1 GBP = 97.50 INR                       

BREAKING NEWS

Iuamc {]mb¯nepÅ HcmfpsS Xet¨mÀ F§s\ {]hÀ¯n¡póp? Xebv¡Is¯ em³Uv--kv--tI¸nMv F§s\ Isï¯pw? AhÀ \n§Ä¡v \ãs¸SmXncn¡m³ F´p sN¿Ww?

Britishmalayali
kz´wteJI³

sset{_dnbt\mSv Hcp kv{Xo: ''Iuamc¡msc F§s\ hfÀ¯mw FóXns\¸änsbmcp ]pkvXIw thWambncpóp. saUn¡ð, sse^v--kv--ssäð, skð^v--slð¸v sk£\pIfnð sam¯w Xncªn«pw Hsc®w t]mepw In«nbnñ!''

sset{_dnb³: ''slmdÀ sk£\nð Hóp t\m¡q!''
(Hcp Hm¬sse³ ImÀ«q¬)
...................................
ImÀ«q¬ C¯ncn AXnitbmàn]camsW¦nepw Iuamcsaóp tI«mð ]eÀ¡pw a\Ênse¯pó Nne Nn{X§Ä slmdÀKW¯nð s]SpóhXsóbmWv: h³hml\§Ä¡nSbneqsS slðsaänñm¯ XeIfpambn CSwhewsh«n¨v Aedn¡pXn¡pó ss_¡pIÄ. Cãt{]m{Kman\nSbnð Sohnsb§m\pw Hm^mbnt¸mbmð FdnªpXIÀ¡s¸Spó dntam«pIÄ. anÊvUv--tImfneqsS ]cnNbs¸«hcpambn BtcmSpw anïmsX Cd§n¯ncn¡póhsc¡pdn¨pÅ hmÀ¯IÄ.

adphi¯v, _p²nbpw HmÀabpw ]pXnb Imcy§Ä ]co£n¡m\pw ]pXphnhc§Ä ]Tns¨Sp¡m\papÅ IgnhpIfpw D¨Ømbnbnse¯pó {]mbhpamWp Iuamcw. inãPohnXw \bnt¡ïXpÅ Npäp]mSpItfmSp \ómbnW§m\pw apXnÀsómcp hyànbmbn kzX{´PohnXamcw`n¡m\pw ssewKnI_Ô§fnð apgpIn¯pS§m\psams¡ {]m]vXn ssIhcp¯pó Ht«sd \hoIcW§Ä Xet¨mdnð Iuamc¡me¯p \S¡pópïv. B {]{Inbsb X¡ kq£vaXIÄ ]men¡msX AhXmf¯nem¡nbmtem B {]{InbbpsS ]mÀiz^e§fmb IuamcklPamb FSp¯pNm«s¯bpw AXnsshImcnIXsbbpsams¡ thïpwhn[w AS¡n\nÀ¯nbnsñ¦ntem Zqchym]Iamb ]e Zpjv{]XymLmX§fpw hóp`hn¡pIbpw sN¿mw. AXn\mð¯só Cusbmcp {]mb¯nð ssIs¡mtÅï \S]SnIsfbpw ap³IcpXepIsfbpw Ipdn¨v Iuamc¡mcpw amXm]nXm¡fpw A²ym]Icpw Adnªpsht¡ïXpïv.

Iuamcsaómð
ssewKnI {]mb]qÀ¯nsb¯pó þ ]yp_À«n Fó þ {]{Inb¡p kamcw`amhpóXp sXm«v, kz´ambn Xocpam\§sfSp¡m\pw kzX{´ambn Pohn¡m\pw ]mIX ssIhcpóXp hscbpÅ hÀj§fmWv Iuamcsaóp hnfn¡s¸SpóXv. temImtcmKykwLS\bpsS A`n{]mb¯nð Iuamcw ]¯n\pw ]s¯m¼Xn\pw CS¡pÅ {]mbamWv. ]yp_À«n GXp {]mb¯nð XpS§pópshóXv Ip«n BtWm s]t®m, IpSpw_¯nsâ km¼¯nI]Ým¯ew XpS§nb LSI§fpsS \nb{´W¯nemsWóXn\mð Iuamc¯pS¡hpw hnhn[ Ip«nIfnð hyXykvX {]mb¯nemhmw. `£We`yXbnepïmb hÀ²\hpw aäpw aqew ]yp_À«nbpw Iuamc¯pS¡hpw an¡ \mSpIfnepw ]ït¯Xnepw t\ct¯bmbn«papïv þ PÀa\nbnð \nópÅ ]T\§Ä ]dbpóXv, AhnsS s]¬Ip«nIÄ hbÊdnbn¡pó {]mbw 1860þð ]Xn\mdcbmbncpsó¦nð 2010þð AXp ]¯cbmsbómWv. t\ct¯ \mµnIpdn¡s¸SpóXv Iuamc¯n\pw A\p_Ô {]iv--\§Ä¡pw ssZÀLytaäpópapïv.

AtXkabw, Xet¨mdn\pïmhpó cq]m´cWs¯ am\ZÞam¡nbmWv Iuamcs¯ \nÀhNn¡póXv F¦nð AXnðhcpóXv ]¯p apXð Ccp]¯n\mephscbpÅ hbÊpIfmWv. CXnepw hnhn[bmfpIfnð kabt`Zw ImWs¸Spópïv.

Iuamc¯nse ssewKnIhnImkhpw akvXnjv--I]cnjv--IcW§fpw s]mXpsh XpS§pIbpw XocpIbpw sN¿mdpÅ {]mb§Ä
Xet¨mdnse anïn¸d¨nepIÄ
Iuamc¯nse khntij s]cpamä§fpsS DÅpIÅnIÄ a\Ênemhm³ Xet¨mdnsâ LS\bpw {]hÀ¯\hpw hfÀ¨bpambn _Ôs¸« Nne ASnØm\hkvXpXIÄ AdntbïXpïv.

\mUotImi¯nsâ {][m\`mK§Ä. (1) sU³ss{UäpIÄ (2) skð t_mUn (3) BIv--tkm¬ (4) aben³ IhNw (Nn{X¯n\p IS¸mSv: www.knowhownutrition.co.uk)

\½psS Nn´Ifpw hnImc§fpw Ne\§fpw sNbvXnIfpsams¡ Xet¨mdnse \mUotImi§Ä X½nse Bibhn\nab¯nsâ krãnIfmWv. \mUotImi§Ä F§ns\bncn¡psaóXnsâ km¼nÄ Nn{Xw 2þð ImWmw. 'skð t_mUn' Fsómcp `mKw, AXnð\nóp \ofpó 'sU³ss{UäpIÄ' Fó Nnñs¡m¼pIfpw 'BIv--tkm¬' Fsómcp hmepw, BIv--tkmWn\p NpäpapÅ 'aben³' IhNw FónhbS§póXmWv \mUotImi§fpsS LS\. \mUotImis¯sbmcp em³Uvsse³t^mWpambn XmcXays¸Sp¯nbmð, sU³ss{UäpIÄ dnkohdns\t¸mse ktµi§Ä ssI¸äpIbpw skð t_mUn t^mWns\t¸mse Ahsb ssIImcywsN¿pIbpw BIv--tkm¬ t^m¬hbdns\t¸mse Ahsb aäp `mK§fnte¡p hln¨psImïpt]mhpIbpamWv sN¿póXv.

Hmtcm tImihpw kao]tImi§Ä¡p ktµi§Ä ssIamdpóXv, BIv--tkmWneqsS t\À¯ hnZypXv'XcwK§Ä ISópt]mhpIbpw Xð^eambn AXnsâbä§fnð\nóv \mUock§Ä (neurotransmitters) Fó Xòm{XIÄ Npc¯s¸SpIbpw hgnbmWv. tImi§Ä¡nSbnð 'kn\m]v--kv' Fsómcp hnShpïv. CXnte¡mWv \mUock§Ä Npc¯s¸SpóXv. \mUock§Ä kn\m]v--kneqsS t_m«pIsft¸mse ''A¡sc''bnte¡p \o§n, cïmwtImi¯nsâ sU³ss{UäpIfnepÅ 'dnsk]vädpIÄ' Fó ''sP«n''Ifnð ASp¯mWv ktµi§sf At§m«p ssIamdpóXv.

cïp \mUotImi§Ä X½nepÅ kn\m]v--kv Fó _Ôw. (1) ktµiw ssIamdpó tImi¯nsâ BIv--tkm¬ (2) ktµiw ssI¸äpó tImi¯nsâ sU³ss{Uäv (3) cïp tImi§Ä¡panSbnse kn\m]v--kv Fó hnShv (4) kn\m]v--knte¡p Npc¯s¸« \mUockw (5) \mUockw sNóp]äpó dnsk]vädpIÄ (Nn{X¯n\p IS¸mSv:http://www.synapse-redaktion.de/ )

\nXym`ymkn B\sb FSp¡póXv
Hmtcm XhWbpw \msas´¦nepw {]hr¯nbnð apgpIpt¼mtgm GsX¦nepw Imcys¯¸än HmÀ¡pt¼mtgm \nÝnX tImi§Ä X½nð Bibhn\nabw kw`hn¡pópïv. cïp tImi§Ä X½nð BhÀ¯n¨v Bibhn\nabw \S¡póXv Ah X½nse _Ôw iàna¯mhm³ þ \mUocks¯ {khn¸n¡pó tImi¯nsâ BIv--tkmWpw ssI¸äpó tImi¯nsâ sU³ss{UäpIfpw X½nð ]pXnb kn\m]v--kv_豈 cq]s¸Sm\pw aptóbpÅ kn\m]v--kpIÄ _es¸Sm\pw aäpw þ hgnsbmcp¡pópïv. DZmlcW¯n\v, hben³hmb\bnð {]mhoWyw t\SnbhcpsS Xet¨mdnð CSXpssIhncepIfpsS Ne\§fpambn _Ôs¸« akvXnjv--I\mUotImi§fnð ]Xnhnepa[nIw sU³ss{UäpIfpw kn\m]v--kpIfpw \nco£n¡s¸«n«pïv. IqSpXð ]cnioen¡póXn\\pkcn¨v a\¡W¡nepw ImbnIbn\§fnepw ss{Uhn§nepsams¡ \ap¡p sshZKv²yw ssIhcpóXv akvXnjv--I¯nepfhmIpó C¯cw ]cnjv--IcW§fpsS ^eambmWv.

Xe¡Is¯mcp em³Uvkv--tI¸nMv
Gsd k¦oÀWamsbmcp AhbhamWv Xet¨mÀ FóXn\mð¯só AXn\p hfÀ¨ ]qÀ¯oIcn¡m³ hfsc¡mew thïnhcpópïv. P\\kab¯v akvXnjv--I \mUotImi§Ä¡v Að]kzð]w sU³ss{UäpIfpw kn\m]v--kv_Ô§fpta Dïmhq. Fómð P\\tijw, {]tXyIn¨v BZys¯ F«p amk§fnð, sU³ss{UäpIfpsSsb®w icn¡pw IqSpIbpw Ime{ItaW Hmtcm tImi¯nepw Hcp e£w sU³ss{UäpIÄ hsc apf¡pIbpw sN¿pópïv. _mey¯nepS\ofw, Ip«nbpsS PohnXm\p`h§Ä¡\pkrXambn, Xet¨mdnð tImSm\ptImSn kn\m]v--kpIÄ cq]wsImÅpópapïv. Xð^eambmWv \S¡m\pw HmSm\pw FgpXm\pw hmbn¡m\psams¡bpÅ IgnhpIÄ Ip«n¡p In«póXv.

XpSÀóv, s]¬Ip«nIfnð ]Xns\mópw B¬Ip«nIfnð ]{´ïpw hbÊn\p tijw, A[nIw D]tbmKn¡s¸Sm¯tXm X¡ iànbnñm¯tXm henb AXymhiyanñm¯tXm Hs¡bmb kn\m]v--kpIÄ sh«nsbmXp¡s¸Spópapïv (Nn{Xw 4). BtcmKyapÅ ]q¡fpïmhm³ tdmkv t]mepÅ sNSnIfnð I¼ptImXð \S¯pót]msemcp {]{InbbmWnXv. GItZiw Ccp]¯n\memw hbÊphsc XpScpó Cu sh«nsbmXp¡ð (pruning) Xet¨mdn\p \ñ Icp¯pw Imcy£aXbpw In«m³ AXy´mt]£nXhpamWv.

bYm{Iaw P\\kabs¯bpw GgmwhbÊnsebpw ]Xn\ômwhbÊnsebpw kn\m]v--kpIfpsSsb®¯nsâ amXrI. Ggmw hbÊnð F®w P\\kabt¯Xnt\¡mÄ IqSnbXmbn¡mWpt¼mÄ, ]Xn\ômw hbÊnð sh«nsbmXp¡ð Bcw`n¨Xp aqew F®w IpdªmWp ImWs¸SpóXv.

CXns\mcp {]mtbmKnI{]kànbpïv. GsXms¡¡gnhpIfpambn _Ôs¸« kn\m]v--kpIfmWv sh«nsbmXp¡s¸SpóXpw \ne\nÀ¯s¸SpóXpw FóXv Iuamc¯nepw ap¼pw Ip«n Fs´ms¡ {]hr¯nIfnemWp \ómbn apgpIpóXv FóXns\ B{ibn¨mWncn¡póXv. Ifna®p \\ªncn¡pt¼mÄ AXp Ipg¨v inð]apïm¡pI Ffp¸amsWót]mse, sh«nsbmXp¡ð ]qÀWamhpóXn\p ap¼pÅ {]mb§fnð IgnhpIÄ IqSpXsefp¸¯nð BÀPn¡m\mhpIbpw Ah IqSpXð Imew \ne\nópIn«pIbpw sN¿pw. hntZi`mjItfm kwKotXm]IcW§tfm ImbnIhnZyItfm atäm A`ykn¡WsaópÅhÀ Iuamc¯n\paptó AXn\p XpS¡anSpóXv sh«nsbmXp¡en\p tijw B IgnhpIÄ HmPtÊmSpw kpØncXtbmSpw tijn¡m³ klmbn¡pw. _mey¯nte Ip«nIfpsS IgnhpIfpw Xmð]cy§fpw Xncn¨dnbpIbpw X¡ t{]mÕml\§fpw ]cnioe\§fpw e`yam¡pIbpw thïXpïv Fó ]Xnhp]tZi¯nsâ imkv{Xob ASn¯d CXmWv.

akvXnjv--I¯nse ]IzXmkzcw
{]ot{^mïð tImÀ«Iv--kv. (Nn{X¯n\p IS¸mSv: www.neuropsychotherapist.com)

sh«nsbmXp¡ð Gähpa[nIw \S¡póXv Xet¨mdnsâ ap³hi¯p ØnXnsN¿pó '{]ot{^mïð tImÀ«Iv--kv' (]n.F^v.kn.) Fó `mK¯mWv (Nn{Xw 5). Iuamc¯nð Gähpw Ipdhp hfÀ¨sb¯nbn«pÅXpw CXc `mK§fpambn thï{X _豈 Øm]n¡s¸SmXncn¡póXpamsbmcp akvXnjv--I`mKamWnXv. a\pjyÀ¡p am{XapÅ ]e KpW§fpw þ GIm{KX, Bß\nb{´Ww, sshImcnI kwba\w, {]iv--\]cnlmctijn, Bkq{XW]mShw, ZoÀLho£Ww Fón§s\ þ \ap¡p XcpóXv ]n.F^v.kn.bmWv. kmlNcy§Ä¡\pkcn¨p s]cpamdm\pw Npäp]mSpIsf A]{KYn¨p \ñ DÄ¡mgvNIfnepw Xocpam\§fnepsa¯m\pw `mhnsb¸än IrXyXbpÅ {]hN\§Ä \S¯m\pw Hcp ImcytamÀ¯ph¨v ]nóoSv AXp]tbmKs¸Sp¯n {]hÀ¯n¡m\papÅ IgnhpIfpw ]n.F^v.kn.bpsS kw`mh\bmWv.

thKXtbäpw am{´nI¡hNw
BIv--tkmWpIfpsS aben³IhNs¯ ]cnNbs¸SpIbpïmbn. \mUotImi§fpsS {]hÀ¯\thKs¯ aben³ apÆmbncw aSt§mfw hÀ²n¸n¡pópïv. hnhn[ akvXnjv--I`mK§Ä¡v Hs¯mcpatbmsS {]hÀ¯n¡m\mhm³ aben³ \ðIpó Cu KXnthKw IqSntbXocq Xm\pw.

aben³IhN\nÀ½mWw Iuamct¯msS am{Xw ]qÀ¯nbmhpó cïp {][m\ akvXnjv--I`mK§fpïv. AXnsemóp ]n.F^v.kn.bmWv. ]n.F^v.kn.¡v BkIew aben³ e`yamIpóXv, sh«nsbmXp¡en\p ]cnkam]vXnbmb tijw, Ccp]¯ômwhbtÊmsS am{XamWv. sh«nsbmXp¡en\pw aben³ IhN\nÀ½mW¯n\pw hncmaamhpótXmsS am{XamWv ]n.F^v.kn.¡p apXnÀ¨sb¯póXpw AXp Xcpó IgnhpIÄ \ap¡p apgph\mbn¡n«póXpw.

tImÀ¸kv Itemkw. (Nn{X¯n\p IS¸mSv: www. neurosciencenews.com)

Xet¨mdnsâ CSXpw heXpw hi§sf _Ôn¸n¡pó 'tImÀ¸kv Itemkw' (Nn{Xw 6) Fó `mK¯n\pw Iuamc¯nemWv aben³ e`n¡póXv. k¦oÀWamb {]iv--\§sf Xet¨mdnsâ Ccphi§sfbpw \ómbp]tbmKs¸Sp¯n hniIe\w sN¿m\pw {InbmßIambn ]cnlcn¡m\papÅ tijn \ap¡p ssIhcpóXv CXn\ptijw am{XhpamWv.

C\n tað¸dª hnhc§fpsS Nne {]mtbmKnI {]kànIÄ ]cntim[n¡mw.

AanXtIm]hpw AXnsshImcnIXbpw
hnImc§fpsS DXv]mZ\hpw Bhnjv--IcW§fpw 'en¼nIv knÌw' Fsómcp Iq«w akvXnjv--I`mK§fpsS, {]tXyIn¨pw 'AanKvUe' Fsómcp `mK¯nsâ, tPmenbmWv (Nn{Xw 7). Ch ]n.F^v.kn.bpsS \nb{´W¯n³ IognepamWv. Iuamc¯nð en¼nIv kn̯n\p ]qÀWhfÀ¨sb¯pópsï¦nepw AXns\ \nb{´nt¡ï ]n.F^v.kn.bnð sh«nsbmXp¡epw aben³\nÀ½mWhpsams¡ ]ptcmKan¡ptóbpïmhq FóXmWv Iuamc¡mÀ ]et¸mgpw s]mSpós\, Gsdbfhnð tZjyhpw aäp hnImc§fpw {]ISam¡póXnsâ apJy ImcWw.

en¼nIv knÌw. AanKvUebpw lnt¸mImw]kpw ImWmw
CXn\p ]pdsa, ]yp_À«ntbmsS cà¯nte¡p IqewIp¯nsb¯pó ssewKnI tlmÀtamWpIÄ sshImcnI\nesb kzm[o\n¡pópapïv. Bß\nb{´Ww, hnImc§fpsS DÛhw, AhbpsS {]IS\w Fónhbpambn _Ôs¸« tUm¸an³, kntdmt«mWn³ Fóo \mUock§fpsS Afhv Iuamc¯nð IpdbpópshóXpw AXnsshImcnIX¡p ImcWamhpópïv.

Iuamc¡mÀ {i²n¡m³
Cusbmcp {]IrXw Xmð¡menIw am{Xambncn¡pw.
hnImcm[nIyw Ft¸mgpsamcp tamiw Imcyasñópw \S]Sn thsïmcp {]iv--\w I×p¼nepsïóv a\Êp \ap¡v kqN\ XcpóXmhmasXópw HmÀ¡pI. AtXkabw, Xocpam\§sf hnImc§fpsS tað am{Xw Ahew_nXam¡mXncn¡pI.
amXm]nXm¡Ä {i²n¡m³

hnImchnt£m`§Ä Iuamc¡mÀ a\x]qÀÆw ImWn¡póXsñópw F{X ]mSps]«mepw AhÀ¡hsb ]qÀWambn \nb{´n¡m\mtb¡nsñópw HmÀ¡pI.
hnja§Ä NÀ¨ sN¿m³ AhÀs¡t¸mÄ thWsa¦nepw \n§sf kao]n¡mhpsómcp kmlNcyapïm¡pI.
kaql\ò¡mbpÅ kó²{]hÀ¯\§fnð GÀs¸Sm³ t{]mÕmln¸n¡pI. Ah ss\cmiyaIem\pw kzbwaXn¸p IqSm\pw klmbn¡pw.
\ncmitbm ap³tIm]tam BgvNIÄ \ofpIbpw, H¸w hni¸nñmbvIbpw XfÀ¨bpw Fñmänt\mSpsamcp hncànbpw Xm³ Hón\pw sImÅm¯bmfmWv, Pohn¨ncpón«pw henb Imcysamópanñ Fsóms¡bpÅ Nn´mKXnIfpw {]ISamhpIbpw sN¿psó¦nð {]iv--\w IuamcklPamb AXnsshImcnIXbnð\nóp hn«v hnjmZtcmK¯nte¡p hfÀón«pïmhmsaóp kwibn¡pI. hnZKv² klmbw tXSpI. (Xncph\´]pcs¯ ]Xnaqón\pw ]s¯m¼Xn\pw CS¡p {]mbapÅ kv--IqÄ, tImtfPv hnZymÀ°nIfnepw ]T\w \nÀ¯nbhcnepw \S¯nb, 2004þð C´y³ tPÀWð Hm^v ]oUnbm{SnIv--knð {]kn²oIcn¡s¸« ]T\w kv--IqÄ hnZymÀ°nIfnð aqópw ]T\w \nÀ¯nbhcnð ]Xns\mópw iXam\¯n\p hnjmZw Isï¯pIbpïmbn.)
FSp¯pNm«hpw A]mbhmRvObpw

A]ISIcamwh®w s]cpamdm\pÅ {]hWX Iuamc¯nð IqSpXembn ImWs¸Smdpïv. hnhn[ cmPy§fnð\nópÅ ]T\§Ä kqNn¸n¡póXv ]pXpXmbn FbvUv--kv ]nSns]Spóhcnð \sñmcp ]¦pw Iuamc¡mcmsWópw Iuamc¡mcmb ss{UhÀamÀ A]ISw hcp¯m\pÅ km²yX \mep aSt§mfw IqSpXemsWópw BWv. kmlknIIrXy§Ä¡nSbntem ZpÀLS kmlNcy§fnð skð^n¡p {iant¨m acWw hcn¡pó Iuamc¡msc¡pdn¨pÅ hmÀ¯IÄ \½psS ]{X§fnepw kpe`amWv. CXnsâsbms¡sbmcp aqeImcWw ]n.F^v.kn.¡pw AXn\p en¼nIv knÌhpambpw aäpapÅ _ԧġpw Ahcnð ]mIXsb¯m¯XmWv.

A]ISIcamb kmlNcy§fnð\nóp t]mdept]meptað¡msX c£s¸SpIsbóXv Gsd B\µhpw tcmamôhpw D±o]\hpw Bizmkhpw Xcpó ImcyamWv. C¸dª hnImc§Ä \ap¡v A\p`hthZyam¡póXv tUm¸an³ Fó \mUockhpamWv. tUm¸an³ hyhØ IqSpXð k{InbambXn\mepw aäpw, A]ISw\ndª {]hr¯nIÄ Iuamc¡mÀ¡v IqSpXð B\µZmbIamhpópïv.

\ap¡v Dt¯P\hpw im´Xbpw XcpóXv bYm{Iaw ¥q«taäv, Km_ Fóo \mUock§sf¨pc¯pó cïp \mUohyhØIfmWv. ¥q«taäv hyhØ \mw P\n¡pt¼mtg ]qÀWhnImkw {]m]n¨n«pïmhpsa¦nepw Km_ hyhØ¡p hfÀ¨ apgph\mIpóXp Iuamcm´yt¯msS am{XamsWóXpw Iuamc¯nse FSp¯pNm«¯n\pw A]mbhmRvO¡pw Hcp ImcWamWv.

Fómð, BIÀjIamb bmsXmópw ]Icw In«m\nñm¯ kmlNcy§fnepw apXnÀóhcpsS kmón²yapÅt¸mgpw Iuamc¡mÀ¡v Bß\nb{´Ww ]men¡m\mhmdpïv. Iq«pImcpsS kmao]yapÅt¸mgmWv AhÀ A]mbhmRvObpw FSp¯pNm«hpw IqSpXembn¡mWn¡póXv. Gsd sshImcnItam imcocntImt¯P\apÅtXm Bb kµÀ`§fnð (DZmlcW¯n\v, ]nSn¡s¸t«¡ptam, Iq«¯nð\nóp ]pd´Ås¸t«¡ptam Fsóms¡bpÅ `oXnIÄ \ne\nð¡pt¼mÄ) AhÀ hoïphnNmctaim¯ sXämb Xocpam\§sfSp¡m³ km²yX IqSpópapïv.

Iuamc¡mÀ {i²n¡m³

sh«nsbmXp¡ð ]qÀ¯nbmhpwap¼v A\mtcmKyIcamb {]hr¯nIfnð \nc´cw apgpIpóXv Ah Xet¨mdnð ]Xnªpt]mhm\pw ioeambn¯ocm\pw CSbm¡mw.
 
henb A]mbkm²yXbnñmsXXsó \ñ {Xnñp Xcpó ImbnIbn\§fnepw b{´bqªmð t]mepÅ ssdUpIfnepw GÀs¸SpI.
 
Iq«pImcpsS \nÀ_ԧġp hiwhZcmhmsX, ]äpó{X Bg¯nemtemNn¨pw hnizmkapÅ apXnÀóhtcmSp NÀ¨sNbvXpw am{Xw {][m\ Xocpam\§Ä FSp¡pI.
 
C¯cw {]hWXIÄ {]mbklPamsWóXns\ F´ptaXpw sN¿m\pÅ FIv--kv--Iyqkmbn Zpcp]tbmKs¸Sp¯mXncn¡pI. Xocpam\§sfbpw s]cpamä§sfbpw hniIe\w sN¿m\pw ]nghpIÄ Xncn¨dnªp kzbw Xncp¯m\pw C¯ncnsbmóp {ian¨mð Iuamc¡mÀ¡pw ]äpw.
 
amXm]nXm¡Ä {i²n¡m³
AhÀ¡p ]dbm\pÅXn\p ImXpsImSp¡pI. Bhiym\pkcWw D]tZi\nÀt±i§Ä \ðIpI.
Xmð¡menI kt´mj¯n\mbn Zqchym]Iamb Ipg¸§Ä hnfn¨phcp¯póXnse _p²nbnñmbvasb¸än t_m[hð¡cn¡pI. Fómð, hnhn[ {]hr¯nIfpsS A]IS§sf¡pdn¨v Aht_m[apïm¡nbXpsImïp am{Xw Ahchbnð \nóp ]n´ncnbWsaónñ. CótX sN¿mhq, CóXp sNbvXpIqSm Fsóms¡bpÅ IÀi\ \n_Ô\IÄ sh¡pIbpw \S¸m¡pIbpw IqSns¨¿pI (''Znhkw Hcp aWn¡qtd s\äp]tbmKn¡mhq'', ''GgpaWn¡pÅnð ho«nð Xncns¨¯nbncn¡Ww''). Hmtcm Xocpam\hpw F´psImsïSp¡psóóp hniZoIcn¨psImSp¡póXv kam\ kmlNcy§fnð AtX XXzap]tbmKs¸Sp¯n DNnXamb Xocpam\¯nse¯m³ AhÀ¡p {]m]vXn sImSp¡pw.
 
Hs«ms¡ kpc£nXamb dnkv--IpIÄ FSp¡m\pw Ahbnð\nóp ]mTapÄs¡mÅm\pw Ahkcw \ðIpI þ Bß\nb{´Ww ioen¡m\pw Xsóbpw NpäpapÅhscbpw temIs¯bpw ]än DÄ¡mgvNIÄ t\Sm\pw AXhsc klmbn¡pw. AanXambpw AØm\¯pw \nb{´W§tfÀs¸Sp¯póXv hn]coX^eta krãn¡q. Iq«pImtcmsSm¯p Id§mt\m C¯ncn A]ISkm²yXbpÅ IfnIfnteÀs¸Smt\m Xoscb\phZn¡msX AÑ\½amÀ sI«n¸q«nhfÀ¯pó Iuamc¡mÀ Hchkcw hoWpIn«pt¼mÄ AXnepw ]XnòS§v A]mbkm²yXbpÅ IrXy§Ä¡p Xp\ntª¡mw.
 
AhcpsS kplr¯p¡fpambn \ñ _Ôw hfÀ¯nsbSp¡pI.
ssek³knñmsX hïntbmSn¨v A]ISapïm¡pI t]mepÅ Ipä§Ä¡v amXm]nXm¡Ä¡pw \nba]camb D¯chmZn¯apïv FtómÀ¡pI
 
elcnbp]tbmKw
FSp¯pNm«hpw Iq«pImcpsS \nÀ_Ôn¡epIÄ¡v Ffp¸w hg§pó {]IrXhpw ]pXpatbmSpw A]IS§tfmSpapÅ {]Xn]¯nbpw Xm³ apXnÀópshó {]XoXnbpïm¡m\pÅ Xzcbpsañmw aqew Iuamc¡mÀ elcnhkvXp¡fnte¡v s]s«ómIÀjnXcmIpópïv. sh«nsbmXp¡epw aben³IhN\nÀ½mWhpw ]qÀWambn«nñms¯mcp {]mb¯nse elcnbp]tbmKw CfwXet¨mdnð apfs]m«ns¡mïncn¡pó kn\m]v--kpIsfbpw dnsk]vädpIsfbpw ZpÊzm[o\n¨v B elcn]ZmÀ°t¯mSv BPoh\m´ Bkàn¡pw A`n\nthi¯n\pw Ifsamcp¡mw.

aZy¯nsâbpw Iômhnsâbpw Imcyw Að]w hniZambn ]cntim[n¡mw.

aZyw
Xncph\´]pcw saUn¡ðtImtfPnð Ignª ]¯phÀjw Bð¡tlmfnk¯n\p NnInÕ tXSnbhcpsS tcJIÄ ]cntim[n¨p \S¯nb, C´y³ tPÀWð Hm^v sskt¡mfPn¡ð saUnknsâ ]pXnb e¡¯nð {]kn²oIrXamsbmcp ]T\¯nsâ Isï¯ð, sXmÅmbnc¯n A¼Xn\p ap¼p P\n¨hÀ BZyambn aZywsXm« icmicn {]mbw Ccp]¯n\mev Bbncpsó¦nð sXmÅmbnc¯n F¬]¯ôn\p tijw P\n¨hcnð CXv ]Xnt\gmbn¡pdªpshómWv. aebmfnIÄ aZy]m\¯nsâ lcn{io Iuamc¯nð¯só Ipdn¡m³ XpS§nbncn¡psóóXnsâ iàamsbmcp sXfnhmWnXv. CXnsâ Zqchym]I {]XymLmX§Ä KuchXchpambncn¡pw.

DZmlcW¯n\v, aZy]n¡pó apXnÀóhÀ ]et¸mgpw Afhv AanXamhpsóóp Xncn¨dnbpóXv kwkmcw Ipgbmt\m \S¡pt¼mÄ th¨pt]mhmt\m XpS§pt¼mgmWv. C¯cw amä§Ä DfhmIpóXv aZyw Km_ Fó \mUock¯nsâ dnsk]vädpIfnð {]hÀ¯n¡pt¼mgpamWv. Fómð Iuamc¡mcpsS Xet¨mdnð Km_m dnsk]vädpIfpsSsb®w IpdhmsWóXv AhÀ IqSpXefhnð aZy]n¨p t]mhm\pw IqSpXð Zqjy^e§Ä t\cnSm\pw hgnsbmcp¡pópïv.

HmÀaIsf krãns¨Sp¡m³ klmbn¡pó lnt¸mImw]kv Fó akvXnjv--I`mKw BhÀ¯n¨pÅ aZy]m\¯nð Npcp§nt¸mhpópïv. ]pXnsbmcp Imcyw ]Tn¡pt¼mÄ ]pXnb kn\m]v--kpIÄ cq]wsImÅpóXn\p aZyw XSÊamIpópapïv. Ipds¨mcp t_mdn§mb ]mT`mK§fpw aäpw {i²n¨p hmbn¡m\pÅ Ignhv aZy]n¡pó Iuamc¡mcnð ]¯p iXam\t¯mfamWp Ipdªpt]mhpóXv.

Xet¨mdnsâ Ccphis¯bpw _Ôn¸n¡pó tImÀ¸kv Itemks¯ aZyw ZpÀ_es¸Sp¯mw. AXv, Xocpam\§sfSp¡pt¼mÄ ]e t{kmXÊpIfnð \nópÅ hnhc§sf D]tbmKs¸Sp¯póXn\pw ]pXpXmbn hñXpw ]Tns¨Sp¡pt¼mÄ ]eXcw hnZyIÄ D]bpàam¡póXn\pw hnLmXtlXphmImw. aZy]n¡pó Iuamc¡mcnð sh«nsbmXp¡ð ]Xnhnepw t\ct¯, thï{X ^e{]Zañm¯ coXnbnð kw`hn¨pt]mhpópïv. ]XnaqómwhbÊn\p aptó aZysaSp¡póhcnð \mð¸Xp iXam\¯ntesd t]À¡v apXnÀópIgnªv Bð¡tlmfnkw ]nSns]Spópapïv.

Iômhv
Iômhnt\mSp kmayapÅ F³tUmIóm_nt\mbvUpIÄ Fó Xòm{XIsf Xet¨mÀ kzbw DXv]mZn¸n¡pópïv. Ah¡p Iuamc¯nse kn\m]v--kv cq]oIcW§fnepw sh«nsbmXp¡epIfnepw \sñmcp ]¦pïp Xm\pw. AXn\mð¯só, Cu {]{InbIÄ ]ptcmKan¡psómcp Xet¨mdnð Iômhp ]pcfpóXv HmÀabpw {i²bpw _p²nbpw ]nóm¡amhm\pw at\mtcmK§Ä BhnÀ`hn¡m\pw Xet¨mdnsâ hen¸w Aev]w Ipdªpt]mhm\psams¡ ImcWamhmw.

Iuamc¡mÀ {i²n¡m³
elcnbp]tbmKn¡m³ t{]cn¸n¡póhtcmSv a\ssØcyt¯msS ''t\m'' ]dªp ioen¡pI. AtX¸än hmZ{]XnhmZ§Ä¡v CSwsImSp¡mXncn¡pI.
''aZyw ssewKnI]mShw sa¨s¸Sp¯pw'', ''Iômhp _p²niàn ]pãns¸Sp¯pw'', '']pIhen Dd¡s¯s¨dp¯v ]T\tijn A`nhtbm[nIns¸Sp¯pw'' Fsóms¡bpÅ hmZ§Ä ASnØm\clnXamWv.
 
amXm]nXm¡Ä {i²n¡m³
elcnbpsS Zqjyhi§sf¸än ]ebmhÀ¯n NÀ¨ \S¯pI þ amXm]nXm¡Ä¡p X§fnepÅ hnizmk_lpam\§Ä \ãamhptamsbó `oXnbmWv elcnbp]tbmK¯nte¡p IS¡mXncn¡m³ Iuamc¡mÀ¡pÅ Gähpw iàamb ]n³hnfn Fóp KthjIÀ ]dbpópïv.
Ip«nIfpsS I¬apónð elcnbp]tbmKn¨v tamiw amXrI krãn¡mXncn¡pI. ho«nð elcn]ZmÀ°§Ä kq£n¡mXncn¡pI. hntijmhkc§fnðt¸mepw Ip«nIsf elcn ioen¸n¡mXncn¡pI.
elcnbp]tbmKn¡póhÀ¡p hnZKv²klmbw e`yam¡pI.
am\knIk½À±w

]T\¯nsâ AanX`mchpw Nn´mcoXnbnse sshIey§fpw _Ô§fnse kÀhkm[mcWamb Xmf¸ngIfpsams¡ Iuamc¡mcnð Gsd am\knIk½À±¯n\p ImcWamhpópïv. imcocnIhpw akvXnjv--I]chpamb khntijXIÄ k½À±kmlNcy§fpsSbpw am\knIk½À±¯nsâbpw {]XymLmX§sf Iuamc¯nð s]cp¸n¡pópapïv.

{]XnkÔnL«§fnð AanKvUe ]nänbq«dnsbbpw AXv A{Uo\ð {KÙnsbbpw D±o]n¸n¡pIbpw, A{Uo\ð {khn¸n¡pó A{Un\men³ \½psS lrZbanSn¸pw izmtkmÑzmkhpw ssIImepIfnte¡pÅ càtbm«hpw aäpw hÀ²n¸n¨pw thZ\sb abs¸Sp¯nbpsams¡ B {]XnkÔnsb adnIS¡m\pÅ Ignhp \ap¡p XcnIbpw sN¿pópïv. AanKvUe¡p tað ]n.F^v.kn.bpsS ISnªm¬ ZpÀ_eamsWóXn\mð Cu {]{Inb Iuamc¯nð A\nb{´nXamhpIbpw lm\nIcambn `hn¡pIbpw sN¿mw. hnImc§fpsS DdhnSamb AanKvUe¡p ''\mY\nñm''Xncn¡póXv `bhpw ]cn{`m´nbpw tIm]hpw shdp¸psams¡ Iuamc¯nð IqSpXembpfhmIm³ \nan¯amhpópapïv.

A{Un\mensâ t\cnb kmón²yw lrZb¯nsâ ]¼n§pw AXphgn Xet¨mdnte¡pÅ càtbm«hpw Iq«psaóXn\mð sNdnsbmcfhp am\knIk½À±w ]T\¯n\p klmbIamWv. Fómð AanXamb am\knIk½À±w GIm{KXsb \in¸n¡pIbpw ]T\tijnsb ZpÀ_eam¡pIbpsams¡bmWp sN¿pI. aZys¯t¸mse am\knIk½À±hpw lnt¸mImw]kv Npcp§m\nSbm¡pIbpw ]p¯\dnhpIsf Xet¨mdnepd¸n¡pó ]pXpkn\m]v--kpIfpsS cq]oIcW¯n\p XSÊamhpIbpw sN¿pópïv. am\knIk½À±apÅt¸mÄ XethZ\bpw Zl\t¡Spw t]mepÅ imcocnI sshjay§Ä _m[n¡m\pÅ km²yX Iuamc¡mÀ¡p IqSpXepamWv.

{]Xntcm[ amÀK§Ä
BtcmKyIcamb `£Ww Ign¡pI.
imcocnI hymbmaw ioeam¡pI.
dnemIv--tkj³ hnZyIÄ D]tbmKs¸Sp¯pI.
PohnX¯nð ASp¡pw Nn«bpw ]men¡pI.
Nn´mKXnIfnse ]nghpIÄ Xncn¨dnªp ]cnlcn¡pI.
{]iv--\§Ä aäpÅhcpambn Xpdóp NÀ¨ sN¿pI.
Dd¡w

kab¯v Dd§m¯Xns\bpw Fgptóð¡m¯Xns\bpw sNmñnbpÅ hg¡pIÄ Iuamc¡mcpw AÑ\½amcpw X½nð km[mcWamWv. Fómð ]ecpw t_m[hmòmcñms¯mcp ImcyamWv, akvXnjv--IhfÀ¨bpambn _Ôs¸« sh«nsbmXp¡eS¡apÅ {]{InbIÄ an¡Xpw \S¡póXv Dd¡¯nemsWóXpw AXn\mð \ap¡p In«nbncnt¡ï Dd¡¯nsâbfhv Iuamc¯nð IqSpópsïóXpw. H¼tXm ]t¯m hbÊpImÀ¡pw buh\¯nepÅhÀ¡pw F«p aWn¡qÀ Dd§nbmð aXnsb¦nð ]Xn\ôp apXð Ccp]¯ncïp hsc hbÊpImÀ¡nXv H¼tXImð aWn¡qdmWv.

Iuamc¡mÀ Dd§m\papWcm\pw sshIpóXn\pw hniZoIcWapïv. \ap¡v Dd¡w hcp¯póXpw AXn\v BgwXcpóXpw Xet¨mdnse ]n\nbð{KÙn {khn¸n¡pó saemtämWn³ Fó tlmÀtamWmWv. Iuamc¡mcnð saemtämWnsâbfhv cà¯nð thï{XbmhpóXv cm{Xn ]Xns\mópaWntbmsS am{XamsWóXn\memWv AhÀ¡v Dd¡w In«m³ sshIpóXv. AXncmhnsebpWcpI AhÀ¡p t¢iIcamhpóXv saemtämWn³ cmhnse F«paWnhsc \ne\nð¡póXn\mepamWv. adphi¯v, cmhnse Ggn\pWcpó Hcp apXnÀóbmfnð saemtämWn³ Aóp cm{Xn H¼tXmsS¯só hoïpw kar²amhpIbpw ASp¯ kqtcymZbt¯msS Xncn¨p IpdbpIbpw sN¿pópïv.

sshInam{Xapd§pó Iuamc¡mÀ ]peÀ¨Ifnð kZm D´n¯Ån hnfn¨pWÀ¯s¸SpóXv AhÀ¡p aXnbmb Dd¡w In«msXt]mhm³ CSsbmcp¡pIbpw ]e Zpjv{]XymLmX§fpw kwPmXam¡pIbpw sN¿mw. imcocnIhpw ssewKnIhpamb hfÀ¨sb¯pW¡pó ]e tlmÀtamWpIfpw {khn¡s¸SpóXv Dd¡¯nemWv FóXn\mð Dd¡w IpdbpóXn\\pkcn¨v AhbpsS e`yXbpw Ipdbmw. \ómbn hni¸pïmhm\pw am\knIk½À±s¯ ]Sn¡p]pd¯p \nÀ¯m\pw \ñ Dd¡w In«ntb ]äq. apJ¡pcp t]mepÅ NÀ½{]iv--\§Ä hjfmhm\pw _n.]n. AanXamhm\pw IfnIÄ¡pw aäpanSbnð IqSpXð ]cnt¡ð¡m\pw A£abpw FSp¯pNm«hpw A{IamkàXbpw IqSm\pw HmÀaiànbpw {]iv--\]cnlmctijnbpw kÀKmßIXbpw Ipdbm\psañmw Dd¡¯nsâ A]cym]vXX hgnsbmcp¡mw. ]Ið ]cnioen¡pó ]mT§fnepw ]mSh§fnepw \nóv A{]kàambhsb tNdn¡fªv {]m[m\yapÅhsb Xet¨mdnð tNÀs¯m«n¡pó kn\m]v--kv cq]oIcW§fpw t{]m«o³ \nÀ½mW§fpsams¡ \S¡póXv Dd¡¯nemsWóXpw {]kàamWv.

Nne s]mSnss¡IÄ
]pIhen¡mXncn¡pI. D¨ Xncnªv Nmbbpw Im¸nbpw I^o\pÅ tkm^väv{Un¦pIfpw Hgnhm¡pI. aZyw Dd¡s¯ klmbn¡pIbñ, Xmdpamdm¡pIbmWp sN¿pI FtómÀ¡pI.
{]`mX§fnepw ]Iðt\c¯pw \ómbn shfn¨tað¡m\pw, cm{Xn kv--{Io\pIfnepw aäpw \nóv shfn¨w I®neSn¡póXp ]cnanXs¸Sp¯m\pw {i²n¡pI. InS¸papdnbnð I¼yq«tdm Sohntbm Øm]n¡mXncn¡pI.
cm{Xn Dd¡w hcm³ sshIpsó¦nð cmhnse sshInbpWcpIsbó {]Xnhn[n ssIs¡mÅmXncn¡pI. Ah[nZnhk§fnð D¨ hsc InSópd§póXv icoc¯nse LSnImcs¯ I¬^yqj\nem¡pw.
shfn¨w Dd¡apWcpó tPmen kpKaam¡psaóXn\mð, cmhnse P\epIÄ Xpd¡m\pw IÀ«\pIÄ amäm\pw sseäpIÄ HmWm¡m\pw Bscsb¦nepw N«wsI«pI.
 
am\knI{]iv--\§Ä
Iuamc¡mcnð Aônsemtómfw t]sc kmcamb am\knI{]iv--\§tfsX¦nepw _m[n¡mw, apXnÀóhcnð¡mWpó am\knI{]iv--\§fnð ]IpXntbmfw Bcw`adnbn¡póXv Iuamc¯nemWv, am\knI{]iv--\§Ä BZyambn kmón²yadnbn¡m³ Gähpw km²yXbpÅ {]mbw ]Xn\mep hbÊmWv, an¡ am\knI{]iv--\§fpsSbpw BhnÀ`mh¯n\p ]nónð Iuamc¯nse akvXnjv--I ]cnjv--IcW§fnð hcpó ]mI¸ngIÄ¡p ]¦pïv Fsóms¡ ]T\§Ä ]dbpóp. hnjmZhpw kv--Intkm{^o\nbbpw t]mepÅ {]iv--\§Ä ]n.F^v.kn.bnse Ipg¸§Ä aqew DfhmImw FóXn\mð¯só, ]n.F^v.kn.¡p kmam\yw hfÀ¨bmbmte Ah¡p ]et¸mgpw NphSpd¸n¡m\mhpÅq FóXpw {]kàamWv.


kaql¯nse Hcp iXam\t¯mfw t]sc _m[n¡pó kv--Intkm{^o\nb an¡hmdpw {]ISambn¯pS§mdpÅXv Iuamc¡me¯mWv. km[mcW \ne¡v ]n.F^v.kn.bpsS ]Xn\ôp iXam\t¯mfw `mKamWv Iuamc¯nð sh«nsbmXp¡s¸Smdv F¦nð kv--Intkm{^o\nb _m[nXcnð CXv Ccp]¯ôp iXam\t¯mfamWv. ]T\¯nð ]nóm¡w t]mhpI, Iq«psI«pIfnð\nóv DÄhenªp XpS§pI, hyànipNnXz¯nepw hkv{X[mcW¯nepw A{i² ISóphcnI Fónh kv--Intkm{^o\nbbpsS {]mcw` kqN\Ifmhmw. tcmKw aqÀÑn¡póXn\\pkcn¨v Aicocn iÐ§Ä tIÄ¡pI, ]ckv]c _ÔanñmsX kwkmcn¡pI XpS§nb e£W§fpw X\n¡mtcm i{Xp¡fpïv, A]cnNnXcpw aäpw Xsó¸änbmWv kwkmcn¡póXv Fsóms¡bpÅ ASnØm\anñm¯ hnizmk§fpw Zriyamtb¡mw.

Readers Comments

ChnsS sImSp¡pó A`n{]mb§Ä {_n«ojv aebmfnbptSXñ. tkmjyð s\ähÀ¡v hgn NÀ¨bnð ]s¦Sp¡póhÀ AÇoetam aX \nµtbm A]IoÀ¯nIctam \nbahncp²tam Bb A`n{]mb§Ä t]mÌv sN¿póXv ssk_À \nba{]Imcw in£mÀlamWv- þ FUnäÀ

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