1 GBP = 87.90 INR                       

BREAKING NEWS

hmÕv-Mvlmansâ Ncn{Xw A-dnbmw

Britishmalayali
tkmWn tPmk^v

Imew F Un Bbnc¯n Adp]¯n Hómw Bïv. tbiphnsâ injyòmÀ X§fpsS PohnXw t]mepw ]Wbw h¨v, At\I IãXIÄ kln¨p sImïv temI¯nsâ hnhn[ `mK§fnð t]mbn ]mInb BZna {InkvXob k`bpsS hn¯pIÄ s]m«napf¨p XpS§nb Imew. temIs¯ apgph³ IogS¡n kqcy\kvXan¡m¯ km{amPyw sI«n¸Sp¡m³ Cw¥ojv P\X ISð bm{XIÄ XpS§póXn\pw cïp \qämïpIÄ¡p ap³]pÅ Imew. henb `qkz¯p¡Ä¡pSaIfmb GXm\pw {]`p¡fpsS am{Xw ssIhiambncpóp AómfpIfnð Cw¥ïnse A[nImchpw k¼¯pw.

F¦nepw B \mfpIfnð Xsó {InkvXphns\bpw Ahsâ A½sbbpw s\ônteänb Hcp hn`mKw P\X Cw¥ïnð Dïmbncpóp. {]tXyIn¨pw Ing¡³ {]hniyIfnð. A§s\bpÅ Hcp sIm¨p {Kmaambncpóp hm-ÕvMvlmw. XnIª {InkvXp `à\mbncpó FUv-thÀUv cmPmhnsâ `cW¯n³ Iognembncpóp Aóv Cu {]tZiw. AhnSps¯ {]`pIpSpw_¯nse {][m\ h\nXbmbncpóp dns¨ðUnk {]`zn. ]cnip² amXmhnsâ XnIª `àbmbncpó Cu h\nX ]pWy IÀ½§Ä¡pw `Iv-X PohnX¯n\pw Xsâ PohnX¯nð henb {]m[m\yw \ðInt¸mcpIbpw aäpÅhsc AXn\mbn \nc´cw t{]cn¸n¡pIbpw sNbvXp t]móncpóp. ]cnip² I\yIm adnbs¯ Xsâ PohnX¯nsâ tI{µam¡n Cu h\nX {]XnjvTn¨ncpóp. Xsâ PohnX¯nð amXmhn\mbn Fs´¦nepw Hcp al¯mb Imcyw sN¿Ww Fóv Cu Ipeo\ kv{Xo AXnbmbn B{Kln¡pIbpw Fópw C¡mcyw ]dªp I\yIm amXmhnt\mSv {]mÀ°n¡pIbpw sNbvXncpóp. "CXm IÀ¯mhnsâ Zmkn' Fóv K{_ntbð amemJtbmSv FfnatbmsS ]dªpsImïv ssZh lnX¯n\mbn kzbw hn«psImSp¯ ssZhP\\nbpsS Zmknbmbn Fsó GsäSp¡Wta Fóv ap«n¸mbn {]mÀ°n¨ B Ipeo\bpsS B{Kl]qÀ¯nsbtómWw ]cnip² A½ Hcp ZÀi\w hgn Xsâ CwKnXw shfnhm¡n.

Hcp \mÄ I\yImadnbt¯mSpÅ KmUamb {]mÀ°\¡p tijw InSópd§nb dns¨ðUnk¡v amXmhv kz]v\¯nð hfsc khntijamb Hcp ZÀi\w \ðIn. kz]v\¯nð A½ Ahsf Iq«ns¡mïp t]mbXv Xm³ P\n¨p hfÀó \t{k¯nse ho«nte¡mbncpóp. Ip«nbmbncn¡pt¼mÄ Xm³ HmSn¡fn¨ apähpw, ho«ptPmenIfnð Xsâ amXm]nXm¡sf klmbn¨ CS§fpw Fñmw ]cnip² "A½ dns¨ðUnksb Im«ns¡mSp¯p. Gähpw Ahkm\w I\yImadnbw Ahsc Hcp {]tXyI apdn Im«ns¡mSp¯p. Xm³ {]mÀ°n¨p sImïncpót¸mÄ K{_ntbð ZqX³ X\n¡p awKfhmÀ¯bpambn {]Xy£s¸« A\p{Kl apdnbpsS ZÀi\ambncpóp AXv. ZÀi\¯nð A½ Xsâ `àtbmSv B apdnbpsS AfhpIÄ IrXyambn FSp¡m³ Bhiys¸SpIbpw AXn\p klmbn¡pIbpw sNbvXp. Cu ZÀi\w XpSÀ¨bmb aqóp {]mhiyw dns¨ðUnk {]`zn¡pïmbn.

Ffnabnð hfÀó Xsó \ò\ndªhsf Fóv hnfn¨p sImïv {]Xy£s¸« ssZhZqX³, temI¯nsâ apgph\pw \mY\mIm³ t]mIpóhsâ A½bmIpÅ kZv-hmÀ¯ Adnbn¨ AtX Krl¯nsâ HmÀ½¡mbn Xm³ Im«ns¡mSp¯ AfhpIfnð Hcp tZhmebw ]Wnbphm\pw AXn\p kZv-hmÀ¯bpsS Bebw Fóv t]cv \ðIphm\pw AatemÛh amXmhv dns¨ðUnktbmSv Bhiys¸«p. ASp¯ Znhkw Xsó dns¨ðUnk {]`zn ZÀi\¯nð Iï {]Imcw tZhmebw \nÀ½n¡phm³ thï inð]nIsfbpw ]Wn¡mscbpw hnfn¨p Iq«n Xsâ kz]v\hpw ]cnip² adnb¯nsâ B{Klhpw hniZoIcn¡pIbpw Gähpw ASp¯ Znhkw Xsó ]Wn XpS§phm³ Bhiys¸SpIbpw sNbvXp. ]s£ At¸mgmWv Hcp henb kwibw dns¨ðUnk¡v DïmbXv. FhnsS tZhmebw ]WnbWw Fó Imcy¯nð Hcp hyàXbpw Cñ. DS³ Xsó B h\nXm cXv-\w Xsâ {]mÀ°\ Bcw`n¨p. {]mÀ°\¡nSbnð Dïmb ZÀi\ at²y amXmhv Hcp Imcyw Dd¸p \ðIn. "\msf cmhnse HcÛpXw {KmahmknIÄ ImWpw. AtXmsS Fñm AhyàXIfpw amdn Beb \nÀ½mWw Bcw`n¡pw'.

Aóv cm{Xn ]cnip² A½ henb HcÛpXamWv AhÀ¡mbn Hcp¡nbXv. apgph³ ]pðtaSpIfpw ]pðssaZm\§fpw \ndª {]tZiamb hmðjnlmanð Aóv ]Xnhnð \nópw hncp²ambn AXniàamb aªp IW§Ä s]bvXnd§n. AXv t\cw ]pecpthmfw CSXShnñmsX XpSÀóp. ]ntäóv ]peÀs¨ dns¨ðUnk {]`zns¡m¸w {KmahmknIÄ Iï ImgvN CXmbncpóp. F§pw aªp IW§fmð aqSnb ]pð \m¼pIÄ. Fómð Hcp ]pðssaZm\¯nse cïnS§Ä am{Xw DW§n hcïp InS¡póp. ]nsó H«pw Aam´apïmbnñ. A½ Im«ns¡mSp¯ cïnS§fnð Gähpw \ñ `mK¯mbn tZhmeb \nÀ½mWw Bcw`n¨p. Hcphi¯v inð]nIfpw ]Wn¡mcpw I¿pw sa¿pw a\Êpw AÀ¸n¨p AZzm\n¡pt¼mÄ adphi¯v AhÀ¡p XpWbpw iànbpw ]Icm³ ITn\amb D]hmk¯nepw {]mÀ°\bnepw dns¨ðUnk kabw Nnehgn¨p.

tIhew a\pjycpsS A[zm\w am{Xw t]mcm Xsâ Beb \nÀ½nXnbnð Fóv ]cnip² A½ ap³Iq«n Xocpam\n¨ t]mse Bbncpóp ]nóoSpïmb kw`h§Ä. tZhmeb¯nsâ ASn¯d \nÀ½mW¯nð hfsc t¢iIcamb HchØ kwPmXambn. F{X {ian¨n«pw ASn¯dbpsS IñpIÄ Dd¡pónñ. ]eh«w {ian¨p \ncmicmb ]Wn¡msc dns¨ðUnk AhchcpsS hoSpIfnte¡v ]dªb¨ tijw Xsâ ITn\amb {]mÀ°\ XpSÀóp. Xm³ Gsd hnizkn¡pó ]cnip² adnb¯nsâ t{]cWbmð ]Wn XpS§nb Bebw B A½ Xsó ]qÀ¯oIcn¡pw Fóv B `à kv{Xo Dd¨p hnizkn¨ncpóp. ]ntäóv cmhnse ]Wn Øe¯p XncnsIsb¯nb inð]nIfpw ]WnbmfpIfpw IïXv X§Ä¡p XpScm\mhmsX t]mb ASn¯dbpsS apIfnð GXmïv Ccp\qdv ASnItfmfw Dbc¯nð Gsd inð¸ NmcpXtbmsSbpw AXy[nIw Ddt¸msSbpw DbÀóp \nð¡pó tZhmebw Bbncpóp. ]Wn XpScm\mhmsX dns¨ðUnk hnjan¨p {]mÀ°n¨ B cm{Xnbnð ]cnip² I\yImadnbw Xsó amemJ hrµ§sf Ab¨p Xsâ `h\w sI«ns¸m¡pIbmWpïmbXv FómWv ]c¼cmKXamb hnizmkw. Ct¸mÄ \mw ImWpó hnip² temd³knsâ t]cnepÅ Nm¸ð \ne\nð¡pó cïp InWdpIÄ¡p kao]w BWv B tZhmebw \t{k¯nse `h\¯nsâ amXrIbnð ]WnXpbÀ¯s¸«Xv. Aóv apXð B `h\w A\h[n AÛpX§fpsS km£y IqSmcambn amdpIbmbncpóp Fóv Ncn{Xw ]dbpóp.

ISenð hgnsXänbmepw... PohnX¯nð a\Êv XIÀómepwA½bpïv IqsS FóXmWv kXyw hm-ÕvMvlmansâ NpänepapÅ \menð cïp `mK§fpw ISemWv. tZhmebw ]WnXXn\p tijapÅ BZy\mfpIÄ apXð Xsó Imänepw tImfnepw s]«v ZnisXän, IcsbhnsS FódnbmsX Dgdpó ISð kômcnIsf AÛpXambn Imäv hoin ASp¸n¨ncpó Hcp {]tZiambn Cu {Kmaw Adnbs¸Sm³ XpS§n. {ItaW ISð bm{X¡mcpsS CSbnð hmðjn§manse amXmhv X§fpsS c£bpsS tI{µambn Adnbs¸Sm³ XpS§nbXmbn Ncn{Xw ]dbpóp. IqSmsX ChnsSsb¯n tcmK kuJyw t\Snb At\I Xcw t¢inXcpsS km£y§fpw tcJIfnð \ap¡v ImWm\mhpw. F®aä tcmKim´nIÄ, acn¨pshóv temIw hn[nsbgpXnbÀ PohnX¯nte¡v Xncn¨p hóXv, hnIemwKÀ ]qÀ®XbpÅhcmbXv-, ImgvNbpw tIÄhnbpw Xncn¨p In«nb AÔòmcpw DuaIfpw, at\mtcmKw t`Zam¡s¸«hcpsS IYIÄ A§s\ hm-ÕvMvlmw A½bpsS am[yØw hgn \Só A\p{K§Ä A\h[n A\h[n.

hm-Õv-Mvlmanð \nÀ½nXamb B ]pWytZhmeb¯nsâ NpaXe dns¨ðUnk {]`znbpsS Imetijw aI³ P{^n GsäSp¡pIbpw ]nóoSv AXv 1130 ImeL«¯nð AKÌo\nb³ Im\³kv Fó kaql¯n\p \ðIpIbpw sNbvXp. AhcpsS Iognð Cu tZhmebw a[yIme bqtdm¸nse Hcp {][m\ Bcm[\m tI{µambn amdn. 1226 ImeL«§fnð Cw¥ïv `cn¨ sl³dn aqóma³ apXð 1511 ð IncoSmhIminbmb sl³dn F«ma³ hscbpÅhÀ hmðjnlmante¡p apS§msX XoÀ°mS\w \S¯nbncpóp.

1538 ð temI Ncn{Xw Xsó amänadn¨ aX\hoIcW amä§Ä¡v Cw¥ïv km£yw hln¨p. A¡me¯v Cu ]pWy{Klhpw kz¯p hIIfpw cmPmhnsâ IognemhpIbpw hm-Õv-Mvlmw A½bpsS ]mh\amb kzcq]w eï\nte¡v sImïpt]mbn AKv\n¡ncbm¡s¸SpIbpw sNbvXp. A½bpsS Krlw ]qÀ®ambpw \in¸n¡s¸«p. AtXmsS bqtdm¸nsâ `qJÞ¯nð Cu ]pWyØe¯n\pïmbncpó {]m[m\yw A¸mtS A{]Xy£am¡s¸«p. Fómð hm-Õv-Mvlman\v- taepïmbncpó ]cn]me\bpw IcpWbpw ssZhw Dt]£n¨nñ. ]Xns\«mw \qämtïmsS aX\hoIcW aptóäw hnimeamb a\ØnXntbmsS ]p\À\hoIcn¡s¸«p. A§s\ 1896 ð jmÀeäv ]ntbgv-k¬ t_mbv-Uv- Fó h\nX hmðjnlmw amXmhnsâ tZhmebw \ne\nóncpó {Kma¯n\p ]pd¯pÅ Én¸À Nm¸ð hne¡v hm§pIbpw AXns\ ]p\cp²oIcn¨ tijw ]cnip² It¯men¡m k`¡mbn hn«p sImSp¯p. XpSÀóv InMv-kv en\nse awKf hmÀ¯m kvamcI tZhmeb¯nð A½bpsS \in¸n¡s¸« Xncp kzcq]¯nsâ amXrIbnð Hcp cq]w \nÀ½n¡pIbpw hmðjnlmante¡pÅ BZy XoÀ°mS\w AhnsS\nópw 1897 HmKÌv 20 \v Bcw`n¡pIbpw sNbvXp.

1922 ð hm-ÕvMvlnlmanse ]pXnb hnImcnbmbn \nbanX\mb dh: Bð{^Uv- tlm¸v ]mtä¬ Fó Bw¥n¡³ sshZnI³ hmðjnlmw amXmhnsâ Hcp ]pXnb kzcq]w \nÀ½n¡pIbpw ]mcnjv NÀ¨v Hm^v skâv tacnbnð AXv Øm]n¡pIbpw sNbvXp. 1931 ð ]pXpXmbn \nÀ½nXamb Bw¥n¡³ NÀ¨v Hm^v hmðjnlmante¡p Cu cq]w ]p\À {]XnjvTn¨p. 1934 ð IÀZn\mÄ t_m¬, ]Xn\mbncw t]cS§pó Hcp XoÀ°mSI kwLs¯ Én¸À Nm¸ente¡p \bn¡pIbpw AhnsS ØnXn sNbpó ]cnip² adnb¯nsâ tZhmebs¯ tZiob tZhmebambn {]Jym]n¡pIbpw sNbvXp. 1950 apXð apS§msX Fñm hÀjhpw XoÀ°mSIcmb e£¡W¡n\v BfpIÄ Cu tdma³ It¯men¡m tZhmeb¯nse¯nt¨cpóp. th\ð¡mes¯ an¡hmdpw hmcm´y§fnð bqtdm¸nsâ ]e`mK¯p \nópapÅ XoÀ°mSI kwL§Ä ChnsS hóv hmðjnlmw amXmhnsâ A\p{Klhpw a[yØhpw {]m]n¨v aS§póp.

F´mWv Cu "Én¸À Nm-¸ð'?
a[yIme bpK¯nð hmðjnlmw bqtdm¸nsâ \m\m `mK¯p\nópapÅ XoÀ°mSIÀ F¯nt¨cpó {InkvXob kaql¯nsâ \mev {][m\ tZhmeb§fnð Hómbncpóp. Cóv \½psS \m«nð aebmäqcnte¡pw ]cpaebnte¡pw Hs¡bpÅ XoÀ°mS\ hgnbnð `àÀ¡mbn {]tXyIw kuIcy§Ä Hcp¡pó hgntbmc tI{µ§Ä t]mse A¡me¯v hmðjnlmante¡pÅ hgnat[y [mcmfw hgntbmc tZhmeb§Ä Dïmbncpóp. AXnð Gähpw {][m\s¸«Xpw Ahkm\t¯Xpw Én¸À Nm¸ð Bbncpóp. XoÀ°mSIÀ hmðjnlmanse hnip² tZhmeb¯nte¡pÅ Ahkm\ ssað \Kv\]mZcmbn XmïpóXn\p ap³]mbn Znhy _en¡pw Ip¼kmc¯n\pambn bm{X ChnsS \nÀ¯pI ]Xnhmbncpóp. C§s\ Én¸À (sNcp¸v) Agn¨p h¨v bm{X Bcw`n¡pó CSw FóXn\memhmw Cu tZhmeb¯n\p Én¸À Nm¸ð Fó t]cv In«nbXv. IqSmsX DÅneqsSbpÅ hgn AYhm a[y¯nepÅXv Fó AÀYw hcpó slype Fó ]Z¯nð \nópamImw Cu t]cv e`n¡m³ ImcWw. "ssÉt]' AYhm "Én]v Nm¸ð' ØnXn sNbpóXv hm-ÕvMvlman\pw Cw¥ïnsâ aäp {]tZi§Ä¡pw CSbnemWv.

Readers Comments

ChnsS sImSp¡pó A`n{]mb§Ä {_n«ojv aebmfnbptSXñ. tkmjyð s\ähÀ¡v hgn NÀ¨bnð ]s¦Sp¡póhÀ AÇoetam aX \nµtbm A]IoÀ¯nIctam \nbahncp²tam Bb A`n{]mb§Ä t]mÌv sN¿póXv ssk_À \nba{]Imcw in£mÀlamWv- þ FUnäÀ

Click here to type in malayalam

More News in this category