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kz´w \m«nð \Só Hfn¼nIv--kns\bpw shñpó {]IS\t¯msS dntbmbnð {_n«³; saUð Smenbnð cïmasX¯póXv Ncn{X¯nð BZyw

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kz´wteJI³

2012ð eï\nð \Só Hfn¼nIv--knepÅXnt\¡mÄ anópó {]IS\amWv Ct¸mÄ dntbm Hfn¼nInknð {_n«³ \S¯nbncn¡pósXóv Gähpw ]pXnb dnt¸mÀ«pIÄ kqNn¸n¡póp. {_n«sâ Ncn{X¯nse Gähpw al¯mb Hfn¼nIv--kmWnsXómWv Sow t_mkmb amÀ¡v Cw¥ïv ]dbpóXv. Hfn¼nIv--knsâ Ncn{X¯nð CXmZyambn {_n«³ saUð Smenbnð cïmw Øm\-¯v F¯nbncn¡pIbmW.v Cóse cmhnse hsc sam¯w 63 saUepIfmWv hnhn[ C\§fnð {_n«³ IcØam¡nbncn¡póXv. Fómð kz´w a®nð h¨v \Só eï³ Hfn¼nIv--knð shdpw 65 saUepIÄ am{Xta cmPy¯n\v t\Sm³ km[n¨ncpópÅqshódnbpt¼mgmWv Ct¸mgs¯ t\«¯n\v F{Xam{Xw Xnf¡apsïóv a\knem¡m³ km[n¡p-óXv.

dntbmbnð {_n«\v thïn 366 AXv--eäpIsf aÕcn¡pópÅq. Fómð \mev hÀj§Ä¡v ap¼v \Só eï³ Hfn¼nIv--knð cmPy¯n\v thïn If¯nend§nbncpóXv 541 AXv--eäpIfmbncpóp. C¡mcW¯mð dntbmbnse {_n«sâ {]IS\w AXn al¯camsWópw hnebncp¯s¸Spóp. 1908ð eï\nð h¨v \Só Hfn¼nIv--knse {it²bamb {]IS\¯n\v tijw 108 hÀj§Ä¡v tijw CXmZyambmWv {_n«³ Hfn¼nIv--knð C{Xtað Xnf§póXv. shdpw 65 aney¬ t]cpÅ {_n«\v saUð ]«nIbnð cïmw Øm\w t\Sm³ km[n¨ncn¡póXv Xmc§fpsS BßmÀ°X sImïv am{XamsWómWv amÀ¡v Cw¥ïv A`n{]mbs¸«ncn¡póXv. 1.3 _ney¬ P\§fpÅ ssN\bv¡v t]mepw saUð ]«nIbnð aqómwØm\¯v am{Xtasb¯m³ km[n¨n«pÅpshódnbpt¼mgmWv {_n«sâ hnPb¯nsâ alXztadpósXópw At±lw Nqïn¡m«póp. Hfn¼nIv--kn\pÅ 900 tIm¨pIÄ, H^ojyepIÄ, _m¡v--dqw Ìm^pIÄ XpS§nb kt¸mÀ«v Soans\ \bn¡póXv amÀ¡v Cw¥ïmWv.

{_koenð aÕcw \S¡pó CS§fnð {_n«sâ an¡ Xmc§fpw CXn\v ap¼v hón«v t]mepansñópw AXn\mð ]ehn[ {]XnIqekmlNcy§tfmSv Gäpap«nbn«mWv {_n«ojv Xmc§Ä h³ hnPb§Ä ssI¸nSnbnsemXp¡nbncn¡pósXópw At±lw shfns¸Sp¯póp. 1996ð \Só Aäv--emâ Hfn¼nIv--knð saUð ]«nIbnð {_n«\v shdpw 36þmw Øm\ambncpóp. AhnsS \nómWv Ct¸mgs¯ cïmwØm\¯v cmPysa¯nbncn¡pósXó {]tXyIXbpw Ct¸mgs¯ H-fn-¼nIvkn\pïv. ImbnI cwK¯v {_n«ojv kÀ¡mÀ \S¯pó \nÀWmbIamb \nt£]§fpw Cu t\«§sf Imcyambn kzm[o\n¨n«psïóv amÀ¡v Cw¥ïv ]dbpóp. saUð t\Snb an¡ Xmc§fpw km[mcW PohnXw \bn¡póhcmsWópw Fómð Ahcnt¸mÄ Akm[mcWamb t\«§fmWv cmPy¯n\pïm¡nbncn¡pósXópw amÀ¡v Nqïn¡m«póp.

dntbm Hfn¼nIv--knð {_n«sâ A`nam\w hmt\mfapbÀ¯nb saUð tPXm¡sfñmw X§fpsS taJeIfnð X\Xmb Ignhv sXfnbn¨hcmWv.  t_mIv--knwKv Xmcamb \nt¡mf BZwkn\v Xsâ Hfn¼nIv IncoSw dntbmbnepw \ne\nÀ¯m³ km[n¨n«pïv. 200 aoäÀ It\mbv knwKnfnð tKmÄUv sað t\Snb enbmw lo¯pw kv{XoIfpsS {Snbm¯v--temWnð t{_m³kv t\Snb hn¡n tlmfïpw cmPy¯nsâ A`nam\apbÀ¯nbn«pïv. U_nÄ U_nfnð anón¯nf§nb tam ^dmlnsâ {]IS\hpw {it²bambncpóp. 4X 400 aoäÀ dntebnð {_n«sâ Fbv--enUvlv tUmbv--se, A³bnI Ht\zmd, Fanen Ubaïv, {Inkv--ddns\ HmlpdpthmKv FónhÀ Xnf§pó {]IS\w ImgvN h¨mWv saUð t\Snb-Xv.

{]kvXpX C\¯nð 1992se _mÀktemW Hfn¼nIv--kn\v tijw {_n«³ t\Spó BZy saUepambncpóp CXv. Ignª Hfn¼nIv--knð {_n«sâ ssk¢nwKv Sow F«v kzÀWsaUepIfpw cïv shÅn saUepIfpw cïv t{_m¬kv saUepIfpw t\Snbncpóp. Cu hÀjw {_mUv--se hnKn³kv \bn¡pó ssk¢nwKv Sow Bdv tKmÄUv saUepIfpw \mev shÅn saUepIfpw cïv t{_m¬kpamWv IcØam¡nbncn¡póXv. kzÀWsaUð th«bnð C{]mhiyw apónse¯nb {_n«ojv Xmc§fmWv sIónbpw t{Sm«pw. CXnð sIónbv¡v Bdv kzÀW saUepIfpw t{Sm«n\v \mev kzÀWsaUepIfpamWv t\Sm³ km[n¨ncn¡p-óXv.

Cóv \S¡pó ]pcpj³amcpsS kq¸Àþslhn shbnäv ss^\enð {_n«sâ tPmbv tPmbv--kv {^m³knsâ tSmWn tbmIsb tXmð]n¨v saUð t\Spsaóv GXmïv Dd¸mb ImcyamWv. C¯c¯nð \nch[n Xmc§fmWv {_n«s\ dntbmbnð khntij Øm\s¯¯n¨ncn¡pó-Xv. dntbmbnð {_n«sâ AXv--eäpIÄ khntijamb {]IS\amWv \S¯nbncn¡pósXópw AhÀ AXn\v thïn \ómbn Hcp§nbncpópshópw {_n«sâ ImbnI Ncn{X¯nse al¯mb t\«amWnsXópw bpsI kv--t]mÀ«v No^v FIv--knIyq«ohmb enkv \nt¡mÄ {]XnIcn¨p.

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ChnsS sImSp¡pó A`n{]mb§Ä {_n«ojv aebmfnbptSXñ. tkmjyð s\ähÀ¡v hgn NÀ¨bnð ]s¦Sp¡póhÀ AÇoetam aX \nµtbm A]IoÀ¯nIctam \nbahncp²tam Bb A`n{]mb§Ä t]mÌv sN¿póXv ssk_À \nba{]Imcw in£mÀlamWv- þ FUnäÀ

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