp¯s¸s« kacw Bkq{XWw sN¿m\\mIq. P\\§fpsS ]¦mfn¯w XsóbmWv kac¯nsâ hnPb¯nð apJy tlXp. P\\¯n\\v Xmev¸cyw Cñm¯ kacw hnPbn¡pIbpw Cñ. Hmtcm kachpw Pbn¡Ww Fóv XsóbmWv R§fpsS B{Klw.
 
tIcf¯nð a[y hÀ¤¯nsâ DbÀ¨ Iïnsñóp \\Sn¨mtWm cmjv{Sob ]mÀ«nIfpsS kômcw? CXpw kao]Ime cmjv{Sobhpw Iq«nbnW¡s¸Spóptïm?
 
tIcf¯nð Cópw [mcmfw ASnØm\\ hÀK¯nð s]Spóhcpïv. Hcp t\\cs¯ Blmc¯n\\pw acpón\\pw AhiX t\\cnSpóhcpïv. AhcpsS i_vZw cmjv{Sob ]mÀ«nIÄ Xncn¨dnbWw. AhcpsS ZpJ¯nð ]¦mfn BIWw. ]mÀiz hev¡ncn¡s¸Spóhsc IqSpXð AIäpóXv BIcpXv cmjv{Sob kao]\\w. Ct¸mgpw IpSnshÅhpw ]mÀ¸nShpw Hs¡ tIcf kaql¯nse ASnØm\\ {]iv\\§fnð Dïv. Hcp PohX amÀKw tXSn Aebpó At\\Imbnc§Ä \\½psS \\m«nð Dïv.
 
a{´nbmbncpót¸mÄ sN¿Ww Fóm{Klw Dïmbn«pw \\S¡msX t]mb Imcyw?

A§s\\ Hónñ. Ht«sd Imcy§Ä sN¿m³ Ignªp FómWv Fsâ hnizmkw. h\\¯n\\pw {]IrXn¡pw thïn Hcp]mSp hnaÀi\\w kln¨mWv Imcy§Ä \\S¸m¡nbXv. {]IrXn kvt\\lnIÄ Fóv IcpXs¸SpóhÀ t]mepw FXnÀ¸pbÀ¯nbn«pïv. ac§Ä h¨v ]nSn¸n¡m³ thïn \\S¯nb Imss¼³ {][m\\amWv. ""acamWv adp]Sn \'\' Fó ktµiw DbÀ¯nbmWv kmaqlnI h\\hev¡cW ]cn]mSn GsäSp¯Xv. 1.86 tImSn hr£ ssXIÄ BWv \\«p ]nSn¸n¨Xv. 56000 G¡À `qan dnkÀhv h\\am¡m³ Ignªp. 
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\\« acw Hs¡ ]cnc£n¡s¸Spóptïm? 

Rm³ ip`m]vXn hnizmknbmWv. AXnð ]IpXn F¦nepw hfÀóp hómð henb Imcyambn FómWv Fsâ hnizmkw.

hnIk\\hpw {]IrXn kwc£Whpw tIcf¯nð Iq«nbnW¡s¸Spóptïm?

tIcf¯nð hnIk\\ k¦ev]w amtdïXpïv. {]IrXnsb adóp Hcp hnIk\\w \\ne\\nð¡pónñ. temI cmjv{S§Ä Fñmw CXv Xncn¨dnªp, ]pXnb ]mXbneqsSbmWv kômcw. {]IrXn¡v thïn t\\cs¯ hnIk\\¯n\\v apS¡nbXns\\¡mÄ ]Ww BWv hnIknX cmPy§Ä NnehnSpóXv.
 
Bdòpfbnð sXäv ]äntbm? A§bpsS kl{]hÀ¯I³ Bb Fw F t__nbpsS \\nco£Wt¯mSv tbmPn¡póptïm? 
 
Bdòpfbnð sXäv ]än Fóv XsóbmWv Fsâbpw ]£w. sXäpIÄ Xncp¯póXmIWw \\ñ cmjv{Sobw. \\n§Ä sNbvXntñ, AXv sImïv R§Ä XpScpóp Fó heXp ]£ kao]\\w icnbñ. HcmÄ¡p kw`hn¨ sXäv Nqïn¡m«n hoïpw hoïpw sXäpIÄ BhÀ¯n¡s¸SpIbmWv. CXv icnbñ. Cu t]m¡v amdnsb ]äq, CsXmcp shñphnfn Bbn CSXp ]£w GsäSp¡Ww.
 
C¯cw kao]\\w aqew CSXpw heXpw HómsWó Nn´ tIcf¯nepw thcv ]nSn¨ntñ?
 
henb B]¯p \\ndª {]Nmc thebmWnXv. Cóv CSXp heXp thÀ Xncnhv F´mWv Fó tNmZyw Dbcpópïv. AsXmcp \\ñ e£WamWv. Fómð cmjv{Sobw aSp¡póp Fó Nn´ hfcpóXv A]ISw krjvSn¡pw. P\\m[n]Xy¯nsâ \\ne\\nev¸v cmPy¯nsâ BhiyamWv. Nn´n¡póhcpw, FgpXpóhcpw hmbn¡póhcpw Hs¡ cmjv{Sob¯nð \\nópw AIepó Hcp {]hWX hfcpópïv. CsXmcp shñphnfn BWv. temI¯v apXemfn¯ hyhØnXnbpsS XfÀ¨ IqSpXembn NÀ¨ sN¿s¸Spópïv. {^m³knkv amÀ]m¸ t]mepw B hgn¡v ]dªncpóp. tIcf¯nð CSXpw heXpw HómsWó {]NcWw FsäSp¡póXv heXp ]£ {]NmcIcmWv. CXneqsS CSXp Bib§sf XIÀ¡mw FómWv AhcpsS Nn´. CXns\\ Bibw, Nn´, {]hÀ¯n, \\bw FónhbneqsS Hs¡ bYmÀ° CSXp ]£ {]hÀ¯IÀ adn IS¡Ww. CXv henb shñphnfn XsóbmWv.

sNdp¸¡mcpsS a\\Êdnbm³ hr² t\\XrXz¯n\\v Ignbpónñ Fó ]cmXnsb ]än? 

{]mbambhÀ Fñmw tami¡mc³ Fóv F\\n¡v A`n{]mbw Cñ. {]mbw BbhcpsS IqsS At\\IImew {]hÀ¯n¡m³ F\\n¡v Ignªn«pïv, Fñmw \\ñ A\\p`h§Ä Bbncpóp. F¦nepw temI¯v bph {]m[n\\nXyw GdpIbmWv. Nn´bnepw {]hÀ¯nbnepw bphXzw IqSpXð ]nSn apdp¡pópïv. Xet¨mdpw icochpw IqSpXð {InbmßIXtbmsS sNdp¸¡mcnð {]hÀ¯n¡pw FóXv AhcpsS ssienbnepw {]ISamIpw. {]mbambmð ]p¯³ Bib§sf kzoIcn¡m³ hnapJX DïmIpw. CXv tZmjw sN¿pw.
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\\h am[ya§sf CSXp ]£w AS¡w Xnckv¡cn¡pó Hcp {]hWX Dïmbncpóp. AsXmópw hn¹h¯nsâ hgn Asñópw ]dªp tI«p. F§s\\ BWv hn¹hw hcpóXv?
 
Bcpw ap³Iq«n FgpXn h¨ hgnbneqsSbñ AXv kw`hn¡póXv. AXv C\\nbpw kw`hn¡pw, kw`hn¨p sImïncn¡pw. hn¹hs¯ AXnsâ ]qÀWXbnð ImWphm³ ]cmPbs¸SpónS¯mWv XfÀ¨ DïmIpóXv. AXn\\p hyàamb ]cn]mSn thWw. ]mfn¨ t_m[yambmð Xncp¯Ww. AXv Gäp ]dbWw. sXänð \\nópw icnbnte¡v kôcn¡m³ IgnbWw. sXäpIÄ BhÀ¯n¡póXv CSXp kao]\\w Añ.
 
bp sI bnse {]hmknIsf Ipdn¨v?
   
{]hmknIÄ FñmbnS¯pw kz´w kwkv¡mcw lrZb¯nð kq£n¡póhcmWv. 1985 apXð Rm³ bp sI bnð F¯póp. C¯hW BWv IqSpXð aebmfn ]cn]mSnIfnð ]s¦Sp¯Xv. ChnsS aebmfnIÄ icocw sImïv am{XamWv tIcf¯nð \\nópw AIóp \\nev¡póXv. a\\kv ]qÀWambpw tIcf¯nð XsóbmWv. lrZb hnImcw sImïv AIew Ipdbv¡m\\mWv Rm³ Iï aebmfnIÄ ChnsS {ian¡póXv. amÀKcäv X¨cpsS Ime¯v J\\n sXmgnemfnIð \\S¯nb kac Ime¯mWv Rm³ BZyw ChnSw kµÀin¡póXv. temI bq¯v s^Utdj³ {]Xn\\n[nbmbn kact¯mSv sFIyZmÀVvbw {]Jym]n¡pI Bbncpóp kµÀ\\ Dt±iw. Ht«sd {]tXyIXIÄ DÅ \\mSmWv {_n«³. Hcp Ime¯v temIw AS¡n hmWXnsâ Idp¯ ]mSpIÄ Ncn{X¯nð [mcmfw Dïv. F¦nepw a\\pjy kvt\\lnIfpsS \\mSmWnXv. ChnsS Ncn{Xw Dd§póp . apXemfn¯w \\ne\\nev¡pt¼mgpw amÀIvkn\\pw aäpw A`bw \\evInb \\mSv. Iebpw kwKoXhpw inev]Iebpw Hs¡ DóXn ssIhcn¨ \\mSv. Fôn\\obdnwKv temI¯nte¡v thcv ]nSn¨Xv ChnsS \\nóv. hyhkmb hev¡cWhpw A\\p_Ôambn sXmgnemfn {]Øm\\§fpw ChnsS \\nómWv temI¯nte¡v ]cn{Ian¨Xv. sXmgnemfn hÀ¤¯nsâ DZbhpw Cu \\mSv k½m\\n¨p. A§s\\ Ht«sd {]tXyIXIÄ {_n«\\pïv.
 
IpSpw_s¯ Ipdn¨v?
 
_m¦v DtZymKkvXbmb ssje BWv `mcy. Ct¸mÄ t\\m«nMvlmw bqWnthgvknänbnð {Intbäohv ssdän§nð ]T\\w \\S¯póp. cïp s]¬Ip«nIÄ, civanbpw kqcybpw. civan lnµphnð ]{X{]hÀ¯I, `À¯mhv jwkp±o³ tZim`nam\\nbnepw. kqcy \\mjWð tem kvIqfnð FðFð_n Ignªp sImfw_nb bqWnthgvknänbnð \\nóv FðFðFw IcØam¡n. FUn³_tdm bqWnthgvknänbnð FðFðFw ]Tn¡pó `À¯mhns\\m¸amWnt¸mÄ. AXymhiyw IhnX Fgp¯pw XpS§nbn«pïv.

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ChnsS sImSp¡pó A`n{]mb§Ä {_n«ojv aebmfnbptSXñ. tkmjyð s\ähÀ¡v hgn NÀ¨bnð ]s¦Sp¡póhÀ AÇoetam aX \nµtbm A]IoÀ¯nIctam \nbahncp²tam Bb A`n{]mb§Ä t]mÌv sN¿póXv ssk_À \nba{]Imcw in£mÀlamWv- þ FUnäÀ

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