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]XnämïpIÄ¡v AWbv¡m\mImª {]W-bw

Britishmalayali
kp\nð Fw F-kv

1945 G{]nð Ccp]s¯«mw XobXn CäenbpsS apsÊmeo\n shSnh¨p sImñs¸«p. ap¸Xmw XobXn PÀ½\nbpsS lnäv-eÀ shSnh¨v BßlXy sNbvXp. CcphcptSbpw kJycmPyambncpó P¸m³ X§Ä IogS§póXmbn HmKÌv ]Xn\ôn\p {]Jym]n¨p. Bdp hÀjw sImïv F«p tImSntbmfw acW¯n\nS hcp¯nb cïmw temIalmbp²w 1945 sk]väw_À cïn\v Ahkm\n¨p. bp²w aqew PÀ½\nbnð am{Xambpïmb Fgp]¯n\mep e£w acW§fnð A¼¯naqóp e£w ssk\nIcptSXmbncpóp. A¡q«¯nð acWs¸« Hcp ssk\nIsâ aIfmbncpóp, sdkn.

cïmw temIalmbp²¯nteÀs¸« apóWnIÄ ]ckv]cw t_mw_phÀjw \S¯nbt¸mÄ, P\hmk{]tZi§fnð t_mw_nScpsXó s]mXpXXzw ]et¸mgpw AhKWn¡s¸«p. XXv^eambn PÀ½\nbnð am{Xw XIÀóXp ap¸¯mdp e£w hoSpIÄ. A¡q«¯nsemóv sdknbptSXmbncpóp. 1945ð cïmw temIalmbp²ahkm\n¡pt¼mÄ hn[hbmb A½tbmsSm¸w sdknbpsS PohnXw A£cmÀ°¯nð sXcphnembncpóp. Aóp sdkn¡p hbÊp ]Xn\ôp am{Xw.

cïmw temIalmbp²w Ahkm\n¨bpS³ Atacn¡, {_n«³, {^m³kv, tkmhnbäv bqWnb³ Fóo kJycmPy§Ä PÀ½\nsb sh«napdn¨p kz´am¡n. F¦nepw, 1949ð Atacn¡, {_n«³, {^m³kv FónhbpsS A[o\Xbnepïmbncpó JÞ§Ä ]ckv]cw ebn¨v 's^Udð dn¸»n¡v Hm^v PÀ½\n' Fsómcp kzX{´cm{ãapïmbn. As¡mñw Xsó, tkmhnbäv bqWnbsâ A[nImc¯nepïmbncpó JÞw 'PÀ½³ sUsam{ImänIv dn¸»n¡v' Bbn¯oÀóp. s^Udð dn¸»n¡nembncpóp, sdknbpw A½bpw.

1951ð PÀ½\nbnse Hcp cmkhkvXp\nÀ½mWimebnð sk{I«dnbmbn tPmen sN¿pIbmbncpó sdkn Bðs{^Uns\ Iïpap«n. Aóp sdkn¡p hbÊv Ccp]s¯móv, Bðs{^Un\v Ccp]¯n\mev. Hcp Z´tUmÎdmbncpóp, Bðs{^Uv. AhÀ ]ckv]cw BIÀjnXcmbn, {]Wb¯nepambn.

A¡me¯p PÀ½\nbnse ØnXn ]cnXm]Icambncpóp. shÅhpw sshZypXnbpanñms¯mcp IpSnenembncpóp, sdknbptSbpw A½bptSbpw hmkw. XpÑi¼fw. Z´tUmÎdmbncpón«pw Bðs{^Unsâ ØnXnbpw hyXykvXambncpónñ. hnZym`ymk]cambpw km¼¯nIambpw DbcWsaóv Bðs{^Uv Bin¨ncpóp. PÀ½\nbnð AXn\pÅ km²yX Xosc¡pdhmbncpóp. AhnSóv At\Iw t]À Atacn¡bntebv¡p IpSntbäw \S¯ns¡mïncpóp. Ahsct¸mse X\n¡pw Atacn¡bnse¯m\mbmð kz]v\§Ä ]qhWnbpsaóv Bðs{^Uv hnizkn¨p. Atacn¡bnse¯n Hcp tPmen t\Snb DS³ sdkntbmSp hnhmlm`yÀ°\ \S¯msaóv Bðs{^Uv IcpXnbncpóp.

1953ð Bðs{^Uv \yqtbmÀ¡ntebv¡pÅ I¸enð¡bdn. Atacn¡bnse¯nsb¦nepw, Bðs{^Un\p tPmensbmópw DSs\ In«nbnñ. Bðs{^Unsâ Atacn¡³ PohnXmcw`w ZpcnX]qÀWambncpóp. D]Poh\amÀKw t]mepw sXfnbmªXpsImïv sdknsb hnhmlw Ign¨v Atacn¡bntebv¡p sImïphcm\pÅ ]²Xn \oïp\oïpt]mbn. Htc e£y¯ntebv¡pÅ asämcp hgnsbó \nebnð, Atacn¡bnsemcp tPmen¡p {ian¡m³ Bðs{^Uv sdkntbmSv A`yÀ°n¨p. sdkn¡v Atacn¡bnð tPmen e`n¨mð PohnXw kpJIcamIpsaóv Bðs{^Uv sdknsb t_m²ys¸Sp¯n.

At¸mfmWv sdknsbt¸mepÅhÀ¡v Atacn¡bnsemcp tPmen In«pI Zpjv-IcamsWóp a\ÊnembXv. \ncminXbmImsX sdkn Xsâ {iaw XpSÀóp. AXn\nSbnð A½ tcmK_m[nXbmbn. sdknbpsS XpÑi¼fw NnInÕbv¡p XnIbmsXbmbn. A½bv¡p acpóp hm§m\pÅ ]Ww t]mepanñmXncnbv-s¡, Atacn¡bv¡pÅ Sn¡äp hm§pó Imcyw BtemNn¡m³ t]mepw h¿m¯ ØnXn.

sdkn PÀ½\nbnð Iãs¸Spt¼mÄ Bðs{^Uv Atacn¡bnð Iãs¸«p. X§fpsS ZpcnX§Ä¡nSbnepw Ccphcpw Bthi]qÀhw {]WbteJ\§sfgpXn. Bðs{^Unsâ I¯pIfnembncpóp, sdkn Bizmkw Isï¯nbncpóXv; sdknbpsS I¯pIfnð Bðs{^Upw.

Iptd \mÄ Ignªt¸mÄ Bðs{^Uns\¸änbpÅ Hcp InwhZ´n sdknbpsS ImXpIfnse¯n: Bðs{^Uv Atacn¡bnse Hcp h\nXsb {]Wbn¡pót{X! hmÀ¯ tI«p sdkn XfÀóp t]mbn. AXp shdpw InwhZ´nbmbncn¡psaóv AhÄ hnizkn¨p. Fómð, AXp icnbmtWmsbóv Bðs{^Unt\mSv FgpXnt¨mZn¡m\pÅ ss[cyw AhÄ¡pïmbpanñ. F´n\n\n Pohn¡Ww, Fóp sdkn kzbw tNmZn¨p. ]t£, Hcp Imcyw Ahsf `qanbnð¸nSn¨p \nÀ¯n: A½. AhfpsS hcpam\apïmbn«pw, A½bpsS NnInÕ thïpwh®w \S¯m\mbncpónñ. A§s\bncnbv-s¡, AhÄ acn¨mð A½ hgnbm[mcambXp Xsó. A½bv¡pthïn AhÄ PohnXw XpSÀóp.

 

Atacn¡bnð Xmakam¡nb, k¼ó\msbmcp PÀ½³ bphmhmbncpóp Kp´À. HscmgnhpImew sNehgn¡m³ thïn Kp´sdmcn¡ð PÀ½\nbntebv¡p hóp. hokv_mZ³ Fó Øe¯p h¨p bmZrÑnIambn Kp´dpw sdknbpw Iïpap«n. {]YaZriy¯nð¯só Kp´À A\pcmKhnhi\mbn. Atacn¡bnepÅ Bðs{^Uns\ Xm³ {]Wbn¡psóópw, km¼¯nI\ne sa¨-s¸«p IgnªbpS³ X§fncphcpw hnhmlw Ign¡psaópw sdkn Kp´dnt\mSp Xpdóp ]dªp. sdkn asämcmfns\ {]Wbn¡psóódnªn«pw, Kp´À ASp¯ Znhkw Xsó sdkntbmSp hnhmlm`yÀ°\ \S¯n.

sdkn Nn´n¨p. Atacn¡bntebv¡p t]mIm\pw Bðs{^Upambn Hcpan¡m\papÅ {ia§fnXphsc hnPbn¨n«nñ, AhbpS³ hnPbn¡pó e£W§fpanñ. Xsâ XpÑhcpam\w aXnbmIm¯Xpaqew A½bpsS NnInÕ Xr]vXnIcamb hn[¯nð \S¯m\mhpónñ. A¡mcW¯mð A½bpsS BtcmKy\ne {ItaW £bn¨pwsImïncn¡póp. CXp sdknsb AXy[nIw thZ\n¸n¨ncpóp. hnhmlm`yÀ°\tbmsSm¸w Kp´À aptóm«p h¨ Hcp hmKvZm\w, sdknbpsS A½sb kz´w A½bmbn IW¡m¡n, Atacn¡bnð IqsS¯makn¸n¨p ]cnNcnt¨mfmsaómbncpóp.

A½bpsS BbpÊp ZoÀLn¸n¡m³ asämcp hgnbpw sdkn¡p ImWm\mbnñ. sdkn Kp´dnsâ hnhmlm`yÀ°\ kzoIcn¨p.

C¡mcyw Bðs{^Uns\ Adnbn¡pó Is¯gpXembncpóp, sdkn¡v Gähpw Zpjv-Icambnt¯mónbXv. Bðs{^Unt\mSpÅ {]Wb¯n\v bmsXmcp Ipdhpw kw`hn¡mXncnbv-s¡, asämcmsf hnhmlw Ignbv-t¡ïn hcpóXv Aklyambncpóp. Fómð, A½sb thïpwh®w kwc£n¡m\mImsX hcpóXp Nn´n¡m³ t]mepamIm¯Xpw.

cm{ã¯nsâ \nÀt±ia\pkcn¨v A\ycmPy§fnðt¸mbn bp²w sN¿pó Atacn¡³ ]«mf¡mÀ¡v AhcpsS `mcyamcnð \ntóm ImapInamcnð \ntóm I¯pIÄ In«mdpïv. Ahbnð¨neXv, 'Rm\nhnsS asämcmfpambn {]Wb¯nembn' Asñ¦nð 'Rm³ asämcmsf hnhmlw sNbvXp' Fódnbn¡póXmImdpïv. Ch '{]nb tPm¬' I¯pIÄ FómWv Adnbs¸«ncpóXv. ZpxJw ISn¨aÀ¯ns¡mïp sdkn Bðs{^Un\v '{]nb tPm¬' Is¯gpXn.

sdknbpsS I¯p hmbn¨v Bðs{^Uv kvXw`n¨ncpóp t]mbn. sdknsb Npän¸än sI«ns¸m¡nbncpó a\t¡m«IÄ Hcp \nanjw sImïp XIÀóp. \ncmibpsS ]SpIpgnbntebv¡p ]Xns¨¦nepw, Bðs{^Uv sdknsb Ipäs¸Sp¯nbnñ. sdkn t\cn«ncpó {]XnkÔnIfpsS Bgw Bðs{^Uv a\Ênem¡n.

hnhmlm\´cw Kp´À sdkntbbpw A½tbbpw I¸enð¡bän Atacn¡bntebv¡p sImïp t]móp. ]ïv Bðs{^Uv Atacn¡bntebv¡p t]móXpw AtX I¸enð¯sóbmbncpóp. A´mcm{ãXe¯nð `£y]ZmÀ°§Ä hnev]\ \S¯psómcp Zñmfmbn Kp´À tim`n¨p. Kp´dnt\msSm¸apÅ sdknbpsS PohnXw kpJkar²ambncpóp. AhÀ¡p cïp Ipªp§fpïmbn. Kp´dn\v hym]mckw_Ôambn A\ycmPy§fnð CSbv¡nsS kôcnbv-t¡ïn hóncpóp. At¸msgñmw Kp´À sdkntbbpw Ipªp§tfbpw IqsS¡q«pIbpw sNbvXncpóp.

sdknsb Npän¸änbpÅ at\mlc k¦ev]§Ä XIÀót¸mÄ Bðs{^Uv ]T\¯nð {i² tI{µoIcn¨p. A[nIw XmaknbmsX Bðs{^sUmcp imkv{XKthjI\pw hnZKv-t[m]tZiw \ðIpóbmfpw s{]m^Êdpambn¯oÀóp. Bðs{^Unsâ hfÀ¨bnð KWyamb ]¦phln¨ Hctacn¡¡mc\p PÀ½\nbnð h¨p P\n¨ aIfmb CwKns\ Bðs{^Uv ]nð¡me¯p hnhmlw Ign¨p. AhÀ¡p \mep Ipªp§fpapïmbn. Bðs{^Untâbpw Zm¼XyPohnXw kpJkar²ambncpóp.

Adp]Xp hÀjw ISópt]mbn. C¡mea{Xbpw sdknbpw Bðs{^Upw AhchcpsS hyXykvX Zm¼XyPohnX§Ä ]cn`hsamópw IqSmsX, hnizkvXXtbmsS \bn¨psImïncpóp. Bðs{^Upw sdknbpw X½nð ImWpItbm At\zjn¡pI t]meptam sNbvXnñ.

GXm\pw hÀjw ap¼v CwKv HmÄäv-ssjtagv-kv tcmKw _m[n¨v Bip]{Xnbnembn. CwKns\ ]cnNcn¨psImïv Bðs{^Uv IqsS¯makn¨p.

Kp´dn\v Hóntesd¯hW lrZbkvXw`\apïmbn. Hóntesd¯hW hoWp ]cnt¡ð¡pIbpw sNbvXp. InS¡bnð \nóp s]m´m\mIm¯hn[w tcmK_m[nX\mbn, Kp´À. kZm ]cnNcn¨psImïv sdkn Kp´dnsâ IqsSbpïmbncpóp.

Kp´dnsâ AhØ sdknsb hymIpebm¡n. hymIpeXIÄ ]¦phbv¡m\pw Aev]w Bizmk¯n\pw thïn AhÄ Xsâ _meyImekJnIsf CâÀs\änð Xncªp. BcpsS hnhchpw s]m´nhónñ.

Hcp Znhkw sdkn Bðs{^Unsâ t]cp]tbmKn¨p KqKnÄ skÀ¨p \S¯n. \nanj§tf thïn hópÅq, Bðs{^Unsâ Nn{Xhpw taðhnemkhpw t^m¬ \¼dpw apónepbcm³!

hnhml¯n\p ap¼p Xsâ ImapI\mbncpó Bðs{^Unsâ hnhc§Ä KqKnÄ skÀ¨nð In«nb Imcyw sdkn Kp´dns\ Adnbn¨p. Bðs{^Upambn _Ôs¸Sm\pÅ A\paXn \ðIm³ Kp´dn\v bmsXmcp ssha\kyhpapïmbnñ.

hndbv¡pó Ic§tfmsS, XpSn¡pó lrZbt¯msS sdkn Bðs{^Unsâ \¼dntebv-s¡mcp ktµiab¨p: 'sdknsb HmÀ½bptïm?'

DS³ hóp, Bðs{^Unsâ adp]Sn: 'sdknsb Poh\pÅ Imew ad¡pIbnñ!' sXm«p]pdsI Bðs{^Unsâ tImfpw hóp.

]ckv]cw HmÀ½n¡psóódnªv Ccphcpw KZvKZIWvTcmbn. Aev]kabt¯bv¡v CcphÀ¡pw kwkmcn¡m\mbnñ.

XpSÀóhÀ t^mWneqsS CSbv¡nsS _Ôs¸«p. hnhc§Ä ssIamdn. CcphcptSbpw a\Ênð Hcp Ime¯pïmbncpó {]WbmKv-\n AWªn«nsñóv AhÀ Xncn¨dnªp.

HmÄäv-ssjtagv-kv tcmK_m[nXbmbncpó CwKn\v A[nI¡mew PohnXw XpScms\m¯nñ. tcmKw aqÀÑn¨v CwKv NcaaSªp. ]e XhW lrZbkvXw`\s¯ t\cn«p Ignªncpó Kp´dn\v asämcp lrZbkvXw`\s¯ AXnPohn¡m\mbnñ; Kp´dpw CltemIhmkw shSnªp. sdkn kt´mjt¯msS XpSÀópw Pohn¡Wsaóm{Kln¨ncpó Kp´À Xsâ acWtijw Bðs{^Upambn _Ôs¸Sm\pÅ A\phmZw sdkn¡p \ðInbncpóp.

Aev]Imew Ignªt¸mÄ Bðs{^Upw sdknbpw X§fpsS {]Wbs¯¸än AhchcpsS Ipªp§sf (Ipªp§sfñmw apXnÀóp Ignªncpóp, AhÀ¡hcptSXmb IpSpw_§fpapïmbn¡gnªncpóp) Adnbn¨p; X§sfmcpan¨p Pohn¡m\m{Kln¡pó Imcyhpw shfns¸Sp¯n.

tI«bpS³ Ipªp§Ä \ockw {]ISn¸ns¨¦nepw, A[nIw Ignbpw ap¼v CcphcptSbpw ZoÀ-LIme {]WbIY Ipªp§tfbpw A\pIqenIfpw A\p`mhnIfpam¡n.

C¡gnª amÀ¨nð ]Ånbnð h¨p \Só NS§nð, _Ôp¡fptSbpw kplr¯p¡fptSbpw kmón²y¯nð, sshZnI³ Ccphtcbpw ]ckv]c{]XnÚm_²cm¡n.

A§s\, 1951ð XpS§nb {]Wbw Adp]¯ôp hÀj¯n\p tijw k^eambn. sdknbpsS hbÊv 86, Bðs{^UntâXv 89.

hmÀ²Iy¯nð Imeqón¡gnªncn¡póXpsImïv kpt_m[t¯msSbpÅ PohnXw A[nI¡meapïmhnsñóv CcphÀ¡padnbmw. AXpsImïhÀ {]Wbn¨p Pohn¡póp. Cu PohnX¯nð ]ckv]cw Iïp aXnhcnIbnsñóp t_m²yapÅXpsImïv AhÀ kZm I®nð I®pw \«p Ignbpóp. CSbv¡nsS B\µmXntcI¯mð AhÀ X½nð¯½nð tNmZn¡póp, 'CXp bmYmÀ°yw Xsótbm, AtXm kz]v\tam!'

Adp]¯naqóp hÀjt¯mfw AhcpsSbpÅnð Nmcw aqSn¡nSó {]Wb¡\epIÄ C\nbpÅ Imew Bfn¡-¯s«.

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ChnsS sImSp¡pó A`n{]mb§Ä {_n«ojv aebmfnbptSXñ. tkmjyð s\ähÀ¡v hgn NÀ¨bnð ]s¦Sp¡póhÀ AÇoetam aX \nµtbm A]IoÀ¯nIctam \nbahncp²tam Bb A`n{]mb§Ä t]mÌv sN¿póXv ssk_À \nba{]Imcw in£mÀlamWv- þ FUnäÀ

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