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{_Iv-kn-än-\v ti-jw {_n-«-\nð kw-`-hn¨p-sIm-ïn-cn-¡pó-Xv F-´v? {_n«-sâ `m-hn-sbbpw \-½p-sS `m-hn-sbbpw C-Xv _m-[n¡p-tam?

Britishmalayali
jm-Pn eq-t¡mkv, s_ð-^m-Ìv

s{_Iv--knänsâ XncsªSp¸v tImemlesañmw Ignªp. {_n«³ bqtdm¸nsâ ]pd¯p hcWsaóp P\§Ä hn[nsbgpXn. bqtdm¸v GsXtóm {_n«Wnse Øe§Ä GsXóp t]meptam \nÝbanñm¯ 'eï\nte¡v' tPmenbpw ]pXnb PohnXhpw tXSn, IShpw hnebpw taSn¨p \m«nð \nóp hnam\w IbdnhcmWv \½Ä aebmfnIfnð `qcn`mKhpw. kÀthizcsâ A\p{Klhpw A£oW {]bXv--\hpw sImïv temIs¯ Aômas¯ k¼óhpw bqtdm¸nsâ ]Snªmtd Aä¯pÅXp amb {_n«³ Fó almcmPy¯p IpSp§ntbdn PohnXw Icp¸nSn¸n¡phm³ \ap¡v alm `mKyapïmbn. ]pd¯p \nópÅhcpsS AanXamb IpSntbäw sImïp Xsâ kz´w \mSnsâbpw Xm³ A[nhkn¡pó {]tZi ¯ntâbpsams¡ apJÑmb Xsó amdnt]mIpóXv tZi kv--t\lnbmb GsXmcp hyànt¡m kaql¯nt\m AwKoIcn¡phm³ ]äpó ImcyasñópÅXv Hcp hkvXpXbmWv. F´n\[nIw, hÀj§Ä IpSpt¼mgmsW¦nepw \½Ä \mSv kµÀin¡pó Ahkc¯nð AhnsSbpïmIpó A`nejWo bañm¯ ]e amä§sfbpw kmwkv--ImcnI hyXnbm\s¯ bpsams¡ hfsc thZ\tbmsSbmWv \mw Hmtcmcp¯cpw t\m¡n ¡mWpóXv. F¦nepw {_n«Wnð \Só lnX]cntim[\bnð 48% Hmfw P\§Ä 'dnssa³' A\pIqeambn thm«p sNbvXXv cmPy kv--t\l¯n\p]cn AhcpsS alma\kv--IXsb¡qsSbmWv Xpdóp Im«póXv.

CXns\ XpSÀóp {_n«Wnð Zn\w{]Xn henb amä§fpw Ne\§fpamWv cm{ãob km¼¯nI \nba cwK¯pïmbn s¡mïncn¡póXv. A[nImc-¯nep]cn BZÀi¯n\v hnesImSp¡pó {_n«ojv cm{ãob¯nsâ Gähpw HSphnes¯ hàmhmbn 'dnssa³' hn`mK¯nsâ ap³\ncbnð \nóncpó {][m\a{´n tUhnUv Imatdm¬ Xsâ Øm\w HgnbpIbpïmbn. At±l¯nsâ hmZ¯ns\Xncmbn t\cnb `qcn`mKw P\§Ä hn[n sbgpXnbt¸mÄ Xsó Xsâ HIv--tSm_À amkt¯msSbpÅ hnShm§ð Imatdm¬ {]Jym]n¡pIbpïmbn.

`mcy AÀ² C´y³ hwiPsb¦nepw (`mcy amXmhv knJv hwiP) 'eohv' hn`mK¯n\v thïn t\XrXzw \ðInb t_mdnkv tPm¬k¬ {][m\a{´n ]Z¯nte¡pÅ XncsªSp¸nð \nópw ]nòmdpIbmWp ïmbXv. I¬kÀthäohv ]mÀ«nbnsebpw Xsâ Xsó ]mfb¯nsebpambncpó (eohv) \oXn\ymb sk{I«dn ssa¡nÄ tKmhv NphSp amdn kzbw Øm\mÀ°nXzw {]Jym]n¨Xv sImïmWv P\{]nb\mb tPm¬k¬ apdnthäv Acs§mgnªXv. AtX kabw ImatdmWnsâ BZÀi \ne]mSpIÄ¡v hncp²ambn, Xm³ FSp¯ \ne]mSnt\mSv `qcn]£ P\ ]n´pW In«nbnsñ¦nepw ']mfb¯nð ]S' kz´w ]mÀ«nbnð \nóp Xsó Dïmbn«pw ISn¨p Xq§n¡nS¡pó cm{ãob kwkv--ImcamWv te_À t\Xmhv sPdan tImÀ_ntâXv. te_À ]mÀ«nbnse Xsó \sñmcp iXam\w Fw]namcpw ]n´pW ]n³hen¨n«pw tImÀ_n³ t\Xmhmbn¯só XpScpIbmWv.

sXtck tasb t]mse IpSntbä hncp²hnImcw Im¯p kq£n¡pó Øm\mÀ°nItf¡mÄ \½Ä aebmfnIÄ¡v sa¨ambncpóXv, eohv Iym¼bn\n\p t\XrXzw \ðInsb¦nepw IpSntbä¡mcS¡w s]mXpsh P\lnX Xocpam\§tfmSv B`napJyw ]peÀ¯nbncpó ap³ eï³ tabÀ t_mdnkv tPm¬k¬ {][m\a{´n Bbn hcpóXv Xsó Bbncpóp. \nehnð bpsIbnepÅ ap¸Xp e£t¯mfw bqtdm]y³ bqWnb³ ]ucòmcpsS Imcy¯nð Dd¸p ]dbm³ km[n¡nsñópÅ sXtckbpsS {]kvXmh\ Xsó CXn\p±mlcWamWv. 'dnssa³' \ne]mSn\v ]n´pW \ðInbncpó NÀ¨v Hm^v Cw¥ïnsâ hnImcnbpsS aIÄ IqSnbmb AhÀ Øm\taml¯n\p thïn aptóm«p hóXv {]tXyIw {i²nt¡ï Imcyw XsóbmWv. ]s£ BZyduïnð Xsó ]mÀ«nbnð hyàamb taðt¡mbva t\Snb Ahsc Xsó {_n«sâ ]pXnb {][m\a{´nbmbn I¬tkÀhänhv ]mÀ«n sk]äw_À 9 \v {]Jym]n¡psaóv GXmïv Dd¸mbn Ignªp. XncsªSp¸nð \nópw ]pd¯mb enbmw t^mIv--kpw Ìo^³ {Im_pw X§fpsS IqsS ]n´pW sXtckbv¡p \ðInbXv AhcpsS hnPbkm[yX hÀ[n¸n¨ncn¡pIbmWv. Iuie¡mcnbpw IÀ¡i¡mcnbpamb AhÀ 2010 apXð tlmw sk{I«dn Fó \nebnð anI¨ tkh\w \S¯n FóhImis¸«p sImïmWv I¬tkÀthäohv Fw]namÀ Ahsc ]n´pW¡póXv. ]s£ bqtdm]y³ bqWnb\v ]pd¯p\nópÅ IpSntbä¯n\p Ipdhv hcp¯phm³ km[n¨pshóñmsX bqtdm]y³ bqWnb\nð \nópÅhcpsS hchns\ \nb{´n¡phm³ km[n¨ncpónsñ ópÅXmWv bmYmÀYyw. aäp tlmw sk{I«namÀ {ian¨n«pw km[n¡mXncpó A_p J¯mZ Fó {]tIm]\ {]mkwKnIs\ 2013 ð tPmÀZm\nte¡p Xncnsb \mSpIS¯nbtXmsS AhÀ¡p ]mÀ«nbnð IqSpXð B[n]Xyw Dd¸n¡m³ km[n¨p.

Xsâ \ntbmKw ]qÀ¯nbmsbópw Xm³ Dt±in¨Xpt]mse Imcy§Ä \Sópshópw {]Jym]n¨pÅ bpIn]v t\Xmhv ss\Pnð ^cmPnsâ Ccp]tXmftasd hÀj§Ä¡v tijapÅ t\Xramähpw s{_Iv--knäv hnhmZ§Ä¡p sImgpt¸Inbncn¡pIbmWv. Fóncpómepw bpIn]v AS¡apÅ Xo{h heXp]£ ]mÀ«nIfpsS aptóm«pÅ \ne]mSpIÄ hfsc {i²tbmsS Xsó ho£nt¡ïXpïv. IpSntbdn {_n«ojv ]ucXzw kzoIcn¨p ChnsS Ønc Xmakam¡nb hntZi hwiPtcmSpÅ AhcpsS kao]\w {_Iv--knän\p tijw F§s\bmhpsaóp t\m¡n ImtWïXpïv. CXn\nsS ss\Pð ^dmPpw t_mdnkv tPm¬kWpw bYmÀ° cmPykv--t\lnIfsñópÅ bqtdm]y³ bqWnb³ {]knUâv Po³ t¢msU P¦dnsâ {]kvXmh\bpw {i²nt¡ïXmWv. 'eohv' hn`mK¯n\v t\XrXzw \ðInb ChÀ 's{_Iv--knän\p' tijw Hgnªp amdpóXv ChcpsS bYmÀ° cmPykv--t\lañ ImWn¡pósXópw {]knUâv Iq«nt¨À¯p.

{]Xo£n¨Xp t]mse Xsó km¼¯nI Hmlcn hn]WnIfnepw lnX]cntim[\bpsS ^ew hóbpS³ Xsó henb Nmôm«§Ä Dïmbn. apJy '»pNn]v' I¼\nIfpsS kqNnIbmb FTSE100 DÄs¸sS  Hmlcn hn]Wn hoïpw Xncn¨p hchnsâ ]mXbnte¡v hóp sImïncn¡póp. {_n«s\mgnsI bqtdm¸nse aäp hn]WnIfpsS XpSÀ hogvNIÄ, s{_Iv--knäv {_n«\p]cn bptdm¸n\mhptam Xncn¨Sn \ðIpI Fó Bi¦bnte¡p Imcy§Ä t]mIpópshóXnsâ kqN\bmWv \ðIpóXv. AXpt]mse Xsó Ahkc¯ns\m¯p DWÀóp {]hÀ¯n¨p sImïp Nm³keÀ tPmÀPv Hkv--t_mWnsâ tImÀ¸tdäv SmIv--kv 20% ð \nópw 15% Bbn Ipd¡psaópÅ {]Jym]\hpw km¼¯nI taJe¡v DWÀhv ]IÀón«pïv. BtKmf hntZi \nt£]¯nepÅ {_n«sâ aqómw Øm\w Dd¸n¨p \nÀ¯pIbpw eï³ BØm\ambn {]hÀ¯n¡pó _m¦pIfS¡w A´ÀtZiob I¼\nIsf ]nSn¨p \nÀ¯phm\pamWv Hmkv--t_m¬ CXphgn e£yanSpóXv. Atacn¡bpw PÀ½\nbpw t]mepÅ hnIknX cmPy§fnð bYm{Iaw 39%, 30% BWv tImÀ¸tdäp SmIv--kv. AbÀeânð am{XamWv 12. 5%. amÀ¡äv sa¨s¸SpóXnsâ NphSp]nSnNv ]uïnsâ aqey¯nepw hÀ²\bpïmhpsaóp {]Xo£n¡póp. ap³IcpXsetómWw {][m\ _m¦pIÄ¡v 150 Hmfw _ney¬ ]uïv aqe[\w It¼mf¯nend¡phm\pÅ A\phmZw _m¦v Hm^v C\v¥ïv \ðIpIbpapïmbn. KhÀWÀ amÀIv ImÀWnbpsS Cu \S]Sn aqew hyhkmb§Ä¡pw hyànIÄ¡pw IqSpXð km¼¯nI klmbw \ðIn km¼¯nI cwKs¯ ]nSn¨p \nÀ¯phm³ km[n¡psaóv IcpXpóp. Dt±in¨Xpt]mse Xncn¨Sn DïmIpIbnsñó \nco£WamWv At±l¯nsâ hm¡pIfnð \nópw hnZKv[À hmbns¨Sp¡póXv. ]pXnb {][m\a{´nbpsS BKa\t¯mSpw s{_Iv--knäv NÀ¨IÄ bqtdm]y³ bqWnb\pambn F§s\sbms¡ ]ptcmKan¡póX\pkcn¨pw aäp temI cmPy§fpambn hmWnPy _豈 ZrVam¡pótXmsSbpw {_n«³ Ct¸mgs¯ Xmð¡menI {]Xn`mks¯ adnIS¡psaóp km¼¯nI hnZKv²À hnebncp¯póp.

BImwjtbmsS P\§Ä t\m¡ns¡mïncn¡pó asämcp hnjbamWv cm{ãob Znibnð \nópw \nbaþ `cWLS\m {]XnkÔnbnte¡v 's{_Iv--knäv' \o§ptam FópÅXv. Cu Bi¦¡v {][m\ ImcWw Ipsd A¡mUanIvþ_nkn\kv {Kq¸pIÄ tNÀóp \nba t]mcm«¯n\v aptóm«p Cd§phm³ Xocpam\n¨ncn¡póp shópÅXmWv. bpsIbnse `cWLS\ A\pkcn¨p ChnSps¯ ]mÀesaân\mWv ]cam[nImcsaópw, bqtdm¸ns\ {_n«\nð \nópw thÀXncnt¡ï BÀ«n¡nÄ 50 s]mfns¨gpXpóXn\p ]mÀesaânse P\§Ä XncsªSp¡s¸« Fw]n amcpsS `qcn]£ thm«pIÄ t\tSïXpsïópamWv ChÀ hmZn¡póXv. ]mÀesaânð thm«n§n\nSmsX cmPys¯ P\§fpsS lnX]cntim[\¡p A\pkcn¨p Imcy§Ä Xocpam\n¡póXv \nba hncp²amsWóv ChÀ hnebncp¯póp. C§s\sbmcp \o¡w hgn F§s\bpw 's{_Iv--knäv' Hgnhm¡pI Fóp XsóbmWv Cu tem_nbpsS Dt±iysaóv hfsc hyàamWv

]pXnb {][m\a{´nbmbn Bcp hcpsaópw s{_Iv--knänsâ ]qÀ¯oIcWw F§s\sbms¡ kw`hn¡psaópw Im¯ncpóp ImtWï Imcyw XsóbmWv.

(s_ð-^m-Ìnð Xm-a-kn-¡pó s]m-Xp {]-h-À-¯\pw {_n-«o-jv a-e-bm-fn Nm-cn-än ^u-tï-j³ {S-Ìn-bp-am-Wv te-J-I³)

Readers Comments

ChnsS sImSp¡pó A`n{]mb§Ä {_n«ojv aebmfnbptSXñ. tkmjyð s\ähÀ¡v hgn NÀ¨bnð ]s¦Sp¡póhÀ AÇoetam aX \nµtbm A]IoÀ¯nIctam \nbahncp²tam Bb A`n{]mb§Ä t]mÌv sN¿póXv ssk_À \nba{]Imcw in£mÀlamWv- þ FUnäÀ

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