1 GBP = 85.50 INR                       

BREAKING NEWS

{Kmâv {S¦v FIvkv{]Êv

Britishmalayali
kp\\nð Fw Fkv

 "Ip«m, tZ, t\\m¡v. B hcpóXmWv {Kmâv {S¦v FIvkv{]Êv! C³tUyse Gähpw henb s{Sbn³!"

 
\\memw¢mÊp IgnªpÅ a²yth\\eh[n sNssóbnð AÑsâ IqsS BtLmjn¡pt¼msfmcp Znhkw, GtXm Hcp s{Sbn\\nóv sNssóbnse¯pó kplr¯ns\\ kzoIcn¡m³ Aѳ cmhnteXsó sNssó sk³{Sð tÌj\\ntebv¡p t]mbt¸mÄ, AÑsâ "hmð\' Bbncpó Rm³ IqsSs¨óp. R§f§s\\ Im¯p\\nð¡pt¼mgmWv Hcp KPhocsâ Kmw`ocyapÅ, "apJw IqÀ¯\', `oamImc\\mb Hcmhnsbôn\\pw ]nómse, Aäw ImWm³ h¿m¯{X \\oftadnb t_mKnIfpambn Hcp s{Sbn³ ¹mävt^mantebv¡v sasñ, kmhImiw ISóphóXv. cmPIobs{]#uVntbmsSbpÅ AXnsâ hchv Rm³ I®nabv¡msX t\\m¡n\\nóp. A¡mes¯ Gähpw {]ikvXamb s{Sbn\\mbncpóp \\yqUðlnbv¡pw sNssóbv¡panSbnð HmSnbncpó, Po Sn Fó Hma\\t¸cnð Adnbs¸«ncpó {Kmâv {S¦v FIvkv{]Êv.

"AÑ\\Xot¡do«vïm?\' Rm³ BImw£tbmsS tNmZn¨Xv Ct¸mgptamÀ¡póp. Iivaocnepw lnamNð{]tZinepw ]e XhW tkh\\a\\pjvTn¨ncpó Aѳ {Kmâv {S¦v FIvkv{]Ênð ]eXhW kôcn¨n«pïmbncpóp. Hät\\m«¯nð¯só {Kmâv {S¦v FIvkv{]Ênð kôcn¡Wsaó A`nemjw DSseSp¯p. ehv Aäv ^Ìv sskäv!
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Imð \\qämïntesd a\\Ênð sImïp\\Só B A`nemjw XnI¨pw A{]Xo£nXambmWp \\ndthdnbXv. {][m\\a{´n CµncmKmÔn h[n¡s¸«Xnsâ ]ntäZnhkw, AXmbXv 1984 \\h¼À HómwXobXn shÅhpw ]{Xhpw hm§m³ BÊmanse Kzmlm«nbntebv¡pÅ s{Sbn\\nð \\nóv sNssó sk³{Sense ¹mävt^manend§nb Rm³ Ahbpambn XncnsI hót¸mtgbv¡pw s{Sbn³ hn«ps]mbv¡gnªncpóp. Fsâ kq«vtIkpw, {_o^vtIkpw FbÀ_mKpw sImïpt]mb Kzmlm«n FIvkv{]Êns\\ CSw In«nb s{Sbn\\pIfnð Ibdn, ]cn{`m´ntbmsS, Rm³ ]n´pSÀóp. sNssó apXð hnPbhmU hscbpÅ bm{Xbv¡p kuIcyw In«nbXv Ncn{X{]kn²amb {Kmâv {S¦v FIvkv{]Ênembncpóp. Imð \\qämïntesd a\\Ênð Xmtemen¨psImïp\\Só A`nemjw hnNmcn¨ncnbv¡msX \\ndthdnbt¸mÄ, Kphmlm«n FIvkv{]Êp sImïpt]mb s]«nIsf¸äntbmÀ¯p thhemXns¸«psImïncpó F\\nbv¡v kt´mjn¡m\\mbnñ.

sNssóbnð \\nóv \\yqUðlnbntebv¡pÅ 2182 IntemaoäÀ Zqcw Xmïm³ A¡me¯v {Kmâv {S¦v FIvkv{]Êv GItZiw cïp cm{Xnbpw Hcp ]Iepw FSp¡pambncpóp. cïp cm{Xnbpw Hcp ]Iepw Ign¨pIq«m\\pÅ FbÀ Iïoj³Uv {Xo SnbÀ t_mKnbnð GXm\\pw aWn¡qÀ Rm³ bm{XsNbvXt¸mÄ Fsâ ssIbnepïmbncpóXv Hcp Ip¸n shÅhpw Aós¯ lnµp¸{Xhpw am{Xw! ssIbnsemcp _mKpt]mepanñmsX {Kmâv {S¦nse Gkn {XoSnbdnð Ibdn¡qSnbncn¡pó Cu I£nbv¡v Ft´m Zpcpt±iapïv Fó `mh¯nemWv klbm{XnIscsó XpS¡¯nð t\\m¡nbXv. s_À¯pïmbncpsó¦nepw, AXnð¡nSópd§m\\pÅ a\\xim´n Atócw F\\nbv¡pïmbncpónñ. AÀ²cm{Xn Ignªv Ft¸mtgm hnPbhmUbnse¯pt¼mÄ F\\nbv¡hnsS Cd§m\\pÅXpsImïv Dd§nt¸mbmð hnPbhmUbpw "anÊp\' sNbvXp t]mIptam Fó `bambncpóp, Hcp ImcWw. \\jvSs¸«pt]mb Fsâ s]«nIÄ Xncn¨pIn«mXncnbv¡ptam Fó `oXnbmbncpóp, asämóv. {Kmâv {S¦nsâ Gkn {XoSnbdnse \\oeshfn¨¯nse kpJioXfnabnð aäpÅhÀ IqÀ¡w hen¨pd§pt¼mgpw Rm³ lnµp¸{Xhpw Ip¸nshÅhpw ]nSn¨v, DXvIWvTtbmsS Fsâ s_À¯nð Ip¯nbncpóp. shfp¸n\\v ctïm aqtóm aWnbv¡v hnPbhmUbnse¯nbt¸mÄ Ahkm\\n¨ {Kmâv {S¦nse Fsâ ISnªqð bm{Xbv¡nSbnð Iï Nn{X§fnð HmÀ½bpÅXv {Kmâv {S¦nsâ ASn¨ps]mfn¨pÅ t]m¡mWv. ]pds¯ shfn¨§fpw sdbnðth tKäpIfpw sNdptÌj\\pIfpsañmw ]pdtIm«p ]dóp s]mbvs¡mïncpóXv F\\nbv¡mizmkw Xóncpóp.
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Ac \\qämïn\\p ap³]v BZyambn {Kmâv {S¦v FIvkv{]Êp IïXv Rm\\nt¸mgpw \\ómtbmÀ¡póp. Aóv hnhn[ hen¸¯nepw BIrXnbnepapÅ Fôn\\pIÄ C´y³ sdbnðthbv¡pïmbncpóp. Fñmw Bhnb{´§Ä. Uokseôns\\¸än tI«dnhp t]mepanñmXncpó Imew. tIcf¯nð HmSns¡mïncpó Bhnsbôn\\pIsfñmw sNdpXpw ImWm³ `wKnbnñm¯hbpambncpóp. sNssóbnð h¨pIï {Kmâv {S¦v FIvkv{]Ênsâ Fôn\\mIs«, _pÅäv amXrIbnð apJw IqÀ¯ Hcp Iqä\\mbncpóp. {Kmâv {S¦nsâ Fôn³ U»nbp ]n Fó tamUenð s]«Xmbncpóp. sshUÀ Fó ]Z¯nsâ Npcps¡gp¯mbncpóp U»nbp; AXv t{_mUvtKPns\\ kqNn¸n¨p. ]n ]mÊôÀ Fópw. A¡me¯v U»nbp ]n tamUð Fôn\\pIÄ C´ybnð hncfambncpóp. {]kn²ambncpó SmPv FIvkv{]Ên\\v AXp]tbmKn¨ncpóp. Z£ntW´ybnð ctïcïp s{Sbn\\pIÄ¡p am{XamWv U»nbp ]n Fôn\\pIÄ D]tbmKn¨ncpóXv. Ahbnsemóv {Kmâv {S¦v FIvkv{]Ênembncpóp. atäXv sNssóþsl#ud sabnenepw. Ac \\qämïn\\p ap³]v {Kmâv {S¦v FIvkv{]Êns\\ BZyambn Iït¸mÄ Rm³ ab§nt¸mbXv Cu U»nbp ]n tamUð Ìow Fôn\\nembncpóp.

U»nbp ]n tamUð Fôn³ ImtWï HópXsóbmbncpóp. AgIpä `oIc³! ASp¯p sNñm³ Bcpsamóp `b¡pw. Fgp]t¯gSn \\ofw! F«Sn aqÀJs\\ HmÀ¯p t]mIpw. Ct¸mgs¯ Uokð Fôn\\pIÄ¡v A³]¯mdSn \\oftabpÅp. Ct¸mgs¯ CeIv{SnIv Fôn\\pIÄ¡v Adp]t¯gSnbpw. AXmbXv U»nbp ]otb¡mÄ ]¯Sn Ipdhv. \\qänaqóp S®mbncpóp, U»nbp ]nbpsS `mcw. CXv Ct¸mgs¯ Uokð Fônsâ \\qäncp]s¯móp S®nt\\¡mfpw, CeIv{SnIv Fônsâ \\qäncp]¯naqóp S®nt\\¡mfpw Ipdhmbncpsó¦nepw, Bhnsbônsâ ASnbnð \\nóv hi§fntebv¡p Noänbncpó Bhnbpw, apIfnse ]pI¡pgenð \\nóp ]cóncpó Idp¯ncpï ]pIbpw Bhnsbônsâ cq]s¯ IqSpXð `oIcam¡nbncpóp. U»nbp ]nbpsS CSn¨ps]mfn¨psImïpÅ hchv BcptSbpw N¦nSn¸p hÀ²n¸nbv¡m³ t]móXmbncpóp. \\nÀt¯ïm¯ tÌj\\pIfneqsS B {]tZiw apgph³ {]I¼\\w sImÅn¨psImïv U»nbp ]n ISópt]mIpóXp ImWm\\nS hón«pÅhÀ C¡mcyw XeIpep¡n k½Xn¡pw.

AXn\\p ap³]pïmbncpó Fôn\\pItf¡mÄ thKXtbdnbXmbncpóp, U»nbp ]n: aWn¡qdnð 105 IntemaoäÀ. CXv U»nbp ]n hen¨ncpó SmPv FIvkv{]Ênsâ ]Xnhp thKXbmbncpóp. A\\utZymKnIambn \\qäncp]Xpw \\qäncp]¯ôpw IntemaoäÀ thKXbnð U»nbp ]n HmSnbncpsóópw tcJbpïv. thKXbpsS Imcy¯nð CópÅ Uokð Fôn\\pIfpw CeIv{Sn¡v Fôn\\pIfpw hfsc apónemWv. U»nbp Un ]n 4 Fó tamUð Uokð Fôn\\v \\qädp]Xp IntemaoäÀ thKXbntemSm³ Ignbpw. U»nbp G ]n 6 Fó tamUð CeIv{SnIv Fôn\\pw A{XXsó kv]oUpïv.

]t£, Zqcw Bhnsbôn\\v Hcp {]iv\\ambncpóp. \\m\\qdp Intemaoädne[nIw HmSpI AXn\\p _p²nap«mbncpóp. A{Xbpw HmSpt¼mtgbv¡pw Ið¡cn¨mcw amämsX "HcSn aptóm«p hbv¡m³ \\nhr¯nbnñm¯\' \\nebnse¯pw. shÅhpw AXymhiyamIpw. C¡mcW§Ä sImïv \\m\\qdp IntemaoäÀ HmSnsb¯mdmIpt¼mtgbv¡v Bhnsbôn³ amtäïn hóncpóp. Cónt¸mÄ {Kmâv {S¦v FIvkv{]Ênð CeIv{SnIv Fôn\\mWp LSn¸n¨ncnbv¡póXv. 2680 IpXncÈàn am{Xapïmbncpó U»nbp ]n Bhnsbônsâ Cc«ntbmfw iànbpÅ (5350 IpXncÈàn) Häsbmcp U»nbp G ]n 4 tamUð CeIv{SnIv Fôn\\mWv sNssóbnð \\nóp \\yqUðlnbntebv¡pÅ 2182 IntemaoäÀ Zqcw apgph\\pw hens¨¯n¡póXv. B[p\\nI kmt¦XnIhnZybpsS HcpZmlcWw Xsó.

]XnämïpIÄ ap³]p hsc Gähpa[nIw Zqcw Gähpw Ipdª kabwsImïv HmSnsb¯nbncpó s{Sbn\\mbncpóp, {Kmâv {S¦v FIvkv{]Êv. CXmbncpóncn¡Ww "Gähpw henb s{Sbn³\' Fóp ]dªt¸mÄ AÑ\\pt±in¨Xv. Aóv P\\X, ktX¬ Fóo cïv FIvkv{]Êv hïnIÄ IqSn B dq«nð HmSns¡mïncpsó¦nepw {Kmâv {S¦n\\mbncpóp, Gähpa[nIw kv]oUv. 1976þð Xangv\\mSv FIvkv{]Êv XpS§nbtXmsS B dq«nse Gähpa[nIw thKXbpÅ s{Sbn³ Fó ]Zhn {Kmâv {S¦n\\p \\jvSambn. Xangv\\mSv FIvkv{]Ên\\v Pn Sntb¡mÄ cïp aWn¡qÀ Ipdhp kabw aXn. Pn Snbv¡v ap¸¯ôc aWn¡qÀ thWw, Xangv\\mSn\\v ap¸¯nctïap¡mepw. Imew sNót¸mÄ {Kmâv {S¦ns\\ hoïpw ]pdtIm«p XÅns¡mïv aqóp s{Sbn\\pIÄ IqSn cwKs¯¯n. Kco_v cYpw Xpct´mbpw Bbncpóp, Ahbnse csï®w. aqómat¯Xv km£mð cmP[m\\nbpw. Ch aqón\\pw C{µ{]دnð \\nóv sNssóbnse¯m³ 28 aWn¡qdpw GXm\\pw an\\näpw am{Xw aXn. k¼À¡v {Im´nbpw Xncp¡pdepw ap¸¯n\\mteap¡mð aWn¡qÀ sImtïmSm³ XpS§nbtXmsS Pn SnbpsS aqeyNypXn, IjvSImew AXnsâ ]mcay¯nembn.

Uðln þ sNssó dq«nse asämcp kq¸À^mÌp s{Sbn\\nópanñms¯mcp alXzw {Kmâv {S¦n\\pïv: Gähpa[nIw tÌm¸pIÄ. k¼À¡v {Im´nbv¡v shdpw Aôpw Uyptdmtïmhn\\v (CXv Xpct´m Fó t]cnepw Adnbs¸Spóp) Bdpw cmP[m\\nbv¡v F«pw Xangv\\mSv FIvkv{]Ên\\v H³]Xpw Xncp¡pden\\pw Kco_v cY¯n\\pw ]¯phoXhpw am{Xw tÌm¸pIfpÅt¸mÄ {Kmâv {S¦v FIvkv{]Ênóv BsI 38 tÌm¸pIfmWpÅXv! (Uðlnbnð \\nóp XncnsI hcpt¼mÄ Hcp tÌm¸p Ipdbpóp.) aäp kq¸À^mÌpIfpsS aqópw \\mepw Aôpw Cc«n tÌm¸pIfpïmbncpón«pw, ap¸¯ôc aWn¡qÀ am{XsaSp¯psImïv {Kmâv {S¦v HmSnsb¯póXv AÛpXIcamWv. XpS¡¯nð {Kmâv {S¦n\\v tÌm¸pIÄ hfsc¡pdhmbncpóp. cmjv{Sob¡mcpsS k½À±w aqeambncpóncn¡Ww, ]nð¡me¯v tÌm¸pIÄ IqSn¡qSn hóXv. kq¸À^mÌv s{Sbn\\pIÄ¡v kz´w \\ntbmPIaÞe¯nð tÌm¸pItfÀs¸Sp¯póXv P\\{]oXn t\\Sm\\pÅ Ffp¸hgnbmsWóv {Kmâv {S¦n\\p bm{XsNt¿ïn hcpó Ggp kwØm\\§fnse kmamPnIcpw hnizkn¨ncpóp ImWWw. AtXmsSm¸w Xsó, IqSpXð tÌm¸pIfpïmIpóXv IqSpXð bm{X¡mÀ¡v KpWIcamIpóp Fó kXyw \\mtamÀ¡pIbpw thWw. Xangv\\mSn\\pw Uðln¡pw ]pdta, B{Ô, almcmjv{S, a²y{]tZiv, cmPØm³, D¯À{]tZiv Fóo kwØm\\§fneqsSbmWv Po Snbv¡p kôcnbvt¡ïn hcpóXv. GXmsïmcp `mcXZÀi\\w Xsó {Kmâv {S¦nse bm{XbneqsS km²yamWv. C´ybpsS at\\mlmcnXbpw sshhn²yhpw BkzZn¡m³ ]änb Ahkcw.
 
{Kmâv {S¦v FIvkv{]Êv hmkvXh¯nð C´ybnse Gähpw ]g¡apÅ s{Sbn\\pIfnð AYhm dq«pIfnsemómWv. kzmX{´y¯n\\pw ]Xns\\«p hÀjw ap³]v, 1929ð, {_n«ojv `cWIme¯mbncpóp, {Kmâv {S¦v FIvkv{]Êv PòsaSp¯Xv. Ct¸mÄ ]m¡nØm\\nð DÄs¸« s]jhmdnð \\nóv awKem]pct¯bv¡mWv Po Sn HmSn¯pS§nbXv. \\qän\\mep aWn¡qÀ sImïmWv A¡me¯v AtXmSnsb¯nbncpóXv: \\mep Znhkhpw F«p aWn¡qdpw! A¡me¯v AsXmcp ITn\\bm{X Xsóbmbncpóp ImWWw. ]mhs¸« P\\§Ä¡p {]tXyIn¨pw. A[nIw XmaknbmsX, emtlmdnð \\nóv ta«p¸mfbt¯bv¡mbn dq«p Npcp¡n. \\½psS ]ôm_n\\p sXm«Sp¯mbn, ]m¡nØm\\nsemcp ]ôm_pïv. B ]ôm_nsâ XeØm\\amWv emtlmÀ. tImb¼¯qcnð \\nóv Du«nbv¡pÅ ]mXnhgnbnemWv ta«p¸mfbw. t{_mUvtKPv sse³ ta«p¸mfb¯v Ahkm\\nbv¡póp. Du«nbv¡pÅ \\mtcm tKPv (Nar#r#o#w G#uage) s{Sbn³ ta«p¸mfb¯p \\nómcw`nbv¡póp. D¯c]Ýnta´ybnð th\\ð¨qSv Akl\\obamIpt¼mÄ shÅ¡mÀ AhnSpóv {Kmâv {S¦v FIvkv{]Ênð Ibdn ta«p¸mfb¯nd§n Du«nbntebv¡p t]mIpambncpós{X. Fs´ms¡bmbmepw, D¯c, Z£nW C´yIsf ]ckv]cw _Ôn¸nbv¡psómcp ]meambncpóp XpS¡w apXte {Kmâv {S¦v FIvkv{]Êv. 1930 apXð, {Kmâv {S¦nsâ dq«v Uðlnbv¡pw sNssóbv¡panSbnð am{Xambn Npcp¡n. AXnópw XpScpóp. Ipdsªmcp Imew C´ybnse Gähpa[nIZqcw kôcn¡pó s{Sbn³ Fó ]Zhn {Km!âv {S¦n\\p kz´ambncpóp. Fómenóv, A¡mcy¯nð {Kmâv {S¦n\\p apónð \\nch[n s{Sbn\\pIfpïv: I\\ymIpamcnbnð \\nóv BÊmanse Zn{_pKVntebv¡pÅ 4286 IntemaoäÀ Xmïpó hnthIv FIvkv{]Ên\\mWv A¡mcy¯nð Hómw dm¦v. P½p Xhnbnð \\nóv I\\ymIpamcnbntebv¡pÅ lnakmKÀ FIvkv{]Ên\\mWv cïmw dm¦v: 3715 In.ao. aqómw dm¦v awKem]pc¯p \\nóp P½phntebv¡pÅ \\hbpKv FIvkv{]Êv (3609 In.ao.) ssIbS¡nbncnbv¡póp. A§s\\ t]mIpóp enÌv. BZys¯ ]s¯®¯nð {Kmâv {S¦v s]Spónñ.

bm{X¡mcpsS kuIcy§fpsS Imcy¯nð {Kmâv {S¦v Fópw ap³]´nbnembncpóp. FbÀ Iïojâv ^ÌvIvemÊv Fsómcp ¢mÊpÅ Npcp¡w Nne s{Sbn\\pIfnsemómWv {Kmâv {S¦v FIvkv{]Êv. sNssóbnð \\nóv Uðlnbntebv¡p ]d¡póhsc BIÀjn¡m³ thïnbpÅXmWv Cu ¢mÊv. A¿mbncw cq]bntesdbmWv CXnsâ NmÀÖv. ^vssfän\\v Ggmbncw apXð ]Xnt\\mcmbncw hscbpw. Cu NmÀÖpIÄ¡p hyXymkapïmImw. kabssZÀLyapsï¦nepw kpJkuIcy§fpsS Imcy¯nð Gkn ^Ìv ¢mÊv ^vssfäns\\ At]£n¨v Hcp kq¸À ¢mÊp Xsóbmbncn¡Ww. {Kmâv {S¦nð Gkn ^Ìv ¢mÊv DÅt¸mgpw tIcf¯ntebv¡pÅ s{Sbn\\pIfnsemópw HcpIme¯v B ¢mÊpïmbncpónñ. tIcf¯n\\p ]pd¯ph¨v Gkn ^Ìv ¢mÊv ]et¸mgpw ASp¯p\\nóp Iïn«psï¦nepw AXn\\I¯p ImseSp¯phbv¡m³ F\\nbvs¡mcn¡epw ss[cyw hón«nñ!

BsI tIm¨pIfpsS F®¯nð {Kmâv {S¦n\\v AJnte´ymSnØm\\¯nð aqómw dm¦pïv: 24 tIm¨pIÄ. _olmdnse _duWnbnð \\nóv Uðlnbntebv¡p t]mIpó sshimen FIvkv{]Ên\\mWv Hómw dm¦v: AXnóv {Kmâv {S¦nt\\¡mÄ cïp tIm¨pIÄ am{Xta A[nIapÅp. am{Xañ, Xnc¡p Ipdª kokWnð AXn\\v {Kmâv {S¦nt\\mfw Xsótb \\ofapÅp Xm\\pw. ]ïp apXðt¡ ]m³{Sn ImÀ DÅ Npcp¡w Nne s{Sbn\\pIfnð Hómbncpóp, {Kmâv {S¦v. AXpsImïv Blmc¯n\\p ap«nñ.

kv]oUnsâ Imcy¯nð {Kmâv {S¦v FIvkv{]Êv Uyptdmtïm, iXm_vZn, cmP[m\\n Fóo s{Sbn\\pIfpsS ]nónembnt¸mbn«pïmIWw. aWn¡qdnð 140 IntemaoäÀ kv]oUnð Ccp]¯mdp tIm¨pIÄ henbv¡m³ iànbpÅ U»nbp G ]n 4 tamUð Fôn\\mWv {Kmâv {S¦nóv Ct¸mgp]tbmKnbv¡póXv. (Nn{Xw ImWpI.) F¦nepw dq«nsâ GXp `mKs¯¦nepw h¨v {Kmâv {S¦v Cu kv]oUntebvs¡¯póptïm Fóp kwibamWv. Uyptdmtïm, iXm_vZn, cmP[m\\n Fóo s{Sbn\\pIsf henbv¡póXv aWn¡qdnð ]camh[n 160 IntemaoäÀ hsc HmSm³ IgnhpÅ U»yp G ]n 5, U»yp G ]n 7 Fóo Fôn\\pIfmWv. FóphcnInepw 130 Intemaoädnð IqSpXð thK¯nð Uyptdmtïmbpw cmP[m\\nbpw HmSpónsñómWdnbpóXv. aWn¡qdnð 161 IntemaoäÀ (100 ssað) kv]osUSp¡pó, \\yqUðlnbnð \\nóv t`m¸mentebv¡pÅ iXm_vZnbv¡mWv kv]oUnsâ Imcy¯nð Hómw dm¦v. dq«nsâ hnhn[`mK§Ä G, _n, Fón§s\\ ]e {Kq¸pIfmbn Xncn¨n«pïv. Hmtcm {Kq¸nepapÅ thKX koanXamWv. G {Kq¸nð 160 In.ao., _n {Kq¸nð 130 In.ao., A§s\\b§s\\. {Kmâv {S¦v ap³]dª s{Sbn\\pIfpsS Iq«¯nð s]Sm¯XpsImïv AXnsâ ]camh[n kv]oUv 110 Intemaoädmbncnbv¡msaóp Rm\\qlnbv¡póp. CX{X henb kv]oUñ. apwss_ k_À_³ s{Sbn\\pIÄ t]mepw CXnt\\mSSp¯ thKXbnemWp kôcnbv¡póXv. {Kmâv {S¦nsâ thKX Iqt«ïnbncnbv¡póp. F¦nð am{Xta AXnsâ s]mbvt]mb {]Xm]w Aev]sa¦nepw hosïSp¡m\\mIq.
 
s{Sbn\\ns\\ tI{µ_nµphm¡ns¡mïv \\nch[n kn\\naIÄ Cd§nbn«pïv. aqsó®amWv HmÀ½bnð X§n\\nð¡póXv. aÀUÀ Hm¬ Zn Hmdnbâv FIvkv{]Êv BsWmóv. AKYm {InÌnbpsS slÀIypÄ s]mbvtdm (A`n\\bn¨Xv: Bðs_À«v ^nón) Fó Ipämt\\zjI IYm]m{Xw B Nn{X¯neqsS IqSpXð {]kn²\\mbn¯oÀóp. Fómð, B kn\\nabneqsS bYmÀ°¯nð temI{]kn²nbmÀÖn¨Xv Hmdnbâv FIvkv{]Êv Fó s{Sbn³ Xsóbmbncpóp. C´ybnð {Kmâv {S¦v PòsaSp¡póXn\\pw 45 hÀjw ap³]v, 1883ð, Hmdnbâv FIvkv{]Êv HmSm³ XpS§nbncpóp. apJyambpw {^m³knsâ XeØm\\amb ]mcokn\\pw XpÀ¡nbnse CkvXm³_pÅn\\panSbnemWv AtXmSnbncpóXv. GXmïv 2000 IntemaoäÀ Zqcw. \\mep Znhk¯ntesd thïn hóncpóp, Cu Zqca{Xbpw HmSnsb¯m³. CS¡me¯v CkvXm³_pÅntebv¡pÅ Hm«w \\nÀ¯n. Iptd hÀj§Ä Ignªt¸mÄ, ]mcokntebv¡pw t]mImsXbmbn. CXn\\nSbnð hóp Ignªncpó sslkv]oUv s{Sbn\\pIfpambn aÕcnbv¡pI Akm²yambn¯oÀóXn\\mð Hmdnbâv FIvkv{]Êv HSphnð, 2009ð, Hm«w \\nÀ¯n. 1920se HdnPn\\ð tIm¨pIÄ Xsó D]tbmKn¨v eï\\nð \\nóv Cäenbnse sh\\okntebv¡pw, ]mcoknð \\nóv CkvXm³_pÅntebv¡pw AtX t]cnð¯só kzImcy s{Sbn³ kÀÆokpIÄ \\nehnepsï¦nepw {]kn²ambncpó Hmdnbâv FIvkv{]Ênsâ {]Xm]w Chbvs¡món\\pw In«msX t]mbn.
 
sU³kð hmjnwKvS¬ A`n\\bn¨ A¬tÌm¸_nÄ BWv HmÀ½bnð X§n\\nð¡pó asämcp Xohïnkn\\na. HmÀ½bnð ]¨]nSn¨p \\nð¡pó aqómat¯Xv C´y³ kn\\nabmWv: [Àt½{µ, hnt\\mZv Jó, hnt\\mZv salvd, XpS§nbhÀ A`n\\bn¨ lnµn Ne¨n{Xw, Zn t_WnwKv s{Sbn³. C´ybnse Gähpa[nIw thKXbpÅ s{Sbn³ \\nÀ½nbv¡pIbmWv Nn{X¯nse \\mbIIYm]m{X§fnð Hcmfmb hnt\\mZnsâ (hnt\\mZv Jó) PohnXm`nemjw. `bs¸Sï, Rm³ IY ]dbm\\pt±inbv¡pónñ. Hä¡mcyw am{Xta ]dbpópÅp: 1980ð B Nn{Xw dneokv sNbvX tijw 34 hÀjw Ignsª¦nepw, \\mant¸mÄ aWn¡qdnð tIhew \\qdp ssað (161 In.ao.) Fó \\mgnI¡ñnð kv]Àin¨nt«bpÅp. hncense®mhpó s{Sbn\\pIÄ¡p am{Xta B kv]oUpÅp. AXnónSbnð ssN\\bmIs«, aWn¡qdnð apóqdp IntemaoäÀ thKXbpÅ ]e s{Sbn\\pIfpw HmSn¨p Ignªncnbv¡póp. IqSpXð kv]oUnð HmSnbv¡m\\pÅ {]m]vXn AhÀ t\\SpIbpw sNbvXp Ignªncnbv¡póp. apóqä³]Xp IntemaoäÀ thKXbpÅ s{Sbn\\pIÄ¡\\ptbmPyamb IqSpXð sslkv]oUv {Sm¡pIÄ AhÀ \\nÀ½n¨psImïncnbv¡pIbpamWv. \\ap¡nhnsS Ccpóqdp IntemaoäÀ kv]oUpt]mepw Xm§mhpó Hä sslkv]oUv {Sm¡pw Dïm¡m³ Ignªn«nñm¯XpsImïv 360\\pw 430\\panSbnð kv]oUpÅ ssN\\bpsS jmMvlmbv ams¥hv, ssN\\bpsS Xsó lmÀaWn knBÀF¨v 380F, CäenbpsS GPnhn Cämtem Fóo sslsSIv XohïnIsf¸än ]dbm³ ChnsS Xp\\nbpónñ.

kv]oUns\\¸än ]dªt¸mgmWv asämcp ImcytamÀ¯Xv. sdbnð¸mf¯nð \\nóp sXónamdmsX HmSm³ Hcp s{Sbn\\ns\\ klmbnbv¡póXv AXnsâ N{I§fpsS DÄ`mKs¯ AcnIv Hcp t»Up t]mse D´n \\nð¡póXmWv. Cu `mKw t»Uv FUvPv Fódnbs¸Spóp. \\qädp]Xp IntemaoäÀ kv]oUnð "]d¡pt¼mgpw\' s{Sbn³ sdbnð¸mf§fnð \\nóp sXónt¸mImsX kq£nbv¡póXv N{I¯nsâ anñnaoädpIÄ am{Xw D´n\\nð¡pó HccnImWv. Hcp sse\\nð \\nóv asämcp sse³ XpS§pItbm, Hcp sse\\nte¡v asämcp sse³ hóp tNcpItbm sN¿pó CS§fnð¡qSn (Cu CS§Ä¡v kzn¨pIÄ FómWp ]dbpI) AXnthK¯nð HmSpt¼mgpw sdbnð¸mf§fnð \\nóp N{I§Ä hgpXnamdmsX kq£n¡póXv t\\cnb Cu AcnIpIfmsWó hkvXpX AÛpXs¸Sp¯pó HómWv. cïct¡mSn P\\§Ä {]XnZn\\w `mcX¯nse XohïnIfnð kôcn¡póp Fóp ]dbpt¼mÄ anñnaoädpIÄ am{Xw D´n\\nð¡pó Cu AcnIpIÄ hln¡pó D¯chmZnXzw F{Xt¯mfw I\\s¸«XmWv Fóp \\ap¡p a\\ÊnemIpw. sdbnð¸mXIfpsS KpW\\nehmchpw knáepIfpw Cu `mcn¨ D¯chmZnXzw ]¦ns«Sp¡póp.
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cmP[m\\n, Uyptdmtïm, iXm_vZn, Fónhsb Hät\\m«¯nð Xncn¨dnbm³ km[n¡pw. Ahbv¡v {]tXyIw \\nd§fpïv. Uyptdmtïm¡v hÀ®i_fnabpsïóp t]mepw ]dbmw. Fómð Ncn{X¯nsâ ]n³_eapÅXmbn«pt]mepw, Hcp km[mcW kq¸À^mÌv s{Sbn\\nsâ hnckamb bqWnt^mw am{Xta {Kmâv {S¦n\\pÅp. Ncn{X{]kn²amb {Kmâv {S¦n\\p hÀ®s¸mena \\ðtIï Imew AXn{Ian¨p. C{µ{]دntebv¡v Z£ntW´ybnð \\nópÅ kq¸À^mÌv s{Sbn\\pIfnð Gähpa[nIw tÌm¸pIfneqsS Gähpa[nIw P\\§sf tkhn¡pó s{Sbn\\mIbmð {Kmâv {S¦v km[mcW¡mcsâ kq¸À ^mÌmWv. BIÀjIhpw kt´mj{]Zhpamsbmcp \\nd¡q«v AXÀln¡póp.
 
 

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ChnsS sImSp¡pó A`n{]mb§Ä {_n«ojv aebmfnbptSXñ. tkmjyð s\ähÀ¡v hgn NÀ¨bnð ]s¦Sp¡póhÀ AÇoetam aX \nµtbm A]IoÀ¯nIctam \nbahncp²tam Bb A`n{]mb§Ä t]mÌv sN¿póXv ssk_À \nba{]Imcw in£mÀlamWv- þ FUnäÀ

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