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{_n-«-\nð Po-hn-¨v {_n-«o-jp-Im-sc Ip-äw ]-d-bp-ó a-e-bm-fn-IÄ A-dn-bm³ Nn-e Im-cy§Ä

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t]mÄ aWv-Uew

ASp¯ Ime¯v ""{_o«ojv ae-bmfnbnð'' Hcp hmNIw Iïp. C´ybnð \nópw ASn-¨p-am-änb tImlo-\qÀ cXv\w {_o«n-jv cmÚn-bp-sS Iocn-S-¯nð Fóm-bn-cpóp hmN-Iw.

Fómð HtómÀ¡pI aqóp-tdmfw hÀj-§Ä¡v ap¼v Fóñ Cóp -t]mepw Hcp i{Xp cmPyw asämcp cmPyw B{I-an¨p Iog-S-¡n-bmð sN¿p-óXv CXm-Wv. BZyw Xe-Øm-\ -\-Kchpw `h-\-§fpw sImÅ-b-Sn-¡pw. ]pcp-j-òmsc apgp-h³ Xe-sh-«n- sIm-ñpw.- kv{Xo-Isf _emðkwKw sN¿p-Ibpw ssewKnI ASn-a-I-fm¡n ]nSn¨p- sImïp t]mhpIbpw sN¿pw. th« -ar-K-§sf t]mse P\-§sf sImsóm-Sp-¡p-Ibpw \K-chpw {Kma-§fpw Nps«-cn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿pw. AñmsX kvIqfp-Ifpw tImtf-Pp-Ifpw bqWn-th-gvknänIfpw tdmUp-Ifpw, ]m-e-§fpw sdbnðthIfpw \nÀ½n-¡p-I-bp-añ sN¿p-ó-Xv.

]Xn-t\tgmfw {]mhiyw C´y B{I-an¨p sImÅ-b-Sn¨ apl-½Zv Kkv\nbpw, tKm-dnbpw tImSn-¡-W-¡n\v C´ym-¡msc Ip´-ap-\-I-fnð tImÀ¡p-Ibpw, Zi-e-£-¡-W-¡n\v kv{XoIsf ssewKnI ASn-a-I-fm¡n ]nSn-¨p -sIm-ïp- t]m-hp-Ibpw sNbvXp. AhÀ XIÀ¯p \new ]cn-im-¡nb tkma \mY-t£{Xw t]mepÅ inð¸I-e-bpsS D¯pwK {]Xn-I-§-fmbncpó Bbn-c-¡-W-¡n\v alm t£{X-§Ä! Cu t£{X-§-fn-se Aaq-ey-§-fmb A£b \n[n-IÄ Ah sImÅ sNbvXp. \K-c-§fpw, {Kma-§fpw Nps«-cn-¨p. S¬ IW-¡n\v cXv\-§-fpw, Af-hä kzÀ®hpw shÅnbpw AhÀ sImÅ sNbvXp. Hudw-K-ko-_nsâ Ime-L«w hscbpÅ C´ybnse ØnXn CX-ñm-bn-cp-tóm? ChÀ sNbvX {Iqchpw ss]im-Nn-I-hp-amb Iq«-sImesb¸änbpw sImÅ-I-sf-¸-änbpw ]d-bp-hm³ \mhp s]m§p-tam?

hntZ-in-I-tfmSv C{Xbpw am\y-ambn s]cp-amdpó Cu kaq-l-¯nð hóp tNÀó,v  Chn-Sps¯ Fñm B\p-Ip-ey-§fpw AhIm-i-§fpw A\p-`-hn-¨n«v \nhÀóp \nð¡m-dm-bt¸mÄ Chsc sXdn-]-d-bpó ae-bm-fn-I-sf-bmWv ImWp-hm³ km[n-¡p-ó-Xv. kz´w \m«nð Hcp Xangv \m«p-Im-c³ hómð Fóñ kzð¸w Xmgvó PmXn-¡m-tcmSv t]mepw \nµy-ambn s]cp-am-dpó ae-bm-fn-bmWv {_o«n-jp-Im-cpsS tdkn-k-s¯-¸än ]d-bpóXpw tcmjw sImÅp-óXpw. Fóp am{X-añ kz´w \m«nð Hcp Fw_n-_n-Fkv Imc-\mb \memw InS tUmIvS-dpsS apónð t]mepw ]ô-]p-Ñ-a-S¡n \nón-cp-óXpw \nð¡p-ó-Xp-amb Ìm^v \gvkpamcpw Ah-cpsS `À¯m-¡-òm-cp-amWv Chn-Sps¯ I¬kÄ«-òmcv t]mepw X§-tfmSv Im«pó am\yXbpw acym-Zbpw _lp-am-\hpw A\p-`-hn-¨n«v Chsc Ipäw ]d-bp-óXv. tUmIvSÀamÀ Im¸n Dïm¡n t\gvkkn\v sImSp-¡pw. Gähpw DbÀó Un{KnbpÅ tUmIvSÀamÀ t]mepw Xd-bnð Pew InS-¡p-hm³ XpS¨p hr¯nbm¡pw kz´w cmPy¯v CsXms¡ k¦ð¸n¡p-hm³ t]mepw km[n-¡p-tam?

KÄ^nð tPmen sNbvXn-cpó Ime¯v Xsâ bP-am-\-\mb Ad_n apJ¯v ]et¸mgpw. Xp¸p-Ibpw Nhn-«p-Ibpw sNbvX IZ-\ -I-Y-IÄ Hcn¡ð Hcp aebmfn hnh-cn-¡p-I-bp-ïmbn. ]oón-sSmcp kµÀ`-¯nð Ct±lw Cw¥o-jp-Im-cnð tdkokw Btcm-]n-¨p -sImïv tcmj-t¯msS kwkm-cn-¡p-óXv tI«p. At¸mÄ HmÀ¯p- t]mbn ae-bm-f-¯nse Hcp B]vX-hm-Iyw. "I^hpw ZpÀÖ-\hpw a[pcw sImïv tIm]n¡pw Fcphp sImïv ian¡pw'.

 ae-bm-fn-IÄ¡n-S-bnð cpV-aqehpw kw-km-c hnjb-hp-amb Hcp hnizm-k-apïv. {_n«o-jp-Im-cpsS "tdkn-khpw' AhÀ C´ysb sImÅ-b-Sn-¨Xpw Fómð bYmÀ°¯nð Að¸ -k-Xy-§-fpw AÀ² -k-Xy-§-fp-amb Imcy-§-fmWv Cópw ae-bm-fn-I-fpsS a\-Ênð cqV-aq-e-am-bn-cn-¡p-óXv Fóp ]d-bmsX h¿.

FUn 1663-þð {_n«o-jp-ImÀ C´ybnð hó-t¸m-gpÅ C´y-bpsS ØnXn F´m-bn-cp-óp-shópw AhÀ `cn-¨-t¸mÄ C´ybpsS ]ptcm-K-a\w F´m-bn-cp-ó-shópw Hóp Nn´n-¡p-óXv sImÅmw. am-{X-añ AhÀ C´y- hn«p -t]m-b-Xn-\v -ti-j-apÅ C´y-bpsS ]ptcm-K-a\w F´v- F-óp-w Hóp hnNn-´\w sN¿p-óXv sIm-Åmw.

{_n«o-jp-ImÀ C´y-bnð hón-ñm-bn-cp-só-¦nð \mw Duäw sImÅpó C´y-sbó alm-cmPyw Cu `qap-J¯v Dïm-Ip-am-bn-cptóm? 1400þ Hmfw sNdp \m«p-cm-Py-§-fmbn NnX-dn-¡n-S-óncpó Hcp `qJÞambn-cp-óntñ C´y? Cu cmPy-§Ä X½nð HSp-§m¯ ]Ibpw, i{Xp-Xbpw, bp-²-§fpw Iq«-Ip-cp-Xn-Ifpw am{Xw \qäm-ïp-I-fmbn A\-kypXw XpSÀóp -t]m-ón-cpó Cu Iq«sIme-IÄ¡v hncmaw kw`-hn-¨Xv {_n«o-jp-ImÀ C´y- `-cn-¡p-hm³ XpS-§n-b-Xn-\v ti-j-am-bn-cp-óp. AhÀ hó-Xv sImïv C´y-sbó alm-cmPyw Cu `qap-J¯v Pòw sImïp. {_n«o-jp-ImÀ C´ybnse Fñm \m«p-cm-Py-§fpw GIo-I-cn¨v C´y-sbsómcp cmPy-am¡n. Añm-bn-cp-óp-sh-¦nð B{^n-¡³ `qJÞw t]mse At\Iw sNdp \m«p cmPy-§Ä \ndª Hcp `qJ-Þ-ambn C´y Ah-ti-jn-t¨t\.

AÔ- hn-izm-k-¯nepw A\m-Nm-c-¯nepw ap§n-XmWp InSó Hcp P\X. kXnbpw kmhn-{Xnbpw apXð ]pem-t¸-Snbpw a®m-t¸-Snbpw hsc- C-´y-bnð ]SÀóp InSóncpó tLmc-am-b- Zp-cm-Nm-c-§fpw, A\m-Nm-c-§fpw AÔ -hn-izm-k-§fpw A¡-an-s«-gp-Xn-bmð At\Iw hmey-§Ä thïn-h-cpw.

Xoïepw sXm«mð¡pfnbpw \mb³amÀ apXð Cug-hÀ, ]p-e-bÀ, ]d-bÀ apXð Fñm PmXn-¡mcpw ChnsS ASn-a-I-fm-bn-cp-óp. -H-cp- \-¼p-Xn-cnsb Hcp Xmgvó PmXn-¡m-c³ Xoïn-bmð Ahs\ h[n-¡m-\pÅ Ah-Imiw AbmÄ¡p-ïm-bn-cp-óp. {InkvXym-\nsb Xoïn-bmð Ahsâ tZlw I¯n- sImïp hc-bm-\pÅ Ah-Imihpw Dïm-bn-cp-óp! {_mlvaWÀ, £{XnbÀ, iq-{ZÀ Fón-§s\ \mev Ahm-´-c -hn-`m-K-§-fmbn kap-ls¯ AhÀ thÀXncn¨p. Xmgvó PmXn-¡m-cmb kv{XoIÄ¡v amdp ad-bv¡m-\pÅ Ah-Imiw \njn-[-am-bn-cp-óp. AhÀ® -kv{Xo-IÄ amdpa-d-¨-Xn\v AhcpsS amdnSw tOZn-¨p- I-f-ª- kw-`hw \S-óXpw tIc-f-¯nð Xsó.
 
am{X-a-ñ- A-hÀ® kv{XoIÄ¡v ape-¡cw Fsómcp \nIpXn IqSn Npa-¯n-bn-cp-óp. {io aqew Xncp-ómÄ alm-cm-Pmhv `cn-¨n-cpó Imes¯ Hcp kw`hw HmÀ¡p-I-bm-Wv. -kp-µ-cnbmb Hcp Cug-h -kv{Xo -am-dp-a-d¨v \S-óp. kw`hw Im«p Xo t]mse ]SÀóp. cmP- tk-h-IÀ HmSn-sb-¯n. ape-¡cw Bh-iy-s¸-«p. AhÀ Ip-Sn-enðI-bdn amdn-Sw -tO-Zn-¨p tN¼n-e-bnð h¨v Ah-cpsS ap³]nð h-¨p sImSp-¯-tijw acn-¨p- ho-Wp. -Cópw Ahsf AS-¡n-b ]d¼v "'ape¨n-]-d¼v'' Fó-dn-b-s¸-Sp-óp. tNÀ¯e Xmeq-¡n-emWv Cu Øew.

]pe-b-cp-sSbpw ]d-b-cp-sSbpw aäpw IpSn-ep-I-fpsS hmXn-en\v 3þ-ASn s]m¡ta A\p-h-Zn-¨n-cp-óp-Åp. X-e-ap-Snbpw Zo£bpw \o«n, Iu]o\w am{Xw [cn-¨p- sImïv Cu hmXn-en-ep-I-fn-epsS Cg-ªp- \o-§pó hnIrX cq-]n-Isf Iï-t¸mÄ CXv F´p-Xcw Pohn-I-fm-sWóv t]mÀ¨p-Ko-kp-ImÀ kwi-bn-¨p- t]m-bn. (A-h-ew_wþ tI-c-f N-cn{Xw ) ku-µ-cy-ap-Å- kv{Xo-IÄ \mSp-hm-gn-¡p-ÅXv Asñ-¦nð cmPm-hn-\p-Å-Xv. Nne-t¸mÄ \mSp-hm-gn-bpsS ]S-aq-¸-òmÀ ]nSn-¨p- sIm-ïp- t]m-Ipw.

{]mNo\ C´y-bpsS {]mIy-X- cq-]-¯nsâ Hcp \ngðam-{X-amWv tað hnh-cn-¨-Xv. AtX-¸än IqSp-Xð Fgp-Xp-ón-ñ. {_n«o-jp-ImÀ C´y -`-cn-¨-tXm-Sp- IqSn \m«p-cm-Py-§Ä X-½n-epÅ A´-an-ñm-¯- bp²-§Ä Ah-km-\n-¨p. Sn¸p kpð¯msâ ]S-tbm«w t]mepÅ {Iqc-amb B{I-aW ]c-¼-c-IÄ ASn-¨-aÀ¯-s¸-«p. Cu \m«p cmPy§sf Fñmw GIo-I-cn¨v C´y Fó temI-¯nse Gähpw henb P\m-Xn-]-Xy -cmPyw P\m-Xn-]-Xy-cmPyw Øm]n-¡-s¸-«p. Cóv C´y³ P\X A\p-`-hn-¡pó kzmX-´y-¯nsâ Imäpw shfn-¨hpw {_o«o-jp-Im-cpsS kw`m-h-\bm-sW-ópÅ kXyw hnkva-cn-¡-cp-Xv. Añm-bncpsó-¦nð B{^n-¡³ `qJÞw t]mse Ccp-f-Sª Hcp `pJ-Þw-ambn C´y Ah-ti-jn-¡p-am-bn-cp-óp. Cu cmPm-¡-òm-cpsS sImSob aÀ±-\-§Ä¡pw, {Ip-c-X-IÄ¡pw, Iq«-Ip-cp-XnIÄ¡pw _en-bm-Sp-I-fmbn km[m-cW P\-§Ä Ign-tª-t\.

hnZym-`ym-kw

AXp-hsc If-cn-I-fnð hmĸ-b-äpw, in-hsâ XmWvU-hhpw, Im-fn-bpsS NSpe \r¯-s¯-¸-änbpw aäpw ]Tn-¨n-cpó Ip«n-Ifpw, \n-c-£-c-cmbn Ign-ªn-cpóhcpw Cw¥ojv hnZym-`ym-khpw B[p-\n-I -imkv{X kn²m-´-§fpw ]Tn-¨p. -em-tlmÀ,- Um-¡m,- Uðln, -B-{K, Ið¡-«,- ssa-kqÀ,- a-{Zm-kv,- t_mws_ XpS§n At\Iw C´y³ bpWnthgvknän-Ifpw Ch-bpsS Iognð \qdp-I-W-¡n\v kvIqfp-Ifpw tImtf-Pp-I-fpw Øm]n-¡-s¸-«p.- ^n-kn-Ivkv,- sI-an-kv{Sn,- _-tbm-fPn XpS-§n ASp¯ Imew hsc \½Ä kvIqfp-I-fnepw tImtf-Pp-I-fnepw A`y-kn¨p t]mó ]mTy-]-²-Xn-IÄ Bhn-jv¡-cn¨v B[p-\nI hnZy-`ymkw C´y-bnð Øm]n-¨Xpw {_n«o-jp-ImÀ Xsó.- B-[p-\nI ae-bmf KZy-¯n\v ASn-Øm-\-an-«Xv t]mepw Cu hntZi anj-W-dn-amÀ Bbn-cp-óp.- A-hÀ ASn-Øm-\-an« KZy-am-Xr-I-bmWv Cós¯ KZy-ambn cq]m-´-c-s¸-«-Xv. (A-h-ew_w:anj-Wdn ae-bmf KZy-am-Xr-I,- Úm-\-ap-¯p-ame')

Cu kvIqfp-I-fnð {_mÒ-W\pw, ssh-iy\pw, iq-{Z\pw Fñmw Hcp-an-¨n-cpóv hnZy BÀPn-¨p.- Cu-g-hcpw ]pe-bcpw aäpw DbÀó PmXn-I-tfm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bn-cpóv A£cw ]Tn-¡p-I-sb-óXv Aós¯ tIc-f-¯nð Nn´n-¡p-hm³ t]mepw km²y-a-ñm¯ Imcy-§-fm-bn-cp-óp.

""iq{Z A£ckw-bpàw Zqc:]cn-h-Ö-tbXv'' þ Fóm-bn-cpóp Aós¯ kn²m´w. ip{Z³ A£cw ]Tn-¡phm³ ]m-Snñ A-Yhm Ah³ ]Tn-¨mð Ahsâ IÀW-§-fnð Cubw Dcp¡n Hgn-¡p-Ibpw, A-hsâ \mhv tOZn¨v If-bp-Ibpw sN¿p-am-bn-cp-óp.(A-h-ew_w: tIcf kmwkvIm-cnI Ncn{Xw)

ae-bm-f-¯nð BZys¯ \nLïp Dïm-¡n-bXpw ]mÝmXyÀ Xsó.- slÀ½³ KpïÀ«nsâ \nLïp tIm¸n-b-Sn¨v Dïm-¡nb \nLïp AñmsX thsdmcp \nL-ïphpw ae-bm-f-¯n-ep-ïm-bn-«n-ñ.- A-Xp-t]mse Xsó Xan-gv,- I-ó-U,- sX-ep¦v XpS-§nb {ZmhnU `mj-I-tfbpw ]cn-t]m-jn-¸n¨v B[p-\nI KZy-cq]w B¡n-bXpw ChÀ Xsó.- h-cp-am\w Ipd-ª-hÀ¡pw, IogvPmXn-¡mÀ¡pw, A-[-Ir-XÀ-¡pw, hn-Zy-`ym-k-t¯mSp apJw Xncn-¨p-\nó apÉow kap-Zm-b-§Ä¡pw Fñmw "ew-]v-kw {Km³Uv' A\p-h-Zn¨v Ah-cpsS Ip«n-Isf kvIqfp-I-fn-te¡v BIÀjn¨v AhÀ¡pw hnZym-`ymkw \ðIn.

KXm-KXw (tdm-Up-IÄ, -]m-e-§Ä, d-bnðth-IÄ)

C´ybpsS Poh-\m-Un-IÄ Bb Bbn-c-¡-aW¡n\v tdmUp-IÄ \nÀ½n-¨Xv BcmWv? tdmUv SmÀ sNbvXv tIm¬{Ioäv ]me-§fpw Xq¡p-]m-e-§-fpw hsc \nÀ½n¨ F³Pn-\o-b-dnwKv sshZKv²yw Bcp-tS-XmWv? sI. sI. tdmUpw Iq´qÀ ta-«p-¸m-fbw tdm-Up-IÄ t]mepÅ lnðth-Ifpw, lnð{Sbn-\p-Ifpw {_n«o-jp-ImÀ \nÀ½n-¨n-ñm-bn-cp-óp-sh-¦nð Cóp t]mepw Ah-bp-ïm-Ip-am-bn-cptóm? AXpt]mse dbnðth-IÄ. A-ta-cn-¡-bnð dbnðth Bcw-`n-¡p-ó-Xn\v ap³]v Xsó C´y-bnð AXm-cw-`n-¨p.- {S-bn-\nsâ F³ôn³ ]pI Iïn«v `qX-am-sWóv C´y-¡mÀ Icp-Xn. 1929þð 66000 In.ao. Bbn C´y³ sdbnðth-bpsS ssZÀLyw Aós¯ 800 anñy¬ {_n«ojv ]uïnsâ aqey-am-bn-cpóp AXv! 1990-þse IW-¡p {]Imcw {_o«n-jp-ImÀ C´y hn«-Xn-\v -tijw shdpw 1000 In.-an. BWv C´y³ sd-bnðth hnI-kn-¨-Xv.

]p\-eqÀ Xq¡p ]mew sXm«v aqóm-dn-tebpw Imivao-cn-tebpw I¼n-¸m-e-§Ä hsc C´ybn-ep-Å-sXñmw {_n«ojpImÀ \nÀ½n-¨Xp Xsó. Cu teJ-Isâ sNdp-¸-¯nð \m«nð ]ecpw ]d-ªp- tI-«n-cpóp apï-¡bw Itñð¸mew Dd-bv¡p-hm³ kmbn-¸³amÀ \c-_-en \S-¯n-sbóv! tIm¬{Ioäv Dd-¡p-hm³ \c-_en!

_kp-Ifpw Po¸p-Ifpw temdn-Ifpw Cu tdmUn-eqsS HmSn-¯p-S-§n.- P-e-KXmKX¯n\v I\m-ep-IÄ \nÀ½n-¨p.- A-Xp-hgn t_m«p-Ifpw I¸-ep-Ifpw HmSn-¯p-S§n. -A-tXm-sSm-¸w hnam-\-¯m-h-f-§fpw \nÀ½n-¨p.- B-Zy-ambn C´y-bnð hnam\w ]d-ó-t¸mÄ alm-hnjvWp Kcp-Usâ ]pd¯p Ibdn hcp-ó-Xm-sWóv lnµphpw tbip-{InkvXp hm\-ta-L-§-fnð hcp-ó-Xm-sWóv {InkvXym-\nbpw ]dªp!-

\K-c-§Ä, Xp-d-ap-J-§Ä

t_mws_, Ið¡«, _mw-¥qÀ,- sIm-¨n,- a-{Zmkv XpS§n F{Xtbm alm -\-K-c-§Ä AhÀ \nÀ½n-¨p.- Ið¡« Ipän-¡m-Sp-IÄ \ndª {]tZiw, a-\p-jysâ Xe Adp-s¯-Sp¯p B Xe-tbm-Sp-IÄ ame-bm¡n [cn¨ "Im]m-en-I³amÀ' Fó Hcp hn`mKw P\-§Ä Xma-kn-¨n-cpó {]tZiw C´y-bnse alm-\-K-c-amb Ið¡« Bbn. t_mws_, a-{Zm-kv,- sIm¨n XpS§n F{Xtbm Xpd-ap-J-§Ä AhÀ \nÀan-¨p.- In-g-¡nsâ sh\okv Fó-dn-b-s¸-«n-cpó Be-¸pgbpsS Cós¯ timN-\o-bm-hØ Hóm-tem-Nn¨p t\m¡q C´y-bpsS ]ptcm-K-a\w!

C´ysb sshZy-qXo-I-cn-¡p-hm\pw sdbnð¸mf \nÀ½m-W-¯n\pambn e£-¡-W-¡n\p tX¡n³ X-Sn-IÄ sh«n-sb-Sp-¯p.- A-Xn\v ]I-c-ambn e£-¡-W-¡n\v tX¡n³ ssXIÄ ""Iq¸p'' Ifmbn h¨p-]n-Sn-¸n-¡p-Ibpw sNbvXp. -im-kv{Xo-b-ambn \nÀ½n¨ Cu tX¡n³ tXm«-§Ä BWv Cópw tX¡n³ XSn-IÄ {]Zm\w sNbvXn-cn-¡p-óXv. A-Xn\p ]d-bp-óXv {_n«ojpImÀ tX¡n³ XSn-IÄ IS-¯n-s¡mïv t]msb-óv.- G-Xmïv ]¯p- e-£-t¯mfw ae-bm-fn-IÄ Cw¥-ïnepw AbÀe-ânep-ambn IpSn-tb-dn-bn-«p-ïv. -Hcp ae-bm-fn-sb-¦nepw tX¡p sImïpÅ ^ÀWn-¨-dp-Itfm aäv Fs´-¦n-eptam Iïn-«n-ñ.- ]nsó F{]-Imcw C§s\ ]d-bp-hm³ km[n¡pw? C´ysb sshZy-Xo-I-cn-¡p-hm\pw, sd-bnðth-IÄ,- tdm-Up-IÄ,-]m-e-§Ä, Xp-d-ap-J-§Ä, hn-am-\-¯m-h-f-§Ä,- \-K-c-§Ä Fóp XpS§n Fñmw \nÀ½n¡p-hm³ iX-tIm-Sn-I-W-¡n\v ]h³ Bh-iy-am-bn-cp-óntñ? AXnsâ Hcn-¡epw e`ya-ñm-Xn-cpó ^ew apgp-h³ Bkz-Zn-¡p-óXv C´y-¡m-ctñ?

saUn-¡ð tImtf-Pp-IÄ, Fôn-\o-b-dnwKv tImtf-Pp-IÄ

tcmKw hómð a{´-hm-Zhpw IqtSm-{Xhpw Nm¯³ tkh-bp-ambn Ign-ªn-cpó C´y³ P\-XbpsS ap¼nð B[p-\nI NnInðÕm coXn-I-fpsS hykvXy-X-amb IhmSw Xpd-ón-Sp-I-bm-bn-cpóp AhÀ sNbvX-Xv. Cu I¼yq-«À bpK-¯nð t]mepw tcmK-¯n\v {]Xn-hn-[n-bmbn a{´-hmZw \S-¯pó P\-tIm-Sn-IÄ Cópw C´ybnep-ïv. F{Xtbm Fôn-\o-b-dnwMv tImtf-Pp-Ifpw sSIv\n¡ð kvIqfp-Ifpw Øm]n-¡-s¸-«p. Ch-sbñmw C´ybpsS DóX hnZym-`ym-k-¯nsâ kncm-tI-{µ-§-fmbn \ne-sIm-Åp-óp.

]g-b-Im-e¯v Hcp i{Xp ssk\yw Hcp cmPyw B{I-an¨p Iog-S-¡n-bmð AhnsS kvIqfp-Ifpw tImtf-Pp-Ifpw bpWn-th-gvkn-än-Ifpw Øm]n-¡p-I-bñ sN¿p-óXv \Kcw Np«v Nm-¼-em-¡pI, ]pcp-j-òmsc h[n¡pI, kv{XoIsf _emðkwKw sN¿pI XpS-§nb lo\- Iy-Xy-§Ä apl-½Zv tKmdnbpw Kkv\nbpw sNbvXXv AX-sñ. AXv t]mIs« Sn¸p kpð¯m\pw ss\kmapw Fñmw sNbvXXv AXp- X-só. -C-´y-bnð ]c-kv]cw X½n-e-Sn-¨p-sIm-ïn-cpó \m«p cmPy§fpw AXp Xsó sNbvXp.

{_o«o-jp-ImÀ C´y `cn-¨n-ñm-bn-cp-óp-sh-¦nð apKÄ km{am-Py-¯nsâ ]n³ XpSÀ¨-bmbn C´y Csómcp apÉnw cmjv{S-am-bn-am-dn-t¸m-tb-t\. Iyjn Bh-iy-§Ä¡pw sshZypXn DZv¸m-Z-\-¯n\pw C´y-bpsS \m\m `mK-§-fnepw henb Umap-IÄ \nÀ½n-¨p. A§s\ Dujmc `pan-Isfñmw Iyjn-`qan-I-fm-¡n.

Bip-]-{Xn-IÄ

Aós¯ C´y-bnð ssSt^m-bn-Uv, \yptam-Wnb, £bw, hkqcn XpS§nb tcmK-§Ä hómð ac-W-a-ñmsX aäv amÀ¤-an-ñm-bn-cp-óp. hkqcn hómð B {Kma-hm-kn-IÄ apgp-h\pw {Kmaw hn«p-t]m-Ipó AhØ. ]\n hómð t]mepw a{´-hm-Zhpw, sNIp-¯ms\ Hgn-¸n-¡-ep-ambn Ign-ªn-cpó C´y-bnð B[p-\o-I- Nn-InÕm coXn-I-fpw acp-óp-Ifpw sImïp- h-cn-Ibpw Bkv]-{Xn-IÄ Øm]n-¡p-Ibpw sNbvXp.

\oXn-\ymb hyhØ

XnI¨pw {]mIr-Xamb in£ -co-Xn-I-fmWv Aós¯ C´y³ \m«p-cm-Py-§-fnð \ne-\n-ón-cp-óXv. Ic-tOZw. Kf-tOZw XpS§n Poh-t\msS sXmen Dcnªv sImñpI, Igp-th-äpI hscbpÅ {]mIrXhpw {Iqc-hp-amb in£m-co-Xn-IÄ. IÅw sXfn-bn-¡m³ Xnf¨ F®-bnð ssI ap¡pI s]mÅn-bmð Ipäw sN¿vX-Xmbn {]Jym-]n-¡pI. Fón-§-s\-bpÅ Ipäw sXfn-bn-¡ð! Fómð tImS-Xn-I-fpw, \nbahyh-Ø-Ifpw C´y-bnð {_n«o-jp-Im-cmð Øm]n-¡-s¸-«p.

Cug-h-scbpw aäpw ASn-a-¯nð \nóv tamNn-¸n-¨Xv {_n«ojv Imcm-bn-cp-óp. _bven, ]nävkv Fóo cïv kmbn-¸-òm-cpsS ià-amb kzm[o-\hpw `oj-Wnbpw ape-amWv Cug-hÀ kzX-{´-cm-¡-s¸-«Xv Fó kXyw BÀ¡pw Adn-ªp-IpSm.

Ce-Iv{Sn-knän

Umap-IÄ \nÀ½n¨v AhnsS \nóp sshZypXn Dð]m-Zn-¸n-¨p. kv{Soäv sseäp-IÄ hsc Øm]n-¡-s¸-«p. F®-bn-ñm¯ hnf-¡p-IÄ I¯n \nð¡p-óXv Iïv P\-§Ä AXv Fdnªp s]m«n-¨p. ImcWw sNIp¯ms\ Bth-in-¨p- h-¨n-cn-¡p-óp. Fóm-bn-cpóp Icp-Xn-b-Xv. ]nsó Hmtcm t]mÌn\pw t]meokv Imhð \nðt¡ï AhØ kwPm-X-ambn. am{X-añ C´y-bpsS \m\m -`m-K-§-fnepw \pdp-I-W-¡n\v ^mIvS-dn-IÄ Øm]n-¡-s¸-«p. ^mIvS-dn-I-fpsS Nn½n-\n-Ifnð \nóp-b-cpó ]pI-I-ïn«v {_n«n-jp-IÀ tlmaw \S-¯p-I-bm-W-ópw, ]nim-Nns\ Bth-in¨v bm{´-§Ä {]hÀ¯n-¸n-¡p-I-bm-WópamWv C´y-¡mÀ Icp-Xn-b-Xv!

hmÀ¯m -hn-\n-abw

\msS§pw t]mtÌm-^o-kp-IÄ Øm]n-¡-s¸-«p. B[p-\nI hmÀ¯ -hn-\n-ab kwhn-[m-\-§-fmb sSen-t^m¬, sSen-{Km^v, hb-ekv Fón-h-sbñmw \ne-hnð hóp. tdUntbm tÌj-\p-IÄ Øm]n-¡-s¸-«p. tdUntbm Fómð b£n-K-ÔÀÆ-òmsc Bth-in¨p sh¨n-cn-¡pós]«n BW-óm-bn-cpóp hnizmkw. CsXm-ópw Aós¯ C´y³ kz]v\w ImWp-hm-³ t]mepw km[n-¡m¯ Imcy-§-fm-bn-cp-óp.

ImÀjnI cwKw

ae-bm-fn-I-fpsS CjvS-t`m-P-\-amb I¸ t]mepw hntZ-in-bÀ (t]mÀ¨pKn-kv) sImïp-h-ó-Xm-Wv. äm¸n-tbm¡ Fó ]Zw t]mepw {_ko-en-b³ \ma-amWv. {_n«o-jpImÀ hym]-I-ambn dºÀ Irjn Bcw-`n-¨p. ImSpw taSpw sh«n dºÀ, tXbnet¯m«-§Ä Dïm¡n. _Uv dºÀ tXm-«§Ä \ne-hnð hóp. dº-dnsâbpw tX¿n-e-bp-sSbpw ^wKkv tcmK-¯n\pÅ t_mÀtUm -an{inXw acpóp t]mepw {_n«n-jp-Im-cpsS kw`m-h-\-bmWv. sX§nsâ tcmK-¯n\v Cóp-hsc acpóp Iïp-]n-Sn-¡p-hm³ km[n-¨n-«nñ. ImcWw kmbn-¸n\v sX§p Irjn Cñm-bn-cp-óp. tIc-f-¯nð \nóv tX¡p-XSnsbñmw sh«n-s¡m-ïp -t]m-sb-óv.

A§s\ C´y-sbó alm-cmPyw {_n«o-jp-I-cmð ASn-¯-d-bn-Sp-Ibpw sNbvXp. Ipd¨v _lp-\n-e-s¡-«n-S-§Ä Hgn¨v _m¡n 90 iX-am-\hpw C´y-bnð AhÀ \nÀ½n¨Xv am{Xw.

C´ym þ 120 tImSn P\-§Ä, 25 iX-am\w P\-§-fpw Zmcn-{Zy- tc-Jbv¡v Xmsg. CXv GI-tZiw 30 tImSntbmfw h-cp-at{X. apó-c-t¡mSn A\m-Y-¡p-«n-IÄ! k_v klmd B{^n-¡-bnð t]mepw 43 e£w A\m-Y-¡p-«n-IÄ am{Xw. 12 tImSn Ip«n-IÄ _me-the sNbvXv sImSn-b Nqj-W-¯n\pw {Iqc ]oU-\§Ä¡pw hnt[-b-cm-Ip-óp. cïp- tIm-Sn-tbmfw ISw ho«p-hm\pw aäp-ambn ASn-a-¸Wn sN¿p-óp. 40 e£-t¯mfw Ip«n-IÄ hoSpw IpSp-an-ñmsX \K-c -{]m-´-§-fn-epsS Ae-bp-óp. ap\n-kn-¸m-en-än-IÄ sImïp XÅpó amen-\y-¡p-¼m-c-§-fnð t]mepw \á ]mZ-cmbpw AÀ² \á-cmbpw Blm-c-]-ZmÀY-§Ä Xncªp \S-¡póp ChÀ! hym]-I-amb _men-Im-]o-V\w \msS§pw \S-amSp-óp. 25 e£-t¯mfw _me thiy-IÄ IpSn- sIm-Åpó \mSm-Wn´y. t_mws_, Ið¡« Fóo \K-c-§-fn-tebv¡v am{Xw {]Xn-hÀjw  35000 -t¯mfw s]¬Ip«n-IÄ thiym-hy-¯n-¡mbn XÅs¸Sp-óp.  _ew {]tbmKnt¨m, NXn-hnð s]-Sp-¯n-tbm. tPmen -hm-KvZm\w sNbvtXm BWnXv kw`-hn-¡p-ó-Xv. C´y-bnð Hcp- hÀjw \S-¡pó _emðkw-K-§-fpsS IW-s¡-Sp-¯mð Bcpw sR«n-hn-d¡pw. ]oU-\-§Ä thsd. Adn-b-s¸-Sm-sXtbm ]cm-Xn-s¸-Sm-sXtbm t]mIpó tIkp-IÄ CXnsâ At\Iw Cc-«n-h-cp-as{X!

tlmf-ïns\ \nd-¡p-hm-\pÅ IpjvT tcm-Kn-IÄ, t]mf-ïns\ \nd-¡p-hm³ X¡ `n£-¡mÀ, AbÀeâns\ \nd-¡p-hm-\pÅ sXcp-hv -th-iy-IÄ. 2020 BIp-t¼m-tfbv¡pw 15 tImSn F¨v.- sF. hn. -hm-l-IÀ C´y-bn-ep-ïm-Ip-saó sR«n-¸n-¡pó IW-¡p-IÄ!

C´y-bnð Aôn\v Xmsg-bpÅ ]Ip-Xn-tbmfw Ip«n-I-fpw t]mjIm-lmc¡pd-hp-aqew tcmK-_m-[n-X-cm-Ip-Itbm acn-¡p-Itbm sN¿póp 2005 se sk³skkv {]Imcw 55 % B¬¡p-«n-Ifpw 47 % s]¬Ip-«n-Ifpw am{Xsa lbÀsk-¡³Udn hnZym-`ymkw t\Sp-óp-Åp.

122 HutZymKnI `mj-IÄ DÄs¸sS 1200 Hmfw `mj-IÄ C´y-bnð kwkm-cn-¡p-óp. Ah-bnð ]e-Xn\pw en]n-I-fn-ñ.

Bßo-b-Xbpw AÔ-hn-izm-k-§fpw A\m-Nm-c-§fpw Ip«n-]n-Wªv ]SÀóv ]´-en-¨p- In-S-¡póp. a{´-hm-Zn-IÄ, -a-jn-t\m-«-¡mÀ,- `m-hn-^ew {]h-Nn-¡p-ó-hÀ, tPym-Xn-jn-IÄ,- Rm-Wn³tað¡-fn-¡mÀ, \mtSm-Sn-IÄ, -]m-¼m-«n-IÄ Ch-sc-ñm-hcpw \mSp-\osf Npän -k-ô-cn-¡p-óp. Ah-cp-sS-sbñmw thj`q-jm-Zn-Ifpw `mj-Ifpw hn`nów.

F®-aä BÄssZ-h-§Ä. Ch-ä-Isf ]qPn-¡pó tImSn-¡-W-¡n\v P\-§Ä. Chsc NqjWw sNbvXv Ch-ä-IÄ sImgp-¯p-X-Sn-¡p-óp.

tZhn-{]o-Xn-¡mbn DSp-Xp-Wn-bp-cnªv \y¯w sN¿pó `à kv{XoIÄ, \á k\ym-kn-amÀ,- \-c-_-en- t]mepw \S-¯pó ZpÀa-{´-hm-Zn-IÄ!

Hcp hi¯v ]m¼p-I-sf- ]mepw ]ghpw sImSp¯v Bcm-[n-¡p-t¼mÄ adp-`m-K¯v Ahsb Poh-t\msS tXmepcnsªSp-¯- tijw NmIm³ hnSpó ImgvN- ImWmw. Hcn-S¯v ]ip-¡sf ssZh-ambn Bcm-[n-¡p-t¼mÄ asämcn-S¯v Ahsb CSn¨pw NX¨pw sImóp `£n-¡p-óp. Fen,- ]m¼v, Ipc§v XpS§n B\ hsc-bpÅ Fñm £p{Z- Po-hn-Ifpw ]£n- ar-Km-Zn-Ifpw hr£-e-Xm-Zn-Ifpw ChnsS Bcm-[n-¡-s¸-Sp-óp!

C´y-bnð \nc-£-c-cpsS F®-sa-Sp-¯mð Bcpw sR«n-t¸mIpw. ]Ýn-a _wKmfnðam{Xw Snhn Iïn-«p -t]m-ep-an-ñm-¯-hÀ, -ssh-ZypXn D]-tbm-Kn-¨n-«p-t]m-ep-an-ñm-¯-hÀ, hm¨nð kabw t\m¡p-hm³ t]mepw Adn-hn-ñm-¯-hÀ Zi-e-£-§Ä h-cp-at{X! ChÀ¡v hÀjtam amktam Fóñ Znhkw t]mepw GsX-ó-dn-hn-ñs{X!

temI-¯nse Gähpw henb tImSn-iz-c³am-cpsS cmPy-a-t{X -C´y. Fómð `qcn-`mKw P\-§fpw AÀ² ]«n-Wn-¡mcpw apgp-]-«n-Wn-¡m-cp-amb Zcn{Z P\-tIm-Sn-IÄ. hnZym-k-¼-óÀ [mcm-f-apïv. Fómð `qcn-`mKw P\-§fpw \nc-£cÀ At{X.

e£-¡-W-¡n-\mb `n£m-S-IÀ. ChÀ \K-c- ho-Yn-I-fnð InSóv Ae-dn- hn-fn-¡póp. aäp Nn-eÀ ]nôp-Ip-ªp-§sf X«n-sb-Sp¯v I®p-IÄ Nqgv-só-Sp¯pw tZlw s]Ån¨pw `n£m-S-\-¯n\p-]-tbmKn-¡p-óp.

C´y-bpsS sNdn-sbmcp Hu«vsse³ am{X-am-Wn-hnsS hc-¨p-Im-«n-b-Xv.

kzmX{´w In«n 67 hÀj-§Ä Ign-ªn«pw sXcp-hn-Yn-I-fnð sXcp-hp-\m-bvs¡m¸w F¨n-en-eIÄ¡v thïn ISn-]nSn IqSp-óp- Ip-«n-Ifpw ]»nIv tdmUv I¡q-kmbn D]-tbm-Kn-¡pó P\-§fp-amWv Cópw C´y-bpsS apJ-Omb. 2014 P\p-hcn 21mw XobXn kvssI Sn-hn ]pd-¯phn« -I-W-¡-\p-k-cn¨v C´y-bnð 9 hb-ÊpÅ Ip«n-IÄ t]mepw thiym-e-b-¯n-tebv¡v XÅ-s¸-Spóp FópÅXmWv. ]Ýna _wKm-fnð \nóp- am{Xw hÀjw tXmdpw 20000 Nphó sXcp-hp-I-fn-te¡v XÅ-s¸-Spóp Fópw, C´y-bnð \S-¡pó _emðkw-K-§fpsS Hcp iX-am\w t]mepw ]pd-¯p -h-cp-ónñ Fópw Nm\ð sXfn-hp-IÄ klnXw kaÀ°n-¡p-óp. C´y sh-Å-¡mÀ `cn-¨n-cp-só-¦nð Cóv temI alm iàn-bm-bn- am-dn-tbt\. shÅ-¡mÀt¸mbn sImÅ-¡mÀ `cn-¡póp Fó-XmWv Cós¯ im]w.

tdknkw

{_n«n-jp-Icnð tdknkw Btcm-]n-¡póhcmWv ae-bm-fn-IÄ Fñ-hcpw Xsó. Fómð \½psS cmPy¯v \S-¡pó tdknkw F´m-Wóv ChÀ Nn´n-¡p-ónñ. temI-¯nse Fähpw henb td-knÌp I¬{Sn GsXóp tNmZn-¨mð Hä D¯-c-ta-bpÅp C´y. ASn-a-¯hpw PmXo-bhpw hÀ¤o-b-hp-amb Fñm-hn[ D¨-\n-N-Xz-§fpw Cópw C´y-bnð A`w-Kpcw XpSÀóp t]mcpóp. ]W-¡m-c\pw ]mh-s¸-«-h\pw X½nð, khÀ®\pw AhÀ®\pw X½nð, DbÀó PmXnbpw Xmgvó PmXn-¡mc\pw X½nð... A§s\ t]mIpóp Xcw- Xn-cn-hp-IÄ. tPmen -t]m-epw Htcm PmXn-¡mÀ¡mbn Xcw- Xn-cn-¨n-cn-¡p-óp. Bimcn, aqim-cn, sImñ³, X«m³, Gämfn, shf-t¯-Sw, _mÀ-_À Fón-§s\ t]mIpóp Xcw- Xn-cn-hp-IÄ! ]pe-bÀ, ]d-bÀ, th«-hÀ, Fón-§s\ PmXobamb Xcw -Xn-cn-hp-IÄ thsd. {_n«n-jp-I-cpsS hchn\v ap³]v ]Ån-bnð t]mepw Xmgvó PmXn-¡mÀ¡mbn {]tXy-I- Øew Hcn-¡n-bn-cpóp! ih-t¡m-«-bnepw AhÀ¡mbn {]tXyIØew! Ahsc ASp-¯-Imew hsc ]pXp -{In-kvXym\n Fóp hnfn-¨m-t£-]n-¨n-cp-óp.

kz´w `h-\-¯nð ]Wn-bm³ hcpó ]Wn-¡m-cs\ Itk-c-bnð Ibän Ccp-¯pó ae-bm-fn-IÄ Bcpïv? A\y- kw-Øm\ImÀ tIc-f-¯nse¯n-bmð Ah-tcm-SpÅ at\m-`mhw F´m-Wóp GhÀ¡pw Adn-bmw- Cóv hS-t¡-´y-bnð aäpw \ne-\nð¡pó tdknkw F´m-Wóv t\cn«p a\-Ên-em-t¡-ïn-cn-¡póp! Cu teJ-I³ ]Tn-¨n-cpó Ime¯v N§-\m-tÈcn Fkv_n tImtf-Pnð aqóv B{^n-¡³ Ip«n-IÄ ]Tn-¨n-cpóp. Ahsc Ip«n-IÄ hnfn-¨n-cp-óXv "sKmdn-ñ-IÄ' Fóm-bn-cp-óp-hs{X!

tIc-f-¯nse Cópw \ne-\nð¡pó PmXn-hy-hØmsb¸än Hóp Nn´n-¨p -t\m-¡p. tht«m³, ae-th-S³, DÅm-S³, ]pe-bÀ, ]d-bÀ, sNdp-aÀ, Cug-hÀ, ]nÅ-amÀ, \mb-òmÀ, tat\m³, Ipdp¸v, ]njm-c-Sn, F{¼m-¯n-cn, \¼q-Xn-cn, ]pXp-{In-kvXym-\n, kpdn-bm\n {InkvXym\n A§s\ F{Xtbm PmXn-bhpw hÀ¤o-b-hp-amb Xcw-Xn-cn-hp-IÄ! ChÀ X½nð ]c-kv]cw Xcw-Xm-gv¯epw taò-`m-hn-¡epw Fñmw Cu ae-bm-fnbmWv C{Xbpw am\y-ambn s]cp-am-dpó {_n«n-jp-Im-cnð tdknkw Btcm-]n-¡p-óXv! KÄ^nð tPmen sNbvXn-«p-Å-hÀ¡v Adnbmw Ad-_n-I-Ä¡v C´y-¡m-tcm-SpÅ at\m-`mhw FsXópw, Ahn-Sps¯ coXn-IÄ F´m-Wópw Cóv hntZ-in-I-tfmSv C{Xbpw am\y-ambn acy-Z-bmbn s]cp-am-dpó P\-§-fpÅ GI-cmPyw bpsI BW-ópÅ kXyw a\-Ên-em-t¡-ïn-bn-cn-¡póp

{_n«n-jp-ImÀ C´ybv¡v \ðInb kw`m-h-\-I-fpsS sNdn-sbmcp hnh-cWw am{X-amWv ChnsS AhX-cn-¸n-¨n-cn-¡p-óXv.

d^-d³kv _p¡v

1. tIcf Ncn{Xw
2. tIcf kwkvIm-cnI Ncn{Xw
3. {Smh³IqÀ lnÌdn
4. tIc-f-¯nse {]mNo\ \{km-Wn-IÄ
5. anj-\dn ae-bmf KZy-am-Xr-I-IÄ
6. ae-_mÀ dnen-t_-j³ (Zn Ubdn BÀF¨v lnäv¨v tIm¡v Un-kv{SnIväv If-IväÀ Hm^ ae-_mÀ 1921)

Readers Comments

ChnsS sImSp¡pó A`n{]mb§Ä {_n«ojv aebmfnbptSXñ. tkmjyð s\ähÀ¡v hgn NÀ¨bnð ]s¦Sp¡póhÀ AÇoetam aX \nµtbm A]IoÀ¯nIctam \nbahncp²tam Bb A`n{]mb§Ä t]mÌv sN¿póXv ssk_À \nba{]Imcw in£mÀlamWv- þ FUnäÀ

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