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Zneo]nsâbpw aRvPphmcycptSbpw hnhmltamN\¯nð ]{Xam[ya§Ä¡pÅ ]¦v

Britishmalayali
kp-\nð Fw Fkv

 sU¡m¬ t{ImWn¡nfnð Ignª hÀjw hó dnt¸mÀ«\pkcn¨v hnhml tamN\t¡kpIfpsS B[nIyw aqew Xncph\´]pcw \Kcw tIhew tIcf¯nsâ XeØm\w am{Xambñ, C´ybpsS Xsó Unthmgvkv Iym¸näð hnhmltamN\XeØm\w IqSn BbXmbn hntijn¸nbv¡s¸«ncpóp. tIcf¯nse ]Xnómep PnñIfnð Gähpa[nIw hnhmltamN\t¡kpIfpïmbncpóXv Xncph\´]pc¯mbncpsóóv B dnt¸mÀ«p Nqïn¡m«n. aäp ]e PnñIfpw Xncph\´]pc¯nsâ sXm«p ]pdInð¯sóbpïv.

hnhmltamN\t¡kpIfnse {]XnhÀj hÀ²\hnsâ Imcy¯nð tIcfw ap³]´nbnemWv. C´ybnse BsI P\kwJybpsS ctïap¡mð iXam\w am{XamWv tIcfP\kwJysb¦nepw 2011ð C´ybnemsIbpïmbncpó hnhmltamN\w sN¿s¸« h\nXIfpsS ]¯p iXam\t¯mfw tIcf¯nembncpóp. CXpsImsïñmw hnhmltamN\§Ä tIcf¯nsemcp ]pXpabñmXmbn¯oÀón«pïv. kn\namcwK¯v hnhmltamN\§Ä IqSpXepsïóp IcpXm³ \ymbansñ¦nepw, B cwKs¯ {]KÛcpsS hnhmltamN\w hfscb[nIw P\{i²bmIÀjn¨n«pïv. aptIjpw kcnXbpw, DÀÆinbpw at\mPv sI Pb\pw, aaXbpw s{]Kn¯pw,  Imhym am[h\pw \nimð N{µbpw, tPymXnÀabnbpw \nim´pw, tchXnbpw kptcjv tat\m\pw  Chscñmw thÀ]ncnª tPmSnIfmWv. Chcnð ]ecptSbpw thÀ]ncnbepIÄ hepXmb P\{i²bmIÀjn¨ncpóp.

Fómð aebmfkn\namtemI¯v kao]Ime¯pïmb Fñm hnhmltamN\§tf¡mfpw IqSpXð P\{i²bmIÀjn¨ncn¡póXv Zneo]pw aRvPphmcycpw X½nepÅ thÀ]ncnbemsWóp \nÊwibw ]dbmw. Cu thÀ]ncnbð P\{i²bmIÀjn¡pI am{Xañ, aebmf kn\nam t{]anIfnð ]etcbpw s\m¼cs¸Sp¯pIbpw sNbvXn«pïmIWw. Zoen]pw aRvPphmcycpw hnhmltamN\¯n\mbn FdWmIpfw Ieqcnse {]tXyI IpSpw_tImSXnbnð Pqembv Ccp]¯n\men\v kwbpà lÀPn \ðIn. "Iu¬ken§n\p tijw Ccphcpw ]ncmbm\pff Xocpam\¯nð Dd¨p \nómð tImSXn A´naXocpam\saSp¡pw' FómWv ]{X¯nð ]dªncn¡póXv. tIcf¯nse Nne tImSXnIfpambn _Ôs¸«v aoUntbj³ Bâv I¬knentbj³ skâdpIfpïv, AhnS§fnð am²yØw hlnbv¡m³ {]tXyI ]cnioe\w kn²n¨ aoUntbäÀamcpïv. Zneo]ntâbpw aRvPphmcycptSbpw tIkv Cu aoUntbäÀamcpsS apónse¯ptamsbó Imcyw ]{X¯nenñ.
 
hcpó P\phcn amkw Ccp]t¯gmw XobXnbmWv tImSXn Cu tIkv C\n ]cnKWn¡pI. cïp t]cpw thÀ]ncnbpIXsó thWw Fó \ne]mSnð¯só Aópw Dd¨p \nð¡pIbmsW¦nð Aóp hnhmltamN\w {]m_ey¯nð hcpw, AhÀ hnhmltamNnXcmIpw. A¯csamcp \ne]mSmWv Ccphcpw Pqembv Ccp]¯n\memw XobXn FSp¯sX¦nepw, C\nsbmcp Xncn¨pt]m¡v Akm²yambmWp ImWs¸SpósX¦nepw, Bdp amkw Ignbpt¼mtgbv¡v B \ne]mSnð amäw hóp IqsSónñ. kv]À²Isfmóv Bdn¯Wp¡m³ IqSn Dt±in¨pÅ kabamWo Bdpamkw. hyàn_ԧġv ]pXnsbmcp DujvafX Cu Bdpamkw sImïp ssIhsóópw hcmw. aIÄ ao\m£nbv¡v C¡mcy¯nð hensbmcp ]¦p hlnbv¡m\mbmð {]tXyIn¨pw.

hnhmltamN\§Ä km[mcW kw`h§fmbn amdnbn«psï¦nepw, Nne Imcy§Ä Cu thÀ]ncnbens\ thdn«Xm¡póp. Ahbnsemóv ]{X¯nð ]dªn«pïv: "hyànPohnXs¯ apdns¸Sp¯pó Xc¯nð ]ckv]c Btcm]W§fnñmsX kwbpàlÀPn \ðIn _Ôw thÀs]Sp¯m³ Ccphcpw Xocpam\n¡pIbmbncpóp'. Cusbmcp \ne]mSv cïpt]cpsaSp¯Xv ÇmL\obamWv. GItZiw ]Xn\mdp hÀjw \oïp \nó Zm¼Xy¯n\nSbnð kvt\l¯nð Nmen¨ \nch[n at\mlc aplqÀ¯§fpïmbncpóp ImWpw. kvacWbnð X§n\nð¡pó B aplqÀ¯§fpsS at\mlmcnXbv¡p tIm«w X«msX Ah BPoh\m´Imew CcphcptSbpw DÅnð \ne \nð¡m\nXv klmbn¡pw. A`n{]mb`nóXIÄ thÀ]ncnbente¡v F¯n¨ncn¡psó¦nepw, Ccphcpw IqSnbpÅ Zm¼Xys¯¸än hcpwIme§fnð Nn´nbv¡pt¼msgñmw Cu at\mlcaplqÀ¯§fmIWw AhcpsS a\Êntebvt¡mSn hcpóXv. Hcp ]t£ C¯cw HmÀ½IÄ P\phcn Ccp]t¯gn\p ap³]v X§fpsS \ne]mSpIfnð Abhp hcp¯m³ klmbIamIpIbpw sNbvtXbv¡mw. ]Xn\mdp hÀjw sNdnsbmcp Imebfhñ. tIcf¯nse \nch[n hnhmltamN\t¡kpIfpsS ØnXnhnhc¡W¡pIsf B[mcam¡nbpÅ AhtemI\¯nð ImWpóXv hnhmlw IgnªbpSs\bpÅ aqóp hÀj¯n\nSbnemWv Gähpa[nIw tIkpIfpÛhnbv¡pósXómWv. ]Xn\mdp hÀjw Z¼Xnamcmbn Pohn¨ tijw hnhmltamN\¯nse¯póXp XmcXtay\ hncfamsWóv AhtemI\¯nð \nóp a\ÊnemIpóp.

Cu thÀ]ncnbensâ asämcp khntijX ]{XhmÀ¯bnð \nóp²cn¡s«: "aRvPphmcyÀ Zneo]pambpÅ hnhml_Ôw Ahkm\n¸n¡póXv AÀlXs¸« Poh\mwiw t]mepw hm§msX, Xsâ t]cnepïmbncpó tImSn¡W¡n\p cq]bpsS kz¯v Zneo]n\p Xncns¨gpXns¡mSp¡m\pw aRvPp Xocpam\n¨p.' cïmbnc¯ônse s{]m«£³ Hm^v hna³ {^w sUmaÌnIv hbe³kv BIväv \nehnð hótXmsS KmÀlnI]oU\w hnhmltamN\¯n\pÅ AwKoIrXImcW§fnsemómbn¯oÀóp. XpSÀópÅ hÀj§fnð KmÀlnI]oU\¯nsâ t]cnð tImSXnIÄ h\nXIÄ¡v hnhmltamN\w A\phZn¨ncpóp. ]t£, ]nð¡me¯v `À¯mhnsâ kz¯nð Ignbpó{X hensbmcp `mKw ssIhis¸Sp¯m³ thïn h\nXIÄ ap³]dª \nba¯nsâ ]n³_e¯nð KmÀlnI]oU\w Zpcp]tbmKs¸Sp¯póXmbn tImSXnIÄ Xsó A`n{]mbs¸«ncn¡pó ]Ým¯e¯nð t\m¡pt¼mÄ, X\n¡p Zneo]nsâ kz¯nsâ ]¦p thsïóp hbv¡m³ am{Xañ, Xsâ t]cnð Zneo]v k¼mZn¨ncn¡pó tImSn¡W¡n\p cq] hne aXn¡pó kz¯p¡sfñmw Zneo]n\p Xncn¨psImSp¡m³ t]mepw aRvPphmcyscSp¯ncn¡pó Xocpam\w aRvPphmcytcmSv s]mXpP\¯n\pÅ BZchp ]XnòS§p hÀ²n¸n¡pó HómWv. tImSn¡W¡n\p cq] hneaXn¡pó kz¯p¡Ä, AXpw AÀlXs¸«h, thsïóp hbv¡pó h\nXIÄ tIcf¯nseóñ, C´ybnðt¸mepw A[nIapïmhnñ. aRvPphmcyÀ C\n shÅn¯ncbnð kwkmcn¡m³ t]mIpó Hmtcm hm¡n\pw Cu hyànsshinjvSy¯nsâ aqeyhpw ]n³_eapïmIpw.

BsI \mep hÀjw am{Xta aRvPphmcyÀ kn\namtemI¯p kPohambncpópÅp. 1995þ99 Ime¯v shdpw Ccp]Xp Nn{X§fnð am{Xta A¡me¯v A`n\bn¨pÅp Xm\pw. C{X Npcp§nb Imehpw C{X Npcp¡w Nn{X§fpw sImïv aebmf kn\namt{]anIfpsS DÅnð Ønc{]XnjvTt\Snb asämcp aebmf\Sn CXn\p ap³]pïmbn«nñ. t{]an¡pIbpw \r¯w sN¿pIbpw IcbpIbpw sN¿póXn\¸pdw asämópw aebmf kn\nabnse \mbnIamÀ¡v s]mXphnð sNt¿ïn hcmdnñ. ]e \mbnIamcpw kn\nabnð kwkmcn¡póXv kz´w i_vZ¯neñ, ISsaSp¯ i_vZ¯nemWv. CXnð \nsóñmw hyXykvXambn, aRvPphmcyÀ iàamb tdmfpIÄ A\m!bmtk\ A`n\bn¡pIbpw iàamb kw`mjWw kz´w i_vZ¯nð iàambn¯só AhXcn¸n¡pIbpw sNbvXp.
 
aRvPphmcyÀ temtIm¯c \nehmcapÅ IemImcnbmsWóp bixicoc\mb XneI³ Hcnbv¡ð ]dªncpóp. A`n\b¯nð am{Xañ, \r¯¯nepw sshZKv²yapïv, aRvPphmcyÀ¡v. CXpsImsïñmambncn¡Ww, 1998ð hnhmlw Ign¨ DSs\ aRvPphmcyÀ A`n\bw \nÀ¯nbt¸mÄ aebmf kn\nam t{]anIÄ¡pïmb \ncmi hfsc hepXmbncpóXv. hnhmlt¯msS \mbnI\SnamÀ A`n\bw \nÀ¯nt¸mIpó ]Xnhns\ Aóv Ht«sdt¸À ]gn¨n«pïmIWw. aRvPphmcyÀ Ignª hÀjw aS§nhót¸mÄ kn\namtemIw sFIIWvtTy\ kzmKXw sNbvXp. hnhmltijhpw A`n\btemI¯p XpScm\pÅ kmaqlym´co£hpw kmlNcyhpw aebmfn\SnamÀ¡p e`yambncpsó¦nð Fómin¨p t]mIpIbmWv. aRvPphmcyÀZneo]v _Ôw thÀ]ncnbenð Ahkm\nbv¡psó¦nðt¸mepw aRvPphmcyÀ ]p\cmcw`n¨ncnbv¡pó A`n\bPohnXw ]qÀÆm[nIw DjmtdmsS XpScpsó¦neXv kn\namt{]anIsf kt´mjn¸nbv¡pI Xsó sN¿pw. ap¸¯ôp hbÊp Ignªnt« DÅp aRvPphmcyÀ¡v. hnhmlPohnX¯nónSbnð hn\ntbmKnbv¡s¸SmsX t]mb aRvPphmcycpsS A`n\b{]Xn`bnð \nóv AhnkvacWobamb \nch[n tdmfpIÄ C\n aebmf kn\nabv¡p e`nbv¡psaóminbv¡mw.

Ccp]Xp hbÊpam{Xw {]mbambncpó aRvPphmcysc {]Wbn¨p hnhmlw Ign¨v B {]Xn`sb ]SÀóp ]´enbv¡m\\phZnbv¡msX kz´w ho«nse AI¯f§fnð ]Xn\ôp hÀjt¯mfw HXp¡n\nÀ¯nbXn\pw Ct¸mÄ thÀ]ncnbense¯n¨Xn\pambn Zneo]ns\ Ipäs¸Sp¯pIbpw shdp¡pIbpw sN¿psómcp hn`mKw tIcf¯nepïmIm\nSbpïv. F¦nepw Zneo]ns\ CjvSs¸SpóhcpsS Iq«¯nemWp Rm³. hnñòmscsbms¡ CSn¨p \new ]cnim¡pó Aam\pjnIcmbncpóp, BWv, \½psS kn\naIfnse \mbIòmcnð `qcn`mKhpw. Ahcnð \nóp thdn«p \nð¡póp, Zneo]nsâ tdmfpIÄ. km[mcW¡mcnð Hcph\mbpÅXmbncpóp, Zneo]nsâ `qcn`mKw tdmfpIfpw. Ahbnð an¡Xpw km[mcW¡mcpsS `mj kwkmcn¨p, AhtcmSp tNÀóp \nóp. aRvPphmcyÀ iànbpsS {]XoIambncpsó¦nð Zneo]nsâ A`n\bw emfnXy¯nsâ {]XoIambncpóp. Xnf¡w, Nm´ps]m«v, aoiam[h³, IeymWcma³, A§s\ P\¯n\v, {]tXyIn¨pw Ip«nIÄ¡v, hfsc CjvSs¸« \nch[n tdmfpIÄ Zneo]v BbmkclnXambn AhXcn¸n¨p, AXpsImïpXsó P\{]nb \S\mhpIbpw sNbvXp. \À½w C{Xt¯mfw kzm`mhnIambn AhXcn¸n¡pó asämcp \mbI\S³ \ap¡nñ. Pbdmans\ adópsImïñ, CXp ]dbpóXv.

Zneo]ns\ CjvSs¸Sm\pÅ asämcp Imcyw ]{XhmÀ¯bnð¯sóbpïv; AXnhnsS D²cnbv¡s«: '...hnhml¯n\p tijw Zneo]nsâ BkvXnIfnð ]eXpw aRvPphnsâ t]cnemWp cPnÌÀ sNbvXncpóXv. ]ebnS¯papÅ `qanbpw Øm]\§fpw CXnepÄs¸Spóp...' `mcybpsS t]cnð kz¯p¡Ä cPnÌÀ sN¿póXv cïp Imcy§fmWp kqNn¸n¡póXv: `mcytbmSpÅ kvt\lamWv Ahbnsemóv. `mcybnepÅ hnizmkamWp asämóv. Zm¼Xy¯nsâ XpS¡¯nð Zneo]v aRvPphmcysc BßmÀ°ambn {]Wbn¨ncpsóóv CXp sXfnbn¡póp. Zneo]ns\ kvt\lt¯msS ho£nbv¡m³ tXmópóXn\v Hcp ImcWw IqSnbpïv: aIÄ ao\m£n Zneo]nsâ IqsSbmWpÅXv. AÑs\ kvt\lnbv¡póXpsImïmIWw ao\m£n AÑsâ IqsS XpScpóXv. aRvPphn\p XtómSv Hcnbv¡epïmbncpó kvt\lw XpSÀópw t\SpóXnð Zneo]v ]cmPbs¸s«¦nepw, aIfpsS kvt\lhpw kmao]yhpw Zneo]n\v t\Sm³ Ignªncnbv¡póp.
 
ao\m£n AÑsâ IqsS XpScpóXpsImïv A½tbmSp kvt\lansñóp hymJym\nbv¡m\mhnñ. ao\m£nbv¡v XoÀ¨bmbpw A½tbmSpw kvt\lapïmIpw. ao\m£nbv¡v ]Xn\ôp hbtÊ Bbn«pÅp, ao\m£nbv¡p sN¿mhpó Imcy§Ä¡p ]cnanXnIfpïv. Fóncpómepw aIfpsS kvt\l¯n\v A½tbbpw AÑt\bpw ]p\xkamKa¯ntebv¡p \bnbv¡m\mIptam, aRvPphmcycpw Zneo]pw \mbnIm\mbIòmcmbn A`n\bnbv¡pó kn\na hoïpw DïmIptamsbóv B {]Xn`IfpsS Bcm[IÀ BImw£tbmsS, BitbmsS Däp t\m¡nt¸mIpópïv. AXp km²yambmð ]p\xkamKa§fpsS Hcp irwJebv¡mbncnbv¡mw XpS¡amIpóXv. ASnbv¡SnbpÅ hnhmltamN\§Ä IepjnXam¡ns¡mïncnbv¡pó ChnSps¯ kmaqlym´co£¯n\v A¯csamcp amäw AXy´mt]£nXambncn¡póp.

hmÀ¯IÄ ssIbv]p \ndªhtbm a[pcnbv¡póhtbm Fóp hnthNnbv¡msX Ah s]mXpP\ka£w \nc¯n hbv¡pIbmWv ]{X[À½w. F¦nepw, ]et¸mgpw ]{X[À½]me\¯nep]cnbmsbmcp khntijXmXv]cyw ]{X§Ä Zneo]ntâbpw aRvPphmcycptSbpw Imcy¯nð {]ZÀin¸n¨n«psïópw, B khntijXmXv]cyw F{XXsó Dt±iip²ambncpsó¦nðt¸mepw AXv CcphcptSbpw AIð¨sb XzcnXs¸Sp¯nsbópw Hcp tXmóepïv.

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ChnsS sImSp¡pó A`n{]mb§Ä {_n«ojv aebmfnbptSXñ. tkmjyð s\ähÀ¡v hgn NÀ¨bnð ]s¦Sp¡póhÀ AÇoetam aX \nµtbm A]IoÀ¯nIctam \nbahncp²tam Bb A`n{]mb§Ä t]mÌv sN¿póXv ssk_À \nba{]Imcw in£mÀlamWv- þ FUnäÀ

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