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56,000 tImSn IÀjIÀ¡v \ðInbXpsImïv B ]m]¡d ambv¡m\mhnñ; tIm¬{Kkv XpS§nh¨ P\m[n]Xy lnwk _nsP]n hymhkmbnI ASnØm\¯nð \S¯pt¼mÄ t]Sn¨p hndbv¡póXv Ahkm\s¯ A`btI{µamb `cWLS\bmWvþ C³Ìâv sdkv--t]m¬-kv

Britishmalayali
kz´wteJI³

C´y³ P\m[n]Xyw _emÕwK¯n\v Ccbmbncn¡pIbmWv. _emÕwKw sNbvXtXm C´y `cn¡pó {][m\ a{´nbpw C´y `cn¡pó ]mÀ«nbpsS A[y£\pw tNÀóv. AXnsâ ap¼nð \nÊlmb\mbn t\m¡n \nð¡m³ am{Xta `cW LS\bnse cïmas¯ henb XqWmb \oXn hyhØbv¡v km[n¡pópÅq. Hcp]t£ ap¼v `cn¨ncpó tIm¬{Kkv \S¯nbncpó AtX sX½mSn¯camWv Ct¸mÄ tI{µw `cn¡pó _nsP]n kÀ¡mÀ \S¯póXv Fó \ymbw \nc¯m³ km[n¡mw. AXv kXyamWv Xm\pw.

IÀWmSIbnð ]ckv]cw aÕcn¨ aqóv cm{ãob ]mÀ«nIÄ¡pw `qcn]£anñ. AXnð cïv cm{ãob ]mÀ«nIÄ Hcpan¨v tNÀóv X§Ä kÀ¡mÀ Dïm¡msaóv KhÀWtdmSv ]dbpóp. Fómð KhÀWÀ `qcn]£w AhÀ¡v Dïv Fó Dd¨ t_m[yw Dïmbn«v IqSn `qcn]£w Cñm¯ _nsP]nsb kÀ¡mÀ Dïm¡m³ hnfn¡póp. Fóv am{Xañ B kÀ¡mÀ Imepamä¯neqsS `qcn]£w Dïm¡m³ thïn tI«p tIÄhn Cñm¯ hn[w kabw A\phZn¨p sImSp¡póp. cmbv¡v cmam\w tImSXnsb kao]n¡póp.

P\m[n]Xyw Fóv ]dbpóXv tI{µw `cn¡pó cm{ãob ]mÀ«nbptSbpw kÀ¡mcntâbpw Xmð]cy§Ä¡v A\pkcn¨v At§m«pw Ct§m«pw hftbïXmtWm Fó tNmZyamWv DïmIpóXv. CXn\v ap¼v aWn¸qcnepw taLmebnepw AcpWmNð {]tZinepw tKmhbnepw Hs¡ kam\amb kmlNcyw Dïmbt¸mÄ `cW¯nð IbdnbXv _nsP]nbmsWóv hcpt¼mÄ IÀWmSIbnse kmlNcyw Xncn¨mbn«pw _nsP]n Xsó A[nImc¯nð F¯n Fóv hcpt¼mÄ P\m[n]Xyw Fóv ]dbpóXv A]am\n¡s¸«ncn¡pIbmWv, Ahtlfn¡s¸«ncn¡pIbmWv. Hcp ImcWhimew `qcn]£w DÅ cïv cm{ãob ]mÀ«nIsf Hcpan¨v tNÀóv kÀ¡mcpïm¡m³ hnfn¡msX IpXnc¡¨hS¯n\v Ahkcw Dïm¡n sImSp¯Xv AwKoIcn¡m³ Ignbnñ. C´y Iï Gähpw henb Zpc´amb ASnb´cmhØbpsS {]tNmZm¡Ä tIm¬{Kkmbncpóp. ASnb´ncmhØbv¡v tijw A[nImc¯nð hó CµncmKmÔn F«v XhWbmWv P\Xm kÀ¡mcns\ ]ncn¨v hn«Xv.

tIcf¯nse CFwFkv kÀ¡mcns\ ]ncn¨phn«Xpw CµncbpsS _p²n. ASnb´cmhØbv¡v tijw `cWw \ãs¸«v hoïpw Itkcbnð F¯nbt¸mgpw Cµnc Xsâ sshcmKy \ne]mSv XpSÀóp. IÀ®mSIbpw CXn\v km£nbmbn. Cu ]mc¼cyamWv Ct¸mÄ {][m\a{´n Itkcbnð tamZnbpw \S¯póXv. Fñm kwØm\§fnepw Xsâ apJya{´namÀ aXnsbó CµncbpsS a\ÊmWv IÀ®mSIbnð sbZqcnb¸sb A[nImc¯nse¯n¨v tamZn \S¸m¡póXv. A§s\ CµncbbpsS bYmÀ° ]n³Kmanbmbn tamZn s^Udenk¯nsâ ISbv¡ð I¯nhbv¡m³ X{´§Ä Hcp¡pIbmWv. hS¡v Ing¡\v kwØm\§fnð A[nImcw ]nSn¨Xpw tKmhsb ssI¸nSnbnsemXp¡nbXpsañmw CµncbpsS hgntb bm{X sNbvXmWv. A§s\ cmPys¯ 20 kwØm\§fnð _nsP]n `cW¯nse¯nbncn¡póp.

F«v P\Xm kÀ¡mdpIsfbmWv Cµnc HäbSn¡v ]pd¯m¡nbXv. 1983ð IÀ®mSIbnð P\Xm kÀ¡mÀ A[nImc¯nse¯n. Cu kÀ¡mcn\ {]XnkÔnbnem¡m³ FwFFðFamsc Nm¡n«p ]nSn¨p. Aóv Hcp FwFðFbv¡v 25 e£ambncpóp tIm¬{Kkv Hm^À sNbvXXv. 35 sImñw ap¼v 25e£saómð AXnsâ aqeyw Gsd Dbc¯nemWv. Cóv 100 tImSnbmWv FwFðFamcpsS hne. tKmhbnepw aWn¸qcnepsañmw FwFðFamsc IqSpamän _nsP]n A[nImcw ]nSns¨Sp¯p. ChnsSsbñmw `cWw \ãambXv tIm¬{Kkn\mWv. CXns\ Ncn{X¯nsâ A\nhmcyamb Xncn¨Snbmbn cm{ãob hniIe\ hnZKv²À Nqïn¡m«póp.

kzX{´ C´ybpsS Ncn{X¯nð CXphscbmbn 115 XhW P\m[n]Xyw A«nadn¡s¸«p. AXmbXv P\h[nsb tI{µkÀ¡mÀ A[nImcw D]tbmKn¨v ]ncn¨phnSpó coXn. A§s\ kwØm\ kÀ¡mcpIsf ]ncn¨phnSpóXv CµncmKmÔnbpsS Øncw ssienbmbncpóp. 87 XhWbmWv tIm¬{Kkv kwØm\ kÀ¡mcpIsf CXphsc ]ncn¨phn«Xv. IpXnc¡¨hS¯neqsS A[nImcw ]Sns¨Sp¡pó ssien AhXcn¸n¨Xpw tIm¬{Kkv Xsó. 1959 ð tIcf¯nse CFwFkv kÀ¡mcns\ ]ncn¨p hn«psImïv PmhlÀemð s\{lp XpS§nsh¨ kwØm\`cWw ]nSns¨Sp¡ð coXn 1966 þ 1977 \nSbnð CµncmKmÔn 39 XhWbmWv {]tbmKn¨Xv. IpXnc¡¨hS¡Y XpS§póXv 1953emWv. 1984 ð Atacn¡bnð NnInðk¡v t]mb F³SnBdns\ A«nadn¨Xpw CtX X{´¯neqsSbmbncpóp.

1958ð C.Fw.Fkv. kÀ¡mdns\Xnsc tIm¬{KÊnsâ ImÀanIXz¯nð hntamN\ kacw s]m«n]pds¸«p. kac¡mÀ¡v t\sc A¦amenbnð \Só shSnsh¸nð Ggp t]À sImñs¸«Xv tIm¬{Kkv Ahkcambn Iïp. {Iakam[m\ ]me\w XIÀsóómscm]n¨v cm{ã]Xn `cW¯n\mbn tIm¬{Kkv apdhnfn Iq«n. Aós¯ tIm¬{Kkv {]knUâv Cµnc KmÔnbpsS k½À±¯n\v hg§n {][m\a{´n PhlÀemð s\lv--dp tIcf a{´nk` ]ncn¨p hnSm³ in]mÀi sNbvXXnsâ ^eambn tIcf¯nð cm{ã]Xn `cWw \nehnð hóp.

Cµnc KmÔnbpsS `cWIme¯v am{Xw A³]Xv XhWbmWv hnhn[ kwØm\§fnð cm{ã]Xn `cWw GÀs¸Sp¯s¸«n«pÅXv. Xangv--\m«nð \mev XhW a{´nk` ]ncn¨p hn«Xnð aqóv XhWbpw a{´nk`bv¡v \nbak`bnð `qcn]£w Dïmbncpóp. ASnb´cmhØ¡me¯v tI{µ kÀ¡mÀ \ðInb \nÀt±i§Ä \S¸m¡m¯Xmbncpóp 1976ð Xangv--\mSns\Xnsc Btcm]n¨ Ipäw. Xangv ]penIÄ¡v kwØm\¯v ]n´pW IqSpóXv XSbpóXnð Xangv--\mSv kÀ¡mÀ ]cmPbs¸«p Fómtcm]n¨v 1991 epw cm{ã]Xn `cWw ASnt¨ð¸n¨p. DÄ^ Xo{hhmZnIsf t\cnSpóXnð AÊw kÀ¡mÀ ]cmPbs¸«p Fómtcm]n¨v AÊw KW ]cnjZv kÀ¡mdns\ ]ncn¨p hn«Xv 1991ð Bbncpóp. CsXñmw A[nImc¯nð kzm[o\apïm¡m\pÅ tIm¬{Kknsâ X{´ambncpóp.

tIhew 104 AwK§fpsS ]n´pWbpÅ _nsP]n.bpsS {]Xn\n[nbmb sbZyqc¸sb kXy{]XnÚbv¡p £Wn¨ IÀWmSI KhÀWÀ hmPp`mbv hme XnI¨pw `cWLS\maqey§sf Imänð¸d¯nbncn¡pópshó hmZamWv \nehnð kPohamIpóp. ''aäv cm{ãobI£nbpsStbm FwFðF.amcpsStbm ]n³XpWtbmsS ØncXbpÅ kÀ¡mÀ cq]hXvIcn¡m³ Ignbpsaóv Hcp cm{ãob¸mÀ«n KhÀWsd t_m[ys¸Sp¯pó ]£w, B AhImihmZw \ncmIcn¡m³ KhÀWÀ¡v Ignbnsñó kp{]owtImSXn \nÀt±iamWv KhÀ®À Imänð ]d¯póXv. IÀ®mSIbnð _nsP]n.¡v \nbahncp²hpw A[mÀanIhpamb hgnbneqsSbñmsX 112 Fó am{´nIkwJy IS¡m\mhnsñóv KhÀWÀ¡dnbmw.

Fón«pw _nsP]n¡mc\mb KhÀ®À Xsâ ]mÀ«n¡v A\pIqeamb Xocpam\w FSp¯pshómWv tIm¬{Kknsâ Btcm]Ww. Fómð Ncn{X¯nsâ ]p\Àhmb\bnð C¯csamcp Ipäw Btcm]n¡m³ tIm¬{Kkn\mIptam FóXmWv Dbcpó tNmZyw.

Readers Comments

ChnsS sImSp¡pó A`n{]mb§Ä {_n«ojv aebmfnbptSXñ. tkmjyð s\ähÀ¡v hgn NÀ¨bnð ]s¦Sp¡póhÀ AÇoetam aX \nµtbm A]IoÀ¯nIctam \nbahncp²tam Bb A`n{]mb§Ä t]mÌv sN¿póXv ssk_À \nba{]Imcw in£mÀlamWv- þ FUnäÀ

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