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Xp-S-¡-an-«Xv 15 sImñw ap³-]v ]Tn-¡ms\¯n-b-t¸mÄ; B-Zy-s¯ IpÀºm-\ \-S-¯nb-Xv {]-tXy-Im\p-aXn-tbm-sS; bp-sI-bnð cq-]-X Xp-S-§p-t¼mÄ kv-\m]-I-tbm-l-óm-sâ Zu-Xytasä-Sp¯ tPm-W¨-\v A-`nam-\ \n-anjw

Britishmalayali
Pn½n tPmk^v, ¥mkvtKm

C´y¡v ]pd-¯pÅ kotdm ae-_mÀ k`-bpsS aqóm-as¯ cq]X bpsI-bnð ]nd-¡p-t¼mÄ B hnizmk Ne-\-¯n\v XpS-¡-an« ^m: _nPp tPmWn\v A`nam-\-¯nsâ \nan-j-§Ä ]qÀ¯n-bm-hp-I-bm-Wv. 15 sImñw ap³]v I¼yq-«³ kb³knð DóX _ncpZw ]Tn-¡m-s\-¯nb tPmW-¨³ kv\m]-I-tbm-l-ómsâ ZuXyw kzbw Gsä-Sp-¡-pIbm-bn-cp-óp. AXp-sImïv Xsó bpsI-bnse hnizm-kn-IÄ¡v tPmW-¨-t\mSpÅ Øm\w kv\m]-I-tbm-l-ómsâ Xsó-bm-Wv. bpsIbnse cïmw aebmfn IpSntbät¯mfw ]g¡apïv kotdm ae-_mÀ k`bpsS thtcm«¯n-\pw. kotdm ae_mÀ t{Käv {_n«sâ Ncn{Xw XpS§póXv N§\mtÈcn AXncq]XmwKw ^m: _nPp tPmWv sIm¨p]d¼nð 2001 ð I¼yq«À D]cn-]-T-\mÀ°w eï-\nð F¯pótXmSp IqSnbmWv. CtX Imebfhnev XsóbmWv bpsIbnte¡pÅ aebmfn \gvkpamcpsS IpSntbähpw Bcw`n¡póXv. tPm¬ A¨sâ hyh-kvXm-]-X-amb CSs]epIÄ hgn-bmWv Hó-c-]-Xn-ämïv sImïv bpsI-bnse kotdm ae-_mÀ hnizmkw hyh-Øm-]nX coXn-bn-te¡v ]SÀóv ]´-en-¨-Xv.

AXn\pw ]Xn-äm-ïp-IÄ¡v ap³t] \nc-h[n ae-bm-fn-IÄ F¯n-t¨-cp-Ibpw Ht«sd ae-bmfn sshZn-IÀ tkh\w A\p-jvTn-¡p-Ibpw sNbvXn«pw hnizmk kaqlw apc-Sn¨p t]mb PÀ½-\n-bnð \nómWv bqtdm-¸nse kotdm ae-_mÀ k`-bpsS Ncn{Xw Bcw-`n-¡p-ó-Xv. hÀj§Ä¡v ap³t] \nch[n aebmfn sshZnIÀ PÀ½\nbnð tkh\w A\pjvTn¨ncpóXn\mð AhnSps¯ k`m t\XrXz¯n\v kotdm ae_mÀ k`sb¡pdn¨v Hcp BapJ¯nsâ Bhiyw t]mepanñmbncpóp. Cw¥ïns\ At]£n¨v PÀ½\nbnð sshZnIÀ¡v thX\w IqSpXembXn\mð tdmanð ]T\¯n\mbn t]mbncpó sshZnIcnð ]ecpw ]T\¯n\mhiyamb XpI Isï¯m³ {ian¨ncpóXv PÀ½\nbnð ip{iqj sNbvXp sImïmbncpóp. C{Xtbsd A\pIqe kmlNcy§Ä AhnsSbpïmbncpón«pw bpsIbnteXp t]mse kotdm ae_mÀ k`bv¡v thmtcm«w \ðIm³ km-[n-¡m-sX t]mb-Xv PÀ-½-\n-bn-te-¡p-Å Ip-Sn-tb-äw s]-s«-óv \n-e¨-Xv X-só-bm-Imw.

PÀ½-\n-bnð ae-bmfn IpSn-tb-äw Bcw-`n-¡pó ka-b¯v Xsó-bmWv bpsI-bnepw BZy ae-bmfn IpSntbäw Bcw-`n-¨-Xv. PÀ½-\n-bn-te¡pw Ata-cn-¡-bn-te¡pw Bkvt{S-en-bm-bn-te-¡p-sams¡ aemfn t\gvkp-amÀ IpXn¨p ]mª-t¸mÄ ]s£ bpsI-bnð t\gvkp-amÀ¡v Aóv A hkcw Dïm-bn-cp-ón-ñ. Fómð hÀ¡e Xncp-h-\-´-]pcw `mK¯v \nópw At\Iw t]À A¡m-e¯v bpsI-bnð F¯n. `c-W-¯n-\vIo-gnð DKm-ï-bnð \nsó-¯n-b-hcpw knK-¸qÀ atejy XpS-§nb cmPy-§-fnð \n\\pw s¯n-b-h-cp-am-bn-cpóp Aó IqSp-Xð. Fómð 98 ð tSmWn »bÀ B[n-Imcw GätXmsS ÌpUâv hnk¡pw F³-F-¨v-FkvtPmen¡pw Ah-kcw Xpd-ón-«-XmWv cïmw IpSn-tb-ä-¯n\v {]tNm-Z-\-am-b-Xv. cïmw IpSn-tbäv Ime¯v F¯n-t¨Àó-h-scñmw Xsó ae-bmfn t\gvkp-am-cm-bn-cpóp. Ah-cpsShchv kPo-h-ambn DS-t\-b-bm#n-cpóp N§-\m-tÈcn cq]-X-¡m-c-\mb tPm¬ A¨-\\pw bpsI-bnð F¯n-b-Xv. ]t£ Aóv ae-bm-fn-IÄ Fhn-sS-sbñmw Fsómópw BÀ¡pw Ad-bn-ñm-bn-cp-óp. Fóp am-{Xw.

2001 mw Bïnð ^m: _nPp tPm¬ sIm¨p]d¼nð bsIbnse¯p-t¼mÄ ChnSpÅ Bscbpw ]cnNbanñmbncpó At±lw tImtfPv tlmÌenð Xmakw Bcw`n¨p. A¡me¯v \m«nepÅ sshZnI tae²y£òmÀ¡mÀ¡pw Xsó Cw¥ïnse It¯men¡ k`bpambn bmsXmcp _Ôhpw Dïmbncpónñ, am{Xañ AhÀ [cn¨p h¨ncpóXv ChnsSbpÅXv Bw¥n¡³ k` BsWómbncpóp. ^m: _nPp tPm¬ shÌv an\nÌÀ I¯o{Uenð h¨v ^m: {InÌ^dns\ (cq]Xm shmt¡j³ UbdÎÀ) ]cnNbs¸SpIbpw ^m: {InÌ^À hgnbmbn Aós¯ shÌv an\nÌÀ cq]X hnImcn P\dmfmb dh. Ae³ tlm]vkpambn t\cnð ImWpIbpw ssZhIr]bmð AÀtWmkv {KmhnepÅ HuÀ teUn Hm^v eqÀ±v NÀ¨nð tam¬kntªmÀ tSmw CuK³ A¨t\msSm¸w tkh\w sN¿m³ A\paXn \ðIn. Gjym¡mc\mb sshZnIcmcpw CXn\p ap³]v AhnsS tkh\w sNbvXn«nñmbncpóXn\mð _nPp A¨sâ AÀtWmkv {KmhnepÅ BZy ImeL«w _p²nap«pIÄ \ndªXmbncpóp. Fómð GXm\pw amk§Ä¡Iw _nPp tPmW¨\v sshZnIÀ¡nSbnepw \m«pImÀ¡nSbnepw {]nb¦c\mbn amdpIbpw kotdm ae_mÀ k` F´msWóv Xt±iobcmb sshZnIscbpw Aðambscbpw t_m²ys¸Sp¯m³ Bhp-Ibpw sNbvXp.

2002 se henb t\mb¼nsâ kab¯v _nPp A¨\v Xsâ IqsS ]Tn¡pó tIcf¯nð \nópÅ kl]mTnIsfbpw C¡mebfhnð ]cnNbs¸« aebmfnIsfbpw hnfn¨p Iq«n kotdm ae_mÀ IpÀ_m\ Bcw`n¡póXns\¡pdn¨v Btem-Nn-¨p. AXn-\mbn tam¬kn-tªmÀ A¨sâ {]XymIm\phmZw hm§n 2002 s]klm Zn\¯nð ImðIgpIð ip{iqjbnepw, A¸w apcn¡ð IÀ½hpw hnip² IpÀ_m\bpw Ncn{X¯nemZyambn AÀtWmkv t{KmhnepÅ HuÀ teUn Hm^v eqÀ±v ]Ånbnð h¨p \Sóp. _lp. tam¬kntªmÀ tSmw A¨\v BZy ip{iqjbnð klImÀ½nI³ Bbncpóp. k`bpsS AdnthmsSbpÅ kotdm ae_mÀ k`bpsS Cw¥ïnse HutZymKnIamb BZy aebmfw IpÀ_m\bmbncpóp 2002 s]klm Zn\¯nteXv. XpSÀóv Fñm amkhpw kotdm ae_mÀ do¯nepÅ IpÀ_m\ \yq ku¯v sKbnänð AÀ¸n¡m³ XpS§n. Cu ImeL«¯nð shðknKnð (Pokkv bq¯nsâ t\XrXz¯nð {]mÀ°\bpw Bcm[\bpw \Sóp hóncpóp. CXn\v t\XrXzw \ðInb-Xv A-co¡m«ne¨\pw \cnIpgn A¨\pw Bbncpóp.

aebmfn IpSntbäw IqSn hótXmSp IqSn bpsIbnse hnhn[ `mK§fnð \nóv aebmfw IpÀ_m\ sNmñm\mbn _nPp A¨t\mSv ]ecpw Bhiys¸Sm³ XpS§nb kmlNcy¯nð shÌv an\nÌÀ AXncq]X IÀ±n\mÄ apÀ^n HmtImWdpambn IqSnbmtemNn¡pIbpw kotdm ae_mÀ k`sb¡pdn¨pw A\pjvTm\§sf¡pdn¨pw hfsc hniZambn kwkmcn¡pIbpw sNbvXXnsâ shfn¨¯nepw ^m: _nPp tPmW¨sâ cq]Xbnse {]hÀ¯\ anIhnsâ ]Ým¯e¯nepw A`nhµy ]nXmhv _nPp A¨\v kotdm ae_mÀ {Ia¯nepÅ Znhy_en aäp Øe§fnepw AÀ¸n¡m³ HtZymKoImKoImcw \ðIpIbpw sNbvXp.

Cu Imebfhnseñmw tIcf¯nð \nópw kµÀi\¯nse¯pó {][m\ Kpcp¡òmcpw tdmanð ]Tn¡pó sshZnIcpw _Ôp kµÀi\¯ns\¯pó sshZnIcpsams¡ `h\§fnepw aäv lmfpIfnepw Znhy_en AÀ¸n¡pó {]hWX kPohambncpóp Fómð CXv k`bpsS hfÀ¨bv¡v A`nejWobañ Fóp a\Ênem¡nb _nPp A¨³ tZhmeb§fnð Znhy_enbÀ¸n¡m\pÅ {]tNmZ\hpw kuIcyhpsamcp¡n A§s\ k`m kaqlw tZhmeb§fnð Znhy_en AÀ¸n¨p XpS§nbtXmsS ]ebnS§fnepw sNdnb coXnbnð aXt_m[\ ¢mÊpIÄ XpS§phm\pw km[n¨p. 2003 Pq¬ am-kw amÀ tPm-k^v ]u-Ưnð _nPp A¨sâ £W {]Imcw Cw¥ïv kµÀin¡pIbpw \yq ku¯v t{Känse tZhmeb¯nð h¨v kotdm ae_mÀ do¯nð Znhy_en AÀ-¸n-¡p-Ibpw sN-bv-Xp.. A-óp hnhn[ `m-j-¡m-cS¡w Bbnc¯ne[nIw hnizmkn-IÄ B Zn-hy-_-en-bnð ]-s¦-Sp¯p. Cw-¥o-jp-ImÀ-¡p-thïn tSmw CuK\¨³ hnhÀ¯\w sN¿pIbpw kotdm ae_mÀ k` hn. tXmamÇolbmð Øm]nXamb Hcp hnizmk kaqlamWv F-óv {_n-«-\n-se I-t¯m-en-¡ k-`-bv-¡v a-\-kn-em-¡n sIm-Sp-¡p-hm³ km-[n-¡pIbpw sN-bvv-Xp F-ó-Xm-Wv C-Xn-sâ G-ähpw hen-b t\«w.

2003 apXð kotdm ae_mÀ k` hnhn[ CShIIfnepsS bpsIbnse¼mSpw thtcm«w \S¯n XpS§n. t\m«n§vlmanð ss_Pphpw ssjPphpw ssI¡còmcmbn NpaXetbð¡pIbpw aX]T\ ¢mÊpIÄ¡v XpS¡w Ipdn¡m\pw Cu tIebfhnð km[n¨p. IqSmsX Éuhnð tPmtam³ Iptóepw AKÌy\pw ssI¡còmcmbn amkw tXmdpw Znhy_enbÀ¸Whpw thZ]mT ¢mÊpIfpw \S¯n XpS§n AXpt]mse ]m]v--hÀ¯nð (tIw{_nUvPv) Fñm amkmZy i\nbmgvNIfnð satXmUnÌv ]Ånbnð h¨v hnip² IpÀ_m\bpw aX]T\hpw \S¯n t]móp. AXn\v t\XrXzw hln¨Xv tPman, A¸¨³, sae\n Fónhcmbncpóp. C§s\ 2004 Bbt¸mtgbv¡pw GItZiw 30 ð ]cw IpÀ_m\ tI{µ§Ä _nPp tPm¬ sIm¨p]d¼nensâ t\XrXz¯nð Cw¥ïnð hfÀ¨ {]m]n¡m\mcw`n¨p.

BZy Imem§fnð IpÀ_m\ tI{µ§fnse \S¯n¸n\pÅ ]Ww t]mepw t\À¨bmbn e`n¡pambncpónñ. ImcWw A¡meL«§fnð ChnsSbpïmbncpó aebmfnIfpsS {]mcmЧfmbncpóp F¦nepw X§fmð Ignbpw hn[w Fñmhcpw hn. IpÀ_m\ AÀ¸Ws¯ t{]mÕmln¸n¨p. BZy ssI¡còmcpw aäp t\XrXz \ncbnepïmbncpóhcpw _nPp A¨\pw km¼¯nIambn klmbn¨Xpw Xt±inbcmb sshZnIcpsS IcpXepw sImïpw am{XamWv kotdm ae_mÀ k`sb ChnsS ]nSn¨p \nÀ¯m\mbXv Ht«sd khntijXIfpsS kaoIcWamWv. aebmfn Fóv F\n¡v ]et¸mgpw tXmónbn«pïv; ImcWw temI¯nsâ GXp tImWnð sNómepw aebmf X\nabpw ]mc¼cyhpw ]n´pScm³ B{Kln¡pIbpw {ian¡pIbpw sN¿m¯hcmbn Bcpanñ. F{Xtbmsd A\pIqe kmlNcy§Ä Dïmbmepw Xt±inbcmb BfpItfmSv Hcp ]cn[n¡¸pdt¯b¡v CS]gIm\pw ASp¯dnbm\pw {ian¡mdnñ FóXmWv hmkvXhw. kz´w \mSns\ F{Xtbsd XÅn¸dªmepw ]ucmhImiw XyPn¨mepw aebmfn Fópw Ah³ ]n´pSÀóncpó Bib§fpw hnizmk kwlnXIfpw `mjbpw, `£Whpw Fñmw XpSÀóp sImïp t]mhm\pÅ {]hWXbmWv temI¯nsâ GXp tImWnepÅ aebmfnbpw s]mXpsh {]ISn¸n-¡mÀ. bpsI aebmfnIfpsS Iq«mb aebmfoIcW¯nsâ {]bXv--\ ^eamWv bpsIbnse aebmfn kwLS\Ifpw aebmfn ISIfpw, ]{X§fpw, kotdm ae_mÀ k`bpw, CXc tIcf ss{IkvXh k`m kaqlhpw Fñmw.

2003 ð kv--tIm«v--eânð IpSntbdnbhÀ¡v thïn Cu te-J-Isâ t\XrXz-¯nð _nPp A¨\pambn _Ôs¸SpIbpw kotdm ae_mÀ k`bp-sS {]-hÀ¯-\w kv-tIm-«v-eâ-Fnð B-cw-`n-¡p-Ibpw sN-bvXp. t]mÄ tamÀ«³ A¨sâ CShIbmb ¥mkv--tKm aebmfnIfpsS IpSntbä¯nð ''XdhmSmbn'' Adnbs¸Spó Imw_kv--emw§nse skâv ss{_Uv--kv ]Ånbnð Fñm amkmhkm\ RmdmgvNIfnepw _nPp A¨³ eï\nð \nópw F¯n Znhy_enbÀ¸Whpw AðambcpsS aäv B²ymßnImhiy§fpw \S¯nt¸móp. t]mÄ tamÀ«³ A¨sâ Xo£vWXbpw t{]mÕml\hpw kv--tIm«v--eânse kotdm ae_mÀ k`bpsS hfÀ¨bpsS thKw hÀ²n¸n¨p. bpsIbnse CXc It¯men¡m kaql§sf At]£n¨v ChnsS aXt_m[\¯nsâ BhiyIX BZyIme§fnð Dïmbncpónñ. XnI¨pw DuÀÖkzecpw AhnhmlnXcpw Bb bphXn bphm¡fmbncpóp A¡me L«¯nð ChnSpïmbncpó _lp`qcn]£hpw.
bpsIbnse H«pan¡ Øe§fnepw _nPp A¨³ XnI¨pw kzmKXmÀlamb A\p^`h§fmWv Cw¥ojv, kv--tIm«ojv, sFdnjv sshZnIcnð \nópw e`n¨Xv Fóncómepw IpÀ_m\ tI{µ§Ä A\phZn¨p In«póXn\v BZyImeL«§fnð H¯ncntbsd Iã¸mS\p`hn¨p ImcWw Gjybnð \nópÅ BÄ¡mÀ lnµp¡tfm., apÉow§tfm Bbncn¡mw FómWv ChnSp¯pImÀ s]mXpth hnNmcn¡póXv. kotdm ae_mÀ k`sb¡pdn¨v a\Ênem¡n sImSp¡phm\mbn ]ebnS§fnepw doPWð ¢mÊpIÄ _nPp A¨sâbpw AðambcpsSbpw t\XrXz¯nð C¡mebfhnð \S¯pIbpïmbn. XXv^eambn 2005 Bbt¸mtgbv¡pw ChnSpÅ sa{XmòmÀs¡ñmhÀ¡pw Xsó kotdm ae_mÀ k` hn. tXmamÇolmbmð Øm]nXamb k`bmsWópw a\Ênembn Xp-S§n.
2005 sk]väw_dnð A`nhµy taPÀ BÀ¨v _nj¸v ssa{Kâv I½ojsâ \nÀt±i {]Imcw ^m: _nPp tPm¬ sIm¨p]d¼nens\ BZys¯ kotdm ae_mÀ tImÀUnt\ädmbpw shÌvan\nÌÀ AXncq]XbpsS Nm¹bn\mbpw \nban¨p. 2005 ð 51 IpÀ_m\ tI{µ§fÄ¡v _nPp A¨³ t\cn«v t\XrXzw \ðIpIbpw Fñm tI{µ§fnepw amk¨nsemcp aebmfw IpÀ_m\bpw _nPp A¨³ Xsó AÀ¸n¡pIbpw sNbvXncpóp. ssa{Kâv I½ojsâ {]tXyI \nÀt±i {]Imcw Fñm amkhpw 4 Znhkw \oï hnhml Hcp¡ skan\mÀ eï\nse AÀt\mhnepÅ HuÀ teUn Hm^v eqÀ±nð h¨v \S¯phm\pw Bcw`w Ipdn¨p. XXv^eambn 2006 ð ^m: _nPp tPm¬ {]hmknIfpsS hnhml Hcp¡ skan\mdns\ klmbn¡pó ''kv--t\l¯nsâ IY'' Fó ]pkvXIw {]kn²oIcn¡pIbpw amÀ hÀ¡n hnXb¯nð ]nXmhv Cu ]pkvXIw {]Imi\w sN¿Ibpw sNbvXp. C¡mebfhnð XsóbmWv hnZymÀ°nIÄ¡mbn {InÌo³ [ym\w BZyambn bpsIbnð kwLSn¸n¨Xv. .
CtX Imebfhnð Xsó ^manen At¸mkvXteäv \nehnð hcnIbpw bphXn bphm¡Ä¡mbn ''bq¯v þ bpsI'' Fó kwLS\ \nehnð hcnIbpw bpsIbnð ]ebnS§fnepw bph P\§Ä¡mbn AhÀ [ym\w kwLSn¸n¡pIbpw sNbvXp. IqSmsX sk³{Sð tImÀUnt\j³ I½änsbbpw ^n\m³kv I½änsbbpw s]mXptbmK¯neqsS XncsªSp¡pIbpw sNbvXp. C{]Imcw XncsªSp¡s¸« BZy I½än AwK§Ä: BâWn amXyp, _nón at\mPv, tPmkv, im´ntam³, tPmbv--kv ]n Pbnwkv, tdmk½ aä¯nð ChcpsS iàamb t\XrXz¯nð Hcp cq]XbpsS amXrIbnð Xsó hnhn[ I½änIfpw kotdm ae_mÀ sh_v--sskäpw Fñm bpsIbnepw \nehnð hóp. _lp. IeqÀ A¨âbpw tPm¬ hmg]\mSn A¨sâbpw tPm¬ hmg]v\mSn A¨sâbpw IpSpw_ \hoIcW [ym\§fpw Cu Imebfhnð \S¯m³ IgnªXv A`n\µ\mÀlamWv.

_n-Pp A-¨³ Xp-S-¡-an-« hn-izm-k Zo-]v-Xn G-sä-Sp-¯p ]qÀ-¯o-I-cn-¨-Xn-ð A-t\-Iw a-eb-mfn ssh-Zn-I-À-p¡w Að-am-bm t\-Xm-¡Ä¡pw ]-¦pïv. kotdm a-e-_mÀ k-`-bp-sS h-fÀ-¨ F-§-s\-bm-Wv cq-]-X Øm]-\w h-sc ]qÀ-¯n-bm-¡pó-Xv F-óv hy-à-a-m¡p-ó _m-¡n hn-hc-Ww \m-sf hm-bn-¡mw.

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ChnsS sImSp¡pó A`n{]mb§Ä {_n«ojv aebmfnbptSXñ. tkmjyð s\ähÀ¡v hgn NÀ¨bnð ]s¦Sp¡póhÀ AÇoetam aX \nµtbm A]IoÀ¯nIctam \nbahncp²tam Bb A`n{]mb§Ä t]mÌv sN¿póXv ssk_À \nba{]Imcw in£mÀlamWv- þ FUnäÀ

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