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A-Sp-¯ _-Ôp-hn-\v am{Xw t{]m-Iv-kn thm-«v sN-¿mw; Hmtcm sX-c-sª-Sp-¸n\pw ap-àymÀ ]p-Xp-¡Ww; ap-àymÀ t\m-«dntbm ^-Ìv ¢m-kv a-Pn-kv-t{Stäm H-¸nSWw; A-Sp-¯ ]mÀ-e-saâv k-t½-f-\-¯nð ]m-km-Ip-ó {]-hm-kn thm-«-hIm-i _nñp-sIm-ïv BÀ-¡v {]-tbmP\w?

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\yqUðln: hntZi¯pÅ C´y¡mÀ¡v \m«nð thm«psN¿póXn\v ]Ic¡msc NpaXes¸Sp¯m³ kuIcysamcp¡pó {]hmkn thm«hImi _nð ]mÀesaânsâ \S¸pkt½f\¯nð AhXcn¸n¡m\mWv tI{µ kÀ¡mÀ \o¡w. kp{]owtImSXnbpsS CSs]Sens\¯pSÀómWv {]hmknthm«v bmYmÀYyamhpóXv. ]t£ AhntSbpw NXn¡s¸SpIbmWv {]hmknIÄ. {]hmknIÄ¡v Hmtcm XncsªSp¸nepw apàymsd {]tXyIw NpaXes¸Spt¯ïnhcpw. Cu hyhØbmWv kp{]owtImSXnbpsS \nÀt±is¯ A«nadn¡m\pÅ X{´w. IÀi\ D]m[nIfmWv apàymdn\mbn tI{µkÀ¡mÀ aptóm«v hbv¡póXv.

ssk\y¯nepw AÀ[þssk\nI hn`mK§fnepw tPmensN¿póhÀ¡pÅ 't{]mI-vkn thm«n'ð\nóv (apàymÀ thm«v) hyXykvXambncn¡pw {]hmknIfpsS t{]mI-vkn thm«v. CXnð \nóv Xsó {]hmknIsf thm«v sN¿n¡mXncn¡m\mWA {iasaóv hyàamWv. ssk\nIÀ¡v X§fpsS aÞe¯nð ØncXmak¡mcmb {]mb]qÀ¯nbmb BscthWsa¦nepw apàymÀ Bbn \nban¡mw. Hcmsf \nban¨mð AXv kÀhokv--Imet¯¡v apgph³ _m[Iambncn¡pw. AXr]vXnbpsï¦nð Ft¸mÄ thWsa¦nepw amäpIbpw sN¿mw. ]t£ {]hmknIfpsS Imcyw hcpt¼mÄ CXñ ØnXn. Hmtcm sXcsªSp¸nepw thm«v sN¿Wsa¦nð AXn\v ap¼v \m«nset¯ï AhØbmWv CXpaqew DïmIpóXv.

{]hmknIÄ¡v Hmtcm XncsªSp¸nepw apàymsd {]tXyIw NpaXes¸Spt¯ïnhcpw. CXn\pthïn Nne hyhØIÄ P\{]mXn\n[y \nba¯nsâ t`ZKXn _nñnð DïmIpsaóv _Ôs¸« hr¯§Ä ]dªp. {]hmknIfpsS Imcy¯nð t{]mI-vknthm«v Zpcp]tbmKw sN¿s¸Sm³ km[yX IqSpXembXn\mð ASp¯ _Ôphns\tbm kplr¯ns\tbm am{Xta apàymÀ B¡mhq Fó \n_Ô\ GÀs¸Sp¯ntb¡pw. Hmtcm XncsªSp¸n\pw \nÝnXZnhk¯n\pap³]v {]hmkn apàymsd NpaXes¸Sp¯Ww. {]hmknIfpsS apàymdpw X§fpsS t]cpw H¸pw t\m«dn Asñ¦nð Hómw¢mkv aPnkvt{Säv aptJ\ km£ys¸Sp¯Ww. AXmbXv {]hmkn t\cn«v t\m«dn¡v ap¼ntem aPnkv--t{Sän\v ap¼ntem Ft¯ïn hcpw.

{]hmkn t\ct¯ kaÀ¸n¡pó km£y]{X¯nse apàymdpsS hnhc§fpw apàymÀ kaÀ¸n¡pó kXyhmMvaqehpw H¯pt\m¡nbmbncn¡pw thm«v sN¿m³ Ahkcw \ðIpI. Fw_kn hgnbpw CXv sN¿m\pÅ kwhn[m\w Hcp¡psaóv kqN\bpïv. tIm¬kpteäpw Fw_knbpw D]tbmKn¨mIpw CXv. Fómð CXpw Gsd sNethdnbXmIpw. Hmtcm cmPy¯pw Htóm ctïm \Kc¯nð am{Xta hntZiImcya{´meb¯nsâ Hm^okv ImWq. ChnsS Fñm \S]SnIÄ¡pw ^okv \ðIWw. ImeXmakhpw FSp¡pw. AXpsImïv Xsó Cu \qemameIfnð sNóp s]«v kabw Ifbm³ {]hmknIÄ X¿mdmInñ. AXpsImïv Xsó {]hmknIfpsS thm«nð henb Bthiw BÀ¡pw DïmIm\nSbnñ.

{]hmknIÄ¡v AhÀ tPmensN¿pó cmPy§fnð X]mðthm«v tcJs¸Sp¯m\pÅ \nÀt±iamWv XncsªSp¸v I½nj³ BZyw aptóm«psh¨ncpóXv. X]mðthm«v Cet{ÎmWnIv cq]¯nð {]hmknIÄ¡v Ab¨psImSp¡pIbpw AXnðthm«v tcJs¸Sp¯nbtijw AXv Fw_knIÄ aptJ\ X]menð Xncn¨b¡pIbpw sN¿pI Fó \nÀt±iw B`y´ca{´n cmPv\mYv kn§nsâ A[y£XbnepÅ a{´nXekanXn XÅn. {]hmknIÄ¡v AhcpsS aÞe¯nð thm«dmbn Ft¸mÄ thWsa¦nepw cPnÌÀsN¿mw. A§s\ sNbvXhÀt¡ apàymsd \ntbmKn¡m\mhq. Cu kmlNcy¯nð cPnÌÀ sN¿m³ {]hmknIÄ IqSpXembn aptóm«phón«nñ. Gähpw IqSpXð {]hmknIfpÅ tIcf¯nðt]mepw Imðe£t¯mfwt]À am{Xta thm«À¸«nIbnð t]cptNÀ¯n«pÅq. CXn\¸pdw Hópw {]hmkn thm«nepw \S¡m\nSbnñ.

{]hmknIÄ¡p cmPys¯ sXcsªSp¸p{]{Inbbnð ]¦mfnbmIm\pÅ kuIcyw Hcp¡psaóp tI{µkÀ¡mÀ kp{]owtImSXnsb Adnbn¨tXmsS k^eamIpóXv {]hmkn hyhkmbn tUm. jwkoÀ hbenð \S¯pó \nbat]mcm«§fmbncpóp. tUm. jwjoÀ hbenð kaÀ¸n¨ lÀPnbmWv No^v PÌnkv Zo]Iv an{i A[y£\mb aqówK s_ôv ]cnKWn¨Xv. CXn\mbn P\{]mXn\n[y\nba t`ZKXn _nð ASp¯ ssiXyImekt½f\¯nð sImïphcpw. \m«nse sXcsªSp¸nð ]Ic¡mcs\ D]tbmKn¨v thm«psN¿pó kwhn[m\w (t{]mIv--kn thm«nMv) sImïphcpsaópw tI{µkÀ¡mcn\p thïn AtämÀWn P\dð sI.sI. thWptKm]mð Adnbn¨p. Cu {]Xo£IfmWv ]pXnb \nba¯nse hyhØIÄ A«nadn¡póXv. {]hmknIÄ¡p tPmensN¿pó cmPy¯ncpóv Cet{ÎmWnIv X]mð thm«v, t{]mIv--kn thm«v Fónhbnsemóv A\phZn¡mhpóXmsWópw C¡mcy¯nð tI{µkÀ¡mcmWv \nbaw sImïphtcïsXópamWv hnjb¯nð sXcsªSp¸v I½nj³ t_m[n¸n¨Xv. CtXmsS, tIknð A´naXocpam\w kÀ¡mcnsâ ]cnKW\bv¡p hnSpIbmbncpóp.

{]hmknIÄ¡v ]Ic¡mcs\ D]tbmKn¨p thm«v A\phZn¡póXn\p \nbaw t`ZKXn sN¿m³ HmKÌnð tI{µa{´nk` Xocpam\n¨ncpóp. 2010 þð bp.]n.F. kÀ¡mÀ sImïphó \nbat`ZKXn {]Imcw, {]hmknIÄ¡v C´ybnse X§fpsS aÞe¯nð thm«À ]«nIbnð t]cp tNÀ¡m\pw sXcsªSp¸pZnhkw aÞe¯nepsï¦nð thm«v sN¿m\pw Ahkcapïv. Fómð, thm«v--sN¿m\mbn \m«nð hcpó _p²nap«v Hgnhm¡n ]e hntZicmPy§fnsebpw t]mse tPmensN¿pó cmPy¯ncpóp k½XnZm\mhImiw hn\ntbmKn¡m³ IgnbWsaómbncpóp lÀPn¡mcsâ Bhiyw. t{]mI-vkn thm«v {]Imcw temIs¯hnsSbmsW¦nepw kz´w hoSncn¡pó _q¯nð thm«v sN¿m³ Ahkcw e`n¡psaó Xc¯nte¡v sImïp hcpsaó {]Xo£ F¯n. Fómð apàymÀ \n_Ô\ CXn\v XSÊamIpóp. C¡mcyw Dóbn¨v 2014 amÀ¨nemWv jwkoÀ kp{]owtImSXnsb kao]n¨Xv. CXn\p ]nómse tIknð {_n«\nse hyhkmbn \mtKµÀ Nnµw DÄs¸sSbpÅhcpw I£ntNcpIbmbncpóp.

cïct¡mSnbne[nIw C´y¡mÀ hntZi¯psïómWp IW¡m¡póXv. FhnsS t]mbmepw aebmfnsb ImWmw. N{µ\nepw aebmfnbpsS X«pISbpsïómWv hbvv¸v. AXpsImïv Xsó {]hmknIÄ¡v thm«hImiw e`yamIpt¼mÄ Gähpw kt´mjn¡pI aebmfnIfpambncpóp. AhKWn¡m\mIm¯ iànbmbn Cu {]hmkn¡cp¯v amdpt¼mÄ \m«nepÅ DähÀ¡pw kam[m\w In«pw. F´n\pw cm{ãob t\Xm¡sf kao]n¡mw. thm«pÅhÀt¡ klmbapÅq Fó Ime¯v Cu thm«nsâ hne Fñmhcpw Xncn¨dnbpw. tIcf kÀ¡mcnsâ 2013se {]hmkn sk³kkv {]Imcw hntZicmPy§fnse aebmfnIfpsS F®w 16.25 e£amWv. Chcnð 14.26 e£hpw (88%) KÄ^nemWv. CXv Xncn¨dnªmWv tI{µ kÀ¡mÀ IcpXtemsS Icp¡Ä \o¡póXv. thm«v _m¦v cm{ãob¯nsâ hà¡fmbn {]hmknIsf amämXn¡m\mWv \o¡w.

CtXkabw C¡gnª ]mÀesaâv XncsªSp¸pthfbnse IW¡p{]Imcw thm«À ]«nIbnð t]cp tNÀ¯ {]hmkn aebmfnIÄ 11,174 am{XamWv. thm«v sN¿m³ t\cn«p \m«nse¯Wsaó \nehnse hyhØ sImïmbncpóp Cu XWp¯ {]XnIcWw. 2010se P\{]mXn\nXy \nbat`ZKXnbneqsS {]hmkn thm«hImiw \nba]cam¡nbncpóp. 2011 apXð ]«nIbnð t]cpw tNÀ¯pXpS§n. Fómð \S¸m¡póXnse Bib¡pg¸w aqew CXphsc thms«Sp¸n\p Ignªnñ.

Readers Comments

ChnsS sImSp¡pó A`n{]mb§Ä {_n«ojv aebmfnbptSXñ. tkmjyð s\ähÀ¡v hgn NÀ¨bnð ]s¦Sp¡póhÀ AÇoetam aX \nµtbm A]IoÀ¯nIctam \nbahncp²tam Bb A`n{]mb§Ä t]mÌv sN¿póXv ssk_À \nba{]Imcw in£mÀlamWv- þ FUnäÀ

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